Princess Christina of the Netherlands

Dutch Royal Family
Princess Christina of the Netherlands (born February 18, 1947), Princess of Orange-Nassau, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld, is the youngest of four daughters born to Queen regnant Juliana of the Netherlands and her Prince consort Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld.

Birth

She was born Maria Christina (Marijke) at Soestdijk Palace, The Netherlands. Among her godparents was Winston Churchill. Her mother had contracted German measles during her pregnancy and as a result, the Princess was born nearly blind. Over time, advances in medicine allowed for treatments that, with the aid of special glasses, brought about an improvement in her vision so that she could attend school and live a relatively normal life. Despite this initial handicap, she was a brilliant and happy child, with a considerable talent for music. She also had a capacity for languages and as a young girl delighted the visiting President of the French Republic René Coty, by conversing fluently with him in the French language.

Princess Christina of the Netherlands could claim the British nationality because of her descent from Sophia, Electress of Hannover. Her British nationality is based on 'The Act for the Naturalization of the Most Excellent Princess Sophia, Electress and Duchess Dowager of Hanover, and the Issue of her Body' from 1705. This Act was repealed in 1948 and is no longer in force, but that was after her birth.

Princess Christina of the Netherlands is a direct descendant of Sophia Electress of Hannover via her grandson King George II of Great Britain's daughter Anne Princess of Orange, Fürstin of Nassau née Princess of Great Britain and Ireland, Princess of Hannover, Duchess of Braunschweig and Lüneburg, The Princess Royal (1709-1759).

Marriage

In 1963, Princess Marijke changed to using her second name, Christina. Pursuing her gift for music, at age 21 she moved to Canada to study classical music in Montreal. After a few years, she accepted a teaching position at a Montessori school in New York City. There, living an ordinary life under the name Christina Van Oranje, the Dutch Princess met and fell in love with a Havana-born Cuban exile named Jorge Guillermo, himself a teacher for the Addie May Collins Shelter of Harlem.

Although societal attitudes were changing, because Mr. Guillermo was a Roman Catholic, it was still possible that any marriage could cause another public scandal in the Netherlands such as the one that occurred in 1964 when her sister, Princess Irene married the Catholic Carlos Hugo of Bourbon, Duke of Parma. Accordingly, Princess Christina, at that time ninth in line for the Dutch throne, renounced her and her children's rights to the throne before converting to Catholicism and officially announcing her engagement on St. Valentine's Day, 1975.

Married on June 28, 1975, in Utrecht Cathedral in The Netherlands, the newlyweds rode through the streets of the city to the cheers of thousands of Dutch citizens. Following their marriage, she and her husband chose to live in New York but later moved to her native land where they built a home on an estate in Wassenaar, near the Hague.

Their children: Divorced in 1996, Princess Christina returned with her children to live in the United States. After her mother's death she has lived partly in London, partly in Monte Argentario, Italy.

She recorded several CDs and has a Music Foundation in the Netherlands. She sang at her mother's funeral and partipicated in a tribute concert that the CIMA Festival did in Italy for Queen Juliana, under the direction of Jorge Chaminé.

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    Beatrix (born January 31, 1938 as Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard, Princess of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld) has been the Queen regnant of the Kingdom of the Netherlands since April 30, 1980.
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      Prince Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange, (Willem-Alexander Claus George Ferdinand Prins van Oranje, Prins der Nederlanden, Prins van Oranje-Nassau, Jonkheer van Amsberg
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      Princess Amalia of the Netherlands

      Reference style Her Royal Highness
      Spoken style Your Royal Highness
      Alternative style Ma'am Princess Catharina-Amalia of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau (
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        Princess Alexia of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau (Alexia Juliana Marcela Laurentien Prinses der Nederlanden, Prinses van Oranje-Nassau) (born June 26, 2005[1]
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        Princess Ariane of the Netherlands

        Reference style Her Royal Highness
        Spoken style Your Royal Highness
        Alternative style Ma'am

