Qaban

Lakes Qaban
Enlarge picture
Lakes Qaban - Nearby Qaban from the enbankment of the Kamal theatre
Nearby Qaban from the enbankment of the Kamal theatre
CoordinatesCoordinates:
Lake typeVolga riverbed + karst processes
Primary outflowsBolaq
Max length5,575 m (Nearby+Remote); 1,030 m (Upper)
Max width350 m
Surface area1.86 km²
Max depth12.5 m
Water volume11,8 mln. m³
Residence time (of lake water)several thousand years
Surface elevation51
SettlementsKazan


Lakes Qaban, the system of lakes in Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia includes Birge (Nearby) Qaban, Arğı (Remote) Qaban and Yuğarı (Upper) Qaban. With an area of 1.86 km², it is the biggest lake in Tatarstan.

It is connected with the Qazansu River by the Bolaq channel and a subterranean channel from Bolaq-Qazansu. It is also connected with the Volga river by the city's sewage system.

The Thousandth Anniversary of Islam Mosque is situated at the bank.

The medieval Volga Bulgarians' graves which date back to 12-13th century were founded on the banks of Arğı Qaban.

One legend claims that, in the days before the Khanate of Kazan fell, the Khans threw all their valuables into the lakes.

Another legend about the origin of the lakes names claims that, at the Mongol invasion of Volga Bulgaria, the Bulgarian prince Qabanbäk, escaped from Bilär city (or in Bolghar), fled to the banks of the lake and built a castle. Another version is that he founded İske Qazan.

Tatar myth also places Zilant, who had been transformed to Diü, as the ruler of the mythological Underwater Kingdom of Qaban.




Qaban's embankment

Frozen Qaban from Kazan State University's building

Kamal Theatre and Tatenergo office at the Qaban's embankmet


References

  • (Tatar) "Кабан күле". Tatar Encyclopedia. (2002). Kazan: Tatarstan Republic Academy of Sciences Institution of the Tatar Encyclopaedia. 
geographic coordinate system enables every location on the earth to be specified by the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system aligned with the spin axis of the Earth.
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Karst topography is a landscape shaped by the dissolution of a soluble layer or layers of bedrock, usually carbonate rock such as limestone or dolomite. These landscapes display distinctive surface features and underground drainages, and in some examples there may be little or no
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Bolaq (Tatar Cyrillic: Болак; Russian language: Булак (Bulak) is a canal that once flew from the northern part of Birge Qaban to Kazanka (Qazansu), today is an isolated channel in Kazan downtown.
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Lake retention time (or residence time of lake water) refers to measurements based on the volume of water in a lake and the average rate of outflow. It represents the amount of time it takes for a substance introduced into a lake to flow out of it again.
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Казан? (Russian)
Каза?
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Казан? (Russian)
Каза?
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Республика Татарста?
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Anthem
Hymn of the Russian Federation


Capital
(and largest city) Moscow

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Республика Татарста?
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Origin Bimeri, Arsk District, Tatarstan
Mouth Kuybyshev Reservoir, Volga
Basin countries Tatarstan, Russia
Length 142 km

Avg. discharge 299 m³/s (near mouth)
Basin area 2600 km²

Kazanka or Qazansu
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Bolaq (Tatar Cyrillic: Болак; Russian language: Булак (Bulak) is a canal that once flew from the northern part of Birge Qaban to Kazanka (Qazansu), today is an isolated channel in Kazan downtown.
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The Thousandth Anniversary of Islam Mosque, The Anniversary Mosque is a mosque in Kazan. It was devoted to the thousandth anniversary of the Islamization of the Volga Bulgars in 922.
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Volga Bulgaria or Volga-Kama Bolghar, is an historic state that existed between the 7th and 13th centuries around the confluence of the Volga and Kama rivers in what is now Russia.
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Kazan Khanate (Tatar: Qazan xanlığı/Казан ханлыгы; Russian: Казанское ханство, tr:
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Khan (sometimes spelled as Xan, Han, Ke-Han) is a title for a sovereign or military ruler in the Altaic languages . It was originally just the title in Turkic for a tribal leader before the Mongols and Turks brought it to the rest of Asia.
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The Mongol invasion of Volga Bulgaria lasted from 1223 to 1236.

The Mongol campaigns

See also: Friar Julian
In 1223, after defeating Russian and Kipchak armies at the Battle of Kalka, a Mongol army under the generals Subutai and Jebe was sent to
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Bilär (Tatar Cyrillic: Биләр; also Bülär, Бүләр) – was a medieval city in Volga Bulgaria during the 10th – 13th centuries.
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Bolghar (Tatar Cyrillic: Болгар, Latin: Bolğar, Chuvash: Пāлхар), also The Great Bulgar, Shahri Bolghar
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Zilant is a legendary creature, something between a dragon and a wyvern. Since 1730, it has been the official symbol of Kazan. This winged snake is a part of Tatar and Russian folklore and is mentioned in legends about the foundation of Kazan.
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Kazan State University is located in Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia. It was founded in 1804. The famous Russian mathematician Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky was its rector from 1827 until 1846. The current rector is Myakzyum Salakhov (Mäğzüm Säläxev).
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Tatar Encyclopaedia, Tatar Encyclopaedic Glossary (Tatar Cyrillic: Татар энциклопедия сүзлеге, Latin:
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