Red Hat

Red hat or Red Hat may refer to:
  • Red Hat, a company dedicated to open source software such as Linux
  • Red Hat sect, a classification of schools of Tibetan Buddhism
  • Red Hat Society, a woman's social organization
  • Galero, a red hat historically bestowed upon Catholic cardinals
  • A representation of a thinking strategy in Edward De Bono's Six Thinking Hats
  • A member of the Military Police in the Canadian Forces, referring to their distinctive red berets

Red Hat, Inc.
Enlarge picture
Red Hat logo
Public (NYSE:RHT)
Founded1993
Headquarters Raleigh, North Carolina, USA
Key peopleMatthew Szulik, Chairman, President, CEO
Bob Young, Founder
Marc Ewing, Founder
IndustryComputer software
ProductsRed Hat Enterprise Linux
Red Hat Directory Server
Red Hat Certificate System
Fedora
Revenue$278.3 million USD (2006)
Employees~2200 (April, 2007)
Websitehttp://www.redhat.com


Red Hat, Inc. (NYSERHT) is one of the larger and more recognized companies dedicated to open source software. It is also the largest distributor of the Linux operating system. Red Hat was founded in 1993 and has its corporate headquarters in Raleigh, North Carolina with satellite offices worldwide. [1]

The company is best known for its enterprise-class operating system, Red Hat Enterprise Linux and more recently through the acquisition of open source enterprise middleware vendor JBoss. Red Hat provides operating system platforms along with middleware, applications, and management solutions, as well as support, training, and consulting services.

History

In 1993 Bob Young incorporated the ACC Corporation, a catalog business that sold Linux and UNIX software accessories. Then in 1994 Marc Ewing created his own version of Linux, which he named Red Hat Linux. Ewing released it in October, and it became known as the Halloween release. Young bought Ewing's business in 1995, and the two merged to become Red Hat Software with Young serving as CEO.

Red Hat went public on August 11, 1999, the eighth-biggest first-day gain in Wall Street history. Matthew Szulik succeeded Bob Young as CEO in November of that year.

On November 15, 1999, Red Hat acquired Cygnus Solutions. Cygnus provided commercial support for free software and housed maintainers of GNU software products such as GNU Debugger and GNU Binutils. One of the founders, Michael Tiemann, served as the Chief Technical Officer of Red Hat and now serves as the vice president of open source affairs. Later it acquired WireSpeed, C2Net and Hell's Kitchen Systems.

In February 2000, InfoWorld awarded Red Hat with its fourth consecutive “Operating System Product of the Year” award for Red Hat Linux 6.1. In 2001 it acquires Planning Technologies, Inc, and in 2004 AOL's Netscape server software.

Company headquarters were moved from Durham, NC, to N.C. State University's Centennial Campus in Raleigh, NC in February of 2002.

The following March Red Hat introduced the first enterprise-class Linux operating system: Red Hat Advanced Server, later named Red Hat Enterprise Linux. Dell, IBM, HP and the Oracle Corporation announced their support of the platform.

In December of 2005 CIO Insight Magazine conducted their annual Vendor Value Survey, where Red Hat ranked #1 in value for the second year in a row.

Red Hat stock was added to the NASDAQ-100 on December 19, 2005.

Red Hat acquired open source middleware provider JBoss on June 5, 2006 and JBoss became a division of Red Hat. In 2007 it acquired Metamatrix and made an agreement with Exadel to distribute its software.

On September 18, 2006, Red Hat released the Red Hat Application Stack, the first certified stack integrating JBoss technology.

On December 12, 2006, Red Hat moved from NASDAQ (RHAT) to the New York Stock Exchange (RHT).

On March 15, 2007 Red Hat released Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5, and in June, they acquired Mobicents

Fedora Project

Main article: Fedora Project


The Fedora Project is a Red Hat-sponsored, community-supported open-source project. Its stated goal is to promote the rapid progress of free and open-source software and content, and its rapid innovation is possible using open processes and public forums.

The project is led by the Fedora Project Board, which comprises community leaders and Red Hat members, and this group steers the direction of the project and of Fedora, the Linux distribution it develops. Red Hat employees work with the code alongside community members, and many Fedora Project innovations make their way into new releases of Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Business model

Red Hat operates on a professional open-source business model based on open code, community development, professional quality-assurance services, and subscription-based customer support.

