Portland, Victoria

Portland
Victoria

Location of Portland in Victoria (red)
Population:8,806 (2007)
Established:1834
Postcode:3305
Location:362 km from Melbourne
LGA:Glenelg Shire
The city of Portland () is the oldest European settlement in what is now the state of Victoria, Australia. It is the main urban centre of the Glenelg Shire. It is located on Portland Bay.

History

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Portland High School - 1958.
The town was named in 1800 by the British navigator James Grant, who sailed in the Lady Nelson along the Victorian coast. "I also distinguished the Bay by the name of Portland Bay, in honour of His Grace the Duke of Portland," wrote Grant. The bay, the only deep sea port between Adelaide and Melbourne, offers a sheltered anchorage against the often wild weather of Bass Strait.

In 1834 Edward Henty and his family, who had migrated from England to Western Australia in 1829, then moved to Van Diemen's Land, ferried some of their stock across the Strait in search of the fine grazing land of the Western District.

After a voyage of 34 days the Thistle arrived at Portland Bay on 19 November 1834. Edward Henty was only 24 years old and early in December, using a plough he had made himself, he turned the first sod in Victoria. The next voyage of the Thistle brought his brother Francis with additional stock and supplies, and in a short time houses were erected and fences put up.

They established a landing place at Portland Bay which eventually became the town of Portland. There they were discovered by the explorer Thomas Mitchell in 1836. The settlement was illegal since Victoria had not yet been opened for settlement. The Hentys also farmed in areas known as "Australia Felix", around Casterton.

By 1838, land auctions had been authorised from Sydney and in Charles Tyers was the first to survey the Portland township in 1839.

Gunditjmara

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Bentinck Street looking north from Gawler Street.
The Gunditjmara are the traditional inhabitants of the south west, taking in what is now Portland. They were present when the early commercial sealers like William Dutton arrived and when the Henty family created what would become Victoria’s first permanent European settlement. It has been argued whether Dutton was first, but he was considered to be somewhat itinerant by the establishment of the era and not the discoverer of this deepwater bay and fertile hinterland. Henty sowed the first Victorian wheat crop on cliff top land, known today as ‘The Ploughed Field’. Footnote: Victoria was not proclaimed a colony until 1851.

While the Hentys landed ashore in Portland on November 19 1834. Melbourne was founded in 1835 by John Batman. From settlement the region around Melbourne was known as the Port Phillip District, and this gained some administrative status prior to separation from New South Wales and declaration as the Colony of Victoria in 1851.

Gunditjmara still reside in and around the district; they are renowned in scientific circles for their early aquaculture development at nearby Lake Condah. Physical remains such as the weirs and fish traps are to be found in Lake Condah, which is to the south of Hamilton.

Many coastal towns have majestic Norfolk Pine trees planted and Portland is proudly among them.

Proclaimed a city

Portland was proclaimed a city on Monday October 28, 1985, in the presence of Their Royal Highnesses, The Prince and Princess of Wales. Today, Portland is a pretty and prosperous tourist centre of over 10,000 residents.[1]

Portland is in the Victorian Legislative Assembly South-West Coast electoral district, the Western Province of the Victorian Legislative Council and the federal Division of Wannon. Its postcode is 3305.

Economy

Port

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Boat marina in Portland Harbour, facing west.
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Portland harbour. This tug called "Towalong", was restored in Portland.
Through the 19th century Portland was an important port for the woolgrowing industry of the Western District, but eventually it lost its primacy to the better facilities at Geelong. Even in western Victoria, Portland fell behind Warrnambool as the main commercial centre. In the 20th century Portland's role as a port revived, and its economy was also boosted by the tourism industry and an aluminium smelter.

The port of Portland was sold in 1996 by the State Government to a group including the listed New Zealand company Infratil & the Scott Corporation (owned by Allan Scott), the first privatisation of port facilities in Australia. Since then, it has been traded a number of times and is now owned by two institutional investors - the publicly listed Australian Infrastructure Fund and Utilities Trust of Australia, a private infrastructure fund - both of which are managed by Hastings Funds Management.

As new supertankers have emerged, Portland, along with Hastings in Western Port Bay have become proposed alternatives to the controversial plans for deepening of Melbourne's shallower Port Phillip. The plans are aimed at maintaining Victoria's shipping status (since Melbourne has become Australia' busiest port, the Victorian economy relies heavily on the import and export of goods). Due to environmental reasons, the plan to deepen Port Phillip has been heavily criticised, whereas Portland offers some of the necessary infrastructure with minimum environmental impact.

