Robert Smith (cabinet)

Robert Smith
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Robert Smith (cabinet)

Preceded by
Succeeded by

Political partyDemocratic-Republican
ProfessionPolitician, Lawyer
ReligionPresbyterian



Robert Smith (November 3, 1757November 26, 1842) was the second United States Secretary of the Navy from 1801 to 1809 and the sixth United States Secretary of State from 1809 to 1811. He was the brother of Senator Samuel Smith.

Smith was born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. During the American Revolutionary War, he served in the Continental Army and participated in the Battle of Brandywine. He graduated from Princeton in 1781 and began to practice law in Maryland. Smith became the Presidential Elector in the Electoral College for Maryland in 1789, then a member of state's senate from 1793 to 1795, and finally a member of Maryland's house of delegates from 1796 to 1800. President Thomas Jefferson appointed him as Secretary of the Navy in July, 1801 after William Jones declined the position. On March 2, 1805, the Senate confirmed the appointments of Smith as United States Attorney General and Jacob Crowninshield as Secretary of the Navy. However, Crowninshield declined his appointment, so Smith briefly served as both Attorney General and Secretary of the Navy. Eventually, President Jefferson appointed John Breckinridge to replace Smith as Attorney General and Smith resumed his role as a full-time Secretary of the Navy. Smith finally left the office of Secretary of the Navy with the end of President Jefferson's administration on March 4, 1809. Jefferson's successor, President James Madison, immediately appointed Smith as Secretary of State, an office which he held from March 6, 1809 until his forced resignation on April 1, 1811.

Smith was closely allied with his brother, Maryland Senator Samuel Smith. He bitterly opposed Treasury Secretary Albert Gallatin. Madison thought he could be his own Secretary of State, but Smith so often pursued opposite policies that Madison finally demanded his resignation. In Madison's April 1811 “Memorandum on Robert Smith” the president offered a laundry list of Smith's shortcomings: he questioned Smith's loyalty; he found Smith's diplomatic correspondence wanting; he had been indiscreet in conversations with the British; and he had opposed the restrictive system. Apparently Smith was bewildered by these and other charges leveled by Madison and published an exoneration of himself, "Robert Smith's Address to the People of the United States," an attack on Madison's foreign policy. Most historians agree with Madison and consider Smith probably the worst Secretary of State in history.

Smith became the president of the not-yet-fully-organized American Bible Society in 1813. In 1818, he became the founding president of the Maryland Agriculture Society and afterwards retired to a more private life where he enjoyed his wealth. Robert Smith died in Baltimore, Maryland, on November 26, 1842. The USS Robert Smith (DD-324) was named for him.

References

  • Clifford Egan, "Robert Smith" in Edward S. Mihalkanin, ed. American Statesmen: Secretaries of State from John Jay to Colin Powell Greenwood Press 2004. pp 478-83.

External links

Preceded by
Benjamin Stoddert
United States Secretary of the Navy
July 27, 1801March 4, 1809
Succeeded by
Paul Hamilton
Preceded by
Levi Lincoln, Sr.
United States Attorney General
March 3, 1805August 6, 1805
Succeeded by
John Breckinridge
Preceded by
James Madison
United States Secretary of State
March 6, 1809April 1, 1811
Succeeded by
James Monroe
Robert Smith, Bob Smith or Bobby Smith may refer to:

Business

  • Robert Barr Smith (1824–1915), Australian businessman and philanthropist
  • Robert H.

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The Democratic-Republican Party, also known as the Republican Party (not similar to the present-day Republican Party), was founded by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in 1792.
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A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics.
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A lawyer, according to Black's Law Dictionary, is "a person learned in the law; as an attorney, counsel or solicitor; a person licensed to practice law.
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Presbyterianism is a tradition shared by a large amount of Christian denominations which is most prevalent within the Reformed branch of Protestant Western Christianity. Hallmarks include Calvinist theology and the presbyterian form of church governance.
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November 3 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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November 26 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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United States Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV) is the civilian head of the Department of the Navy. The position was a member of the President's Cabinet until 1947, when the Navy, Army, and newly created Air Force were placed in the Department of Defense and the Secretary of the Navy
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United States Senate

Type Upper House

President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R
since January 20, 2001
President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D
since January 4, 2007

Members 100
Political groups Democratic Party
Republican Party
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In office
March 4, 1803 – March 3, 1815
December 17, 1822 – March 3, 1833
Preceded by
Succeeded by



Born July 27, 1752
Carlisle, Pennsylvania, USA
Died April 22, 1839
Baltimore, Maryland, USA
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Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Skyline of Lancaster city, dominated by the W.W. Griest Building.

Seal
Nickname: The Red Rose City
Location of Lancaster County in Pennsylvania
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The Continental Army was an army formed after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the colonies that became the United States of America. Established by a resolution of the Continental Congress on June 14, 1775, the army was created to coordinate the military
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Battle of Brandywine was a battle of the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War fought on September 11, 1777, in the area surrounding Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania.
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Princeton University is a private coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey. It is one of eight universities that belong to the Ivy League.
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State of Maryland

Flag of Maryland Seal
Nickname(s): Old Line State; Free State
Motto(s): Fatti maschii, parole femine
(Manly deeds, womanly words)


Official language(s) None (English, de facto
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electoral college is a set of electors, who are empowered as a deliberative body to elect a candidate to a particular office. Often these electors represent a different organization or entity with each organization or entity by a particular number of electors or with votes weighted
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885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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8th century - 9th century - 10th century
850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
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