QK-77

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Kamut marketing material
QK-77 is a type of wheat marketed by Kamut International, USA, and Kamut Enterprises of Europe, under the trademark Kamut. Its official cultivar name is QK-77, and it is a protected variety registered with the Plant Variety Protection Office of the USDA under Plant Variety Protection Certificate 8900108.
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kamut grains
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kamut

Botany

Kamut's botanical identification is uncertain. According to Kamut International, Kamut is a form of Triticum turanicum (also known as T. turgidum subsp. turanicum), Khorasan wheat [1]. It has also been identified as durum wheat, T. durum[2]. Identifications sometimes seen as T. polonicum are incorrect as Kamut, although long-grained, lacks the long glumes of this species. If truly of Egyptian origin, Kamut is more likely to be T. durum, as T. turanicum is only known from Iran. Recent genetic evidence from DNA fingerprinting suggests that Kamut is perhaps derived from a natural hybrid between T. durum and T. polonicum, which would explain past difficulties in arriving at a certain classification.[1]

History

Early marketing literature (still referred to on some websites) and the USDA documentation for this variety claimed that Kamut was descended from a handful of grain found in a stone box in a tomb near Dashare, Egypt in the 1940s [3]. However, this cannot be the case, as ancient Egyptians grew only emmer wheat, and the maximum viability of wheat (unless frozen) is 200 years. Current literature still features Egyptian motifs, but refers to the more plausible view that Kamut is a current-day landrace from Egypt.

Kamut was registered as a plant variety in 1990 by T. Mack Quinn, and his son Bob Quinn, of Big Sandy, Montana. Production and marketing of Kamut takes place under strict licensing conditions from Kamut International. It is grown as an organic crop, with typical yields of 0.8-1.2 tonnes/ha.

Use

QK-77 has a large grain similar to that of durum wheat, and requires up to one hour of simmering to soften. It is an ideal ingredient for use with slow cookers. Kamut-based products include Kamut drink, bread, breakfast cereals and cracked wheat. They are usually marketed through health-food shops.

There is anecdotal evidence that some people who have wheat allergy, and thus avoid wheat, are able to eat Kamut[4]. However, as a wheat species, it is definitely unsuitable for those with coeliac disease.

See also

Wheat resources ()
History: Domestication, Neolithic Revolution, Tell Abu Hureyra, Aaron Aaronsohn Evolution: Triticeae
Types of wheat: Wheat taxonomy, Common (Bread) wheat, Durum, Einkorn, Emmer, Kamut (QK-77), Norin 10 wheat, Spelt, Winter wheat
Agronomy: Wheat diseases, Wheat mildew, Plant breeding Trade: Australian Wheat Board, Canadian Wheat Board, International Wheat Council, International wheat production statistics
Food: Wheat beer, Wheat Thins, Whole grain, Whole wheat flour, Farina (food), Bran, Flour, Gluten, Bread, Matzo, Wheat gluten (food), Complete Wheat Bran Flakes, Shredded wheat, Pasta, Macaroni, Couscous, Bulgur, Other Uses: Wheat pasting Associated Diseases: Coeliac disease, Exercise-induced anaphylaxis

References

1. ^ Khlestkina E., Röder M.S., Grausgruber H., Börner A., 2006: A DNA fingerprinting-based taxonomic allocation of Kamut wheat. Plant Genetic Resources 4, 172-180.

External links


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Marketing is a social process which satisfies consumers' wants. The term includes advertising, distribution and selling of a product or service. It is also concerned with anticipating the customers' future needs and wants, often through market research.
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trademark or trade mark[1] is a distinctive sign or indicator of some kind which is used by an individual, business organization or other legal entity to uniquely identify the source of its products and/or services to consumers, and to distinguish its products or
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United States Department of Agriculture

Logo of the USDA

Seal of the Department of Agriculture
Agency overview
Formed February 15, 1889

Jurisdiction Federal government of the United States

Employees
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T. durum

Binomial name
Triticum durum
Desf.

