Phillip Pullman

Philip Pullman

Philip Pullman signing a copy of Lyra's Oxford
Born:September 19 1946 (1946--) (age 61)
Norwich, Norfolk, England
Occupation:Novelist
Genres:Fantasy
Website:Philip-Pullman.com


Philip Pullman CBE (born October 19, 1946) is an English writer. He is the best-selling author of His Dark Materials, a trilogy of fantasy novels, and a number of other books.

Brief biography

Pullman was born in Norwich, Norfolk, England, to RAF pilot Alfred Outram and Audrey Evelyn Merrifield. The family travelled with his father's job, including to Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), where he spent time at school. His father was killed in a plane crash in 1953 when Pullman was seven. His mother remarried and with a move to Australia came Pullman's discovery of comic books including Superman and Batman, a medium which he continues to espouse. From 1957 he was educated at Ysgol Ardudwy school in Harlech, Gwynedd and spent time in Norfolk with his grandfather, a clergyman. Around this time Pullman discovered John Milton's Paradise Lost, which would become a major influence for His Dark Materials.

From 1963 Pullman attended Exeter College, Oxford, receiving a Third class BA in 1968, in an interview with the Oxford Student he stated that "he did not really enjoy the English course" and that "I thought I was doing quite well until I came out with my third class degree and then I realised that I wasn’t — it was the year they stopped giving fourth class degrees otherwise I’d have got one of those".[1] He discovered William Blake's illustrations around 1970, which would also later influence him greatly.

Pullman married Judith Speller in 1970 and began teaching children and writing school plays. His first published work was The Haunted Storm, which joint-won the New English Library's Young Writer's Award in 1972. He nevertheless refuses to discuss it. Galatea, an adult fantasy-fiction novel, followed in 1978, but it was his school plays which inspired his first children's book, Count Karlstein, in 1982. He stopped teaching around the publication of The Ruby in the Smoke (1986), his second children's book, whose Victorian setting is indicative of Pullman's interest in that era.

Pullman taught part-time at Westminster College, Oxford between 1988 and 1996, continuing to write children's stories. He began His Dark Materials about 1993. Northern Lights (published as The Golden Compass in the US) was published in 1996 and won the Carnegie Medal, one of the most prestigious British children's fiction awards, and the Guardian Children's Fiction Award.

Pullman has been writing full-time since 1996, but continues to deliver talks and writes occasionally for The Guardian. He was awarded a CBE in the New Year's Honours list in 2004. Pullman also began lecturing at a seminar in English at his alma mater, Exeter College, Oxford, in 2004.[2][3] He is currently working on The Book of Dust, a sequel to his completed His Dark Materials trilogy.

His Dark Materials

His Dark Materials consists of Northern Lights (titled The Golden Compass in North America), The Subtle Knife and The Amber Spyglass (see also a short companion piece, Lyra's Oxford, containing items of interest and a short story, as well as the yet-unpublished sequel, The Book of Dust).

The first volume of the trilogy, Northern Lights, won the Carnegie Medal for children's fiction in the UK in 1995. The Amber Spyglass, the last volume, was awarded both 2001 Whitbread Prize for best children's book and the Whitbread Book of the Year prize in January 2002, the first children's book to receive that award. The trilogy won popular acclaim in late 2003, taking third place in the BBC's Big Read poll.

In 2005 Pullman was announced as joint winner of the Astrid Lindgren Memorial Award for children's literature.

Religious perspective

Pullman is a supporter of the British Humanist Association and an Honorary Associate of the National Secular Society.

The His Dark Materials books have been controversial with some Christian groups. Peter Hitchens has claimed that Pullman actively pursues an anti-Christian agenda.[4] Hitchens views the His Dark Materials series as a direct rebuttal of C. S. Lewis's series.[5] Although Pullman has criticized C. S. Lewis' series The Chronicles of Narnia as religious propaganda, the two series have several things in common. Both feature children facing adult moral choices, talking animals, religious allegories, parallel worlds, and concern the ultimate fate of those worlds. The first published Narnia book, The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, begins with a young girl hiding in a wardrobe, as does the first His Dark Materials book, Northern Lights (published as The Golden Compass in North America).

However, Pullman has found support from other Christians, most notably Rowan Williams, the Archbishop of Canterbury. These groups and individuals point out that Pullman's negative portrayal of the "Church" in His Dark Materials amounts to an attack on dogmatism and the use of religion to oppress, not on Christianity itself. Dr. Williams has gone so far as to propose that His Dark Materials be taught as part of religious education in schools. Moreover, even authors of works dedicated to critical appraisals of religious themes in his writing have described Pullman as a friendly and generous debating partner[6].

