Rajahmundry

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  Rajahmundry
Andhra Pradesh • India
Coordinates:
Area
Elevation| |
•  m ( ft)
District(s)| | East Godavari
Coordinates:

Rajahmundry (Telugu: రాజమండ్రి) is a city and a municipal corporation in East Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Located on the holy banks of River Godavari, it is the fifth largest city in Andhra Pradesh. It is known as cultural capital of Andhra Pradesh as it has a rich cultural past with a flourishing present and a promising future. The population is 6,13,347 (agglomeration 7,08,341) (2006 census). It is located at the top of the Godavari River delta.

History

Its original name being Raja Mahendri or Raja Mahendravaram, it was the first capital of many known Telugu Kingdoms. The Chalukya ruler Rajaraja Narendra ruled this city around 1022. The city has traces of 11th century fine palaces and fort walls. However, new archeological evidence suggests that the city may have existed far before the Chalukyas.[1]. The original name underwent a gradual metamorphosis with the name changed to Rajahmundry during the British rule.

Nannayya, the poet laureate also called 'Adi Kavi' (The first Poet) of Telugu belonged to this place. He, along with Tikkana and Yerrana, was responsible for the translation of Jaya, Sanskrit version of Mahabharata, into Telugu. nannaya was the person to change telugu from an oral language to a language with script.Kandukuri Veeresalingam, who was a social reformer and also the author of Rajashekhara Charithra, the first Telugu novel, was also from Rajahmundry.

Geography

Rajahmundry is located at .[1] with an average elevation of 14 metres (45 feet).

Demographics

As of 2001 India census[2], Rajahmundry had a population of 653,987 with males and females sharing the population almost equally. Rajahmundry has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy being 74%, and female literacy 66%. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Attractions

The biggest attraction in Rajahmundry is River Godavari. The two bridges are the most attractive long bridges found in Andhra Pradesh. There are many beautiful ghats and parks on the river bank.

Sir Arthur Cotton had great plans for Rajahmundry but he decided to build a dam in Dowleswaram due to its proximity to a hill that suited his purpose. The dam consisted of four divisions: Dowleswaram Division, Ryali Branch Division, Madduru division and Vijeswaram division. This was in all 900 yards (0 m) long and 9 feet (3 m) high. It was a great moment in the life of this great man to achieve this rare feat. The Godavari lost a lot of its fury and was able to generate fourfold revenue through irrigation and Godavari district suddenly jumped from being a poor district to one of the richer ones, second only to Tanjore. Asia's largest rail-cum-road bridge on the river Godavari linking Kovvur and Rajahmundry is considered to be an engineering feat. The Dowleswaram bridge across the Godavari is seven kilometres south of Rajahmundry. Rallabandi SubbaRao museum has an amazing collection of artifacts including coins, sculpture, pottery, inscriptions and palm-leaf manuscripts.

It is also one of the Hindu piligrimages. There are a number of temples here like the Kotilingalu (10 million Sivalingas) temple on the bank of the river Godavari. The city hosts holy congregations called the Pushkaram[2] that takes place only once in every 12 years, which brings together millions of people from all over the country to take a holy dip in the river. It generally lasts for 12 days and people over prayers and make offerings to their departed family members.

A huge temple has been constructed by the ISKCON foundation on the banks of Godavari. Popularly called as Gowthami Ghat, it is a major attraction for young population as a recreational center.

Papi Hills and its surroundings located near Rajahmundry is a visual treat to the spectators. There is a village called Perantala Palli on papi hills, which is visited by every person who goes there, because of its beautiful waterfall. Another spot is Pattiseema. Pattiseema is known for its natural beauty. Many film shootings on R.Godavari happen here. It is also a belief that films shot in this location will be a hit. And Pedapatnam Lanka is a beautiful place. It is called as Konaseema which lustres with greenery. Many places in konaseema are rich sources of oil and natural gas.