Durum wheat or Macaroni wheat (Triticum durum or Triticum turgidum subsp. durum http://www.ars-grin.
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T. durum

Binomial name
Triticum durum
Desf.

Durum wheat or Macaroni wheat (Triticum durum or Triticum turgidum subsp. durum http://www.ars-grin.
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T. dicoccon

Binomial name
Triticum dicoccon
Schrank

Synonyms
T. dicoccum
T. turgidum subsp.
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Landrace refers to domesticated animals or plants adapted to the natural and cultural environment in which they live (or originated) and, in some cases, work; they often develop naturally with minimal assistance or guidance from humans (or from humans using traditional rather than
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Big Sandy, Montana

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Motto:
Location of BigSandy, Montana
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Montana
County Chouteau
Area
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slow cooker is a countertop electrical home appliance that is used to cook stews and other dishes containing water at relatively low temperatures, with correspondingly long cooking times (several hours).
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Grain milk is a milk substitute made from fermented grain or from flour. Grain milk can be made from oats, spelt, rice, rye, einkorn wheat or quinoa.

Grain milk looks very similar to cow's milk. It has a lower protein content and a higher carbohydrate content than cow's milk.
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Coeliac disease
Classification & external resources

Biopsy of small bowel showing coeliac disease manifested by blunting of villi, crypt hyperplasia, and lymphocyte infiltration of crypts.
ICD-10 K 90.0
ICD-9 579.
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Domestication refers to the process whereby a population of animals or plants becomes accustomed to human provision and control. Humans have brought these populations under their care for a wide range of reasons: to produce food or valuable commodities (such as wool, cotton, or
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The Neolithic Revolution is the first agricultural revolution, describing the transition from nomadic hunting and gathering communities and bands, to agriculture and settlement, as first adopted by various independent prehistoric human societies, in numerous locations on
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Tell Abu Hureyra ("tell" is Arabic for "mount") was a site of an ancient settlement in the northern Levant or western Mesopotamia. It has been cited as showing the earliest known evidence of agriculture anywhere.
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Aaron Aaronsohn (1876–May 15, 1919) was a renowned Romanian-born Jewish botanist, traveler, entrepreneur, and Zionist politician.

Background

Aaronsohn is remembered primarily as the discoverer of wild emmer (Triticum dicoccoides
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Triticeae is a tribe within the Pooideae subfamily of grasses that includes genera with many domesticated species. Major crop genera are found in this tribe including wheat (See Wheat taxonomy), barley, and rye; crops in other genera include some for human
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vs. spring forms. The wild wheats were not described until the mid-19th century because of the poor state of botanical exploration in the Near East, where they grow.
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T. aestivum

Binomial name
Triticum aestivum
L.

Common wheat, Triticum aestivum, (also known as bread wheat) is a cultivated wheat species.
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T. durum

Binomial name
Triticum durum
Desf.

Durum wheat or Macaroni wheat (Triticum durum or Triticum turgidum subsp. durum http://www.ars-grin.
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T. monococcum

Binomial name
Triticum monococcum
L.

Einkorn wheat (from German Einkorn, literally "one grain") can refer either to the wild species of wheat, Triticum boeoticum
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T. dicoccon

Binomial name
Triticum dicoccon
Schrank

Synonyms
T. dicoccum
T. turgidum subsp.
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Wheat Norin 10 is a semi-dwarf variety of wheat, with very large ears, which grew in the experimental station of Norin, Japan. Norin 10 grew just two feet tall, instead of the usual four, which made it less prone to wind-caused damage.
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T. spelta

Binomial name
Triticum spelta
L.

Spelt (Triticum spelta) is a hexaploid species of wheat.
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Winter wheat is a cereal. In the northern hemisphere, winter wheats are planted in the fall, from September through December. Winter wheat sprouts before freezing occurs, then becomes dormant until the soil warms up in the spring.
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102 (April 12): 5438-5442 Abstract .
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Wheat mildew may be ranked as a wheat disease which affects the ear, and is brought on by causes somewhat similar to those which occasion blight, though at a more advanced period of the season.
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