Information about Princeton University
|Motto|| Dei sub numine viget|
("Under God's power she flourishes")
|Endowment||US $15.8 billion|
|President||Shirley M. Tilghman|
|Location||Borough of Princeton,|
and West Windsor Township, New Jersey , USA
|Campus|| Suburban, 600 acres (2.4 km²)|
(Princeton Borough and Township)
|Athletics||38 sports teams|
|Colors||Orange and Black|
Originally founded at Elizabeth, New Jersey, in 1746 as the College of New Jersey, it relocated to Princeton in 1756 and was renamed “Princeton University” in 1896. Princeton was the fourth institution of higher education in the U.S. to conduct classes. Princeton has never had any official religious affiliation, rare among American universities of its age. At one time, it had close ties to the Presbyterian Church, but today it is nonsectarian and makes no religious demands on its students. The university has ties with the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton Theological Seminary and the Westminster Choir College of Rider University.
Princeton has traditionally focused on undergraduate education and academic research, though in recent decades it has increased its focus on graduate education and offers a large number of professional Master's degrees and PhD programs in a range of subjects. The Princeton University Library holds over six million books. Among many others, areas of research include anthropology, geophysics, entomology, and robotics, while the Forrestal Campus has special facilities for the study of plasma physics and meteorology.
HistoryHistory of Princeton University goes back to its establishment by "New Light" Presbyterians, Princeton was originally intended to train Presbyterian ministers. It opened at Elizabeth, New Jersey, under the presidency of Jonathan Dickinson as the College of New Jersey. (A proposal was made to name it for the colonial Governor, Jonathan Belcher, but he declined.) Its second president was Aaron Burr, Sr.; the third was Jonathan Edwards. In 1756, the college moved to Princeton, New Jersey.
Between the time of the move to Princeton in 1756 and the construction of Stanhope Hall in 1803, the college's sole building was Nassau Hall, named for William III of England of the House of Orange-Nassau. The college also got one of its colors, orange, from William III. During the American Revolution, Princeton was occupied by both sides, and the college's buildings were heavily damaged. The Battle of Princeton, fought in a nearby field in January of 1777, proved to be a decisive victory for General George Washington and his troops. Two of Princeton's leading citizens signed the United States Declaration of Independence, and during the summer of 1783, the Continental Congress met in Nassau Hall, making Princeton the country's capital for four months. The much-abused landmark survived bombardment with cannonballs in the Revolutionary War when General Washington struggled to wrest the building from British control, as well as later fires that left only its walls standing in 1802 and 1855. Rebuilt by Joseph Henry Latrobe, John Notman, and John Witherspoon, the modern Nassau Hall has been much revised and expanded from the original designed by Robert Smith. Over the centuries, its role shifted from an all-purpose building, comprising office, dormitory, library, and classroom space, to classrooms only, to its present role as the administrative center of the university. Originally, the sculptures in front of the building were lions, as a gift in 1879. These were later replaced with tigers in 1911.
The Princeton Theological Seminary broke off from the college in 1812, since the Presbyterians wanted their ministers to have more theological training, while the faculty and students would have been content with less. This reduced the student body and the external support for Princeton for some time. The two institutions currently enjoy a close relationship based on common history and shared resources.
James McCosh took office in 1868. During his two decades in power, he overhauled the curriculum, oversaw an expansion of inquiry into the sciences, and supervised the addition of a number of buildings in the High Victorian Gothic style to the campus. McCosh Hall is named in his honor.
In 1896, the college officially changed its name from the College of New Jersey to Princeton University to honor the town in which it resided. During this year, the college also underwent large expansion and officially became a university. Under Woodrow Wilson, Princeton introduced the preceptorial system in 1905, a then-unique concept that augmented the standard lecture method of teaching with a more personal form where small groups of students, or precepts, could interact with a single instructor, or preceptor, in their field of interest.
In 1969, Princeton University first admitted women as undergraduates. In 1887, the university had actually maintained and staffed a sister college in the town of Princeton on Evelyn and Nassau streets, called the Evelyn College for Women, which was closed after roughly a decade of operation. After abortive discussions in 1967 with Sarah Lawrence College to relocate the women's college to Princeton and merge it with the university, the administration decided to admit women and turned to the issue of transforming the school's operations and facilities into a female-friendly campus. The administration barely finished these plans by April 1969 when the admission's office began mailing out its acceptance letters. Its five-year coeducation plan provided $7.8 million for the development of new facilities that would eventually house and educate 650 women students at Princeton by 1974. Ultimately, 148 women, consisting of 100 freshwomen and transfer students of other years, entered Princeton on September 6, 1969 amidst much media attention. (Princeton enrolled its first female graduate student, Sabra Follett Meserve, as a Ph.D. candidate in Turkish history in 1961. A handful of women had studied at Princeton as undergraduates from 1963 on, spending their junior year there to study subjects in which Princeton's offerings surpassed those of their home institutions. They were considered regular students for their year on campus, but were not candidates for a Princeton degree.)
