Psilocybe ovoideocystidiata

Psilocybe ovoideocystidiata
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Fungi
Division:Basidiomycota
Class:Homobasidiomycetes
Order:Agaricales
Family:Strophariaceae
Genus:Psilocybe
Species:P. ovoideocystidiata
Binomial name
Psilocybe ovoideocystidiata
Guzmán et Gaines
Enlarge picture
Range of Psilocybe ovoideocystidiata

Range of Psilocybe ovoideocystidiata


<imagemap>Image:Information-silk.png|How to create a mycomorphbox rect 0 0 50 50 desc none</imagemap>Psilocybe ovoideocystidiata
mycological characteristics:
 
gills on hymenium
 
 
cap is convex or umbonate
 
no hymenium is adnate sinuate
 
cortina stipe is bare ring and volva
 
 
spore print is blackish-brown or purple
 
saprophytic ecology is saprophytic saprophytic
 
unknown edibility: psychoactive or
Enlarge picture
Psilocybe ovoideocystidiata spores
Psilocybe ovoideocystidiata is a psilocybin-containing mushroom first documented in Pennsylvania and also known from Michigan, Ohio and West Virginia. This mushroom bruises blue where handled and has been put into the Stuntzii section of Psilocybe because it has subrhomboid thick walled spores and an annulus. It is closely related to to P. subaeruginascens from Java, P. septentrionalis from Japan, and P. wayanadensis from India.

This mushroom was first documented by Richard V. Gaines in Montgomery County in June of 2003 and has become common in the Ohio river valley.

Its range and appearance are similar to Psilocybe caerulipes, and it can be distinguished by its rhomboid spores and membranous annulus.

Some specimens of Psilocybe ovoideocystidiata turn blue immediately when bruised, while others have a delayed or almost absent bluing reaction. The mushroom often turns blue in the absence of bruising as it dries out.

Description

The cap is smooth, to subumbonate and up to 4 cm across. It is chestnut brown, olive green, or white and slippery when moist with striations at the edge, fading to buff as it dries and often turning blue. The gills have attachment and range from whitish to rusty brown, lavender, or dark purple brown. The stem is 2 to 7.5 cm long, hollow, smooth at the top and often having small scales near the bottom, colored whitish with irregular yellowish, brownish, or bluish patches. The mushroom quickly (after a few minutes) bruises blue when damaged and has a odor.

External links

References

  • New Species of Hallucinogenic Psilocybe from the Eastern U.S.A. - International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol. 9, pp. 75–77 (2007)
Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. Scientific classification also can be called scientific taxonomy, but should be distinguished from folk taxonomy, which lacks scientific basis.
..... Click the link for more information.
Eukarya
Whittaker & Margulis, 1978
(unranked) Opisthokonta

Kingdom: Fungi
(L., 1753) R.T. Moore, 1980[1]

Subkingdom/Phyla

Chytridiomycota
Blastocladiomycota

..... Click the link for more information.
Basidiomycota
R.T. Moore, 1980[1]

Subphyla/Classes

Pucciniomycotina
Ustilaginomycotina
Agaricomycotina
Incertae sedis (no phylum)
Wallemiomycetes
Entorrhizomycetes




..... Click the link for more information.
Agaricomycetes includes the so-called "true" mushrooms and a common name for this group of some 16,000 described species is the mushroom-forming fungi (53% of the described basidiomycetes).
..... Click the link for more information.
Agaricales, also known as gilled mushrooms (for their distinctive gills), or euagarics, contains some of the most familiar types of mushrooms. The order has about 4,000 identified species, or one quarter of all known homobasidiomycetes.
..... Click the link for more information.
Strophariaceae

Genera

Hypholoma
Kuehneromyces
Melanotus
Phaeogalera
Pholiota
Psilocybe
Stropharia
The Strophariaceae is a family of fungi in the order Agaricales.
..... Click the link for more information.
Psilocybe
(Fr.) P. Kumm. (1871)

