Point of Beginning

The Point of Beginning is a surveyor's mark on the Ohio-Pennsylvania border, just east of East Liverpool, Ohio. It marks the beginning location for the surveying of public lands that led to the opening of the Northwest Territory, and is the starting point of the surveys of all other lands to the west, reaching all the way to the Pacific Ocean. On September 30, 1785, Thomas Hutchins, first Geographer of the United States, began surveying the Seven Ranges at the Point of Beginning. An obelisk, erected in 1960, marks the spot.

Other points of beginning

There are other points of beginning for different surveys.

See Point of Beginning in Wisconsin

External links

Surveying is the technique and science of accurately determining the terrestrial or three-dimensional space position of points and the distances and angles between them. These points are usually, but not exclusively, associated with positions on the surface of the Earth, and are
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State of Ohio

Flag of Ohio Seal
Nickname(s): The Buckeye State,
"Birthplace of Aviation" "The Heart Of It All"

Motto(s): With God, all things are possible

Official language(s) English de facto
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Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

Flag of Pennsylvania Seal
Nickname(s): Keystone State, Quaker State,
Coal State, Oil State

Motto(s): Virtue, Liberty and Independence

Capital Harrisburg
Largest city
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East Liverpool, Ohio
East Liverpool from the air, looking south.

Location of East Liverpool, Ohio
Country United States
State Ohio
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Northwest Territory, also known as the Old Northwest and the Territory North West of the Ohio, was a governmental region within the early United States. The Northwest Ordinance, passed by the Continental Congress on July 13, 1787, provided for the administration of
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Earth's oceans
(World Ocean)
  • Arctic Ocean
  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Indian Ocean
  • Pacific Ocean
  • Southern Ocean

The Pacific Ocean (from the Latin name Mare Pacificum
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September 30 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.


  • 1399 - Henry IV is proclaimed King of England.

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8th century - 9th century - 10th century
850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Thomas Hutchins (1730 – April 28, 1789) was a Military Engineer, Cartographer, Geographer and Surveyor.

Hutchins was Geographer of the United States (see Department of the Geographer to the Army, 1777-1783) from 1781.
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obelisk (Greek ὀβελίσκος [obeliskos], diminutive of ὀβελός [obelos], "needle") is a tall, narrow, four-sided, tapering monument which ends in a pyramidal top.
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1930s  1940s  1950s  - 1960s -  1970s  1980s  1990s
1957 1958 1959 - 1960 - 1961 1962 1963

Year 1960 (MCMLX
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