CampusBenjamin Latrobe, Ralph Adams Cram, McKim, Mead & White, Robert Venturi, and Nick Yeager. The campus, located on 2 km² of landscaped grounds, features a large number of Neo-gothic-style buildings, most dating from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It is situated about one hour from New York City and Philadelphia. The first Princeton building constructed was Nassau Hall, situated in the north end of Campus on Nassau Street. Stanhope Hall (once a library, now administrative offices) and East and West College, both dormitories, followed. While many of the succeeding buildings—particularly the dormitories of the Northern campus—were built in a Collegiate Gothic style, the university is something of a mixture of American architectural movements. Greek Revival temples (Whig and Clio Halls) about the lawn south of Nassau Hall, while a crenellated theater (Murray-Dodge) guards the route west to the library. Modern buildings are confined to the east and south of the campus, a quarter overlooked by the 14-story Fine Hall. Fine, the Math Department's home, designed by Warner, Burns, Toan and Lunde and completed in 1970, is the tallest building at the university. Contemporary additions feature a number of big-name architects, including IM Pei's Spelman Halls, Robert Venturi's Frist Campus Center, Rafael Vinoly's Carl Icahn Laboratory, and the Hillier Group's Bowen Hall. A residential college by Demetri Porphyrios and a science library by Frank Gehry are under construction. Much sculpture adorns the campus, including pieces by Henry Moore (Oval with Points, also nicknamed "Nixon's Nose"), Clement Meadmore (Upstart II), and Alexander Calder (Five Disks: One Empty). At the base of campus is the Delaware and Raritan Canal, dating from 1830, and Lake Carnegie, a man-made lake donated by the steel magnate Andrew Carnegie, used for crew (rowing) and sailing.
Cannon GreenCannon Green is located on the south end of the main lawn. Buried in the ground at the center is the "Big Cannon", the top of which protrudes from the earth and is traditionally spray-painted in orange with the current senior class year. A second "Little Cannon" is buried in the lawn in front of nearby Whig Hall. Both were buried in response to periodic thefts by Rutgers students. The "Big Cannon" is said to have been left in Princeton by Hessians after the Revolutionary War but moved to New Brunswick during the War of 1812. Ownership of the cannon was disputed and the cannon was eventually taken back to Princeton partly by a military company and then by 100 Princeton students. The "Big Cannon" was eventually buried in its current location behind Nassau Hall in 1840. In 1875, Rutgers students attempting to recover the original cannon stole the "Little Cannon" instead. The smaller cannon was subsequently recovered and buried as well. The protruding cannons are occasionally painted scarlet by Rutgers students who continue the traditional dispute.
The Academy Award winning movie, A Beautiful Mind, contains a scene on Cannon Green. John Nash plays Go with his college rival while sitting on stone benches in the middle of the green. (The benches do not exist; like many elements of the Princeton setting, they were introduced for the film.)
McCarter Theater McCarter Theatre was built by the Princeton Triangle Club using club profits and a gift from Princeton University alumnus Thomas McCarter. Today the Triangle Club is an official student group and performs its annual freshmen revue and fall musicals in McCarter. The McCarter is also recognized as one of the leading regional theaters in the United States.
Art MuseumThe Princeton University Art Museum was established to give students direct, intimate, and sustained access to original works of art to complement and enrich instruction and research at the university, and this continues to be its primary function.
Numbering nearly 60,000 objects, the collections range chronologically from ancient to contemporary art, and concentrate geographically on the Mediterranean regions, Western Europe, China, the United States, and Latin America. There is a collection of Greek and Roman antiquities, including ceramics, marbles, bronzes, and Roman mosaics from Princeton University’s excavations in Antioch. Medieval Europe is represented by sculpture, metalwork, and stained glass. The collection of Western European paintings includes examples from the early Renaissance through the nineteenth century, and there is a growing collection of twentieth-century and contemporary art.
Among the strengths in the museum are the collections of Chinese art, with important holdings in bronzes, tomb figurines, painting, and calligraphy; and pre-Columbian art, with examples of the art of the Maya. The museum has collections of old master prints and drawings and a comprehensive collection of original photographs. African art is represented as well as Northwest Coast Indian art. Other works include those of the John B. Putnam, Jr., Memorial Collection of twentieth-century sculpture, including works by such modern masters as Alexander Calder, Jacques Lipchitz, Henry Moore and Pablo Picasso. The Putnam Collection is overseen by the Museum but exhibited outdoors around campus.
University ChapelPrinceton University Chapel is the third-largest university chapel in the world. Known for its gothic architecture, the chapel houses one of the largest and most precious stained glass collections in the country. Both the Opening Exercises for entering freshmen and the Baccalaureate Service for graduating seniors take place in the University Chapel. Construction on the Princeton University Chapel began in 1924 was completed in 1927, at a cost of $2.4 million. Princeton's Chapel is the world's third-largest university chapel, behind those of Valparaiso University and King's College, Cambridge, England. It was designed by the University's lead consulting architect, Ralph Adams Cram, previously of Boston's architectural firm Cram, Goodhue and Ferguson, leading proponents of the Gothic revival style. The vaulting was built by the Guastavino Company, whose thin Spanish tile vaults can be found in Ellis Island, Grand Central Station, and hundreds of other significant works of 20th century architecture.
The 270-foot-long, 76-foot-high, cruciform church is in the collegiate Gothic style, and is made largely from Pennsylvania sandstone and Indiana limestone. It seats 2000 people, many in pews made from wood salvaged from Civil War-era gun carriages. Seats in the chancery are made from oak from Sherwood Forest. The 16th Century pulpit was brought from France and the primary pipe organ has 8000 pipes and 109 stops.
