RWTH Aachen University

RWTH Aachen University
RWTH international logo
Motto Zukunft beginnt bei uns
(Future starts with us)
Established 1870
Type Public
President Burkhard Rauhut
Staff 7,409 (academic: 2,545)
Location Aachen, NRW, Germany
Campus Urban
Mascot none
Website www.rwth-aachen.de
RWTH Aachen University is a large university located in Aachen (Germany). "RWTH" is the abbreviation of Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule which translates into "Rheinish-Westphalian Technical University". However, officially, "RWTH" remains untranslated. The university is part of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, a society of Germany's leading research universities. Aachen University is one of the most prestigious universities in Germany and one of the leading technology universities in Europe. Its main focus are technological studies, especially electrical and mechanical engineering. Aachen University is internationally renowned for its excellence in engineering education and enjoys a high reputation within German, European and Asian industry. Graduates of the RWTH are well regarded in industry and national rankings and international surveys underline the reputation of graduates having the considerable ability to tackle complex challenges, work successfully in problem-solving teams and display leadership qualities.

According to a survey, every fourth graduate in Germany with a Doctorate in Engineering (known as a Dr.-Ing. in Germany, a standardised qualification, roughly equivalent to a PhD) comes from Aachen and every fourth board member in German corporations is a graduate of the RWTH Aachen University. The potential in terms of available expertise resulting from the quality of engineering and science at the RWTH Aachen was the deciding factor for international research institutions such as Microsoft, Ford, United Technologies, Ericsson or Philips to settle in the Aachen region. The innovation strength of the university is also evidenced in the large number of start-up companies founded over the last 20 years turning the region into a type of German Silicon Valley.

Every year numerous international students and scientists come to the RWTH Aachen to benefit from the internationally recognised world-class courses and facilities. Almost 5,000 international students are currently enrolled within the undergraduate, graduate or PhD programme. The proximity of Aachen to the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg combined with the subsequent exposure to a variety of cultural heritages has placed RWTH Aachen University in a unique position with regards to the reflection and promotion of international aspects and intensive interaction with other universities. RWTH Aachen has partnerships and cooperations with other leading institutions worldwide. RWTH Aachen is also a member of the IDEA League, which is a strategic partnership among five of Europe's leading research universities, namely TU Delft, RWTH Aachen University, Imperial College London, ETH Zürich and ParisTech.[1]

Campus

The RWTH is not a campus university. Instead, its buildings are spread over some parts of the city. There are two core areas (midtown and Melaten district), though not very distinct. The Main Building and the Kármán Hall are 500 m away from the city centre with the Aachen Cathedral, the Audimax (biggest lecture hall) and the main refectory are 200 m farther.

The RWTH has external facilities in Jülich and Essen and owns, together with the University of Stuttgart, a house in Kleinwalsertal in the Austrian Alps.



Enlarge picture
Main Building of the RWTH Aachen

Organisation

RWTH Aachen is run by the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. Since the summer semester of 2004 the state of North Rhine-Westphalia allowed universities to request a maximum of 500€ per semester as tuition fees. Starting with the summer semester of 2007, all students enrolled at the RWTH Aachen will have to pay these 500€, if they are not exempt for one of several reasons put forth by the State of North Rhine-Westphalia. In the past, tuition fees applied solely for long-term students and second studies. Almost all basic lectures are held in German, but an increasing number of graduate programs are offered in English.

The RWTH is divided into nine (previously ten) faculties:
1mathematics, computer science, and natural sciences
2architecture
3civil engineering
4mechanical engineering
5geological resources and material sciences
6electrical engineering and information technology
7philosophy (actually all humanities)
8economic sciences
10medicines (including the Klinikum Aachen)
Faculty nine was pedagogical sciences, but it was abandoned in 1989.

Fraunhofer-Institutes

Students

Today, there are approx. 30,000 students at RWTH Aachen, graduate as well as post-graduate, however that number has been rather variable. About two-thirds of the student body are male.

Approx. 20% of the students are of non-German nationality, most of them (over 150 each) that of Pakistan, China, Turkey, India, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Greece, Belgium, Iran, Poland, Luxembourg, Morocco, Indonesia, Russia, and the Netherlands.

Annually, 2,200 students graduate and 800 receive their PhD.

Faculty

There are 260 institutes with chairs, totalling 420 professors. The scientific staff consists of 3,700 people.

Associations

  • RWTH Aachen - North American Alumni Association Prof. Dr. Burkhard Rauhut, President of RWTH, and Prof. Dr. Laszlo Baksay, President of the newly founded "Association of Alumni, Friends and Supporters of RWTH Aachen University in North-America" signed the founding statement for a new branch of the RWTH Alumni Community in Melbourne (Florida) in May 2006. Ever since, the association has proven to be a valuable source of job and internship offers as well as a reliable organizer of entertaining yet informative alumni meetings in the US, Canada and Mexico.[2]
  • Pakistan Student Association: provides peer counseling and advice to Pakistani students; promotes Pakistan's traditions, values, and the diversity of its people; plans and coordinates social and cultural activities, independently and with other organizations.[3]
  • AStA (Students' Union)
  • AISA (Assoc. of Indian Students in Aachen)[4]
  • GATS (Association of Thai Students in Aachen)[5]

History

Enlarge picture
RWTH Aachen's Audimax
In 1870 the "Royal Rhenish-Westphalian Polytechnical School of Aachen" was founded. Its primary purpose was to educate engineers for the mining industry in the Ruhr area. At its beginning there were 32 teachers and 223 students.

