Rossano Gospels

Biblical manuscript>New Testament manuscripts
papyriuncialsminuscules
Uncial 042
Enlarge picture
Christ comes before Pilate
Christ comes before Pilate
Name:Purpureus Rossanensis
Sign:S
Text:Matthew, Mark
Date:550
Script:Greek
Now at:Diocese Museum, Rossano Cathedral
Size:188 folios; 31 x 26 cm; 20 lines; 2 col.
Type:Byzantine
Category:V


The Rossano Gospels (Gregory-Aland no. 042 or Σ ), located at the Cathedral of Rossano in Italy, are a 6th century Gospel Book written during the occupation of the Italian peninsula by the Byzantine Empire. Also known as Codex purpureus Rossanensis due to the reddish (purpureus in Latin) appearance of its pages, the codex is one of the oldest surviving illuminated manuscripts of the New Testament. The now incomplete codex has the text of the Gospel of Matthew and the majority of the Gospel of Mark. A second volume is apparently missing. Like the Vienna Genesis and the Sinope Gospels, the Rossano Gospels are written in silver ink on purple dyed parchment. The large (300 mm by 250 mm) book has text written in a 215 mm square block with two columns of twenty lines each. There is a prefatory cycle of illustrations which are also on purple dyed parchment.

See also

References

  • Walther, Ingo F. and Norbert Wolf. Codices Illustres: The world's most famous illuminated manuscripts, 400 to 1600. Köln, TASCHEN, 2005.
  • Kurt Weitzmann. Late Antique and Early Christian Book Illumination. New York: George Braziller, 1977.

External links

A New Testament papyrus is a copy of a portion of the New Testament made on papyrus. To date, over one hundred such papyri are known. In general, they are considered the earliest and best witnesses to the original text of the New Testament.
..... Click the link for more information.
A New Testament uncial is a copy of a portion of the New Testament in Greek or Latin capital or uncial letters, written on parchment or vellum.

New Testament uncials are distinct from:

..... Click the link for more information.
A New Testament minuscule is a portion of the New Testament.[1]

List of notable minuscule codices

  • The numbers (#) are the now standard system of .
  • Dates are estimated to the nearest 50 year increment.

..... Click the link for more information.
Jesus (8–2 BC/BCE to 29–36 AD/CE),[2] also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity, and is also an important figure in several other religions.
..... Click the link for more information.
Pontius Pilate (Latin: Pontius Pilatus, Greek: Πόντιος Πιλάτος) was the governor of the Roman Iudaea province from A.D. 26 until 36.
..... Click the link for more information.
The Gospel of Matthew is a synoptic gospel in the New Testament, one of four canonical gospels. It narrates an account of the life and ministry of Jesus. It describes his genealogy, his miraculous birth and childhood, his baptism and temptation, his ministry of healing and
..... Click the link for more information.
    The Gospel of Mark, anonymous[1] but traditionally ascribed to Mark the Evangelist, is a synoptic gospel of the New Testament. It narrates the life of Jesus from John the Baptist to the Ascension (or to the empty tomb in the shorter recension), but it concentrates
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Greek}}} 
    Writing system: Greek alphabet 
    Official status
    Official language of:  Greece
     Cyprus
     European Union
    recognised as minority language in parts of:
     European Union
     Italy
     Turkey
    Regulated by:
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    diocese is an administrative territorial unit administrated by a bishop, hence also referred to as a bishopric or Episcopal Area (as in United Methodism) or episcopal see, though more often the term episcopal see means the office held by the bishop.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Country Italy
    Region Calabria
    Province Cosenza (CS)
    Mayor Orazio Longo

    Area km
    Population
     - Total (as of December 31, 2004)
     - Density /km
    Time zone CET, UTC+1

    ..... Click the link for more information.
    New Testament manuscripts are categorized into five groups.[1] This categorization scheme was introduced in 1981 by Kurt and Barbara Aland in Der Text des Neuen Testaments. The categories are based on how each manuscript relates to the various text-types.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Country Italy
    Region Calabria
    Province Cosenza (CS)
    Mayor Orazio Longo

    Area km
    Population
     - Total (as of December 31, 2004)
     - Density /km
    Time zone CET, UTC+1

    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Anthem
    Il Canto degli Italiani
    (also known as Fratelli d'Italia)


    ..... Click the link for more information.
    The 6th century is the period from 501 to 600 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. This century is widely considered to mark the end of Classical Antiquity and the beginning of the Dark Ages.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Gospel Book, or Book of the Gospels (Greek: Εὐαγγέλιον, Evangélion) is a codex or bound volume containing one or more of the four Gospels of the Christian New Testament.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Byzantine Empire or Byzantium is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire of the Middle Ages, centered on its capital of Constantinople.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Latin}}} 
    Official status
    Official language of: Vatican City
    Used for official purposes, but not spoken in everyday speech
    Regulated by: Opus Fundatum Latinitas
    Roman Catholic Church
    Language codes
    ISO 639-1: la
    ISO 639-2: lat
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    codex (Latin for block of wood, book; plural codices) is a book in the format used for modern books, with separate pages normally bound together and given a cover.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    illuminated manuscript is a manuscript in which the text is supplemented by the addition of decoration, such as decorated initials, borders and miniature illustrations. In the strictest definition of the term, an illuminated manuscript only refers to manuscripts decorated with gold
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    New Testament (Greek: Καινή Διαθήκη, Kainē Diathēkē) is the name given to the final portion of the Christian Bible, written after the Old Testament.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    codex (Latin for block of wood, book; plural codices) is a book in the format used for modern books, with separate pages normally bound together and given a cover.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    The Gospel of Matthew is a synoptic gospel in the New Testament, one of four canonical gospels. It narrates an account of the life and ministry of Jesus. It describes his genealogy, his miraculous birth and childhood, his baptism and temptation, his ministry of healing and
    ..... Click the link for more information.
      The Gospel of Mark, anonymous[1] but traditionally ascribed to Mark the Evangelist, is a synoptic gospel of the New Testament. It narrates the life of Jesus from John the Baptist to the Ascension (or to the empty tomb in the shorter recension), but it concentrates
      ..... Click the link for more information.
      Vienna Genesis (Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, cod. theol. gr.31) is an illuminated manuscript, probably produced in Syria in the first half of the 6th Century. It is the oldest well-preserved, surviving, illustrated biblical codex.
      ..... Click the link for more information.
      Sinope Gospels (Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, MS gr. 1286, Gregory-Aland no. 023 or 0, also known as the Codex Sinopensis) is a fragment of a 6th century illuminated Greek Gospel Book. It was discovered in Sinope in 1899.
      ..... Click the link for more information.
      Parchment is a thin material made from calfskin, sheepskin or goatskin. Its most common use is as the pages of a book, codex or manuscript. It is distinct from leather in that parchment is not tanned, but stretched, scraped, and dried under tension, creating a stiff white,
      ..... Click the link for more information.
      Early Christian art and architecture is the art produced by Christians or under Christian patronage from about the year 200 to about the year 500. Prior to 200 there is no surviving art that can be called Christian with certainty.
      ..... Click the link for more information.
      A New Testament uncial is a copy of a portion of the New Testament in Greek or Latin capital or uncial letters, written on parchment or vellum.

      New Testament uncials are distinct from:

      ..... Click the link for more information.


      This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia.org - the free encyclopedia created and edited by online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.