One of the most prominent features of the chapel is its stained glass windows which have an unusually academic leaning. Three of the large windows have religious themes: the north aisle windows shows the life of Jesus, the north clerestory shows the spirtual development of the Jews, while the south aisle has the teachings of Jesus. The stained glass in the south clerestory portrays the evolution of human thought from the Greeks to modern times. It has windows on such topics as Science, Law, Poetry and War.
OrganizationPrinceton is among the wealthiest universities in the world, with an endowment of US$14.2 billion. Ranked fourth largest in the United States, the university has the largest per-student endowment in the world. This is sustained through the continued donations of its alumni and is maintained by investment advisors. Some of Princeton's wealth is invested in its art museum, which features works by Claude Monet and Andy Warhol, among other prominent artists.
residential colleges. Juniors and seniors have the option to live off-campus, but high rent in the Princeton area encourages almost all students to live in dorms. Undergraduate social life revolves around a number of coeducational "eating clubs", which students may choose to join at the end of their sophomore year, and which host a number of social events throughout the academic year.
Princeton has six undergraduate residential colleges, each housing approximately 500 freshmen, sophomores, and a handful of junior and senior resident advisers. Each college consists of a set of dormitories, a dining hall, a variety of other amenities — such as study spaces, libraries, performance spaces, and darkrooms — and a collection of administrators and associated faculty. Two colleges, Wilson College and Forbes College (formerly Princeton Inn College), date to the 1970s; three others, Rockefeller, Mathey, and Butler Colleges, were created in 1983 following the Committee on Undergraduate Residential Life (CURL) report suggesting colleges as a solution to a perception of fragmented campus social life. The construction of Whitman College, the university's sixth, was completed in 2007.
Rockefeller College and Mathey College are located in the northwest corner of the campus; their Collegiate Gothic architecture often graces University brochures. Like most of Princeton's Gothic buildings, they predate the residential college system and were fashioned into colleges from individual dormitories.
Wilson College and Butler College, located south of the center of the campus, were built in the 1960s, with Wilson serving as an early experiment in Residential Colleges. Butler, like Rockefeller and Mathey, was a collection of ordinary dorms (called the "New New Quad") before the addition of a dining hall made it a residential college. Widely disliked for its edgy modernist design, the dormitories on the Butler Quad were scheduled to be demolished in 2007, and the college is being partially housed in upperclass dormitories until its reconstruction is completed.
Forbes College, located slightly southwest of the southwest corner of the campus, is a former hotel, purchased by the university and expanded to form a residential college. The "Princeton Inn College" was one of the first residential colleges in the 1970s along with Wilson College. Butler and most of Forbes are in a different municipality, Princeton Township, from the rest of the main campus, which is in Princeton Borough.
In 2003, Princeton broke ground for a sixth college, named Whitman College after its principal sponsor, Meg Whitman, the CEO of eBay and a member of the Princeton Class of 1977. The new dormitories were constructed in the neo-Gothic architectural style and were designed by renowned architect Demetri Porphyrios. Construction finished in 2007, and Whitman College was inaugurated as Princeton's sixth residential college that year.
A variant on the present college system was originally proposed by University President Woodrow Wilson in the early twentieth century. Wilson's model was much closer to Yale's present system, which features four-year colleges. Lacking the support of the Trustees, the plan languished until 1968, when Wilson College was established, capping a series of alternatives to the eating clubs. A series of often fierce debates raged before the present underclass-college system emerged. The plan was first attempted at Yale, but the administration was initially uninterested; an exasperated alum, Edward Harkness, finally paid to have the college system implemented at Harvard in the 1920s, leading to the oft-quoted aphorism that the college system is a Princeton idea done at Harvard with Yale's money.
Princeton has one graduate residential college, known simply as the Graduate College, located beyond Forbes College at the outskirts of campus. The far-flung location of the G.C. was the spoil of a squabble between Woodrow Wilson and then-Graduate School Dean Andrew Fleming West, which the latter won. (Wilson preferred a central location for the College; West wanted the graduate students as far as possible from the noisy, dissolute undergraduates.) The G.C. is composed of a large Collegiate Gothic section crowned by Cleveland Tower, a local landmark that also houses a world-class carillon. The attached New Graduate College houses more students. Its design departs from collegiate gothic, and is reminiscent of Butler College, the newest of the five pre-Whitman undergraduate colleges.
Academicsundergraduate degrees: the Bachelor of Arts (A.B.) and the Bachelor of Science in engineering (B.S.E.). Courses in the humanities are traditionally either seminars or semi-weekly lectures with an additional discussion seminar, called a "precept" (short for "preceptorial"). To graduate, all A.B. candidates must complete a senior thesis and one or two extensive pieces of independent research, known as "junior papers" or "J.P.s." They must also fulfill a two-semester foreign language requirement and distribution requirements with a total of 31 classes. B.S.E. candidates follow a parallel track with an emphasis on a rigorous science and math curriculum, a computer science requirement, and at least two semesters of independent research including an optional senior thesis. All B.S.E. students much complete at least 36 classes. A.B. candidates typically have more freedom in course selection than B.S.E. candidates because of the fewer number of required classes, though both enjoy a comparatively high degree of latitude in creating a self-structured curriculum.