Cloth and gold business

The people from different places come here to purchase clothes. In and around Rajahmundry there are many Cooperative handloom houses where we can get fine quality of Sarees with different designs and borders, suiting and shirting’s in large varieties of cloths from cotton to silk. And in fact Rajahmundry is the second biggest cloth market in India, next only to Mumbai. Of all the cloth makers around Rajahmundry, the Bandarulanka production unit is famous for Sarees. with Gold/Silver bordered hand woven Sarees. Rajahmundry has the Mahatma Gandhi Cloth Complexes which is one of the biggest shopping complexes in Asia.Chandana Brothers is another textile showroom in Rajamundry which is the biggest showroom in A.P. and is the largest growing textile company in India.

The gold/silver market of Rajahmundry is famous in AP. One can get 22 to 24 carats (92 to 100 %) of gold and silver ornaments with original stones like Pearls, Rubies, Emeralds, Diamonds etc. studded in the models and designs of our requirements done by the experts in this field. Bold text not only this it is very near to easter ghats .the leds to way to MARDUMILLI OFTHE FAMOUS HILLS SATATION IN NOW DAYS

Industrial development

Rajahmundry also hosts a few corporates and multinationals as part of its industrial development, such as, ITC Ltd, ILTD Division,[3], GlaxoSmithKline[4], Andhra Pradesh Paper Mills [5], Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) etc. With thousand's of crores of rupees flowing in for the whole East godavari district, this city is all set to be the center of industrialization. This city and east godavari district promise to be having bright future and it is being speculated that it would be the capital city if the telengana separates from Andhra Pradesh.

Educational institutions

Rajahmundry has a very well infrastructure for education. It has all institutions which offer courses from KG to PG.

"Godavari Institute Of Engineering and Technology" which is located on NH-5 is the engineering college which offers various under-graduate and post-graduate courses.[6].

"G.S.L. Medical College" is the first choice for all students of Rajahmundry who dream of a bright medical future.

The "Arts College" has a significant historical background and the college now hosts "Adhi Kavi Nannayya University" temporarily.

St.John's College of Education, Sanitarium, Korukonda Road is one of the most popular college of education in the District.

Rajahmundry has excellent schools like Sri Gowthami Public School, APPM Model High School, RCM High School, St Ann's English Medium School, Nivedita Kishore Vihar, TRIPS International School, B.V.M High School, SKVT, NNT, NKV and various other private and Government schools.

There are Three ICSE schools so far in Rajahmundry, First to mention Sri Satya Sai Gurukulam run by bhagavan Sri Satya Sai Baba and second is St.Anns Public School run by Christian Missionaries and other Future Kids School which is also having their head office in Hyderabad. There's one Kendriya Vidyalaya which provides the CBSE course.

The 10+2 colleges in Rajahmundry are Narayana Junior College, Andhra Kesari Centunary Junior College, V.T. Junior College, Aditya, Sri Chaitanya, Vikas and various other private and Government Junior Colleges.

Rajahmundry is slowly turning into one of the educational hubs of Andhra Pradesh with students of recent years bagging ranks such as state 7, 21, 26 in EAMCET and all India 84, 234 and 539 in AIEEE.

Central Tobacco Research Institute [7] headquarters is situated in Rajahmundry.

Regional Filaria Training and Research Centres [8] is also located in Rajahmundry.

Transportation

  • Rajahmundry is well connected to all parts of the state. NH-5 passes by this place so it as an excellent road connectivity to all important places like Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam etc.
  • Rajahmundry is the most prominent railway station for godavari districts and is situated on the Chennai-Howrah railway line.
  • Rajahmundry airport[9] which is located in Madhurapudi provides flights to important destinations like Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Chennai. Plans are afoot to expand this airport and to build a new terminal building. The runway would be expanded to handle larger aircraft and night landing facilities would be added. Speculations are rife that plane services would be started to Banglore and Tirupathi as well.

