Pyay

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Sign indicating city limits of Pyay
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The ancient Bawbawgyi Paya near Pyay.
Pyay (Burmese: ပ္ရည္‌; MLCTS: prany, formerly Prome), is a town (population 83,000 (1983)) and district of the Bago Division, Myanmar, located some 161 km (100 mi) north of Yangon. The British Irrawaddy Flotilla Company established the current town in the late 1800s on the Ayeyarwady River (Irrawaddy River) as a transshipment point for cargo between Upper Myanmar and Lower Myanmar.

Education of Pyay

Pyay City has the 2 Universities and 1 College. Two Universities are Pyay University(PU)and Pyay Technical University (PTU). The college is called Government Computer College (GCC).Pyay University is situated near to the town center of Pyay. PTU is situated near to Hnawgone village, Pauk Khaung Town. It is a few miles away from Pyay. Students find it not as convenient as PU to go to PTU. GCC is also quite a far distance from downtown.

The district of Pyay encompasses the valley of the Ayeyarwady, located between Thayetmyo District and Henzada and Tharrawaddy Districts. Along the western side of Pyay District are the Rakhine (Arakan) Yomas, a mountain range and along the eastern side are the Bago (Pegu) Yomas. Pyay District's main towns are Pyay, Shwedaung, and Paungde.

To the south and south-east the town is closed in by low pagoda-topped hills, on one of which stands the conspicuous gilded Shwesandaw Pagoda. It is the terminus of a railway from Yangon, which runs through the district.

The town is home to the Pyay University.

Etymology

The name "Pyi" means "capital" in Burmese, and refers to the ruins of the Pyu capital of Sri Ksetra (Burmese: သရေခေတ္တရာ, lit. "City of Splendour" in Sanskrit), which is located 8 km to the southeast of modern Pyay and is in the village of Hmawa.

Geography and climate

The north and northeast of the district is forest-covered, and contains numerous valleys and ravines, which unite in one large stream called the Naweng River. The most important of the plains lie in the south and southwest portions of Pyay, and extend along the whole length of the railway that runs between. There are, in addition large tracts of land covered by jungle, which are available for cultivation. The principal river is the Irrawaddy, which intersects the district from north to south; next in importance are the Thani and its tributaries and the Naweng system of rivers. In the hills near the capital the soil is of Tertiary formation, and in the plains it is an alluvial deposit.

The climate is much drier than other districts in Lower Burma, the annual rainfall being about 48 in. The temperature ranges from about 100 in June to 60 in January.

History

Sri Ksetra was built around 638 AD and was the capital of the Pyu dynasty of Vikrama. The city was circular with walls enclosing an around of 46 square kilometres. The city fell to Pagan (Bagan) in 1057, and the Pyu retreated northward. The Burmese came continued to call the old Pyu center Pyi. The extensive ruins have been the subject of intensive archaeological investigation.

Pyay was once the centre of a kingdom that fell after the conquest of Pegu by King Alaungpaya in 1758, founder of the Konbaung dynasty. Called Prome by the British, the city became part of British territory in the Second Anglo-Burman War in 1853. The town was taken by the British in 1825 and again in 1852, on both occasions with hardly any opposition. In 1862, it was almost entirely destroyed by fire, and was afterwards relaid out in straight and broad streets. It was erected into a municipality in 1874, and since then great improvements have been made, including waterworks.

Economy

The staple crop is rice, but some cotton and tobacco are grown, while the custard apples are famous. Sericulture is extensively carried on by a special class. The forests yield teak and cutch, cotton and silk-weaving are important industries; there are also manufactures of ornamental boxes, coarse brown sugar and cutch.

See also

External links

Coordinates:
Burmese}}} 
Writing system: Burmese abugida 
Official status
Official language of: Myanmar
Regulated by: Myanmar Language Commission
Language codes
ISO 639-1: my
ISO 639-2: bur (B)  mya (T)
ISO 639-3:
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The Myanma Language Commission Transcription System, also known as the MLC Transcription System (MLCTS), is a transliteration system for rendering Burmese in the Latin alphabet.
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Bago Division (MLCTS: ပဲခူးတုိင္‌?

