Reconquista (Mexico)



Enlarge picture
U.S. Hispanic population, according to data from the 2000 Census (current Census data is unavailable until 2010)
The term Reconquista was popularized by Mexican writers Carlos Fuentes and Elena Poniatowska to describe the demographic and cultural reemergence of Mexicans in the Southwestern United States.

A movement hoping to grant ownership of certain land areas in the Southwestern United States to Mexico, Mexicans, or Mexican-Americans. The premise of this reconquest is an historical claim to the land prior to the presence of European-Americans. The term does not make a claim for Spaniard-Europeans, but rather, for Mexicans, the majority of whom are mixed-blood and full-blood indigenous-blooded people.

Historical usage

It was originally a jocular analogy to the Spanish Reconquista of Moorish Iberia, since the areas of greatest Mexican immigration and cultural diffusion are conterminous with northern New Spain and former Mexican territories.

Since then, the term has been adopted by groups supporting border security or immigration enforcement to characterize the irredentism of certain Mexicans and Mexican-Americans. This has sparked sharp debate among experts, competing activist groups, and others. Although many scholars and experts have kept the argument focused on issues of history, law, and society; others have resorted to ad-hominem attacks and charges of racism, nativism, or xenophobia which have both popularized and sensationalized the term.

The concept has also been advanced by Chicano nationalists of the 1970's to describe plans for the restoration of the vaguely-defined Aztec homeland called Aztlán. These groups do not generally use the word "reconquista". The word does not properly apply to immigration outside territories lost by Mexico in the Mexican-American War following the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.[1]

Modern usage

Enlarge picture
North America, or Anahuac {ah-NAW-wahk}, the future "Indigenous" nation as described by the Mexica Movement.
In more recent times, the notion of Indigenous liberation has become popularized by the Mexica Movement, a group based in Los Angeles. Whereas previous groups have advanced the notion of reclaiming only the U.S. Southwest, the Mexica Movement goes further by demanding that the entire North American continent be reclaimed by Mexicans, Central Americans, Native Americans, and Canadian First Nations.[1]

This non-violent Indigenous liberation of the continent would remove all colonial borders and weld North and Central America into a single super-state called Anahuac. This continental notion far exceeds the Aztlan demands of previous generations.

The Mexica Movement regards the Aztlan concept as error-filled and inadequate. The group seeks to remove all borders imposed since 1492, replacing them instead with continental borders, from Canada to Costa Rica. The organization regards Spanish-imposed borders as "colonial", and hence, irrelevant.

The organization regards this "liberation" as a long-term project, involving several generations. The group supports the preservation of the United States Constitution as a transitional legal framework to accomplish their liberation through democratic (and demographic) processes.

This process will require a majority-status population of Mexicans and Central Americans, which the U.S. Census Bureau projects will become a reality sometime around the end of this century, assuming fertility and immigration rates remain constant. [2] It is for this reason that the Mexica Movement encourages Mexican and Central American population expansion, both by migration and through high fertility rates.

The organization also demands the deportation of European-descent people "back to Europe."[3]

Pro-enforcement groups such as the Minuteman Project have begun to draw national attention to this movement and its potential impact on America's future. This has caused a substantial backlash from pro-Amnesty groups such as the SPLC, who have even gone as far as to classify pro-enforcement groups as "hate groups". [4].

See also

External links

References

1. ^ Fuentes, Carlos. La frontera de cristal, 1995


Topics related to Chicanos and Mexican-Americans
Terms: Chicano · La Raza · Latino · Mexican-American · Hispanic
Pre-Chicano Movement: Mexican-American History · Mexican-American War · Sleepy Lagoon Trial · Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo · Zoot Suit Riots
Chicano Movement: Aztlán · Catolicos Por La Raza · Chicanismo · Chicano Blowouts · Chicano Moratorium · El Plan Espiritual de Aztlán · El Plan de Santa Bárbara · Farm Worker Rights Campaign · Land Grant Struggle · Colegio César Chávez
Supreme Court Cases: Hernandez v. Texas · Plyler v. Doe · Mendez v. Westminster
Culture: Chicano Park · Chicano rap · Chicano rock · Cholo · Estrada Courts Murals · Lowrider · Pachuco · Teatro Campesino · Tortilla art · Zoot suit
Lists and Categories: List of Caló words and expressions · List of Chicano poets · Majority Hispanic U.S. Cities · Notable Chicanos · Notable Hispanic Americans · · http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Chicano/Mexican-American&action=edit edit this footer
Reconquista is a Spanish and Portuguese word meaning "Reconquest". It can refer to the following:
  • Reconquista, the war to drive the Moors out of Spain and Portugal by the Christian rulers.

..... Click the link for more information.
Anthem
Himno Nacional Mexicano


Capital
(and largest city) Mexico City

Official languages Spanish (
..... Click the link for more information.
Carlos Fuentes Macías (born November 11, 1928) is a Mexican writer and one of the best-known living novelists and essayists in the Spanish-speaking world. Fuentes has influenced contemporary Latin American literature, and his works have been widely translated into English and
..... Click the link for more information.
Elena Poniatowska (born May 19 1932 in Paris, France as Princess Hélène Elizabeth Louise Amélie Paula Dolores Poniatowska Amor) is a Polish-Mexican journalist and author.

