Sikar

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  Sikar
Rajasthan • India
 Sikar 
Coordinates:
Area
Elevation| |
•  m ( ft)
District(s)| | Sikar
Coordinates: Sikar is a town in the state of Rajasthan in India. It is the administrative headquarters of Sikar District. Sikar is situated midway between Bikaner and Agra on National Highway number 11. Sikar is located in the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan.

Geography

Sikar is located at [1]. It has an average elevation of 427 metres (1400 feet).

Demographics

As of 2001 India census[2], Sikar town had a population of 184,904. Population of Sikar district was 2,287,229 according to census in 2001. The population density of the district was 296 according to the same census. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Sikar has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 54%. In Sikar, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.

History

The private name of Sikar was "Veerbhan Ka Bass". This village was founded by 'Veerbhan' Jat of Khichar clan. Sikar was known as ‘Veerbhan-ka-baas’ in ancient times and it was under the rule of Nawab of Fatehpur. The Kachwaha Rajput ruler of Amber Raja Udaykaran (1367-1389 AD) handed over the Jagir of Barwara along with 12 villages to his son Bala, who is considered to be the person from whom Shekhawats have descended. In 1430 Bala died and his son Mokal became his successor. Mokal left the Jagir of Barwara and settled in village ‘AmarSar’ . Mokal got son here with the blessings of Sekh Burhan so he named his son as Shekha(Real Name: Seshmal alias Shesha or Shekhaji). Shekha had 360 villages in his rule. The center of Shekha was Amarsar (earlier Amara-ki-dhani).

Shekha’s son Raimal and his son Raisal had supported Akbar in his campaign of attack on Gujarat. During Akbar’s second attack on Gujarat, Raisal’s son Tirmal impressed Akbar by his bravery and Akbar awarded the title of ‘Rao’.

Tirmal’s son Gangaram made Kasali as his capital. Gangaram’s son Syamaram and his son Jaswant Singh made Dujod as their capital. The ruler of Khandela had enmity with Jaswant Singh so he killed Jaswant Singh. Later to have friendly relations the Khandela ruler gave the Jagir of ‘Veerbhan-ka-baas’ to Jaswant Singh’s son Daulat Singh. Daulat Singh changed the name of this village to Sikar in memory of Rao Shekha and constructed a fort here in 1687. In 1721 Daulat Singh’s son Shiv Singh became ruler of Sikar.

Fort and Palace

  • Sikar Fort
  • Madho Niwas Kothi

Transport

There is still no broad gauge railroad in Sikar. It is connected through meter gauge to Delhi, Jaipur, Rewari, Bikaner, Sri Ganganagar, Churu, Jhunjhunu. It's well connected by roads.

Climate

Summers are hot, with temperatures reaching nearly 50 degrees Celsius. Winter temperatures can drop as low as -1 degree Celsius. Fog is common during the winter months and the region receives meagre rainfall.

Education

Sikar, of late, has become a big hub for education in Rajasthan. Along with numerous government colleges providing arts, sciences, and commerce education; a number of private educational institutes have also opened up. Sobhasaria Engineering College [3], Goenka Institute of Education [4], Shekhawati Engineering Collge [5] are some of the prominent educational institutes in higher education.

Sikar had 299 higher secondary schools, 843 middle schools, and 1695 primary schools in 2003 [6]. A number of these schools such as Bhartiya Public School, Vidyabharti School, Islamia School, Nav Prerna School, S.K. School (very reputed government school), Mody school , Jain school are very reputed with students coming to these schools from surrounding areas and different states in India [7].

Famous towns of Sikar District

  • Lakshamangarh
  • Fatehpur Shekhawati
  • Ringas
  • Ramgarh Shethan
  • Shri Madhopur
  • Khandela
  • Neem-ka-thana
  • Kaonth
  • Khatu Shayamji
  • Danta

Panchayat Committees of Sikar

Panchayati Raj has decentralized the process of administration at the village level in India. Under this process, a group of villages, elect representatives to govern themselves. This group of villages is called Panchayat Samiti. A village or town which is bigger in size is usually chosen as Panchayat Samiti. Sikar has 8 Panchayat Samitis: Danta-ramgarh, Dhod, Fatehpur, Khandela, Laxmangarh, Neem Ka Thana, Piprali, and Srimadhopur. Each of this Panchayat Samiti is in turn made up of a number of villages[8]. Each of the villages have population ranging from 300 to over 1500.