Capital Bago
Region Lower
Area 39,404 km
Population 5,014,000
Ethnicities
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Anthem
Kaba Ma Kyei


Capital Naypyidaw

Largest city Yangon (Rangoon)
Official languages Burmese
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Yangon
Downtown Yangon, facing Sule Pagoda and Hlaing River

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At its peak, the original Irrawaddy Flotilla Company operated the largest fleet of ships in the world on the Irrawaddy River (also known as the Ayeyarwady River) in Burma, now Myanmar. The Company was British owned and managed by P Henderson & Company from Glasgow, Scotland.
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Ayeyarwaddy (ဧရာဝတီမ္ရ?)
Irrawady


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Stimulants are drugs that temporarily increase alertness and awareness. They usually have increased side-effects with increased effectiveness, and the more powerful variants are therefore often prescription medicines or illegal drugs.
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Thayetmyo is a town and district in the Magwe Division of Myanmar. It is located on the right bank of the Ayeyarwady River, opposite Allanmyo.

The district has an area of 4750 square meters; the total rainfall in a sample year was about 40 inches.
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Henzada (also Hinthada) is a city in southwestern Myanmar (formerly Burma), in the Ayeyarwady Division (historically in Pegu, before being annexed by Burma in 1753) and is on the Ayeyarwady River. In 1983 the greater city area had a population of 311,336.
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Tharrawaddy can refer to
  • Tharrawaddy Min, 19th century Burmese king
  • Tharrawaddy, Myanmar

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Shwesandaw Pagoda, or Shwesandaw Paya, is a Buddhist pagoda in the center of Pyay, Myanmar. It is one of the more important Buddhist pilgrimage locations in Myanmar. It is said to contain a couple of the Buddha's hairs, as its name means Golden Hair Relic.
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Burmese}}} 
Writing system: Burmese abugida 
Official status
Official language of: Myanmar
Regulated by: Myanmar Language Commission
Language codes
ISO 639-1: my
ISO 639-2: bur (B)  mya (T)
ISO 639-3:
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Pyu (also Pyuu or Pyus; in Chinese records Pyao) refers to a collection of city-states and their language found in the central and northern regions of modern-day Burma (Myanmar) from about 100 BCE to 840 CE.
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Burmese}}} 
Writing system: Burmese abugida 
Official status
Official language of: Myanmar
Regulated by: Myanmar Language Commission
Language codes
ISO 639-1: my
ISO 639-2: bur (B)  mya (T)
ISO 639-3:
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Alaungpaya (Burmese: အလောင္‌းဘုရား) or Alompra or Alaung Mintaya (Burmese:
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The Konbaung Dynasty (Burmese: ကုန္းေဘာင္; 1752-1885, sometimes called the Alaungpaya Dynasty or the House of Alompra
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Second Burmese War

Date 1852-1853
Location Burma-India
Casus
belli
Treaty of Yandabo
Result British Victory

Combatants
British Empire Burma
Commanders
Commodore Lambert the son of Maha Bandula

The Second Anglo-Burmese War
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RICE is a treatment method for soft tissue injury which is an abbreviation for Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation.[1][2][3] When used appropriately, recovery time is usually shortened and discomfort minimized.
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Tectona

Species

Tectona grandis
Tectona hamiltoniana
Tectona philippinensis
Teak (Tectona), is a genus of tropical hardwood trees in the family Verbenaceae, native to the south and southeast of Asia,
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Brown sugar is a sucrose sugar product with a distinctive brown color due to the presence of molasses. It is either an unrefined or partially refined soft sugar consisting of sugar crystals with some residual molasses content or produced by the addition of molasses to refined white
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Bagan
formerly Pagan


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geographic coordinate system enables every location on the earth to be specified by the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system aligned with the spin axis of the Earth.
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