Undergraduates at Princeton University agree to conform to an academic honesty policy called the Honor Code. Students write and sign the honor pledge, "I pledge my honor that I have not violated the Honor Code during this examination," on every in-class exam they take at Princeton. (The form of the pledge was changed slightly in 1980; it formerly read, "I pledge my honor that during this examination, I have neither given nor received assistance.") The Code carries a second obligation: upon matriculation, every student pledges to report any suspected cheating to the student-run Honor Committee. Because of this code, students take all tests unsupervised by faculty members. Violations of the Honor Code incur the strongest of disciplinary actions, including suspension and expulsion. Out-of-class exercises are outside the Honor Committee's jurisdiction. In these cases, students are often expected to sign a pledge on their papers that they have not plagiarized their work ("This paper represents my own work in accordance with University regulations."), and allegations of academic violations are heard by the University Committee on Discipline.
Princeton offers postgraduate research degrees in mathematics, physics, astronomy and plasma physics, economics, history, political science, philosophy, and English. Although Princeton offers professional graduate degrees in engineering, architecture, and finance, it has no medical school, law school, or business school like other research universities. Its most famous professional school is the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs (known as "Woody Woo" to students), founded in 1930 as the School of Public and International Affairs and renamed in 1948.
The university's library system houses over eleven million holdings including six million bound volumes; The main university library, Firestone Library, housing almost four million volumes, is one of the largest university libraries in the world (and among the largest "open stack" libraries in existence). Its collections include the Blickling homilies. In addition to Firestone, many individual disciplines have their own libraries, including architecture, art history, East Asian studies, engineering, geology, international affairs and public policy, and Near Eastern studies. Seniors in some departments can register for enclosed carrels in the main library for workspace and the private storage of books and research materials. In February 2007, Princeton became the 12th major library system to join Google's ambitious project to scan the world's great literary works and make them searchable over the Web.
Princeton is one of the most selective colleges in the United States, admitting only 9.5% of undergraduate applicants in 2007. In September 2006, Princeton University announced that all applicants for the Class of 2012 would be considered in a single pool, effectively ending the Early Decision program. In 2001, Princeton was the first university to eliminate loans for all students who qualify for aid, expanding on earlier reforms. U.S. News & World Report and Princeton Review both cite Princeton as having the fewest number of students graduating with debt even though 60% of incoming students are on some type of financial aid. The Office of Financial Aid estimates that Princeton seniors on aid will graduate with average indebtedness of $2,360, compared to the national average of about $20,000.
RankingsU.S. News and World Report (USNWR). Among other outlets, Princeton is tied for 8th among world universities by Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 10th among world universities and 7th in North America by THES - QS World University Rankings.
Princeton University also participates in the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities (NAICU)'s University and College Accountability Network (U-CAN).
LINPACK performance of 4713; compare up to 12250 for other U. S. universities and 280600 for the top-ranked supercomputer, belonging to the U. S. Department of Energy).
Student life and cultureModel United Nations conferences, PMUNC in the fall for high school students and PICSim in the spring for college students.
Princeton also runs Princeton Model Congress, held once a year in mid-November. The 4-day conference is for high schoolers from around the country and the fierce competition gives the conference its prestige.
Each residential college hosts social events and activities, guest speakers (such as Edward Norton, who showed a special sneak-preview of Fight Club on campus), and trips. The residential colleges are best known for their performing arts trips to New York City. Students sign up to take trips to see the ballet, the opera, and Broadway shows.
The eating clubs are co-ed organizations for upperclassmen located on the east end of campus. Most upperclassmen eat their meals at one of the 10 eating clubs, whose houses also serve as evening and weekend social venues for members and guests.
Although the school's admissions policy is "need-blind" Princeton was ranked last (based on the proportion of students receiving Pell Grants) in economic diversity among all national universities ranked by U.S. News & World Report. While Pell figures are widely used as a gauge of the number of low-income undergraduates on a given campus, the rankings article cautions, "the proportion of students on Pell Grants isn't a perfect measure of an institution's efforts to achieve economic diversity."
- Arch Sings - Free late-night concerts in one of the larger arches on campus offered by one or several of Princeton's thirteen undergraduate a cappella groups. Most often held in Blair Arch or Class of 1879 Arch.
- Bonfire - ceremonial bonfire on Cannon Green behind Nassau Hall, held only if Princeton beats both Harvard and Yale at football in the same season; the most recent bonfire was lit November 17, 2006, after a 12-year drought.
- Bicker - Selection process for new-members employed by selective eating clubs
- Cane Spree - an athletic competition between freshmen and sophomores held in the fall
- The Clapper or Clapper Theft - climbing to the top of Nassau Hall and stealing the bell clapper so as to prevent the bell from ringing and, thus, from starting class on the first day of the school year. For safety reasons, the clapper has now been removed permanently.
- Class Jackets (Beer Jackets) - Each graduating class (and each class at its multiple-of-5 reunion thereafter—5th, 10th, etc.) designs a Class Jacket featuring their class year. The artwork is almost invariably dominated by the school colors and tiger motifs.