Developers take the open source Linux kernel and adapt and improve it to fit certain needs. The code they write is open, so more programmers can make further adaptations and improvements. When a problem is found, an entire community of users can come together to find a solution. The whole development process is said by some to work at a faster pace and at a lower cost than that of a proprietary model where the code is not visible to users.

Red Hat sells subscriptions to the support, training, and integration services that help customers in using the open source software. Customers pay one set price for access to services such as Red Hat Network and up to 24x7 support, and they receive unlimited access to these services.

Programs and projects

One Laptop per Child

Red Hat engineers work with the One Laptop per Child initiative, a non-profit organization created by members of the MIT Media Lab. The mission is to create an inexpensive laptop and provide every child in the world access to open communication, open knowledge, and open learning. The Children's Machine, or 2B1, is the latest version of this technology. The machines will run a slimmed-down version of Fedora as the operating system.

108

[https://www.108.redhat.com/ 108] is an open content and collaboration portal aimed at developers. It lets Red Hat deliver developer-oriented content and facilitates the collaboration of Red Hat project managers, customers, partners, and communities. 108 was announced at the 2006 Red Hat Summit in Nashville and is currently a beta.

Mugshot

Red Hat sponsors Mugshot, an open project that is creating "a live social experience" based around entertainment. It refocuses technological thinking from objects (files, folders, etc) to activities, like web browsing or music sharing. These topics are the focus of the first two features in Mugshot, Web Swarm and Music Radar. These were already underway when the project was announced at the 2006 Red Hat Summit in Nashville.

Dogtail

Dogtail is an open source automated GUI test framework. It was initially developed by Red Hat, and is free software released under the GPL. It is written in Python and allows developers to build and test their applications. Red Hat announced the release of Dogtail at the 2006 Red Hat Summit in Nashville.

Red Hat Magazine

Red Hat Magazine is the online news publication produced by Red Hat. It brings together issues of interest from inside and outside of the company, focusing on in-depth discussion of the development and application of open source technologies. It covers news from Red Hat and the Fedora Project, it updates readers on public licensing and the Creative Commons, and it features interviews with industry leaders and the movers and shakers of the open source world.

Under the Brim was the company's original newsletter. Wide Open Magazine was first published in March 2004 as a means for Red Hat to share technical content with subscribers on a regular basis. Under the Brim and Wide Open Magazine merged in November of 2004 to become Red Hat Magazine.

Red Hat Exchange

Red Hat recently announced that it has reached an agreement with major Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) companies that will allow them to make a distribution portal called Red Hat Exchange, which will resell FOSS software with the original branding intact.[2].

References

1. ^ redhat.com - Corporate Facts. Retrieved on 2006-08-26.
2. ^ Red Hat Prepares Business Application Stacks [1]

External links



In Tibetan Buddhism, the "Red Hat" sects or schools include the three oldest of the four main schools, to wit:
  • Nyingma
  • Sakya
  • Kagyu
The newer Gelug school is known as the "Yellow Hat Sect".
..... Click the link for more information.
The Red Hat Society is a social organization for women over 50. The Society was founded in 1998 by Sue Ellen Cooper of Fullerton, California, USA, and she serves as the organization's Exalted Queen Mother. As of October 2006 there are about 1.
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galero (pl. galeri; L. galerum, pl. galera) in the Roman Catholic Church is a large, broad-brimmed tasseled hat worn by clergy. Over the centuries the galero was eventually limited in use to individual cardinals as a crown symbolizing the title of
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The Canadian Forces (CF) (French: Forces canadiennes (FC)) are the unified armed forces of Canada, governed by the National Defence Act, which states: "The Canadian Forces are the armed forces of Her Majesty raised by Canada and consist of one Service called
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New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), nicknamed the "Big Board", is a New York City-based stock exchange. It is the largest stock exchange in the world by dollar volume and, with 2,764 listed securities[1], has the second most securities of all stock exchanges.
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1960s  1970s  1980s  - 1990s -  2000s  2010s  2020s
1990 1991 1992 - 1993 - 1994 1995 1996

Year 1993 (MCMXCIII
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Raleigh, North Carolina

Flag
Seal
Nickname: City of Oaks
Motto: You Can See the Whole State from Here
Map of Wake County, North Carolina
Coordinates:
Country
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Matthew J. Szulik - Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President of Red Hat, leader of some other technology companies, such as Interleaf and MapInfo for more than 20 years.
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Robert "Bob" Young was born in Ancaster, Ontario, Canada[1] . He studied history at the University of Toronto.

