Prince George of Denmark

Prince George
Duke of Cumberland
Consort8 March 170228 October 1708
Consort toQueen Anne
Issue
Prince William, Duke of Gloucester
Titles
HRH The Duke of Cumberland
HRH Prince George of Denmark
Royal houseHouse of Oldenburg
FatherFrederick III of Denmark
MotherSophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Born2 March 1653(1653--)
Copenhagen, Denmark
Died28 September 1708 (aged 55)
Kensington Palace, London
BurialWestminster Abbey, London
Prince George of Denmark and Norway, Duke of Cumberland (2 April 165328 October 1708) was the prince consort of Queen Anne.

He was born Jørgen, in Copenhagen, a son of Frederick III of Denmark. Jørgen was considered a suitable partner for Anne, Denmark being, like Britain, a Protestant country; at that time, it was not considered likely that Anne would become Queen. They were married on July 28, 1683, at St. James's Palace, London. Called George in England, the prince was subsequently created a British subject and a Knight of the Garter, and was created Duke of Cumberland, Earl of Kendal and Baron Wokingham.

His marriage to Anne was successful, although from 18 pregnancies between 1684 and 1700 only one son, William, Duke of Gloucester, survived infancy, only to die of smallpox in 1700 at the age of 11. As with many other members of the royals and nobility, this low birth rate and poor infant survival rate is fairly strong evidence that Prince George suffered from syphilis.

The social and political grouping centred on Prince George and Princess Anne was known as the "Cockpit Circle" after the Cockpit, their London residence (on the site of what is now Downing Street in Westminster). Anne's older sister Mary (later Queen Mary II) had moved to the Netherlands after her marriage to William III of Orange; Protestant opposition to James was therefore increasingly focused on Anne and George instead of Mary, the heiress presumptive. In 1688 the decision of William, Mary, George and Anne to desert the embattled James II was instrumental in whittling away the king's legitimacy and paved the way for the Glorious Revolution of 1689, which was led by William and supported by George, at the nominal head of the Lord High Admiral's Regiment, disbanded the following year. The Holland Regiment took its place as 3rd Regiment of Foot with Prince George as its honorary colonel.

William had apparently refused to attend James II's coronation in 1685 because George, as a senior member of a European royal family, would outrank him as elected stadholder of a republic; this mistrust was overcome during the revolution of 1688-89 but dogged relations between George and William during the latter's reign. Some degree of reconciliation was achieved on Queen Mary's sudden and unexpected death from smallpox in 1694; but George did not play a senior role in government until his wife Anne succeeded William in 1702.

George was an able administrator and military strategist, and as Lord High Admiral, 1702 - 08, officially headed the Royal Navy in support of the military activities of Anne's favourite, the Captain-General Lord John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough. On George's death in 1708, Anne was disconsolate, and although she refused initially to put the Navy into commission she was unable to bring herself to sign papers in George's stead.

Charles II, Anne's uncle, famously said of Prince George, on the occasion of his marriage to Anne, "I have tried him drunk, and I have tried him sober; and there is nothing in him". He was not seen as one of the most colourful political characters of his day, but he was a skilled strategist and an able administrator, and a loyal and supportive husband to Queen Anne. By all accounts their marriage was a devoted and loving one in spite of their earlier personal tragedies.

His official portrait, signed by Sir Godfrey Kneller, is at the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles

Honours

See also

External links

George I of Greece is also sometimes known as "Prince George of Denmark" (1845-1913), in a confusion of his regnal name, George, and his pre-regnal title, Prince William of Denmark. He was the brother of Queen Alexandra, consort of Edward VII.

Prince George of Denmark
Born: 2 April 1653 Died: 28 October 1708
Preceded by
The Earl of Pembroke
and Montgomery
Lord High Admiral
1702–1708
Succeeded by
Queen Anne
Preceded by
The Earl of Romney
Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
1702–1708
Succeeded by
The Duke of Dorset
Preceded by
'''Mary of Modena
(Queen consort)
Royal Consort of England
(Prince consort)
1702-1707
Succeeded by
Merged into Great Britain
Royal Consort of Scotland
(Prince consort)
1702-1707
Preceded by
'''Himself
as Royal Consort of England
and of Scotland
Royal Consort of Great Britain
(Prince consort)
1707-1708
Succeeded by
'''Caroline of Ansbach
(Queen consort)
Preceded by
New Creation
Duke of CumberlandSucceeded by
Title extinct
See also International Women's Day


March 8 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.
..... Click the link for more information.
8th century - 9th century - 10th century
850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
..... Click the link for more information.
October 28 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 306 - Maxentius is proclaimed Roman Emperor.