- Communiversity - an annual street fair with performances, arts and crafts, and other activities in an attempt to foster interaction between the university and residents of the Princeton community
- Dean's Date Theater - tradition of gathering late in the afternoon on the final deadline for written work for the semester ("Dean's Date") outside McCosh Hall to watch other students run to hand in their papers. Some students perform cartwheels and other antics (if they are not running too late).
- FitzRandolph Gate - at the end of Princeton's graduation ceremony, the new graduates process out through the main gate of the university as a symbol of their leaving college and entering the real world. According to tradition, anyone who leaves campus through FitzRandolph Gate before his or her own graduation date will not graduate (though entering through the gate is fine).
- Holder Howl - The midnight before Dean's Date (when most final papers and assignments are due) students from Holder Hall and elsewhere come to the Holder courtyard and "howl" to release the frustration of last-minute work on their assignments.
- Houseparties - formal parties thrown simultaneously by all of the eating clubs at the end of the spring term
- Lawnparties - parties with live bands thrown simultaneously by all of the eating clubs at the start of classes and conclusion of the year
- Newman's Day - Students attempt to drink 24 beers in the 24 hours of April 24. According to the New York Times, "the day got its name from an apocryphal quote attributed to Mr. Newman: '24 beers in a case, 24 hours in a day. Coincidence? I think not.'" Newman has spoken out against the tradition, however.
- Nude Olympics - annual (nude and partially nude) frolic in Holder Courtyard during the first snow of the winter. Started in the early 1970s, the Nude Olympics went co-ed in 1979 and gained much notoriety with the American press. For safety reasons, the administration banned the Olympics in 2000.
- Prospect 11 - referring to the act of drinking a beer at all eleven eating clubs on The Street in one night. With the recent closure of Campus Club, this has become impossible; however, the historical Cannon Club is due to reopen in Spring 2008, and the Prospect 11 will return.
- P-rade - traditional parade of alumni and their families, who process by class year, during Reunions
- Reunions - annual gathering of alumni, held the weekend before graduation
- Robo - commonly played team drinking game at Princeton University, thought to have originated there. Beirut is equally popular.
- The Phantom of Fine Hall - a former tradition - before 1993, this was the legend of an obscure, shadowy figure that would infest Fine Hall (the Mathematics department's building) and write complex equations on blackboards. Although mentioned in Rebecca Goldstein's 1980s book The Mind-Body Problem about Princeton graduate student life (Penguin, reissued 1993), the legend self-deconstructed in the 1990s when the Phantom turned out to be in reality the inventor, in the 1950s, of the Nash equilibrium result in game theory, John Forbes Nash. The former Phantom, by then also haunting the computation center where courtesy of handlers in the math department he was a sacred monster with a guest account, shared the 1994 Nobel Prize and is now a recognized member of the University community. (Unlike the book, the film version of A Beautiful Mind does not attempt to be factual; its screenwriter called it "a stab at the truth… but not by way of the facts.")
AthleticsThe Princeton Review (unaffiliated with the university) declared Princeton the 10th strongest "jock school" in the nation. It has also consistently been ranked at the top of the Time Magazine's Strongest College Sports Teams lists. Most recently, Princeton was ranked as a top 10 school for athletics by Sports Illustrated. Princeton is best known for its men and women's crews, winning several NCAA and Eastern Sprints titles in recent years.
Princeton won a record 21 conference titles from 2000–2001. By the end of 2004, Princeton had garnered 36 Ivy League conference titles from 2001–2004 sports seasons. In 2005, its women's soccer team made the NCAA Final Four, the first Ivy League team to do so. The Tigers have taken every field hockey conference title since 1994.
Princeton's basketball team is perhaps the best-known team within the Ivy League, nicknamed the "perennial giant killer" which it acquired during Pete Carril's coaching career from 1967–1996. Its most notable upset was the defeat of defending NCAA basketball champion, UCLA, in its opening round and Carril's final collegiate victory in that season's collegiate basketball playoffs. During that 29 year span, Pete Carril won 13 Ivy League championships and received 11 NCAA berths and 2 NIT bids. Princeton won the NIT championship in 1975. A legacy of his coaching career is the deliberate "Princeton offense" employed by a number of other collegiate basketball teams, including Georgetown in their Final Four appearance.
From 1992–2001, a nine year span, Princeton's men's basketball team had entered the NCAA tournament 6 times—from a conference that has never had an at-large entry in the NCAA tournament. For the last half-century, Princeton and Penn have traditionally battled for men's basketball dominance in the Ivy League; Princeton had its first losing season in 50 years of Ivy League basketball in 2005. Princeton tied the record for fewest points in a Division I game since the 3-point line started in 1986–87 when they scored 21 points in a loss against Monmouth University on December 14, 2005.
Princeton's men's lacrosse team has enjoyed much success since the early 1990s and is widely recognized as a perennial powerhouse in the Division I ranks. The team has won thirteen Ivy League titles (1992, 1993, 1995–2004, 2006) and six national titles (1992, 1994, 1996–1998, 2001).
The Princeton women's volleyball team has won 13 Ivy League titles, and its men's volleyball team in 1998 became the first non-scholarship school to make the NCAA Final Four in 25 years.