External links

References




     [ e] 
State of Andhra Pradesh
| History | Politics | Telugu people
Capital Hyderabad
Districts AdilabadAnantapurChittoorEast GodavariGunturHyderabadKadapaKarimnagarKhammamKrishnaKurnodistrict|VizianagaramWarangalWest Godavari
Major citiesHyderabadSecunderabadTirupatiVijayawadaVisakhapatnam
Andhra Pradesh [1](Telugu: ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశ్, ]
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geographic coordinate system enables every location on the earth to be specified by the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system aligned with the spin axis of the Earth.
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The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. India comprises most of the Indian subcontinent situated on the Indian Plate, the northerly portion of the Indo-Australian Plate.
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elevation of a geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point, often the mean sea level. Elevation, or geometric height, is mainly used when referring to points on the Earth's surface, while altitude or geopotential height
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district is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory. Districts are further subdivided, in some cases into Sub-Divisions, and otherwise directly into tehsils or talukas.
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geographic coordinate system enables every location on the earth to be specified by the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system aligned with the spin axis of the Earth.
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Telugu}}} 
Writing system: Telugu script 
Official status
Official language of:  India
Regulated by: no official regulation
Language codes
ISO 639-1: te
ISO 639-2: tel
ISO 639-3: tel

Telugu
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A municipal corporation is a legal definition for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, towns, townships, charter townships, villages, and boroughs.
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States:
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  2. Arunachal Pradesh
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Andhra Pradesh [1](Telugu: ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశ్, ]
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agglomeration is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place (usually a municipality) and any suburbs linked by continuous urban area.
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Godavari River is a major river in India, originating near Trimbak in Nashik District of Maharashtra state in India. It flows east through the states of Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh to empty into the Bay of Bengal.
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Telugu people are an ethnic group primarily located in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India and neighbouring areas such as Pondicherry, Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Chattisgarh and Orissa (the areas bordering Andhra Pradesh).
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Chalukya dynasty (Kannada: ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯರು IPA: [ʧaːɭukjə]
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Rajaraja Narendra (1018 – 1061 CE) was the Eastern Chalukya king of the Vengi kingdom in South India. Rajaraja was closely related to the Cholas of Tanjavur by marital and political links.
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Nannayya Bhattaraka (నన్నయ in Telugu) (c. 11th century AD) is the earliest known Telugu author, and the author of the first third of the Andhra Mahabharatamu, a Telugu retelling of the Mahabharata.
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Sanskrit}}}  | style="padding-left: 0.5em;" | Writing system: | colspan="2" style="padding-left: 0.5em;" | Devanāgarī and several other Brāhmī-based scripts  ! colspan="3" style="text-align: center; color: black; background-color: lawngreen;"|Official
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Kandukuri Veeresalingam (also known as Kandukuri Veeresalingham Pantulu), (16 April, 1848 - 27 May, 1919) was a social reformer of Andhra Pradesh. He was born in an orthodox Andhra family.
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Telugu}}} 
Writing system: Telugu script 
Official status
Official language of:  India
Regulated by: no official regulation
Language codes
ISO 639-1: te
ISO 639-2: tel
ISO 639-3: tel

Telugu
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novel (from, Italian novella, Spanish novela, French nouvelle for "new", "news", or "short story of something new") is today a long prose narrative set out in writing.
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1 foot =
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A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes,
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21st century - 22nd century
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A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). The term is mostly used in connection with national 'population and housing censuses' (to be taken every 10 years according to United Nations recommendations);
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Godavari may refer to:
  • Godavari River in India
  • Godavari (film), a 2006 Telugu movie
  • East Godavari district, a district in Andhra Pradesh, India named after the river
  • West Godavari district, a district in Andhra Pradesh, India named after the river

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General Sir Arthur Thomas Cotton (15 May 1803 Oxford – 25 July 1899 Dorking) was a British general and irrigation engineer.

Cotton devoted his life to the construction of irrigation and navigation canals through the Empire of India, which was only partially realised.
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Coordinates:

Dowlaiswaram or Dowleswaram (ధవళేశ్వరం in Telugu) is a village in India situated near Rajahmundry in the East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh, India.
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