        Princess Ariane of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau
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          Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau, also known as Prince Johan Friso (Johan Friso Bernhard Christiaan David), Count of Orange-Nassau, Jonkheer van Amsberg (born September 25, 1968), is the second son of HM Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands and HRH Prince Claus of the
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            Princess Mabel of Orange-Nassau (née Mabel Martine Los; later Mabel Martine Wisse Smit; born August 11 1968, Pijnacker, Netherlands) is the wife of Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau, second son of Queen Beatrix and the late Prince Claus of the Netherlands.
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              Countess Emma Luana Ninette Sophie of Orange-Nassau, Jonkvrouwe van Amsberg (born March 26, 2005 in London[1]) is the oldest child of TRH Prince Friso and Princess Mabel of Orange-Nassau.
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                Countess Joanna Zaria Nicoline Milou van Oranje-Nassau, Jonkvrouwe van Amsberg (born June 18, 2006 in London[1]) is the second and youngest child of TRH Prince Friso and Princess Mabel of Orange-Nassau.
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                  Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands (Constantijn Christof Frederick Aschwin), Prince of Orange-Nassau, Jonkheer van Amsberg, (born October 11, 1969), is the third and youngest son of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands and Claus von Amsberg.
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                    Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands (née Petra Laurentien Brinkhorst; born May 25 1966[1] in Leiden, Netherlands), Princess of Orange-Nassau, Mrs.
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                      Countess Eloise Beatrix Sophie Laurence van Oranje-Nassau, Jonkvrouwe van Amsberg (born 8 June, 2002 in Bronovo Hospital in The Hague), is the first child and daughter of TRH Prince Constantijn and Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands.
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                        Count Claus-Casimir of Orange-Nassau, Jonkheer van Amsberg (born 21 March, 2004 at Bronovo Hospital in The Hague), is the second child and only son of TRH Prince Constantijn and Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands.
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                          Countess Leonore of Orange-Nassau, Jonkvrouwe van Amsberg (born 3 June 2006 in Bronovo hospital in The Hague), is the third child of Prince Constantijn and Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands. Countess Leonore weighed 3030 grams (6.6 lb), and was 48 cm (18.9 in) long.
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                            Princess Irene Emma Elisabeth of the Netherlands (born August 5, 1939), Princess of Orange-Nassau, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld, is the second child of then Princess Juliana of the Netherlands (later Queen Juliana) and Prince Bernhard, a prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld.
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                            Princess Margriet of the Netherlands (Margriet Francisca, born January 19, 1943), Princess of Orange-Nassau, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld, is the third daughter of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands and Prince Bernhard, the former Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands.
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                              Pieter van Vollenhoven (born April 30, 1939) is the husband of Princess Margriet of the Netherlands.

                              Born in Schiedam, he is the second son of Pieter van Vollenhoven, Sr. (1897-1977) and his wife Jacoba Gijsbertha Stuyling de Lange (1906-1983).
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                                Prince Maurits Willem Pieter Hendrik of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven (in English: Maurice William Peter Henry) (born 17 April 1968), is the eldest son of HRH Princess Margriet of the Netherlands and Prof. Pieter van Vollenhoven.
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                                  Prince Bernhard of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven (Bernhard Lucas Emmanuel) was born in Nijmegen on 25 December 1969. He's the second son of Princess Margriet of the Netherlands and Pieter van Vollenhoven.
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                                    Princess Annette of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven (b. 18 April 1972) is the wife of Prince Bernhard of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven, the second son of Princess Margriet of the Netherlands and Pieter van Vollenhoven.
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                                      Prince Pieter-Christiaan of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven (In Dutch: Pieter-Christiaan Michiel Prins van Oranje-Nassau, van Vollenhoven; born 22 March 1972), is the third son of HRH Princess Margriet of the Netherlands and Prof. Pieter van Vollenhoven.
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                                        Princess Anita of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven-van Eijk (b. 27 October 1969) is the wife of HH Prince Pieter-Christiaan of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven, the third son of HRH Princess Margriet of the Netherlands and Pieter van Vollenhoven.
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                                        Motto
                                        "Je maintiendrai"   (French)
                                        "Ik zal handhaven"   (Dutch)
                                        "I shall stand fast"1

                                        Anthem
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                                        February 18 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

                                        Events


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                                        19th century - 20th century - 21st century
                                        1910s  1920s  1930s  - 1940s -  1950s  1960s  1970s
                                        1944 1945 1946 - 1947 - 1948 1949 1950

                                        Year 1947 (MCMXLVII
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                                        queen regnant (plural "queens regnant") is a female monarch possessing and exercising all of the monarchal powers of a king, in contrast with a queen 'consort', who is the wife of a reigning king, and in and of herself has no official powers of state.
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                                        Juliana
                                        Queen of the Netherlands

                                        Reign 6 September 1948 - 30 April 1980
                                        Born 30 March 1909(1909--)
                                        The Hague, Netherlands
                                        Died 20 March 2004 (aged 96)
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                                        A prince consort, generally speaking, is the husband of a Queen regnant, unless he himself also is a king in his own right.

                                        Current examples include the Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (husband of Elizabeth II, prince consort in each of the realms of which she is Queen),
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                                        Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld
                                        Prince Consort of the Netherlands
                                        Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld


                                        Born May 29 1911(1911--)
                                        Jena, Germany
                                        Died November 1 2004 (aged 93)
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