Russian Empire Census



Russian Empire Census of 1897 was the first and the only census carried out in Imperial Russia. It recorded demographic data as of 28 January O.S. 15 January] 1897.

Previously, the Central Statistical Bureau issued statistical tables based on fiscal lists (ревизские списки).

The project of the census was suggested by a famous Russian geographer and chief of the Central Statistical Bureau Pyotr Semenov-Tyan-Shansky in 1877. It was approved by Tsar Nicholas II in 1895.

The census was performed in two stages. In the first stage (December 1896 — January 1897) the counters (135,000 persons: literate soldiers, teachers and priests) visited all households and filled the questionaries, which were verified by local census managers. In the second stage (9 January 1898 [O.S. 28 December 1897]) the counters simultaneously visited all households to verify and update the questionaries.

The data processing took 8 years using the Hollerith card machines. The publishing of the results started in 1898 and ended in 1905. In total, 119 volumes for 89 guberniyas, as well as a two-volume summary were issued.

The questionary contained the following questions:
  • Family name, given name, patronymic or nickname (прозвище)
  • Gender
  • Relation with respect to the head of the family or household
  • Age
  • Marital status
  • Social status: sosloviye (estate of the realm), rank or title (сословие, состояние, звание)
  • Place of birth
  • Place of registration
  • Usual place of residence
  • Notice of absence
  • Faith
  • Mother language
  • Literacy
  • Occupation (profession, trade, position of office or service), both primary and secondary
In census summary tables, nationality was based on the declared mother language of respondents.

The second Russian Census was scheduled for 1915, but was cancelled because of the World War I.

Census results

The results of the census are too broad to publish, but its online Russian version can be found here: demoscope.ru.

The total population of the Russian Empire was recorded to be 125,640,021 people (50.2 % female, 49.8 % male).

References

  • Первая всеобщая перепись населенiя Россiйской Имперiи. Под редакцiею Н. А. Тройницкаго. — СПб.: Изданiе центральнаго статистическаго комитета министерства внутреннихъ делъ, 1905. (The First Total Census of Russian Empire. A publication of the central statictical bureau of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Editor N. A. Troynitsky.)
  • РОССИЯ. Полное Географическое Описание Нашего Отечества. Под ред. П. П. Семенова-Тян-Шанского. — СПб., 1913. (Semenov-Tyan-Shanskiy, P. P. (Ed.): RUSSIA. Complete Geographical Description of our Fatherland. — St. Petersburg, 1913. This latter work reproduces most of the results of the census, and is a good deal easier to find in western libraries than the original publication.)
Russian Census may refer to:
  • Russian Empire Census (1897), the only complete population census conducted in Imperial Russia
  • Russian Census (1920)
  • Russian Census (2002), the only population census conducted in the post-Soviet Russia

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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1860s  1870s  1880s  - 1890s -  1900s  1910s  1920s
1894 1895 1896 - 1897 - 1898 1899 1900

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Russian Empire (Pre-reform Russian: Pоссiйская Имперiя, Modern Russian: Российская империя,
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January 28 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 1077 - Walk to Canossa: The excommunication of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor is lifted.

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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
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A geographer is a scientist whose area of study is geography, the study of Earth's physical environment and human habitat.

Though geographers are historically known as people who make maps, map making is actually the field of study of cartography, a subset of geography.
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Pyotr Petrovich Semenov-Tyan-Shansky (Russian: Пётр Петрович Семёнов-Тян-Шанский) (2 January
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Tsar (Bulgarian, Serbian: цар, Russian  , in scientific transliteration respectively car and car' ), occasionally spelled Czar or Tzar
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Emperor Nicholas II
Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias

Reign 1 November, 1894 – 15 March, 1917
Coronation 26 May [O.S. 14 May] 1896
Born 19 May 1868(1868--)
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January 9 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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  • 475 - Byzantine Emperor Zeno is forced to flee his capital at Constantinople.

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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
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1895 1896 1897 - 1898 - 1899 1900 1901

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Old Style (or OS) and New Style (or NS) is used in English language historical studies either to indicate that the start of the Julian year has been adjusted to start on 1 January (NS) even though contemporary documents use a different start of year (OS); or to
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December 28 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 1065 - Westminster Abbey is consecrated.

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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1860s  1870s  1880s  - 1890s -  1900s  1910s  1920s
1894 1895 1896 - 1897 - 1898 1899 1900

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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punch card or punched card (or punchcard or Hollerith card or IBM card), is a piece of stiff paper that contains digital information represented by the presence or absence of holes in predefined positions.
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Guberniya (Russian: губе́рния IPA: [guˈbʲɛrnʲɪɪ]) (also gubernia, guberniia, gubernya
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A family name, surname, last name, patronymic, or metronymic, is the part of a person's name indicating the family to which the person belongs. The use of family names is currently widespread in cultures around the world.
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A given name is a personal name which specifies and differentiates between members of a group of individuals, especially a family, all of whose members usually share the same family name (Surname) .
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A patronymic, or patronym, is a component of a personal name based on the name of one's father. A component of a name based on the name of one's mother is a matronymic, or matronym. Each is a means of conveying lineage.
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Social estates in the Russian Empire were denoted by the term soslovie (sosloviye), which approximately corresponds to the notion of the estate of the realm. The system of sosloviyes was a peculiar system of social groups in the history of the Russian Empire.
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estates of the realm were the broad divisions of society, usually distinguishing nobility, clergy, and commoners recognised in the Middle Ages, and also later, in Europe. While various realms inverted the order of the first two, commoners were universally tertiary, and often
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first language a human being learns to speak is his/her native language. He/She is a native speaker of this language according to Leonard Bloomfield [1]

A first language or native language is a basis for sociolinguistic identity.
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Nationality is a relationship between a person and their state of origin, culture, association, affiliation and/or loyalty. Nationality affords the state jurisdiction over the person, and affords the person the protection of the state.
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Clockwise from top: Trenches on the Western Front; a British Mark IV tank crossing a trench; Royal Navy battleship HMS Irresistible sinking after striking a mine at the Battle of the Dardanelles; a Vickers machine gun crew with gas masks, and German Albatros D.
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