Pinpeat

The pinpeat orchestra or musical ensemble performs the ceremonial music of the former courts and temples of Cambodia. The orchestra consists of approximately nine or ten instruments, mainly wind and percussion (including several varieties of xylophone and drums), and accompanies court dances, masked plays, shadow plays, and religious ceremonies.

It is one of the most ancient Cambodian musical ensembles and is closely associated with the Angkor period. In fact, its history is carved into the walls of Angkor Wat in the shapes of the instruments held by celestial dancers, such as the gong called kong and the small cymbals called chhing, both of which have been essential to the pinpeat ensemble for centuries.

Instruments used in pinpeat ensembles

This list presents instruments which are or have been used in various pinpeat ensembles.
  • roneat - xylophones
  • roneat ek - the lead high-pitched bamboo xylophone
  • roneat thung - a low-pitched xylophone
  • roneat dek - a metal xylophone or metallophone
  • kong vong - circle of gongs
  • kong vong thom - a 'large circle of gongs'
  • kong vong toch - a 'small circle of gongs'
  • drums
  • skor thom - two big drums (similar to taiko drums) played with drumsticks
  • sampho(r) - a double-headed drum played with hands
  • sralai - a quadruple-reed
  • sralai thom - a large quadruple-reed flute
  • sralai toch - a small quadruple-reed flute
  • khloy - a type of bamboo flute (was used in place of the sralai in the past)
  • chhing (chhap) - finger cymbals
  • krap - wooden clappers (presently rarely used)

See also

External links

orchestra is an instrumental ensemble, usually fairly large with string, brass, woodwind sections, and possibly a percussion section as well. The term orchestra derives from the name for the area in front of an ancient Greek stage reserved for the Greek chorus.
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A musical ensemble is a group of two or more musicians who perform instrumental or vocal music. In each musical style or genre, different norms have developed for the sizes and composition of different ensembles, and for the repertoire of songs or musical works that these ensembles
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Motto

"Nation, Religion, King"
Anthem
Nokoreach


Capital
(and largest city) Phnom Penh

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orchestra is an instrumental ensemble, usually fairly large with string, brass, woodwind sections, and possibly a percussion section as well. The term orchestra derives from the name for the area in front of an ancient Greek stage reserved for the Greek chorus.
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A wind instrument is a musical instrument that contains some type of resonator (usually a tube), in which a column of air is set into vibration by the player blowing into (or over) a mouthpiece set at the end of the resonator.
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percussion instrument is any object which produces a sound by being hit with an implement, shaken, rubbed, scraped, or by any other action which sets the object into vibration. The term usually applies to an object used in a rhythmic context and/or with musical intent.
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xylophone (from the Greek meaning 'wooden sound') is a musical instrument in the percussion family which probably originated in Indonesia. [1] It consists of wooden bars of various lengths that are struck by plastic, wooden, or rubber mallets.
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The Drum kit

1 Bass drum | 2 Floor tom | 3 Snare | 4 Toms | 5 Hi-hat | 6 Crash cymbal and Ride cymbal
Other components
China cymbal | Cowbell | Sizzle cymbal |
Splash cymbal | Swish cymbal |
Tambourine | Wood block | Rototom
A drum kit (or
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Shadow Play may refer to:
  • Shadow play, a technique of using shadows to tell stories
  • Shadow Play (PBS documentary), a PBS documentary about the rise and fall of the Suharto regime in Indonesia
  • Shadow Play (The Twilight Zone), an episode of the television series

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religion is a set of common beliefs and practices generally held by a group of people, often codified as prayer, ritual, and religious law. Religion also encompasses ancestral or cultural traditions, writings, history, and mythology, as well as personal faith and mystic experience.
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Angkor Wat (or Angkor Vat) is a temple at Angkor, Cambodia, built for King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century as his state temple and capital city. The largest and best-preserved temple at the site, it is the only one to have remained a significant religious centre
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GONG is an IPTV (Internet Protocol Television) channel, accessible throughout Europe and North America, entirely dedicated to Anime[1].

GONG sets out to show, via Web, mobile telephony, Video on demand, and streaming media, productions from Japanese studios.
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Cymbals (Fr. cymbales; Ger. Becken; Ital. piatti or cinelli; Por. pratos), are a modern percussion instrument. Cymbals consist of thin, normally round plates of various cymbal alloys; see cymbal making for a discussion of their
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metallophone is any musical instrument consisting of tuned metal bars which are struck to make sound, usually with a mallet.

Metallophones have been used in music for hundreds of years.
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The kong thom plays a melodic line in the Cambodian pinpeat ensemble almost identical to that of the roneat thung (large xylophone). The kong thom dwells more steadily on the pulse without pulling or delaying the beat (melody).
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The korng toch is a small gong circle, closely resembling its larger relative, the kong thom. This instrument only appears in large ensembles and plays a role similar to that of roneat ek, the small xylophone.
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The unrelated word Taikō (太閤) is a title given to a retired Kampaku regent in Japan. In a narrow sense, taikō would refer to Toyotomi Hideyoshi, a more common usage.

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The sampho is a small barrel drum indigenous to Cambodia. It has two heads and is played with both hands. The player of the sampho leads the pinpeat (a classical ensemble of wind and percussion instruments), setting the tempo and beat.
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The sralai is a Khmer (Cambodian) musical instrument. It is the only wind instrument in the pinpeat, a classical ensemble of wind and percussion instruments. Its quadruple reed is made of palm leaf, and its body has a slightly conical bore.
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The khloy is a vertical duct flute from Cambodia. It is generally made of bamboo, though instruments are also made from plastic. The khloy is very similar to the Thai khlui, though there are differences in tuning between the two instruments.
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ching (Thai: ฉิ่ง; sometimes romanized as chhing) are small bowl-shaped finger cymbals of thick and heavy bronze, with a broad rim commonly used in Cambodia and Thailand. They are made of an alloy (mixture of iron, copper, and gold) mixed with bronze.
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The music of Cambodia is derived both from the ancient Khmer Empire and the rapid Westernization which began with the fall of the Communist Party of Kampuchea.

Folk and classical music

Cambodian folk music is highly influenced by ancient forms as well as Hindu forms.
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A piphat (Thai: ปี่พาทย์) is a kind of ensemble in the classical music of Thailand, which features wind and percussion instruments.
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