On November 6, 1869, Princeton fielded a team of twenty-five undergraduates to compete against Rutgers College in the first intercollegiate soccer game, held on the Rutgers campus in New Brunswick, New Jersey. This game has been claimed by some to be the first game of American Football, but in fact it more closely resembled 'soccer'. Rutgers won with a score of six runs to Princeton's four. However, Princeton won every subsequent game through its evolution into forms more recognizable as American football through 1938. The two schools, which compete in other NCAA events, have not met in football since 1980. Princeton's rivalry with Yale, active since 1873, is the second oldest in American football (counting years when the game was played under rules which resembled soccer and not American football). In more recent years, Princeton has excelled in both men's and women's lacrosse, and both men's and women's crew.
Old NassauThis phrase can refer to:
- Princeton's alma mater since 1859, with words by then-freshman Harlan Page Peck and music by Karl A. Langlotz. Before the Langlotz tune was written, the song was sung to the melody of "Auld Lang Syne", which also fits. is available from Wikisource.
- Nassau Hall, to which the song refers, built in 1756 and named after William III of England, of the House of Orange-Nassau. When built, it was the largest college building in North America. It served briefly as the capitol of the United States when the Continental Congress convened there in the summer of 1783.
- By metonymy, Princeton University as a whole.
- A chemical reaction, an example of a "clock reaction", dubbed "Old Nassau" because the solution turns first orange and then black, the Princeton colors. It is also known as the "Hallowe'en reaction".
- List of Princeton University people
- List of presidents of Princeton University
- See also: List of Princeton University people#Fictional
- F. Scott Fitzgerald's literary debut, This Side of Paradise, is a loosely autobiographical story of his years at Princeton. A Princeton Alumni Weekly article on Princeton fiction called it the "Ur novel of Princeton life." http://search.barnesandnoble.com/booksearch/isbninquiry.asp?z=y&pwb=1&ean=9780486289991
- In Ernest Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises, the character Robert Cohn attended Princeton.
- Geoffrey Wolff's The Final Club is a coming-of-age book about Nathaniel Auerbach Clay, a fictional member of the Princeton Class of 1960 (Wolff was an actual member of this class). The Final Club is written as homage to F. Scott Fitzgerald's This Side of Paradise and The Great Gatsby.
- Mohsin Hamid's The Reluctant Fundamentalist is partly set at Princeton and the characters Changez and Erica are fictional members of the Princeton Class of 2001 (Hamid was an actual member of the Princeton Class of 1993).
- A Beautiful Mind, the Academy Award winning film about the famous mathematician John Forbes Nash features a major part depicting Nash's initial days at Princeton University. http://www.princeton.edu/pr/home/01/1220-beautifulmind/hmcap.html Although the film is a fictionalized biography, in real life Nash did receive his doctorate from Princeton and is a Princeton professor. (The book of the same title by Sylvia Nassar, on which the movie is very loosely based with a great deal of artistic license, is a totally non-fictional biography and thus ineligible for a listing in this section.)
- The movie I.Q., starring Meg Ryan and Tim Robbins with Walter Matthau as Albert Einstein takes place in Princeton. http://movies2.nytimes.com/mem/movies/review.html?title1=IQ%20(MOVIE)&title2=&reviewer=Janet%20Maslin&pdate=19941223&v_id= A scene where Tim Robbins' character gives a lecture is in Room 302 of the Palmer Physics Laboratory, which is now the Frist Campus Center.
- The book The Rule of Four, as well as a series of mystery books by Ann Waldron, including The Princeton Murders, Death of a Princeton President, Unholy Death in Princeton, A Rare Murder in Princeton, and newest The Princeton Impostor are set on Princeton's campus and the campus of neighboring Princeton Theological Seminary. http://www.randomhouse.com/bantamdell/theruleoffour/meet.html
- In Harold & Kumar Go to White Castle, Princeton is one of their destinations.http://www.dvdverdict.com/reviews/haroldkumar.php However, the film was not shot on the undergraduate campus (where the movie implies the protagonists are) but rather in the graduate dormitories.
- In the film Risky Business, Tom Cruise as Joel Goodson proves himself Princeton material by becoming a pimp, leading to his interviewer's sexual gratification. http://www.answers.com/topic/risky-business
- The movie Spanglish is presented as an essay on a fictional Princeton application. http://www.ivysport.com/category-category_id/336
- In the movie "A Cinderella Story," a major part of the storyline revolves around Chad Michael Murray's and Hilary Duff's characters both aiming to attend Princeton to study writing.
- Ivy League
- History of Princeton University
- Princeton University Band
- Princeton University Press
- Princeton Glacier
- The Daily Princetonian
- Two Dickinson Street Co-op
References1. ^ 
2. ^ US News. America's Best Colleges. Retrieved on 2007-09-21.
3. ^ "Princeton's History" — Parent's Handbook, 2005–06. Princeton University (August 2005). Retrieved on 2006-09-20.
