Sanjan (Gujarat)

Sanjan is the second station in Gujarat (the first station is Umergaon) just inside the Gujarat-Maharashtra border, when travelling on the Western Railway line. Sanjan belongs to the Valsad district.

Sanjan is believed to have been founded by Zoroastrian refugees who sought asylum in Gujarat c. 936. Those Zoroastrians, whose descendants are today known as the Parsis, are thought to have named the settlement after Sanjan in Greater Khorasan, the city of their origin.

Sanjan Bundar as it is locally known is a part of Sanjan town, Gujarat situated in the valsad district, 10 Miles before the Portuguese colonised Daman, During The 1700's There was a huge influx of Spanish and French Muslim Traders who settled in Sanjan to begin trading Indian Spices which was a hugely profitable market at the time, They married Hindu Gujarati women who later on went on to convert to Islam, The current Muslim population of Sanjan are believed to be the descendents of these people.

Since 2002 the World Zarathushti Cultural Foundation, Mumbai has been conducting a series of archaeological excavtions at the ancient mounds at Sanjan Bandar and its vicinity. Three years (2002, 2003 & 2004) of excavations have revealed a large city (approx 2km x 1km) on the banks of the Varoli Creek/River which was occupied from the 8th to the 13th centuries AD. That the city was involved directly in the trade activities of the Indian Ocean littoral is evidenced by the large amounts of West Asian and Chinese ceramics as also by the numerous numismatic finds and the amazingly large amounts of West Asian Glassware and Beads. The site has also yielded the first definitive proof of Parsi (Zoroastrian) occupation at Sanjan in the form of a dokhma or Tower of Silence (a uniquely Zoroastrian mortuary structure). The excavations and explorations have also yielded interesting art historical data in the form of Hindu (probably Silahara Period)sculptural and structural remains. Final report writing is in progress.

See also

  • Qissa-i Sanjan, an account of the early years of Zoroastrian settlers in India.
Gujarat (Gujarati: ગુજરાત
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Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र
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Coordinates: Valsad also known as Bulsar, is a city and a municipality in the Valsad district of the Indian state of Gujarat. The city has a collectorate, a district court, police headquarters with a historic prison.
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Zoroastrianism is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra, Zartosht). Mazdaism is the religion that acknowledges the divine authority of Ahura Mazda, proclaimed by Zoroaster to be the one uncreated Creator of
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9th century - 10th century - 11st century
900s  910s  920s  - 930s -  940s  950s  960s
933 934 935 - 936 - 937 938 939
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Parsi (Gujarati: પારસી Pārsī, IPA: [ˈpa(ɾ).
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Sanjan is an ancient city on the southern edge of the Kara-kum Desert, in the vicinity of the historically eminent oasis-city of Merv. Topographically, Sanjan is located in the Greater Khorasan region of Central Asia.
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The Story of Sanjan (also Qissa-i Sanjan or Kisse-i Sanjan) is an account of the early years of Zoroastrian settlers on the Indian subcontinent. In the absence of alternatives, the text is generally accepted to be the only narrative of the events described
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