NOTE: The Port of Portland has recieved some major funding for the redesign of the foreshore. The designs are open for public changes.

Portland Aluminium



Alcoa is Victoria's largest exporter. The Portland aluminium smelter is located in Portland in South West Victoria. The smelter was commissioned in 1987 and is managed by Alcoa World Alumina and Chemicals for Portland Aluminium (a joint venture project between Alcoa, CITIC and Marubeni).

Portland is Australia's third largest aluminium smelter, with a capacity of around 352,000 tonnes of aluminium per annum. The majority of Portland's production is supplied to the export market.

The Portland Aluminium smelter, in conjunction with Alcoa's Point Henry smelter, produce about 30% of Australia's total aluminium.

Portland Aluminium partners:

Vestas Portland

The first blades from the Vestas Portland plant were produced in July 2005 and the plant was officially commissioned in August 2005. The facility cost $9 million, and has a capacity of 225 blades (75 blade sets) per annum.[2] Vestas began manufacturing wind turbines in 1979. Their core business comprises the development, manufacture, sale, marketing and maintenance of wind power systems. The blade manufacturing facility in Portland worked in conjunction with their assembly plant in Tasmania which has since been closed down. In August 2007, Vestas announced it will close its near new Portland blade manufacturing plant with the loss of 130 jobs.[3]

Portland Wind Project

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Portland beach, breakwater and harbour
Main article: Portland Wind Project
The Portland Wind Energy Project, PWEP[4] involves the development of four wind farms at Cape Bridgewater, Cape Nelson, Cape Sir William Grant and Yambuk in south-west Victoria. As one of the biggest wind farm developments in the Southern Hemisphere, the 195MW project proponents claimed that it will deliver major environmental, economic and social benefits.

The four Portland sites are considered by the proponents of the project to be ideal wind farm locations, with consistently strong winds, access for construction vehicles and machinery, a nearby connection to the National Electricity Grid, compatible farming activities and a large land area. By August 2007 construction was underway but there is still ongoing substantial resident opposition to the project regarding the planning process enabling this development and the visual impact of towers and the power lines. [5]

The 195MW project will produce enough clean electricity to power about 125,000 homes each year, equal to more than 7 per cent of Victoria’s residential electricity demand, or powering a city the size of Geelong. The project is being developed by Pacific Hydro.[6]

Geothermal Power

Geothermal heating was used to heat more than 19,000 square metres of municipal buildings, a motel and the town 2000m³ swimming pool in Portland. Commissioned in 1983, naturally hot groundwater (58°C) was extracted from a bore (1400m deep) at a rate of 90 litres/second.[7] The total capacity of the Portland facility, operated by the Glenelg Shire was 10.4 MW before being closed down in April 2006.[8]<ref name="thermal" />[9]

Tourism

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The tram, powered by a small combustion engine, enroute from Wade Street to the Henty Park depot.
The Portland Cable Trams was established as a community organisation in June 1996, with the view to laying light rail to carry refurbished diesel powered trams, as both an outlet for rail and heritage enthusiasts and a tourist venture. The tram is now on track and has carries passengers along the scenic route from Henty Park to the RSL Memorial Lookout, at the old North Portland Water Tower. The route takes in the natural wetlands (tidal) of Fawthrop Lagoon Park, the foreshore, cliff tops and botanic gardens. The Portland Cable Tram group is planning additional tram carriages and engines, for greater capacity and to provide more reliability and maintenance support options. Volunteer drivers and conductors provide a commentary about Portland's significant past and present day buildings, harbour and sights. Over 12,000 passengers were carried on the tram during the 2006-07 financial year.[10]

The Great South West Walk is a 250 km walking track that begins at the Visitor Information Centre, Portland. Designed as a long distance walking track, it is also ideal for short walks and day walks. The walk travels though forests, river gorges, cliff tops and sublime bays. Established in 1981 the walk is administered, maintained and promoted by 'The Friends of the Great South West Walk Inc', a wholly volunteer organisation, in partnership with Parks Victoria.

Maritime Museum

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Maritime Discovery Centre, Tourist Information Centre.
The Portland Maritime Museum was developed to house the Portland Lifeboat built in 1858. The Lifeboat is one of the oldest lifeboats remaining in the world. Famous for rescuing 19 survivors of the Admella shipwreck in 1859, and the Julia shipwreck in 1863. The Admella, a steamship of 392 tons, was sailing from Adelaide to Melbourne when it was smashed onto a reef off Carpenter Rocks in South Australia with a loss of 89 lives. The Portland Lifeboat and crew were taken to the scene, and were pivotal in the rescue operations. On display is a real whale skeleton, and the famed 'Portland Lifeboat' used in the Admella rescue.

