Ragnit



Neman (Russian: Неман; formerly known as German: Ragnit; Lithuanian: Ragainė; Polish: Ragneta) is a town in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, located eleven kilometres East of the city of Sovetsk, on the bank of the Neman River. Population: 12,714 (2002 Census).

History

Initially Raganite (Ragainė) was a settlement of the Baltic tribe of Scalovians. It was contested by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania since its creation in the 13th century, and on April 23, 1289, it was conquered by the Teutonic Knights, who built a Gothic castle there. The castle was called Landeshutte, but the name did not become popular and the name Ragnit after the local river, a tributary of the Memel (outside of Prussia called Neman), continued to be used.

Although the settlement had an important castle guarding the monastic state of the Teutonic Knights from the north, it was living in the shadow of the nearby city of Tilsit (currently Sovetsk). On April 10, 1525, Ragnit became part of the Duchy of Prussia, a fief of Poland. The duchy was inherited by Brandenburg in 1618, becoming part of Brandenburg-Prussia. The Duchy of Prussia was then elevated to the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701. King Frederick William I of Prussia granted city rights in Ragnit on April 6, 1722. It became part of the German Empire upon the Prussian-led unification of Germany in 1871. On November 1, 1892, a railroad line linking the town with Tilsit was opened. It was built to develop the wood industry in the area, but the development did not actually start and the area's economy remained dominated by food production.

During World War II, on January 19, 1945, the town was captured by the Soviet 3rd Belarussian Front. According to the post-war Potsdam Conference, the town was renamed to Neman and became a part of the Kaliningrad Oblast of the Russian SFSR. Most of the local inhabitants who had not evacuated during the war were subsequently expelled to western Germany. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union the town became a part of Russia.

Lithuanian minority

Despite being a part of German-speaking states, for centuries the town remained an important centre of Lithuanian culture. In the 19th century, after the January Uprising when the Lithuanian language was banned from the office in all of Russian-ruled Lithuania, books in that language were printed in Ragnit and then smuggled to Russia by the knygnesiai.

Notable inhabitants

  • Erwin Bodky (1896-1958), pianist
  • Gustav Laukant (1869-1938), politician

See also

External links


Cities and towns in Kaliningrad Oblast
Administrative center: Kaliningrad
Bagrationovsk | Baltiysk | Chernyakhovsk | Guryevsk | Gusev | Gvardeysk | Krasnoznamyonsk | Ladushkin | Mamonovo | Neman | Nesterov | Ozyorsk | Pionersky | Polessk | Pravdinsk | Slavsk | Sovetsk | Svetlogorsk | Svetly | Zelenogradsk


Coordinates:
Neman may refer to:
  • Neman River, a river in Eastern Europe
  • Neman (town), a town in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia
  • FC Neman Grodno, a soccer club in Belarus
  • Neman Stadium, a stadium in Belarus
  • Neman R-10, a Soviet aircraft of the 1930s

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Russian}}} 
Writing system: Cyrillic (Russian variant)  
Official status
Official language of:  Abkhazia (Georgia)
 Belarus
 Commonwealth of Independent States (working)
 Crimea (de facto; Ukraine)
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German language (Deutsch, ] ) is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages.
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Lithuanian (lietuvių kalba) is the official state language of the Republic of Lithuania, spoken by about 4 million native speakers.

History


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Polish}}} 
Writing system: Latin (Polish variant) 
Official status
Official language of:  European Union
 European Union
Regulated by: Polish Language Council
Language codes
ISO 639-1: pl
ISO 639-2: pol
ISO 639-3:
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Калининградская област?
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Anthem
Hymn of the Russian Federation


Capital
(and largest city) Moscow

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1 kilometre =
SI units
0 m 0106 mm
US customary / Imperial units
0 ft 0 mi
A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer, symbol km
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Sovetsk (Russian: Сове́тск), prior to 1945 known by its German name Tilsit (Lithuanian: Tilžė; Polish:
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Origin Belarus, 45 km south of Minsk
Mouth Curonian Lagoon (Baltic Sea)
Basin countries Lithuania, Belarus, Russia
Length 937 km (582 mi)
Source elevation 176 m (577 ft)

Avg.
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Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: Всеросси́йская
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Balts or Baltic peoples (Latvian: balti; Lithuanian: baltai; Latgalian: bolti
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Scalovians (German: Schalauer; Lithuanian: Skalviai), also known as the Skalvians, was a Baltic tribe related to Prussians.
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The introduction to this article may be too long. Please help improve the introduction by moving some material from it into the body of the article according to the suggestions at Wikipedia's .
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April 23 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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1289 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1289
MCCLXXXIX
Ab urbe condita 2042
Armenian calendar 738
ԹՎ ՉԼԸ
Bah' calendar -555 – -554
Buddhist calendar 1833
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Teutonic Knights or Teutonic Order (Latin: Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Ierosolimitanorum, "Order of the German House of St. Mary in Jerusalem", German: Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus St.
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Gothic architecture is a style of architecture which flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period. It was preceded by Romanesque architecture and was succeeded by Renaissance architecture.
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Origin Belarus, 45 km south of Minsk
Mouth Curonian Lagoon (Baltic Sea)
Basin countries Lithuania, Belarus, Russia
Length 937 km (582 mi)
Source elevation 176 m (577 ft)

Avg.
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The monastic state of the Teutonic Knights (German: Deutschordensland), sometimes known in English by the German term Ordensstaat[1] (IPA:
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Sovetsk (Russian: Сове́тск), prior to 1945 known by its German name Tilsit (Lithuanian: Tilžė; Polish:
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April 10
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15th century - 16th century - 17th century
1490s  1500s  1510s  - 1520s -  1530s  1540s  1550s
1522 1523 1524 - 1525 - 1526 1527 1528

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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The Duchy of Prussia (German: ) or Ducal Prussia (Polish: Prusy Książęce
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Motto
none1
Anthem
Mazurek Dąbrowskiego   (Polish)
Dąbrowski's Mazurek
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Brandenburg-Prussia (German: Brandenburg-Preußen) was a German monarchy established by the personal union between the Duchy of Prussia and the Margraviate of Brandenburg in 1618.
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The Kingdom of Prussia (German: Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom from 1701 to 1918 and, from 1871, was the leading state of the German Empire, comprising almost two-thirds of the area of the empire.
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Frederick William I (German: Friedrich Wilhelm I) (August 14, 1688 РMay 31, 1740) of the House of Hohenzollern, was the King in Prussia from 1713 until his death. He is popularly known as "the Soldier-King" (der Soldatenk̦nig).
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'City rights' redirects here.

Town privileges were important features of European towns during most of the second millennium.

Judicially, a town was distinguished from the surrounding land by means of a charter from the ruling monarch that defined its
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April 6 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 648 BC - Earliest solar eclipse recorded by the Ancient Greeks.

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