Sicilian-American

Sicilian Americans are a subset of Italian Americans from Sicily. They are sometimes treated as a separate group due to cultural and historical differences between Sicily and the mainland. See History of Sicily, Sicilian language, and Music of Sicily for more information on aspects distinctive to Sicily.

The first Sicilians came to what is now the United States in the seventeenth century as explorers and missionaries. Sicilian immigration to the US then grew substantially in the period starting in the 1880s and in 1906 as many as a 100,000 Sicilians came to the US. By 1924, immigration restrictions had caused this to plummet. This period saw political and economic shifts in Sicily that made emigration desirable. A great portion of the Sicilian immigrants would settle in New York City, Chicago, Boston, New Orleans, San Diego and San Francisco.

Elements of Sicilian culture came with them such as theatre and music. Giovanni De Rosalia was a noted Sicilian American playwright in the early period and farce was popular in several Sicilian dominated theatres. In music Sicilian Americans would be linked, to some extent, to jazz. Many of the more popular cities for Sicilian immigrants, like New Orleans or Chicago, are pivotal in the history of jazz. In Chicago the predominately Sicilian neighborhood was called "Little Sicily" and in New Orleans it was "Little Palermo." One of the earliest, and among the most controversial, figures in jazz was Nick LaRocca who is of Sicilian heritage. For more on Sicilians in jazz see and the list mentioned at the bottom of the page.

Sicilian-Americans immigrants faced stereotypes and discrimination, sometimes even from other Italians. Tensions between Italian regions had not been entirely resolved with unification and so Northern Italians had sayings that indicated Sicilians were untrustworthy and ethnically different. With northern Italians having blonde hair and blue eyes at a noticeably higher frequency than Sicilians, who, in general, tend to display darker features. A more persistent stereotype linked them to the mafia. As the mafia is of Sicilian origin, Sicilian Americans were stereotyped as mafia-linked to an even greater degree than Italian Americans in general. Even if unfair the rationalization for it was that the Mafia itself is traditionally stronger in Sicily than it is in the rest of Italy. The word "mafia" comes from the original Mafia, Cosa Nostra, based in Sicily. Sicilian-Americans are subject to this racial stereotype being as the Mafia and Mob is "glamourized" in America with movies such as The Godfather.

There are approximately 12 million people of Sicilian heritage in the United States.

See also

External links


Italian
17,235,187 Americans
5.6% of the US population (2005) [1]
Regions with significant populations
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New England, Illinois, California, Florida, Ohio
..... Click the link for more information.
Regione Autonoma Siciliana


Map highlighting the location of Sicilia in Italy

Capital Palermo
President Salvatore Cuffaro
(UDC-CdL)
Provinces Agrigento
Caltanissetta
Catania
Enna
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"Without Sicily, Italy leaves no image in the soul. Sicily is the key to everything."

--Johann Wolfgang Goethe

The rich and varied history of Sicily
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Sicilian}}}
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: scn
ISO 639-3: scn  

Sicilian (lu sicilianu, Italian: lingua siciliana
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Sicily has an almost unparalleled history of cultural diversity. The Music of Sicily today mirrors that diversity, from the island's great presence as part of Magna Grecia 2,500 years ago through various historical incarnations as past of the Roman Empire, then an Arab
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Motto
"In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
"E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
Anthem
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20th century - 21st century
1890s  1900s  1910s  - 1920s -  1930s  1940s  1950s
1921 1922 1923 - 1924 - 1925 1926 1927

Year 1924 (MCMXXIV
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City of New York
New York City at sunset

Flag
Seal
Nickname: The Big Apple, Gotham, The City that Never Sleeps
Location in the state of New York
Coordinates:
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City of Chicago

Flag
Seal
Nickname: "The Windy City", "The Second City", "ChiTown", "Hog Butcher for the World", "City of the Big Shoulders", "The City That Works"
Motto: "Urbs in Horto
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Boston, Massachusetts

Flag
Seal
Nickname: Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe), The Cradle of Liberty, City on the Hill, Athens of America
Location in Suffolk County in Massachusetts, USA
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City of New Orleans
Ville de La Nouvelle-Orléans


Flag
Seal
Nickname:
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City of San Diego
San Diego Skyline

Flag
Seal
Nickname: America's Finest City
Motto: Semper Vigilans (Latin: Ever Vigilant)
Location of San Diego
within San Diego County
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City and County of San Francisco
"The Painted Ladies"

Flag
Seal
Nickname: The City, The City by the Bay, San Fran, Frisco,[1] Baghdad by the Bay[2]
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A farce is a comedy written for the stage or film which aims to entertain the audience by means of unlikely, extravagant and improbable situations, disguise and mistaken identity, verbal humour of varying degrees of sophistication, which may include sexual innuendo and word play,
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Jazz is an original American musical art form that originated around the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in and around New Orleans.

Overview

Jazz has been called "America's only original art form.
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Country Italy
Region Sicily
Province Palermo (PA)
Mayor Diego Cammarata (since November 26, 2001, reconfermed 2007)

Area km
Population
 - Total (as of January 30, 2006)
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Dominic James "Nick" La Rocca (born April 11, 1889 in New Orleans, Louisiana – died February 22 1961 in New Orleans) was an early jazz cornetist and trumpeter and the leader of the Original Dixieland Jass Band.
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Italian
17,235,187 Americans
5.6% of the US population (2005) [1]
Regions with significant populations
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New England, Illinois, California, Florida, Ohio
..... Click the link for more information.
Motto
"In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
"E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
Anthem
..... Click the link for more information.
Joseph Roland Barbera (March 24, 1911 – December 18 2006), is an animator, cartoon artist, storyboard artist, director, producer and co-founder, together with William Hanna of Hanna-Barbera (now known as Cartoon Network Studios).
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Joseph Roland Barbera (March 24, 1911 – December 18 2006), is an animator, cartoon artist, storyboard artist, director, producer and co-founder, together with William Hanna of Hanna-Barbera (now known as Cartoon Network Studios).
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European
171,801,940 Americans
60.7% of the total US population
Regions with significant populations All regions
Languages Predominately English  • German  •
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British
1,085,718 Americans
Total
36.4 Million Americans (2000)
estimated up to 35% of US population
Regions with significant populations Throughout the Entire United States
Languages American English Religions Christian
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English
24,509,692 Americans 8.7% of US population
estimated up to 19.5% of total US population''' [1] 28,290,369
2006 American Community Survey[2]

Regions with significant populations Throughout the United States
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Scots-Irish
5,289,309 Americans
[1] 1.8% of the US population

Regions with significant populations Appalachia, Southern United States
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Scottish
4,890,581 Americans
Scots-Irish
4,319,232 Americans
3.2% of the US population
estimated up to 10.4% of US population
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Welsh
1,753,794 Americans
0.6% of the US population'''
Regions with significant populations Throughout the entire United States
Languages American English Religions Predominantly
Christian
Protestant
Mormon Related ethnic groups British Americans (
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Danish
1,430,897 Americans
] 0.5% of the US population

Regions with significant populations Utah, Idaho, Nebraska, Iowa, Wisconsin
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Estonian-Americans are citizens of the United States who are of Estonian ancestry, mainly descendants of people who left Estonia during and before World War II. According to the 2000 US census, there are 25,034 Americans of full or partial Estonian descent, down from 26,762 in 1990.
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