Serboi

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"Serbi" (Serboi) located near the mouth of the Volga, based on Greek literary sources, in a map printed in London, ca 1770
Serboi was an ancient Sarmatian tribe. According to some theories, they could have given their name and contributed to the ethnogenesis of the present-day Slavic Serbs and Sorbs.

Sources

The tribal designation Serboi first appears in the 1st century, in the works of the historian Tacitus (ca. 50 AD) and geographer Pliny (Plinius) (69-75 AD), and also in the 2nd century in the Geography of Ptolemy (book 5, 9.21) to designate a tribe dwelling in Sarmatia, probably on the Lower Volga River.

The name reappears in two Byzantine works dating from the 10th century: De administrando imperio (32.1-16) and the Theophanes Continuatus (288.17-20), usually in the same context where the Croatians, Zachlumians, and other peoples of Pannonia and Dalmatia were mentioned. It was by no means uncommon to refer to obscure peoples of Eastern Europe by the sound-alike names recorded in classical sources (e.g., Rugi instead of Rus).

Serboi and Serbs

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The Serboi-Serbs theory posits that the Serboi migrated to Central Europe from Inner Asia.


It has been suggested that the Serboi (whose name means "cattle-herders" in Iranian languages) followed the Huns and Alans to Central Europe, where they settled side by side with the Slavs in what became known as White Serbia, a region between the Elbe and Saale rivers. The Serboi, it is argued, intermarried with the indigenous Slavs of the region, adopted their language, and transferred their name to the Slavs.

Criticism

The theory of the Serboi-Serb connection has not been endorsed in the academic mainstream. The Sarmatian participation in the ethnogenesis of the Serbs appears highly unlikely. Modern Serbs have haplogroup I at almost 40% which is only found in western Balkans, Sardinia and Scandinavia. They also have a high occurrence of E3b2 haplogroup, at 20%, also not found in Asia. This group is situated around Balkans and southern Europe. Relatively high occurrence of R1b is also found around 12%, and R1a around 15%. Low occurrences of J and K haplogroups are also found amongs Serbs, 5-7 % of each. Lusatian Sorbs, however have a high occurrence of R1a and K haplogroups. R1a is haplogroup identified with Eurasians.

References

Sarmatians, Sarmatae or Sauromatae were a people originally of Iranian stock.[1] Mentioned by classical authors, they migrated from Central Asia to the Ural Mountains around 5th century B.C.
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Ethnogenesis (From Greek: ethnos(nation)+"genesis(birth), Greek: Εθνογένεσις) is the process by which a group of human beings comes to be understood or to understand themselves as ethnically distinct from the
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Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia.
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Sorbs (German Sorben' Upper Sorbian: Serbja, Lower Sorbian: Serby) are a Slavic minority living in eastern Germany,[1] indigenous to the region known as Lusatia in the current German states of Saxony and Brandenburg (in former GDR territory).
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The 1st century was that century that lasted from 1 to 100 according the Gregorian calendar. It is considered part of the Classical era, epoch, or historical period
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Gaius Cornelius Tacitus

Gaius Cornelius Tacitus
Born: Circa 56AD

Died: Circa 117

Occupation: Senator, consul, governor, historian
Genres: History
Subjects: History, biography, oratory
Literary movement: Silver Age of Latin
Debut works:
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Gaius or Caius Plinius Secundus, (AD 23 – August 24, AD 79), better known as Pliny the Elder, was an ancient author, naturalist or natural philosopher and naval and military commander of some importance who wrote Naturalis Historia.
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The 2nd century is the period from 101 to 200 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. It is considered part of the Classical era, epoch, or historical period
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Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος; after 83 – 161 AD), known in English as Ptolemy, was a Greek[1] or Egyptian
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Sarmatians, Sarmatae or Sauromatae were a people originally of Iranian stock.[1] Mentioned by classical authors, they migrated from Central Asia to the Ural Mountains around 5th century B.C.
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Volga River (Peка Волга)

Volga in Yaroslavl (autumn morning)


Country | Russia

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As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000.

Overview

The tenth century is usually regarded as a low point in European history. In China it was also a period of political upheaval.
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De Administrando Imperio is the commonly used Latin title of a scholarly work written in Greek by the 10th-century Byzantine emperor Constantine VII.

Constantine was a scholar-emperor, who sought to revive learning and education in the Byzantine Empire.
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Theophanes may refer to:
  • St. Theophanes, the name of several saints, including:
  • Theophanes the Confessor (Byzantine, 8th-9th century)

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Pannonia is an ancient province of the Roman Empire bounded north and east by the Danube, coterminous westward with Noricum and upper Italy, and southward with Dalmatia and upper Moesia.
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Dalmatia (Croatian: Dalmacija; Latin: Dalmatia) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, situated mostly in modern Croatia and spreading between the island of Rab in the northwest and the Gulf of Kotor (Montenegro) in the southeast.
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Rugians (Latin: Rugii) were an East Germanic tribe whose ultimate origins have been traced to Rogaland in Norway, whose population probably was the Rugii that Jordanes mentioned as a tribe that still remained in Scandza.
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Rus’ (Русь, [rusʲ]) are an ancient people whose name survives in the cognates Russians,[1] Rusyns, and Ruthenians
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Iranian languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family. With the Indo-Aryan languages they form the Indo-Iranian languages group. Avestan and Old Persian are the oldest recorded Iranian languages.
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The Huns were an early confederation of Central Asian equestrian nomads or semi-nomads with a Turkic speaking aristocracy [1].
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The Alans or Alani (occasionally but more rarely termed Alauni or Halani) were an Iranian nomadic group among the Sarmatian people, warlike nomadic pastoralists of varied backgrounds, who spoke an Iranian language and to a large extent shared a common culture.
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Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. In addition, Northern, Southern and Southeastern Europe may variously delimit or overlap into Central Europe.
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Slavic peoples are a branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe, where they constitute roughly a third of the population. Since emerging from their original homeland (most commonly thought to be in Eastern Europe) in the early 6th century, they have inhabited most of
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White Serbia, also known as Bojka (Serbian Cyrillic: Бојка), is the area of modern-day Eastern Germany between the Elbe and Saale rivers, called "Lusatia", which was inhabited in the Early Middle Ages by the White Serbs.
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Elbe
Czech: Labe, German: Elbe, Low German: Ilv
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Origin Upper Franconia (Bavaria)
Mouth Elbe
Basin countries Germany
Length 413 km (257 mi)
Source elevation 728 m (2,389 ft)

Avg.
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Slavic peoples are a branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe, where they constitute roughly a third of the population. Since emerging from their original homeland (most commonly thought to be in Eastern Europe) in the early 6th century, they have inhabited most of
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Ethnogenesis (From Greek: ethnos(nation)+"genesis(birth), Greek: Εθνογένεσις) is the process by which a group of human beings comes to be understood or to understand themselves as ethnically distinct from the
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Sorbs (German Sorben' Upper Sorbian: Serbja, Lower Sorbian: Serby) are a Slavic minority living in eastern Germany,[1] indigenous to the region known as Lusatia in the current German states of Saxony and Brandenburg (in former GDR territory).
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