Type species
Psilocybe montana

Species
List of Psilocybe species

Psilocybe is a genus of small mushrooms growing worldwide.
..... Click the link for more information.
binomial nomenclature is the formal system of naming species. The system is also called binominal nomenclature (particularly in zoological circles), binary nomenclature (particularly in botanical circles), or the binomial classification system.
..... Click the link for more information.
Gaston Guzman is a mycologist and anthropologist based in Mexico. He is considered the world's foremost authority on the genus Psilocybe.[1] and published comprehensive book on the subject in 1977, he has since authored eight other books and over 350 papers on
..... Click the link for more information.
The hymenium is the tissue layer on the hymenophore of a fungal fruiting body where the cells develop into basidia or asci, which produce spores. In some species all of the cells of the hymenium develop into basidia or asci, while in others some cells develop into sterile cells
..... Click the link for more information.
The pileus is the technical name for what is commonly known as the cap of a fungal fruiting body. It is particularly characteristic of agarics, boletes, and some polypores, tooth fungi, and ascocarps.
..... Click the link for more information.
The pileus is the technical name for what is commonly known as the cap of a fungal fruiting body. It is particularly characteristic of agarics, boletes, and some polypores, tooth fungi, and ascocarps.
..... Click the link for more information.
The hymenium is the tissue layer on the hymenophore of a fungal fruiting body where the cells develop into basidia or asci, which produce spores. In some species all of the cells of the hymenium develop into basidia or asci, while in others some cells develop into sterile cells
..... Click the link for more information.
stipe refers to the stem or stalk-like feature supporting the cap of a mushroom. Like all tissues of the mushroom other than the hymenium, the stipe is composed of sterile hyphal tissue. In many instances, however, the fertile hymenium extends down the stipe some distance.
..... Click the link for more information.
spore print of a mushroom is an important diagnostic character in most handbooks for identifying mushrooms. A spore print is made by placing the spore-producing surface flat on a sheet of dark and white (or just white) paper . The mushroom is left overnight in this manner.
..... Click the link for more information.
spore print of a mushroom is an important diagnostic character in most handbooks for identifying mushrooms. A spore print is made by placing the spore-producing surface flat on a sheet of dark and white (or just white) paper . The mushroom is left overnight in this manner.
..... Click the link for more information.
A saprotroph (or saprobe) is an organism that obtains its nutrients from non-living organic matter, usually dead and decaying plant or animal matter, by absorbing soluble organic compounds.
..... Click the link for more information.
Psilocybin mushrooms (also called psilocybian mushrooms) are fungi that contain the psychedelic substances psilocybin and psilocin, and occasionally other psychoactive tryptamines.
..... Click the link for more information.
edible mushroom is a mushroom that can potentially be safely eaten, including thousands of types of mushrooms that are regularly harvested. Some species that cannot be easily cultivated, such as the truffle or matsutake, are highly prized.
..... Click the link for more information.
Psilocybin (also known as psilocybine) is a psychedelic alkaloid of the tryptamine family, found in psilocybin mushrooms. It is considered mostly to be an entheogen and a tool in use to supplement various types of practices for transcendence including in meditation,
..... Click the link for more information.
A Mushroom is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of fungus typically produced above ground on soil or on their food source. The standard for the name mushroom is the cultivated white button mushroom, Agaricus bisporus
..... Click the link for more information.
Java
Native name: Jawa<nowiki />

Topography of Java

Geography
<nowiki/>
Location Southeast Asia
Coordinates <nowiki />
Archipelago
..... Click the link for more information.
P. caerulipes

Binomial name
Psilocybe caerulipes
Peck

Range of Psilocybe caerulipes


Synonyms
Agaricus caerulipes


..... Click the link for more information.
Psilocybin mushrooms (also called psilocybian mushrooms) are fungi that contain the psychedelic substances psilocybin and psilocin, and occasionally other psychoactive tryptamines.
..... Click the link for more information.
A. gemmata

Binomial name
Amanita gemmata
(Fr.) Gillet

The gemmed mushroom (Amanita gemmata) is a mushroom of the genus Amanita
..... Click the link for more information.
A. muscaria

Binomial name
Amanita muscaria
(L.:Fr.) Hook.

Amanita muscaria (also known by the English-language common name fly agaric or Fly Amanita
..... Click the link for more information.
A. pantherina

Binomial name
Amanita pantherina
(DC. ex Fr.) Krombh.

The Panther cap (Amanita pantherina), also known as the False Blusher
..... Click the link for more information.
C. cyanopus

Binomial name
Conocybe cyanopus
(Atkins) Kuhner

Synonyms
Pholiotina cyanopoda
Conocybe cyanopoda
Galerula cyanopus

Conocybe cyanopus
..... Click the link for more information.
C. smithii

Binomial name
Conocybe smithii
Watling (1967). (Stamets, 1993).

Synonyms
Galera cyanopes

Conocybe smithii is a rare member of the genus Conocybe
..... Click the link for more information.
Gymnopilus junonius
(Fries) P.D. Orton

Synonyms
Agaricus spectabilis
Gymnopilus spectabilis

Gymnopilus junonius, also known as Gymnopilus spectabilis, Laughing gym or
..... Click the link for more information.


This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia.org - the free encyclopedia created and edited by online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.