He created the ACC Corporation which merged with Red Hat in 1995. From the merger to 1999 Bob Young was Red Hat's CEO.
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Marc Ewing is the creator and originator of the Red Hat brand of software, most notably the Red Hat range of Linux operating system distributions. He was involved in in the 86open project in the mid-90s.

External links

  • http://www.salon.

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Industry (from Latin industrius, "diligent, industrious"), is the segment of economy concerned with production of goods. Industry began in its present form during the 1800s, aided by technological advances, and it has continued to develop to this day.
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Computer software is a general term used to describe a collection of computer programs, procedures and documentation that perform some task on a computer system. [1]
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Aspinwall Classification System (Leo Aspinwall, 1958) classifies and rates products based on five variables:
  1. Replacement rate (How frequently is the product repurchased?)
  2. Gross margin (How much profit is obtained from each product?)

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Red Hat Enterprise Linux (often abbreviated to RHEL) is a Linux distribution produced by Red Hat and targeted toward the commercial market, including mainframes. Red Hat commits to supporting each version of RHEL for 7 years after its release.
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Fedora Directory Server (FDS) is an LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) server developed by Red Hat, as part of Red Hat's community-supported Fedora Project. Fedora Directory Server is identical to the Red Hat Directory Server, just rebranded.
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Fedora (previously called Fedora Core) is an RPM-based, general purpose Linux distribution, developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat.
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Revenue is a business term for the amount of money that a company receives from its activities in a given period, mostly from sales of products and/or services to customers.
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United States dollar
dólar estadounidense (Spanish)
dólar amerikanu (Tetum)
dólar americano

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20th century - 21st century - 22nd century
1970s  1980s  1990s  - 2000s -  2010s  2020s  2030s
2003 2004 2005 - 2006 - 2007 2008 2009

2006 by topic:
News by month
Jan - Feb - Mar - Apr - May - Jun
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Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. An employee may be defined as: "A person in the service of another under any contract of hire, express or implied, oral or written, where the employer has
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20th century - 21st century - 22nd century
1970s  1980s  1990s  - 2000s -  2010s  2020s  2030s
2004 2005 2006 - 2007 - 2008 2009 2010

2007 by topic:
News by month
Jan - Feb - Mar - Apr - May - Jun
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A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN.
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New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), nicknamed the "Big Board", is a New York City-based stock exchange. It is the largest stock exchange in the world by dollar volume and, with 2,764 listed securities[1], has the second most securities of all stock exchanges.
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Open source is a set of principles and practices that promote access to the design and production of goods and knowledge. The term is most commonly applied to the source code of software that is available to the general public with relaxed or non-existent intellectual property
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Linux (pronunciation: IPA: /ˈlɪnʊks/, lin-uks) is a Unix-like computer operating system. Linux is one of the most prominent examples of free software and open source development; its underlying source code can be
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An operating system (OS) is the software that manages the sharing of the resources of a computer. An operating system processes system data and user input, and responds by allocating and managing tasks and internal system resources as a service to users and programs of the
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Raleigh, North Carolina

Flag
Seal
Nickname: City of Oaks
Motto: You Can See the Whole State from Here
Map of Wake County, North Carolina
Coordinates:
Country
..... Click the link for more information.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux (often abbreviated to RHEL) is a Linux distribution produced by Red Hat and targeted toward the commercial market, including mainframes. Red Hat commits to supporting each version of RHEL for 7 years after its release.
..... Click the link for more information.
JBoss Application Server (or JBoss AS) is a free software / open source Java EE-based application server. Because it is Java-based, JBoss AS is cross-platform, usable on any operating system that Java supports.

Environment

JBoss AS 4.0 is a J2EE 1.
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'Middleware is computer software that sits 'in the middle' between application software (e.g. a word processing program) and the operating system (Unix, Windows, z/OS etc.) It is similar to operating system software in that it provides functions to multiple applications, and it is
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