Pi (instrument)

Pi (ปี่) is the generic term for any of a variety of quadruple reed oboes used in the traditional music of Thailand. It is very similar in construction and playing technique to the Cambodian sralai.

Varieties

  • Pi chawa (ปี่ชวา )
  • Pi klang (ปี่กลาง)
  • Pi Mon (ปี่มอญ)
  • Pi nai (ปี่ใน)
  • Pi nok (ปี่นอก)
  • Pi cha nai
  • Pi (ปี่)
An entirely different instrument, a bamboo free reed pipe called pi joom (ปี่จุม), is used by the Lanna of Northern Thailand.

See also

Pi, or π, is the mathematical constant equal to a circle's circumference divided by its diameter. Pi may also refer to:

Letter Pi (π)

  • Pi (letter), the Greek letter
  • Lowercase π:

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A reed is a thin strip of material which vibrates to produce a sound on a musical instrument. The reeds of woodwind instruments are made from Arundo donax or synthetic material; tuned reeds (as in harmonicas and accordions) are made of metal or synthetics.
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For different meanings of oboe see Oboe (disambiguation).


The oboe is a double reed musical instrument of the woodwind family. The English word "oboe" was adopted ca.
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Anthem
Phleng Chat
Royal anthem
Phleng Sansoen Phra Barami

Capital
(and largest city) Bangkok [1]

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The sralai is a Khmer (Cambodian) musical instrument. It is the only wind instrument in the pinpeat, a classical ensemble of wind and percussion instruments. Its quadruple reed is made of palm leaf, and its body has a slightly conical bore.
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free reed aerophone is a musical instrument where sound is produced as air flows past a vibrating reed in a frame. Air pressure is typically generated by breath or with a bellows.
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Lanna (English One Million Thai Rice Fields, Thai: ล้านนา) was a kingdom in the north of Thailand around the city of Chiang Mai. It consisted of several partly independent city-states.
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Northern Thailand, one of the 5 regional groups of Thailand, usually describes the area covered by 17 provinces.
  1. Chiang Mai
  2. Chiang Rai
  3. Kamphaeng Phet
  4. Lampang
  5. Lamphun
  6. Mae Hong Son
  7. Nakhon Sawan
  8. Nan
  9. Phayao
  10. Phetchabun

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A piphat (Thai: ปี่พาทย์) is a kind of ensemble in the classical music of Thailand, which features wind and percussion instruments.
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A double reed is a type of reed used to produce sound in various wind instruments. The term double reed comes from the fact that there are two pieces of cane vibrating against each other.
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The piccolo oboe is the smallest and highest pitched member of the oboe family. Pitched in E-flat or F above the regular oboe (which is a C instrument), the piccolo oboe is a sopranino version of the oboe, comparable to the E-flat clarinet.
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The piccolo heckelphone is a very rare woodwind instrument invented in 1904 by the firm of Wilhelm Heckel GmbH in Wiesbaden-Biebrich (Germany). A variant of the heckelphone, the piccolo heckelphone was intended to redress a point of weakness in the romantic orchestra: namely, an
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For different meanings of oboe see Oboe (disambiguation).


The oboe is a double reed musical instrument of the woodwind family. The English word "oboe" was adopted ca.
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oboe d'amore (oboe of love in Italian) is a woodwind instrument. It is a member of the double reed family, very similar to the oboe. Slightly larger than the oboe, it has a less assertive and more tranquil and serene tone, and is considered the mezzo-soprano or alto of the
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The cor anglais, or English horn, is a double reed woodwind musical instrument in the woodwind family.

It is a transposing instrument pitched in F, a fifth lower than the oboe (a C instrument), and is consequently approximately one-third longer.
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The bass oboe or baritone oboe is a double reed instrument in the woodwind family. It is about twice the size of a regular (soprano) oboe and sounds an octave lower; it has a deep, full tone not unlike that of its higher-pitched cousin, the English horn.
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The heckelphone is a musical instrument invented by Wilhelm Heckel and his sons, introduced in 1904.

It is a double reed instrument of the oboe family, but with a wider bore and hence a heavier and more penetrating tone.
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The contrabass oboe is a double reed woodwind instrument in the key of C, sounding two octaves lower than the standard oboe.

Current research, in particular that by hautboy specialist Bruce Haynes, suggests that such instruments may have been developed in France as
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The tenor bassoon or, "tenoroon," is a member of the bassoon family of double reed woodwind instruments. This group also includes the more widely-known bassoon and contrabassoon, along with a smaller version of the tenor bassoon, the octave bassoon.
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The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor registers and occasionally even higher. It is called das Fagott in German, il fagotto in Italian, and le basson in French.
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Double reed instruments (also includes those with quadruple and sextuple reeds)'''
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The contrabassoon, also contrafagotto or double bassoon, is a larger version of the bassoon sounding an octave lower. Its technique is similar to its smaller cousin, with a few notable differences.
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The contraforte is a version of the contrabassoon, which was made to take the already strong and unique sound of the contrabassoon and improve dynamics and intonation.
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The sarrusophone is a family of transposing musical instruments patented and placed into production by Pierre-Louis Gautrot in 1856. It was named after the French bandmaster Pierre-Auguste Sarrus (1813-1876) who is credited with the concept of the instrument (it is not clear if
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The Soprano sarrusophone is a member of the sarrusophone family. It is a keyed metal double reed instrument with a conical bore, pitched in B-flat. Its range is approximately the same as that of the soprano saxophone and its tone is similar to that of the oboe, although louder and
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The E-flat alto sarrusophone is the alto member of the sarrusophone family of metal double reed instruments. Its body is folded only once, and has a bocal that resembles the neck of a tenor saxophone.
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The B-flat tenor sarrusophone is a smaller type of sarrusophone, and has about the same range as a tenor sax. They were originally made by companies such as Orsi, Gautrot, and Triebert, but are currently made only by Orsi, and are "special order" items.
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The E-flat baritone sarrusophone, sometimes jokingly known as the combat bassoon, has the same range and key as the baritone saxophone, and is about the same size as a bassoon. Its body is wrapped around only once, whereas the contrabass sarrusophone wraps around twice.
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The B-flat bass sarrusophone is the bass member of the sarrusophone family of metal double reed instruments. It has a range almost identical to a bass saxophone. There are very few pieces written for it, although one of them includes Roupen Shakarian's Sarruso Rex.
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