..... Click the link for more information.
8th century - 9th century - 10th century
850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
..... Click the link for more information.
Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714) became Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland on 8 March 1702, succeeding William III and II. Her Roman Catholic father, James II and VII, was forcibly deposed in 1688; her brother-in-law and her sister then became joint monarchs as
..... Click the link for more information.
Prince William of Denmark and Norway, Duke of Gloucester (24 July 1689 – 29 July 1700) was the only child of Princess Anne of Denmark and Norway (later Queen of Great Britain) to survive infancy. His father was Prince George of Denmark and Norway.
..... Click the link for more information.
Royal House or royal dynasty is a familial designation, or family name of sorts, used by royalty. It generally represents the members of a family in various senior and junior or cadet branches, who are loosely related but not necessarily of the same immediate kin.
..... Click the link for more information.
    The House of Oldenburg is a North German noble family and one of Europe's most influential Royal Houses.

    It first became royal when Count Christian I of Oldenburg became chosen King of Denmark in 1448, and has been the Danish Royal House ever since.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Frederick III
    King of Denmark and Norway

    Born March 18 1609(1609--)
    Died January 19 1670 (aged 62)
    Buried Roskilde Cathedral
    Predecessor Christian IV

    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg (24 March 1628 – 20 February 1685) was queen-consort of Denmark and Norway as a wife of the King Frederick III of Denmark.

    She was born in Herzberg am Harz.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    March 2 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

    Events

    • 986 - Louis V becomes King of the Franks.

    ..... Click the link for more information.
    8th century - 9th century - 10th century
    850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
    885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

    :
    Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Copenhagen (IPA: /ˌkəʊpənˈheɪgən, ˌkəʊpənˈhɑːgən/; Danish:
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Motto
    none
    (Royal motto: Guds hjælp, Folkets kærlighed, Danmarks styrke
    "The Help of God, the Love of the People, the Strength of Denmark" )
    Anthem
    Der er et yndigt land  (national)
    Kong Christian
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    September 28 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

    Events


    ..... Click the link for more information.
    8th century - 9th century - 10th century
    850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
    885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

    :
    Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Kensington Palace is a royal residence set in Kensington Gardens in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in London, England. It has been a residence of the British Royal Family since the 17th century.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    London
    Canary Wharf is the centre of London's modern office towers
    London shown within England
    Coordinates:
    Sovereign state United Kingdom
    Constituent country England
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    State Party United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Type Cultural
    Criteria i, ii, iv
    Reference 426
    Region Europe and North America

    Inscription History
    Inscription
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    London
    Canary Wharf is the centre of London's modern office towers
    London shown within England
    Coordinates:
    Sovereign state United Kingdom
    Constituent country England
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    April 2 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

    Events

    • 68 - Galba, governor of Hispania, names himself legatus senatus populique Romani

    ..... Click the link for more information.
    8th century - 9th century - 10th century
    850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
    885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

    :
    Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    October 28 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

    Events

    • 306 - Maxentius is proclaimed Roman Emperor.

    ..... Click the link for more information.
    8th century - 9th century - 10th century
    850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
    885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

    :
    Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    A prince consort, generally speaking, is the husband of a Queen regnant, unless he himself also is a king in his own right.

    Current examples include the Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (husband of Elizabeth II, prince consort in each of the realms of which she is Queen),
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714) became Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland on 8 March 1702, succeeding William III and II. Her Roman Catholic father, James II and VII, was forcibly deposed in 1688; her brother-in-law and her sister then became joint monarchs as
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Copenhagen (IPA: /ˌkəʊpənˈheɪgən, ˌkəʊpənˈhɑːgən/; Danish:
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Frederick III
    King of Denmark and Norway

    Born March 18 1609(1609--)
    Died January 19 1670 (aged 62)
    Buried Roskilde Cathedral
    Predecessor Christian IV

    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Motto
    none
    (Royal motto: Guds hjælp, Folkets kærlighed, Danmarks styrke
    "The Help of God, the Love of the People, the Strength of Denmark" )
    Anthem
    Der er et yndigt land  (national)
    Kong Christian
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. The word Protestant is derived from the Latin protestatio meaning declaration
    ..... Click the link for more information.


    This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia.org - the free encyclopedia created and edited by online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.