Poniatowska was born in Paris to Prince Jean Evremont Poniatowski Sperry and Paula Amor-Escandon.
..... Click the link for more information.
Southwestern United States; commonly referred to as The Southwest; is a region of the western United States. Its population is less than three people per cubic mile.
..... Click the link for more information.
Anthem
Himno Nacional Mexicano


Capital
(and largest city) Mexico City

Official languages Spanish (
..... Click the link for more information.
population 103,263,388 in 2005, Mexico is the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world, the second-most populous country in Latin America after Portuguese-speaking Brazil, and the second in North America, after the United States.
..... Click the link for more information.
26,781,547
9% of the U.S. population [1]
Regions with significant populations United States
California, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and Nevada
See also: List of Mexican American communities
..... Click the link for more information.
Reconquista (English: Reconquest) was the seven-and-a-half century long process by which Christians conquered the Iberian peninsula (modern Portugal and Spain) from the Muslim and Moorish states of Al-Ándalus (Arabic الأندلس —
..... Click the link for more information.
The Viceroyalty of New Spain (Spanish: Virreinato de Nueva España) was the name of the viceroy-ruled territories of the Spanish Empire in Asia, North America, South America, and its peripheries from 1535 to 1821.
..... Click the link for more information.
Irredentism is any position advocating annexation of territories administered by another state on the grounds of common ethnicity and/or prior historical possession, actual or alleged. Some of these movements are also called pan movements.
..... Click the link for more information.
Chicano (feminine Chicana) is another word for Mexican American. While its meaning has changed over time and varies regionally, it represents Mexican American ethnic identity and the accompanying consciousness of Mexican American political struggle.
..... Click the link for more information.
This article or section needs sources or references that appear in reliable, third-party publications. Alone, primary sources and sources affiliated with the subject of this article are not sufficient for an accurate encyclopedia article.
..... Click the link for more information.
Mexican-American War[1] was an armed military conflict between the United States and Mexico from 1846 to 1848 in the wake of the 1845 U.S. annexation of Texas. Mexico did not recognize the secession of Texas in 1836; it considered Texas a rebel province.
..... Click the link for more information.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is the peace treaty, largely dictated by the United States[1][2] to the interim government of a militarily occupied Mexico, that ended the Mexican-American War (1846–1848).
..... Click the link for more information.
The Mexica Movement is the name of a activist group in the United States who assert their ancestry from Indigenous people of North America as the basis for "liberating" the North American continent from people of European-descent.
..... Click the link for more information.
City of Los Angeles

Flag
Seal
Nickname: The City of Angels, L.A.
Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California
Coordinates:
State
..... Click the link for more information.


Central America (Spanish: Centroamérica or América Central) is a central geographic region of the Americas. It is variably defined either as the southern portion of North America, which connects with South America on the southeast, or a region of
..... Click the link for more information.
indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian inhabitants of the Americas, their descendants, and many ethnic groups who identify with those peoples. They are often also referred to as Native Americans, First Nations
..... Click the link for more information.
First Nations is a Canadian term of ethnicity which refers to the aboriginal peoples located in what is now Canada, and their descendants who are neither Inuit nor Métis. Lest the descriptive First Nations imply the only First Peoples, it is important to recognize that the Inuit
..... Click the link for more information.
Anahuac is an ancient name for a Mesoamerican, particularly Aztec, area or areas, usually identified as located within or even coterminous with the Valley of Mexico. It can also refer to the former lake basins around Mexico City, often including the Lerma and Pánuco river systems.
..... Click the link for more information.
14th century - 15th century - 16th century
1460s  1470s  1480s  - 1490s -  1500s  1510s  1520s
1489 1490 1491 - 1492 - 1493 1494 1495

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
..... Click the link for more information.
Editing of this page by unregistered or newly registered users is currently disabled due to vandalism.
If you are prevented from editing this page, and you wish to make a change, please discuss changes on the talk page, request unprotection, log in, or .
..... Click the link for more information.
Democracy describes small number of related forms of government. The fundamental feature is competitive elections. Competitive elections are usually seen to require freedom of speech (especially in political affairs), freedom of the press, and some degree of rule of law.
..... Click the link for more information.
Demographics refers to selected population characteristics as used in government, marketing or opinion research, or the demographic profiles used in such research. (Note the distinction from demography, see below.
..... Click the link for more information.
This table may contain original research or unverified claims.
Please help Wikipedia by adding references. See the for details.
This article has been tagged since September 2007.

..... Click the link for more information.
Minuteman Project often refers to two separate factions of groups formed to deter illegal crossings of all the borders of the United States, with most undocumented people coming from Mexico.
..... Click the link for more information.
The Mexica Movement is the name of a activist group in the United States who assert their ancestry from Indigenous people of North America as the basis for "liberating" the North American continent from people of European-descent.
..... Click the link for more information.
Montebello High School flag flipping incident, 2006 was a local incident that became a flashpoint for critics of illegal immigration.

The Incident

In response to proposed federal legislation regulating illegal immigration Mexicans, Mexican-Americans, and Central Americans
..... Click the link for more information.
Manifest Destiny was a phrase that expressed the belief that the United States was destined to expand from the Atlantic seaboard to the Pacific Ocean; it has also been used to advocate for or justify other territorial acquisitions.
..... Click the link for more information.


This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia.org - the free encyclopedia created and edited by online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.