Transport

Road

Portland is 362 km west of Melbourne via the Princes Highway. It is connected to Hamilton by the Henty Highway.

Rail

Passenger rail and freight cartage: Portland was served by a broad gauge branch railway, which has since been converted to standard gauge. Passenger movements are by coach to Warrnambool where passengers transfer to rail. Grain is the most common commodity delivered by rail from the Wimmera.

Minister for Sport & Recreation, Justin Madden, opened a $15m overpass in Cliff Street constructed for VicRoads in October 2006.

The government committed to the project in May 2003. The overpass allows road transports and trains continuous access to the port; moving commodities like grain, fertiliser, wind-farm blades, aluminium ingots and woodchips. Port activity is projected to increase significantly and the overpass, which had been discussed since 1991, was finally installed. The unnamed overpass will improve accessibility to the Port of Portland and road safety in the area. The project was completed three months ahead of schedule because of the drought and less than the expected delays due to rain.

Aviation

Portland is served by the Portland Airport (IATA: PTJICAO: YPOD) which is served by one commercial airline, Sharp Airlines. Sharp Airlines is a small charter company formed in Hamilton (1990), (ironically, where Reginald Ansett and later Brian Grey Compass Airlines started their respective businesses) and started flying regularly out of Portland to Essendon Airport. They have flights from Hamilton and Warrnambool to Melbourne. Sharp Airlines started in Portland by flying staff and employees from Portland Aluminium to Avalon Airport, so they could link to the Point Henry Smelter near Geelong. With significant demand and the support of the community, non-charter, passenger flights were also added. Sharp has established a maintenance hub at Portland Airport, so support staff could service the growing commuter and tourist airline.

Community

Radio

Community Radio station 3RPC-FM 99.3, is located opposite The Arts Company, on the corner of Richmond Street, and broadcasts to the majority of the Shire of Glenelg. This too lends itself to the promotion of the city's various performances, exhibitions and cultural events. Each week volunteer presenters write and produce many hours of on-air entertainment covering arts, culture, sport, community news and special interest programs.

Portland tourist radio station is WAVE-FM, broadcasting easy listening music, news and information about local attractions.

Arts & culture

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Mosaic work fostered by community arts programs. This seat is located in beachfront Bentinck Street.
Portland has a vibrant cultural diversity, with many potters, painters, musicians, quilters, lead lighters, wood-turners, photographers, cinematographers, multi-media artists, print-makers, jewellers, sculptors, actors and writers. Many of these talents come together under the banners of CEMA Inc (Council for Encouragement of Music and the Arts), or the associated The Arts Company.

The Portland Art Centre, on the corner of Glenelg and Bentinck Streets, incorporates a gallery and theatre, where local and visiting performances are regularly staged.[11]

The Arts Company is located in the heritage precinct of Portland in refurbished old buildings in Julia Street. Along with community workshops and studios, local artists' works are also for sale. The Arts Company also has accommodation and studios for the artist in residence programs.

Festivals

In November during the weekend preceding the Melbourne Cup, the city comes alive with the Portland Bay Festival - featuring the 'Break Fest', a youth rock concert, a major annual Rotary Art Show (in the Civic Hall) and the celebrated 3 Bays Marathon, Relay & Walk.

References

1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (2007). Australian Bureau of Statistics: Glenelg - Portland (English). Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved on August 31, 2007.
2. ^ Victorian Legistlation and Parliamentary Documents (2005). New Wind Farm Blade Factory is a Boost for Portland (English). Victorian Legistlation and Parliamentary Documents. Retrieved on August 31, 2007.
3. ^ the age.com.au (2007). Green energy market unviable: Vestas (English). the age.com.au. Retrieved on August 31, 2007.
4. ^ Freehills.com (2004). Portland Wind Energy Project to commence (English). Freehills.com. Retrieved on August 31, 2007.
5. ^ Portland Observer: 'Sparks to fly over powerlines' - 13 April 2005
6. ^ Pacific Hyro (2007). Portland Wind Project (English). Pacific Hyro. Retrieved on August 31, 2007.
7. ^ RISE - Research Institute for Sustainable Energy (2006). History of Geothermal Power Systems (English). RISE - Research Institute for Sustainable Energy. Retrieved on August 31, 2007.
8. ^ Glenelg Shire Council: Temporary Measures to Replace Bore - 19/4/2006
9. ^ Department of Primary Industries (2007). Geothermal Energy - Discovering Victoria's Potential (English). Department of Primary Industries. Retrieved on August 31, 2007.
10. ^ Portland Cable Trams. General Happenings (English). Portland Cable Trams. Retrieved on August 31, 2007.
11. ^ Portland Arts Company. Portland Arts Company (English). Portland Arts Company. Retrieved on August 31, 2007.