4. ^ Princeton's own phrasing is that it was "the fourth college to be established in British North America."Princeton University, Office of Communications. Princeton in the American Revolution. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
5. ^ Princeton appears to be the fourth institution to conduct classes, based on dates that do not seem to be in dispute. Princeton and the University of Pennsylvania both claim the fourth oldest founding date; the University of Pennsylvania once used 1749 as its founding date, making it fifth, but in 1899, its trustees adopted a resolution that asserted 1740 as the founding date. For the details of Penn's claim, see University of Pennsylvania; and “Building Penn's Brand” for background, and “Princeton vs. Penn: Which is the Older Institution?” for Princeton's view. A Log College was operated by William and Gilbert Tennent, the Presbyterian ministers, in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, from 1726 until 1746; it was once common to assert a connection between it and the College of New Jersey, which would justify Princeton pushing its founding date back to 1726. Princeton, however, has never done so and a Princeton historian says that the facts “do not warrant” such an interpretation. . Columbia University and Rutgers began classes in 1754 and 1766; their continuity was severely shaken during the American Revolution.
6. ^ Compulsory chapel attendance was reduced from twice a day in 1882 and abolished in 1964: 
7. ^ Princeton University, Office of Communications. Princeton in the American Revolution. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.: "The charter was issued to a self-perpetuating board of trustees who were acting in behalf of the evangelical or New Light wing of the Presbyterian Church, but the College had no legal or constitutional identification with that denomination. Its doors were to be open to all students, "any different sentiments in religion notwithstanding." The announced purpose of the founders was to train men who would become "ornaments of the State as well as the Church."
8. ^ Both Princeton Theological Seminary and Westminster Choir College maintain cross-registration programs with Princeton.
9. ^ Princeton Companion
10. ^ Princeton Companion
11. ^ Emporis: Fine Hall
12. ^ Orange Key Virtual Tour - Princeton-Rutgers Cannon War
13. ^ 
14. ^ 
15. ^ Endowment Climbs Past $13 Billion. The Daily Princetonian (2006).
16. ^ Andrew Fleming West
17. ^ A short-lived Princeton Law School folded in 1852.
18. ^ Firestone Library. Princeton University. Retrieved on 2006-07-30.
19. ^ The Nation's Largest Libraries: A Listing By Volumes Held: ALA Library Fact Sheet Number 22. American Library Association (August , 2005). Retrieved on 2006-07-30.: 6,224,270 volumes reported in August, 2005 fact sheet; 6,495,597 reported by Princeton to the Association of Research Libraries in ARL STATISTICS 2004‐05. Association of Research Libraries, 21 Dupont Circle, NW, Suite 800, Washington, D.C. 20036, Telephone: (202) 296‐2296, FAX: (202) 872‐0884, email: email@example.com (2006).
20. ^ "Princeton University Joins Google Literature-Scan Project". Reuters, February 6, 2007.
21. ^ 
22. ^ 
23. ^ America's Best Colleges 2007. U.S. News & World Report (2007). Retrieved on 2007-04-15.
24. ^ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2006. Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2006). Retrieved on 2007-04-15.
25. ^ World University Rankings. The Times Higher Educational Supplement (2006). Retrieved on 2007-04-15.
26. ^  — A 2006 ranking from the THES - QS of the world’s research universities.
27. ^ TOP500 Supercomputing Sites. Retrieved on 2006-06-25.
28. ^ Princeton Model United Nations Conference (PMUNC). Retrieved on 2006-06-25.
29. ^ Princeton Interactive Crisis Simulation (PICSIM). Retrieved on 2006-06-25.
30. ^ Economic Diversity Among All National Universities. Retrieved on 2007-02-05.
31. ^ Cheng, Jonathan (2004-04-22), "Film Legend Bothered by Use of Name in Stunt at Princeton", New York Times, <
32. ^ News-Medical.Net: "Paul Newman urges Princeton to stop tradition of alcohol abuse in honour of his name"
33. ^ 
- Princeton University website
- Undergraduate Admissions
- Student Guide to Princeton
- Official Princeton athletics site
- Princeton article on Orangena
- The Daily Princetonian, Princeton's independent daily student newspaper
- A Princeton Companion; online version of a book with extensive information on the history of the University
- Virtual tour of the Princeton campus
- Princeton Theological Seminary
- Princeton Interactive Crisis Simulation
- Photo Gallery of Princeton University
- Princeton for the Nation's Service - Woodrow Wilson gave this as his Inaugural Address when he became President of Princeton University in 1902.
- * Maps and aerial photos for Coordinates:
- Maps from , Legend Bothered by Use of Name in Stunt at Princeton&spn=0.03,0.03 Google Maps, Legend Bothered by Use of Name in Stunt at Princeton&lvl=15 Live Search Maps, Legend Bothered by Use of Name in Stunt at Princeton&mag=2 Yahoo! Maps, or Legend Bothered by Use of Name in Stunt at Princeton&zoom=10 MapQuest
- Topographic maps from Legend Bothered by Use of Name in Stunt at Princeton&s=25 TopoZone or Legend Bothered by Use of Name in Stunt at Princeton&s=12 TerraServer-USA
New Jersey private colleges and universities
Berkeley College • Caldwell College • Centenary College • College of Saint Elizabeth • Drew University • Fairleigh Dickinson University • Felician College • Georgian Court University • Princeton University • Rider University • St. Peter's College • Seton Hall University • Stevens Institute of TechnologyIvy League Brown (Bears) • Columbia (Lions) • Cornell (Big Red) • Dartmouth (Big Green) • Harvard (Crimson) • Penn (Quakers) • Princeton (Tigers) • Yale (Bulldogs)ECAC Hockey Brown • Clarkson • Colgate • Cornell • Dartmouth • Harvard • Princeton • Quinnipiac • Rensselaer • St. Lawrence • Union • YaleEastern Intercollegiate Volleyball Association Tait Division East Stroudsburg • George Mason • Juniata • Penn State • Princeton • Rutgers-Newark • Saint Francis Hay Division Harvard • New Haven • NJIT • NYU • Sacred Heart • SpringfieldA motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. Coat of arms elements
..... Click the link for more information.The date of establishment or date of founding of an institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point. Often the criteria that define a date of establishment or founding are ill-defined—or more specifically, are ill-defined in
..... Click the link for more information.8th century - 9th century - 10th century
850s 860s 870s - 880s - 890s 900s 910s
885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891
Subjects: Archaeology - Architecture -
..... Click the link for more information.A private university is a university that is run without the control of any government entity. Private universities are common in Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Chile, India, Japan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mexico, Portugal, and the United States but do not exist in some
..... Click the link for more information.An academic term is a division of an academic year, the time during which a school, college or university holds classes. These divisions may be called 'terms', 'semesters', 'quarters', or 'trimesters', depending on the institution and the country.
