Polonia 1

Polonia 1
LaunchedMarch 7 1993
Owned byPolcast Television
Formerly calledPolonia1 (P1)
1P
Sister channel(s)Tele 5 (Poland)
Website[1]
Availability
Satellite
Cyfra+
Cyfrowy Polsat


Polonia 1 was one of the first Polish commercial television channels, consisting at first of a network of 12 (and - for a short time - even 13) local TV stations in bigger cities. Television was established by Sardinian businessman Nicola Grauso, closely connected to the former Prime minister of Italy Silvio Berlusconi.

History

Polonia 1 began broadcating on air on March 7 1993 by means of the following TV stations:
  • PTV Morze (Szczecin)
  • Tele-Top (Gdynia) (vel PTV Neptun)
  • PTV Copernicus (Olsztyn)
  • TVex (Bydgoszcz)
  • TV-ES (Poznań)
  • Tele 24 (ŁÃ³dź)
  • Nowa Telewizja (Warszawa)
  • PTV Echo (Wrocław) - the first one in the network
  • PTV Opole (Opole) (vel Telopol)
  • PTV Rondo (Katowice)
  • PTV Krater (Kraków)
  • Telewizja Niezależna Lublin
  • TV Centrum (Kalisz) - 13th TV station, very short operational
The broadcast of common block in each of the station, received daily on VHS tapes, began each day at 16:15 and lasted till midnight. Time was filled with such productions like Japanese animated films, adventure and detective TV series (such as MacGyver, The A-Team), but first and foremost Argentinian soap operas such as Manuela, Maria, Stellina), but also movies and documetaries produced by the local communities. Remaining broadcast time was filled with either re-runs of Polonia 1, or stations' own productions. (local news, etc.). Exceptions happen from that general rule, while PTV Copernicus broadcast porn movies (in the morning hours).

Network gained huge popularity - becoming Poland's second most viewable TV station in 1994 being inferior only to Poland's national broadcaster TVP1; this number is, however, questioned by many experts. In the licence competition announced same year, Polonia 1 lost due to exceeding the permissible 33% foreign capital share in the company - all-Poland licence was then assigned to Polsat.

Also local broadcasting frequencies competitions were lost by Polonia 1, as National Council of Radio Broadcasting and Television (KRRiT) accused stations of the lack of independence from Italian investors.

Despite not receiving licences, Polonia 1 stations still broadcast, still trying to undermine concession decisions of KRRiT with Supreme Administrative Court of Poland (NSA) - with no effect.

August 29 1994 was the day when prosecutor's office in Warsaw, Kraków, Opole, Lublin, Poznań oraz Szczecin (with the support of local anti-terrorist teams) conducted action of closing Polonia 1 stations, which broadcasted on frequencies reserved solely for the usage of Polish military. Broadcasters were accused of direct life endangering.

After about 2 weeks following the closure, Polonia 1 started broadcasting via Eutelsat Satellite.

September 21 1994 saw another wave of colsing stations - this time in Gdynia, ŁÃ³dź, Katowice and Olsztyn. Remaining stations in Bydgoszcz and Wrocław - after broadcasting for the next few months, willingly switched off their Transmitters.

Despite earlier announcements, Polonia 1 did not compete in the next licence competition. Nicola Grauso withdrew from Poland. Polonia 1 was sold to Polcast and converted to an insignificant programme, filled mostly with teleshopping auditions.

External links

March 7 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1960s  1970s  1980s  - 1990s -  2000s  2010s  2020s
1990 1991 1992 - 1993 - 1994 1995 1996

Year 1993 (MCMXCIII
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Polcast Television

Founded 2006
Headquarters Warsaw, Poland

Key people Vittorio Hemsi Cohen, Chairman
Products Tele 5, Polonia 1
Website www.polcast.tv
Polcast Television is TV broadcaster two polish channel: Tele 5 and Polonia 1.
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Tele5 is polish commercial television from Polcast Television. It was relauched in April 19 2002 and replaced Super 1. In the beginning it broadcasted only european production e.g. of BBC and own, next TV canadian series .
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Cyfra+ is a Polish digital satellite platform, owned and operated by French media company Canal+ ("Cyfra" is Polish for "Digit"). It offers 600 radio and TV channels. 65 of these are dedicated for Polish audience.
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Motto
none1
Anthem
Mazurek Dąbrowskiego   (Polish)
Dąbrowski's Mazurek
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Commerce is a division of trade or production which deals with the exchange of goods and services from producer to final consumer. It comprises the trading of something of economic value such as goods, services, information or money between two or more entities.
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Regione Autonoma della Sardegna
Regione Autònoma de sa Sardigna



Map highlighting the location of Sardegna in Italy

Capital Cagliari
President Renato Soru
(Independent
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Silvio Berlusconi   (born September 29, 1936) is an Italian politician, entrepreneur, and media proprietor. He is the leader of the Forza Italia political movement, a centre-right party he founded in 1993 in Rome.
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March 7 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1960s  1970s  1980s  - 1990s -  2000s  2010s  2020s
1990 1991 1992 - 1993 - 1994 1995 1996

Year 1993 (MCMXCIII
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Szczecin
Oder River in Szczecin

Flag
Coat of arms
Motto: "Szczecin jest otwarty" ("Szczecin is open")

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Gdynia
Świętojańska Street

Flag

Coat of arms
Logo
Motto: Gdynia - miasto z morza i marzeń
(Gdynia - a city built of sea and dreams)
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Vel (Tamil: வேல்) is the divine javelin of the Hindu God Murugan. The spear used by ancient Tamils in warfare is also commonly known by this name.

Vel in Hindu Mythology


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Olsztyn
Town centre

Flag
Coat of arms
Motto: Olsztyn - Miasto Młode Duchem…
(Olsztyn - town of young morale…)

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Bydgoszcz

Flag
Coat of arms

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Warsaw
Warszawa


Flag
Coat of arms
Motto: Contemnit procellas (It defies the storms)
Semper invicta (Always invincible)
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Opole
General view

Flag
Coat of arms

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Katowice

Flag
Seal

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Kraków
Cracow

View of the Market Square

Flag
Coat of arms

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Lublin
Old Town

Flag
Coat of arms

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Kalisz
Town Hall

Flag
Coat of arms
Motto: Poloniae urbs vetustissima

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Video Home System

Top view of VHS cassette with ruler for scale
Media type: Video recording media
Encoding: FM on magnetic tape
Developed by: JVC (Japan Victor Company)
Usage: Audio/Video Storage

The Video Home System [1]
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MacGyver is an American adventure television series, produced in Canada, about a , extremely resourceful secret agent Angus MacGyver played by Richard Dean Anderson. The series was created by Lee David Zlotoff and executive produced by Henry Winkler and John Rich.
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The A-Team is an American action adventure television series about a fictional group of ex-United States Army Special Forces who work as soldiers of fortune while being on the run from the military for a "crime they didn't commit".
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soap opera is an ongoing, episodic work of fiction, usually broadcast on television or radio. Programs described as soap operas have existed as an entertainment long enough for audiences to recognize them simply by the term soap.
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Availability
Terrestrial
Polish Analogue Normally tuned to 1
Satellite
Cyfra+ Channel 1
Cyfrowy Polsat Channel 3
n Channel 1

TVP1 - is a television channel owned by TVP (Telewizja Polska S.A.), Poland's national public broadcaster.
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Availability
Terrestrial
Polish Analogue Normally tuned to 3, 4 or 5
Satellite
Cyfrowy Polsat Channel 1

Polsat is Poland's third biggest television channel, founded in 1992 and owned by Zygmunt Solorz-Żak.
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