Phenothrin

Phenothrin
IUPAC name(3-Phenoxyphenyl)methyl 2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methylprop-1-enyl)cyclopropane-1-carboxylate
Other namesSumithrin
Phenothrine
Phenoxythrin
Sumitrin
Wellcide
Pibutin
Anvil
Duet
Anchimanaito 20S
Identifiers
CAS number26002-80-2
PubChem4767
EINECS number247-404-5
MeSHPhenothrin
SMILESCC(=CC1C(C1(C)C)C(=O)OCC2=CC(=CC=C2)OC3=CC=CC=C3)C
Properties
Molecular formulaC23H26O3
Molar mass350.451 g/mol
Melting point <25 °C
Boiling point >290 °C
Hazards
R-phrasesR36 R38
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 C, 100 kPa)



Phenothrin, also called sumithrin, is a synthetic pyrethroid that kills adult fleas and ticks. It has also been used to kill head lice in humans.

Phenothrin is often used with methoprene, an insect growth regulator that interrupts the insect's biological life cycle by killing the eggs.

In 2005, the EPA required Hartz Mountain Corporation to cancel uses of several flea and tick products containing phenothrin that may be associated with a range of adverse reactions, including hair loss, salivation, tremors, and numerous deaths in cats and kittens. In the short term, the agreement calls for new warning labels on the products.

References

External Links

IUPAC nomenclature is a system of naming chemical compounds and of describing the science of chemistry in general. It is developed and kept up to date under the auspices of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).
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CAS registry numbers are unique numerical identifiers for chemical compounds, polymers, biological sequences, mixtures and alloys. They are also referred to as CAS numbers, CAS RNs or CAS #s.
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PubChem is a database of chemical molecules. The system is maintained by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), a component of the National Library of Medicine, which is part of the United States National Institutes of Health (NIH).
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The EINECS number (for European Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances) is a registry number given to each chemical substance commercially available in the European Union between 1 January 1971 and 18 September 1981.
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Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is a huge controlled vocabulary (or metadata system) for the purpose of indexing journal articles and books in the life sciences. Created and updated by the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM), it is used by the MEDLINE/PubMed
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smiles

File extension: .smi
Type of format: chemical file format

The simplified molecular input line entry specification or SMILES
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A chemical formula is a concise way of expressing information about the atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound. A chemical formula is also a short way of showing how a chemical reaction occurs.
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Molar mass, symbol M,[1] is the mass of one mole of a substance (chemical element or chemical compound).[2] It is a physical property which is characteristic of each pure substance.
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The melting point of a crystalline solid is the temperature range at which it changes state from solid to liquid. Although the phrase would suggest a specific temperature and is commonly and incorrectly used as such in most textbooks and literature, most crystalline compounds
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boiling point of a liquid is the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid equals the environmental pressure surrounding the liquid.[1][2][3][4]
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R-phrases (short for Risk Phrases) are defined in Annex III of European Union Directive 67/548/EEC: Nature of special risks attributed to dangerous substances and preparations.
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standard state of a material is its state at 1 bar (100 kilopascals exactly). This pressure was changed from 1 atm (101.325 kilopascals) by IUPAC in 1990.[1] The standard state of a material can be defined at any given temperature, most commonly 25 degrees Celsius,
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A pyrethroid is a synthetic chemical compound similar to the natural chemical pyrethrins produced by the flowers of pyrethrums (Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium and C. coccineum).
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Siphonaptera (but see text)
Latreille, 1825

Infraorders

Ceratophyllomorpha
Hystrichopsyllomorpha
Pulicomorpha
Pygiopsyllomorpha

Synonyms

Aphaniptera

Flea
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Ixodoidea

Families

Ixodidae - Hard ticks
Argasidae - Soft ticks
Nuttalliellidae - ????? ticks

Tick is the common name for the small arachnids that, along with other mites, constitute the order Acarina.
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Pediculus humanus
Linnaeus, 1758
Trinomial name
Pediculus humanus capitis
Charles De Geer, 1767

Synonyms

Pediculus capitis (Charles De Geer, 1767)

The head louse (
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Methoprene is a juvenile hormone (JH) analog which can be used as an insecticide that acts as a growth regulator. Methoprene is essentially nontoxic to humans when ingested or inhaled. It is used in drinking water cisterns to control mosquitoes which spread malaria.
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A life cycle is a period involving one generation of an organism through means of reproduction, whether through asexual reproduction or sexual reproduction. In regard to its ploidy, there are three types of cycles:
  • haplontic life cycle
  • diplontic

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Environmental Protection Agency
EPA

Environmental Protection Agency logo

Agency overview
Formed December 2, 1970

Employees 17,964 (2005) [1]
Annual Budget $7.
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ATC code P03 is a section of the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System.

P Antiparasitic products, insecticides and repellents

P03A Ectoparasiticides, including scabicides

P03AA Sulphur containing products

P03AA01 Dixanthogen

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Disulfiram is a drug used to support the treatment of chronic alcoholism by producing an acute sensitivity to alcohol. Trade names for disulfiram in different countries are Antabuse and Antabus manufactured by Odyssey Pharmaceuticals.
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Lindane is a synthetic chemical that was initially developed as an agricultural insecticide and then formulated for medical use due to its antiparasitic efficacy against scabies and lice.
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Pyrethrum refers to several Old World plants of the genus Chrysanthemum (e.g., C. coccineum) which are cultivated as ornamentals for their showy flower heads. It is also the name of a natural insecticide made from the dried flower heads of C.
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Permethrin is a common synthetic chemical, widely used as an insecticide and acaricide and as an insect repellent. It belongs to the family of synthetic chemicals called pyrethroids and functions as a neurotoxin, affecting neuron membranes by prolonging sodium channel activation.
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Benzyl benzoate is the organic compound with the formula C6H5CH2O2CC6H5. This easily prepared compound has a variety of uses.
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Malathion is an organophosphate parasympathomimetic which binds irreversibly to cholinesterase. Malathion is an insecticide of relatively low human toxicity.

In the former USSR it was known as carbophos, in New Zealand and Australia as maldison
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Quassia
L.

Species

See text.

Quassia is a genus in the family Simaroubaceae. Its size is disputed; some botanists treat it as consisting of only one species, Quassia amara
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