..... Click the link for more information.A financial endowment is a transfer of money or property donated to an institution, with the stipulation that it be invested, and the remain intact. This allows for the donation to have a much greater impact over a long period of time than if it were spent all at once.
..... Click the link for more information.United States dollar
dólar estadounidense (Spanish)
dólar amerikanu (Tetum)
..... Click the link for more information.1,000,000,000 (alternately known as one thousand million and one billion, see below) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001.
In scientific notation, it is written as 109.
..... Click the link for more information.University president is the title of the highest ranking officer within a university, within university systems that prefer that appellation over other variations such as chancellor or rector.
The relative seniority varies between institutions.
..... Click the link for more information.Shirley Marie Tilghman
President of Princeton University Term 2001 – present
Predecessor Harold Tafler Shapiro
..... Click the link for more information.In some educational systems, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a bachelor's degree. In the United States, students of higher degrees are known as graduates.
..... Click the link for more information.Postgraduate education (often known in North America as graduate education, and sometimes described as quaternary education) involves studying for degrees or other qualifications for which a first or Bachelor's degree is required, and is normally considered to be part
..... Click the link for more information.Borough of Princeton, New Jersey
Princeton highlighted in Mercer County. Inset map: Mercer County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
..... Click the link for more information.Township of Princeton, New Jersey
Princeton Township highlighted in Mercer County. Inset map: Mercer County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
..... Click the link for more information.West Windsor, New Jersey
West Windsor Township highlighted in Mercer County. Inset map: Mercer County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
..... Click the link for more information.State of New Jersey
Flag of New Jersey Seal
Nickname(s): Garden State
Motto(s): Liberty and prosperity
Official language(s) English de facto
..... Click the link for more information.Motto
"In God We Trust" (since 1956)
"E Pluribus Unum" ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
..... Click the link for more information.Suburbs are commonly defined as residential areas on the outskirts of a city or large town. Most modern suburbs are commuter towns with many single-family homes.
..... Click the link for more information.acre is a unit of area in a number of different systems, including the imperial and US customary systems. The most commonly used acres today are the international acre and, in the United States, the survey acre.
One acre comprises 4,840 square yards or 43,560 square feet.
..... Click the link for more information.1 kilometre =A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer, symbol km
0 m 0106 mm
US customary / Imperial units
0 ft 0 mi
..... Click the link for more information.School colors are the colors chosen by a school to represent it on uniforms and other items of identification. Most schools have two colors, which are usually chosen to avoid conflicts with other schools with which the school competes in sports and other activities.
..... Click the link for more information.mascot – originally a term for any person, animal, or object thought to bring luck – now includes anything used to represent a group with a common public identity, such as a school, professional sports team, society, military unit, or brand name.
..... Click the link for more information.P. tigris
(Linnaeus, 1758)Historical distribution of tigers (pale yellow) and 2006 (green).
..... Click the link for more information.A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN.
..... Click the link for more information.A private university is a university that is run without the control of any government entity. Private universities are common in Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Chile, India, Japan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mexico, Portugal, and the United States but do not exist in some
..... Click the link for more information.Coeducation is the integrated education of males and females at the same school facilities. The opposite situation is described as single-sex education. Most older institutions of higher education restricted their enrollment to a single sex at some point in their history, and since
..... Click the link for more information.university is an institution of higher education and research, which grants academic degrees at all levels (bachelor, master, and doctorate) in a variety of subjects. A university provides both tertiary and quaternary education.
..... Click the link for more information.Princeton, New Jersey is located in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States. Princeton University has been sited in the town since 1756. Although Princeton is a "college town", there are many other important facilities in the vicinity that enrich the town's character and economic
..... Click the link for more information.State of New Jersey
Flag of New Jersey Seal
Nickname(s): Garden State
Motto(s): Liberty and prosperity
Official language(s) English de facto
..... Click the link for more information.Ivy League
Classification NCAA Division I-AA
Sports fielded 33
States 7 - Connecticut, Massachusetts,
New Hampshire, New Jersey,
..... Click the link for more information.
This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia.org - the free encyclopedia created and edited by online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.