Screen adaptations

Bibliography

Non-series books

The New-Cut Gang

  • 1994 Thunderbolt's Waxwork
  • 1995 The Gasfitter's Ball

Sally Lockhart

His Dark Materials

Companion Books

Plays

  • 1990 Frankenstein
  • 1992 Sherlock Holmes and the Limehouse Horror

Non-fiction

  • 1978 Ancient Civilisations
  • 1978 Using the Oxford Junior Dictionary
Source: [1]

References

1. ^ [2]
2. ^ http://www.uce.ac.uk/web2/releases04/3476.html
3. ^ http://www.exeter.ox.ac.uk/admissions/undergrad/life/
4. ^ Hitchens, Peter. 'This is the most dangerous author in Britain' (Mail on Sunday article). The Mail on Sunday. Retrieved on 2006-09-21.
5. ^ Hitchens, Peter. "A labour of loathing" (Spectator article), The Spectator. Retrieved on 2006-09-21. 
6. ^ Robert Butler. "The Dark Materials debate: life, God, the universe...", The Telegraph, March 17,2004. Retrieved on 2007-04-28.2004"> 

Further reading

  • Lenz, Millicent (2005). His Dark Materials Illuminated: Critical Essays on Phillip Pullman's Trilogy. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3207-2. 

External links

Persondata
NAMEPullman, Philip
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTIONEnglish novelist
DATE OF BIRTH19 October, 1946
PLACE OF BIRTHNorwich
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH
Lyra's Oxford

Author Philip Pullman
Cover artist John Lawrence
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Genre(s) Fantasy short story
Publisher Alfred A.
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September 19 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 335 - Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar by his uncle Constantine I.

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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
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Year 1646 (MCMXLVI
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Norwich (pronounced IPA: /ˈnɒrɪdʒ/) is a city in East Anglia, in Eastern England. It is the regional administrative centre and county town of Norfolk.
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Norfolk (pronounced IPA: /ˈnɔːfək/) is a low-lying county in East Anglia in the east of southern England.
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Motto
Dieu et mon droit   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
No official anthem specific to England — the anthem of the United Kingdom is "God Save the Queen".
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Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. An employee may be defined as: "A person in the service of another under any contract of hire, express or implied, oral or written, where the employer has
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A literary genre is a genre of literature, that is "a loose set of criteria for a category of literary composition", depending on literary technique, tone, or content.

The most general genres in literature are (in chronological order) epic, tragedy,[1]
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Fantasy media
  • Fantastic art
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The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority, these are:
  • Knight Grand Cross or

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October 19 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 202 BCE - The Battle of Zama results in the defeat of Carthage and Hannibal.

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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1910s  1920s  1930s  - 1940s -  1950s  1960s  1970s
1943 1944 1945 - 1946 - 1947 1948 1949

Year 1646 (MCMXLVI
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Motto
Dieu et mon droit   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
No official anthem specific to England — the anthem of the United Kingdom is "God Save the Queen".
..... Click the link for more information.
novel (from, Italian novella, Spanish novela, French nouvelle for "new", "news", or "short story of something new") is today a long prose narrative set out in writing.
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His Dark Materials is a trilogy of novels by the fantasy fiction author Philip Pullman, comprising Northern Lights (released as The Golden Compass in North America and published in 1995), The Subtle Knife (1997) and The Amber Spyglass
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Fantasy media
  • Fantastic art
  • Fantasy anime
  • Fantasy art
  • Fantasy authors
  • Fantasy comics
  • Fantasy fiction magazines
  • Fantasy films
  • Fantasy literature
  • Fantasy television
Genre studies

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Norwich (pronounced IPA: /ˈnɒrɪdʒ/) is a city in East Anglia, in Eastern England. It is the regional administrative centre and county town of Norfolk.
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Norfolk (pronounced IPA: /ˈnɔːfək/) is a low-lying county in East Anglia in the east of southern England.
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Motto
Dieu et mon droit   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
No official anthem specific to England — the anthem of the United Kingdom is "God Save the Queen".
..... Click the link for more information.
Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. The RAF was formed on 1 April 1918 and has since taken a significant role in British military history since then, playing a large part in World War II and in conflicts such as the recent war in Iraq.
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Southern Rhodesia was the name of the British colony situated north of the Limpopo River and the Union of South Africa, known today as Zimbabwe.

History

Origin as 'Rhodesia'


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Motto
"Unity, Freedom, Work"
Anthem
Simudzai Mureza wedu WeZimbabwe   (Shona)
Kalibusiswe Ilizwe leZimbabwe   (Ndebele)
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Anthem
Advance Australia Fair [1]


Capital Canberra

Largest city Sydney
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A comic book is a magazine or book containing sequential art in the form of a narrative. Comic books are often called comics for short. Although the term implies otherwise, the subject matter in comic books is not necessarily humorous, and in fact it is often serious and
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Harlech

UK Parliament Meirionnydd Nant Conwy
Welsh Assembly Dwyfor Meirionnydd
European Parliament Wales
List of places: UK • Wales • Gwynedd Harlech
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    Gwynedd may also refer to Upper Gwynedd Township, Pennsylvania.


Gwynedd (IPA: ['ɡwɪ.nɛğ]) is a principal area in north-west Wales, named after the old Kingdom of Gwynedd.
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Norfolk (pronounced IPA: /ˈnɔːfək/) is a low-lying county in East Anglia in the east of southern England.
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John Milton

Born: November 9 1608(1608--)
Bread Street, Cheapside, London, England
Died: November 8 1674 (aged 67)
Bunhill, London, England
Occupation: Poet, Prose Polemicist, Civil Servant
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