External links



Victoria

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Motto(s): "Peace and Prosperity"

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Melbourne
Victoria

Location of Melbourne in Australia

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Local Government Areas in the Australian state of Victoria. LGA's are constituted as cities, shires, rural cities and, in one case, a borough. In addition to the LGAs, there are also three small unincorporated areas; Mount Hotham and Falls Creek in Alpine Shire; and Mount Buller in
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Glenelg Shire
Victoria

Location in Victoria

Population: 19,249 (2001 census)

Area: 6213 km

Mayor: Gilbert Wilson (Henty Riding)

Council Seat:
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Victoria

Flag Coat of Arms
Slogan or Nickname: "Garden State", "The Place to Be"
Motto(s): "Peace and Prosperity"

Other Australian states and territories
Capital Melbourne
Government Constitutional monarchy
Governor David de Kretser
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Anthem
Advance Australia Fair [1]


Capital Canberra

Largest city Sydney
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Glenelg Shire
Victoria

Location in Victoria

Population: 19,249 (2001 census)

Area: 6213 km

Mayor: Gilbert Wilson (Henty Riding)

Council Seat:
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Portland Bay is a small Bay off the coast of Victoria, Australia. It is about 360 km west of Melbourne. The main town on the bay is also named Portland.

Coordinates:
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James Grant (1772-11 November 1833) was a British naval officer and navigator in the early nineteenth century. He made several voyages to Australia and Tasmania, and was the first to map parts of the Australian coast.
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Earl of Portland is a title that has been created twice in the Peerage of England. It was first created for the politician Richard Weston, 1st Baron Weston, in 1633. He was Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1621 to 1628 and Lord High Treasurer from 1628 to 1635, and had already been
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Bass Strait (IPA: /bæs/) is a sea strait separating Tasmania from the south of the Australian mainland (Victoria in particular). The first European to discover it was Matthew Flinders in 1798.
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Edward Henty (28 March 1810 – 14 August 1878); pioneer, first permanent settler in Victoria, Australia.

Henty was born in Tarring, West Sussex, England. His father, Thomas Henty, who came of a well-known Sussex banking family, married Frances Elizabeth Hopkins, and
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Western Australia

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Capital Perth
Government Constitutional monarchy
Governor Ken Michael
Premier Alan Carpenter (ALP)
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Van Diemen's Land was the original name used by Europeans for the island of Tasmania, now part of Australia. The Dutch explorer Abel Tasman was the first European to explore Tasmania.
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The Western District is a region of Australia located in the south-west corner of the state of Victoria (Australia), extending to Ballarat in the east and as far north as Ararat where it borders the Wimmera region.
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Thomas Livingston Mitchell (June 16, 1792-1855), surveyor and explorer of south-eastern Australia, was born at Grangemouth in Stirlingshire, Scotland. He was educated at the University of Edinburgh, but the poverty of his family following his father's death led him to join the Army
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Casterton
Victoria

Population: 1962 (2006)[1]

Postcode: 3311

Elevation: 73 m

Location:
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Sydney
New South Wales

Location of Sydney within Australia

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• Density: 4,280,190 (2006 Census) (1st)
345.
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Captain Charles James Tyers RN FRSV (13 September 1806–20 September 1870) was a 19th Century surveyor and explorer, and the Commissioner for Crown Lands for Portland (1841) and Gippsland (1844). He was born in London, the son of John Tyers and his wife Elizabeth nee Theobald.
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Gunditjmara, or Gundidj for short, are an Indigenous Australian group from southern Victoria (Gunditj = Lake, mara = person).

The name may also be spelt Gournditch-Mara.
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November 19 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 1493 - Christopher Columbus goes ashore on an island he first saw the day before.

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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1800s  1810s  1820s  - 1830s -  1840s  1850s  1860s
1831 1832 1833 - 1834 - 1835 1836 1837

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Araucaria heterophylla
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Araucaria heterophylla (synonym A. excelsa) is a distinctive conifer, a member of the ancient and now disjointly distributed family Araucariaceae.
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October 28 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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