Pyotr Saltykov

Count Pyotr Semyonovich Saltykov (Russian: Пётр Семёнович Салтыков) (1697 - 1772) was a Russian statesman and a military figure, adjutant general (1762), son of Semyon Saltykov.

In 1714, Pyotr Saltykov was sent by Peter the Great to France to master the science of navigation and remained there for some 20 years. In 1759, during the Seven Years' War of 1756-1763, he was appointed commander-in-chief of the Russian army and would soon win a victory at Palzig (Battle of Kay) and Kunersdorf.

In 1763, Pyotr Saltykov became commander-in-chief of Moscow and put in charge of the Moscow Senate Office (Московская сенатская контора). During Saltykov's term, they established a number of new post offices, restored Golovinsky and Kolomensky Palaces and a number of city gates. They also repaired most of the worn-out bridges across the Moscow River and continued dismantling the walls of the White City (fortification belt around Moscow) in order to provide building material for the construction of the Orphanage (Воспитательный дом) (ordered by Catherine the Great) and restoration of the Arsenal. In April of 1764, Saltykov reported to Saint Petersburg about the opening of the Moscow Orphanage. With the purpose of providing Muscovites with food, Pyotr Saltykov banned the removal of imported bread from the city and arranged wholesale purchases of bread from landowners. He also secured regular wine deliveries to Moscow, the need for which had been estimated at 575,000 vedros. Saltykov was also fighting against gambling.

In 1765, he took part in burning of books "harmful to society" at the order of Catherine II of Russia. During the plague outbreak in 1771, which caused mass departure of landowners, city officials, and rich merchants from Moscow, Pyotr Saltykov asked Catherine the Great for a permission to leave the city. Without waiting for her reply, he left for his Marfino estate in the outskirts of Moscow. After the Plague Riot had broken out in Moscow on September 16, Saltykov returned to the city. However, Catherine the Great relieved him of his post on November 13, 1771.

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Saltykov was a Russian noble family. Notable members of the family include:
  • Alexander Mikhailovich Saltykov (1728?-1775), a Russian writer and translator
  • Count Alexander Nikolayevich Saltykov (1775-1837), a Russian statesman

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count is a nobleman in most European countries, equivalent in rank to a British earl (whose wife is also a "countess", for lack of an Anglo-Saxon term). The word count comes from French comte, itself from Latin comes—in its accusative
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Russian}}} 
Writing system: Cyrillic (Russian variant)  
Official status
Official language of:  Abkhazia (Georgia)
 Belarus
 Commonwealth of Independent States (working)
 Crimea (de facto; Ukraine)
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Russians
(Русские)

D. Donskoy • M. Lomonosov • L. Tolstoy • A. Chekhov
F. Dostoevsky • P. Tchaikovsky • M. Tsvetaeva • Y. Gagarin
K.

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A statesman or stateswoman is usually a politician or other notable figure of state who has had a long and respected career in politics at national and international level. As a term of respect, it is usually left to supporters or commentators to use the term.
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Military has two broad meanings. In its first sense, it refers to soldiers and soldiering. In its second sense, it refers to armed forces as a whole. Over the years, military units have come in all shapes and sizes.
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An Adjutant General is a military chief administrative officer.

Imperial Russia

In Imperial Russia, the General-Adjutant (Russian: Генерал-адъютант) was a Court officer, who was
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Tsar Peter I
Peter the Great

Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias

Reign 7 May, 1682 - 8 February, 1725
Coronation 25 June, 1682 (as Czar)
Full name Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov
Titles Czar of Russia
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Motto
Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem
"La Marseillaise"


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Navigation is the process of planning, recording, and controlling the movement of a craft or vehicle from one place to another.[1] The word navigate is derived from the Latin roots navis meaning "ship" and agere meaning "to move" or "to direct.
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Seven Years' War(i) (1754 and 1756–1763), incorporating the Pomeranian War and the French and Indian War, enveloped both European and colonial theatres. It is estimated that between 900,000 and 1,400,000 people died.
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commander-in-chief is the commander of a nation's military forces or significant element of those forces. In the latter case, the force element may be defined as those forces within a particular region or those forces which are associated by function.
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The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (UTC) (Russian: Вооружённые Си́лы Росси́йской
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Battle of Kay (or "Paltzig") (in Kije, now in Poland) was a battle fought on July 23, 1759 during the Seven Years' War.

General von Wedel, the commander of the Prussian army of 28,000 men unwisely attacked a larger Russian army of 47,000 men commanded by Count Pyotr
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Battle of Kunersdorf was Frederick the Great's most devastating defeat. On August 12, 1759, near Kunersdorf (today Kunowice in Poland), east of Frankfurt (Oder), 50,900 Prussians were defeated by a combined and army of 41,000 Russians and 18,500 Austrians under Pyotr Saltykov
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Москв? (Russian)

Location of Moscow in Europe
Coordinates

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post office is a facility authorized by a postal system for the posting, receipt, sortation, handling, transmission or delivery of mail.[1] Post offices offer mail-related services such as post office boxes, postage and packaging supplies.
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State Party Russian Federation
Type Cultural
Criteria ii
Reference 634
Region Europe and North America

Inscription History
Inscription 1994  (18th Session)
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bridge is a structure built to span a gorge, valley, road, railroad track, river, body of water, or any other physical obstacle. Designs of bridges will vary depending on the function of the bridge and the nature of the terrain where the bridge is to be constructed.
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Moskva River (Russian: Москва) is a river that flows through the Moscow and Smolensk Oblasts in Russia, and is a tributary of the Oka River.
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Bely Gorod (Russian: Бе́лый Го́род; "White Town") is a part of Moscow, Russia.
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Fortifications are military constructions and buildings designed for defense in warfare. Humans have constructed defensive works for many thousands of years, in a variety of increasingly complex designs.
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Catherine the Great
Empress and Autocrat of All the Russias
Catherine II of Russia
Reign June 28, 1762 – 15 November, 1796
Full name Sophie Friederike Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst
Born May 2 1729
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