In 1880 it became a "Technical University" (or college, as there was still a non-'universal' technical bias) and was abbreviated "RWTH". In 1899 it was granted the right to bestow PhD degrees.

World War I was a serious setback for the university, but between 1925 and 1932 was a period of prosperity and expansion. Previous student numbers were reached again and many new facilities were built.

During the Third Reich (1933–1945) RWTH was – like all other institutions – assimilated by the Nazis: The freedom of research and teaching was limited, leading lecturers were forced to quit and many students had to leave the university. Due to the vicinity of the borders to the Netherlands and Belgium the university was closed for a year during World War II.

After the war, the RWTH recovered and expanded very quickly. Some new faculties came into existence.

In 1995 the RWTH was haunted by Third Reich history. It turned out that the previous rector "Hans Schwerte" (rector for the short duration of 1970 - 1973) had a fake identity. In reality he was Hans Ernst Schneider, an SS member who had worked for the Ahnenerbe. Ironically "Hans Schwerte" had a reputation as a liberal. His pension rights, academic title, etc. were revoked. Summary of the events, in German.

RWTH Aachen University, the TU Munich, and the TU Berlin are the three biggest universities for engineering studies in Germany.

Notable faculty and alumni

Nobel laureates

References

External links

Coordinates:
Coat of arms elements
A motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization.
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The date of establishment or date of founding of an institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point. Often the criteria that define a date of establishment or founding are ill-defined—or more specifically, are ill-defined in
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1840s  1850s  1860s  - 1870s -  1880s  1890s  1900s
1867 1868 1869 - 1870 - 1871 1872 1873

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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University president is the title of the highest ranking officer within a university, within university systems that prefer that appellation over other variations such as chancellor or rector.

The relative seniority varies between institutions.
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  (Ripuarian: Oche, French: Aix-la-Chapelle) is a historic spa city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
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Nordrhein-Westfalen
North Rhine-Westphalia

Flag Coat of arms

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Location

Coordinates
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Administration
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Anthem
"Das Lied der Deutschen" (third stanza)
also called "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit"
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An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. This term is at one end of the spectrum of suburban and rural areas. An urban area is more frequently called a city or town.
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mascot – originally a term for any person, animal, or object thought to bring luck – now includes anything used to represent a group with a common public identity, such as a school, professional sports team, society, military unit, or brand name.
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A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN.
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  (Ripuarian: Oche, French: Aix-la-Chapelle) is a historic spa city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
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Anthem
"Das Lied der Deutschen" (third stanza)
also called "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit"
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The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (abbreviated DFG, German Research Foundation in English) is an important German research funding organization. The DFG supports research in science and the humanities through a large variety of grant programmes, prizes and by
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Electrical engineering (sometimes referred to as electrical and electronic engineering) is an engineering field that deals with the study and/or application of electricity, electronics and electromagnetism.
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Mechanical Engineering is an engineering discipline that involves the application of principles of physics for analysis, design, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems.
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IDEA League

Data
Established 1999
Members 5
Region Europe
President
Prof. Dr. Burkhard Rauhut

The IDEA League is a strategic alliance of five of Europe's leading universities of technology.
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Delft University of Technology, (Technische Universiteit Delft in Dutch) in Delft, the Netherlands, is the largest and most comprehensive technical university in the Netherlands, with over 13,000 students and 2,100 scientists (including 200 professors).
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Imperial College London (officially Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine) is a British university in London. Imperial's teaching and research have traditionally focused on science, engineering and medicine, although more recently its faculties in these areas
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ETH Zürich, often called Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, is a science and technology university in the City of Zürich, Switzerland. The full name reads , with ETHZ also being a common unofficial abbreviation.
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History in Brief

In 1991, many prestigious French "écoles d'ingénieurs" (colleges in engineering) felt the need to set up a coordinating body that would foster closer collaboration among themselves in areas of common interest and thereby acquire international recognition as an
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Theodore von Kármán (Szőllőskislaki Kármán Tódor) (May 11, 1881 – May 6, 1963) was a Hungarian-American engineer and physicist who was active primarily in the fields of aeronautics and astronautics.
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State Party
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Juelich.

Jülich

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Essen
View over the center of Essen from the "Tetraeder" landmark in Bottrop. In the background the Ruhr Heights.
Coat of arms Location

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University of Stuttgart (German Universität Stuttgart) is a university located in Stuttgart, Germany. It was founded in 1829 and is organized in 10 faculties.
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Kleinwalsertal is a valley at the border between Austria and Germany. It is a commune of the state Vorarlberg which is the most western state of Austria. It consists of three villages which are situated along the River Breitach: Mittelberg, Hirschegg, and Riezlern.
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Anthem
Land der Berge, Land am Strome   (German)
Land of Mountains, Land on the River
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ALPS can refer to:
  • Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome
  • The Airport Logistics Park of Singapore





Countries Austria
, France,
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Länder (singular Land). Since Land is the literal German word for "country", the term Bundesländer (federal states; singular Bundesland
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Nordrhein-Westfalen
North Rhine-Westphalia

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Details
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Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Administration
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