Danta-ramgarh also serves as constituency of Rajasthan legislative assembly. Danta-ramgarh Panchayat Samiti consists of Aloda, Bai, Bajyawas, Banathala, Banuda, Bharija, Bhima, Bhirana, Chainpura, Chak, Dansroli, Danta, Dhingpur, Dholasari, Dudhwa, Dukiya, Ganoda, Gowati, Jana, Kankara, Karad, Khachariyabas, Khandelsar, Khatu, Khora, Khud, Kochhor, Kuli, Ladpur, Lamiyan,Likhmaka, Manda, Mandha, Mei, Motlawas, Mundiyabas, Pachar, Ralawata, Ramgarh, Reta, Roopgarh, Sami, Sigaliya, Sulyabas, Surera villages.

Dhod also serves as constituency of Rajasthan legislative assembly.Dhod Panchayat Samiti consists up of Anokhu, Badalwas, Badhadhar, Bhairunpura, Bhuwala, Bidoli, Bijyasi, Bosana, Dhod, Dugoli, Dujod, Fatehpura, Gothda, Gothda, Jerthi, Jhingar, Kanwarpura, Kasli, Khakholi, Kirdoli, Kudan, Losal, Mandawara, Mandola, Morduga, Mundwada, Nagwa, Netadwas, Painwa, Palthana, Purabadi, Puranpura, Rasidpura, Sanwloda, Sarbadi, Sewa, Sewad, Shahpura, Shyampura, Sihor, Sihor, Singrawat villages.

Fatehpur also serves as constituency of Rajasthan legislative assembly. Fatehpur Panchayat Samiti consists of Athwas, Badusar, Balara, Balod, Banthod, Batdanau, Beswa, Bhinchari, Bibipur, Biraniyar, Chudimiyan, Dataru, Deenwaladkhani, Dewas, Dhadan, Dhimoli, Dishnau, Gangyasar, Garinda, Godiya, Hirna, Hundera, Kayamsar, Khotiya, Mandela, Nabipura, Nayabas, Palas, Rajas, Rajpura, Rohal, Rosawa, Sahnusar, Takhalsar, Tihawali villages.

Khandela also serves as constituency of Rajasthan legislative assembly. Khandela Panchayat Samiti consists of Barsinghpura, Basadi, Bawari, Bhadwadi,Burja, Chaukdi, Dayara, Dhalyabas, Dulhepura, Gokulkabas, Govindpura, Hardaskabas, Hathideh, Hurara, Jairampura, Jajod, Jhadli, Jugalpura, Kalyanpura, Kanwat, Kardaka, Kasarda, Kerpura, Khatundara, Kotdi, Lakhani, Loharwada, Malikpur, Nimeda, Paniharwas, Ralawata, Rampura, Sawaipura, Thikariya, Thoi villages.

Laxmangarh also serves as constituency of Rajasthan legislative assembly. Laxmangarh Panchayat Samiti consists of Alakhpura, Bagri, Bathoth, Bhojasar, Bhuma, Bidasar, Bidodi, Chhanani, Dehar, Doodawa, Ganeri, Garoda, Ghirniyan, Hameerpura, Jajod, Jasrasar, Kachhwa, Kheriradan, Khinwasar, Khudibadi, Kumas, Kumas, Lalasi, Mangluna, Mirand, Narodara, Nechhwa, Paldi, Patoda, Rehnawa, Rulyana, Rulyani, Singodara, Suthoth, Sutod, Tidoki, Trilunda villages.

Neem ka thana also serves as constituency of Rajasthan legislative assembly. Neem ka thana Panchayat Samiti consists of Agwari, Ballupura, Basri, Bega, Bhagega, Bhudoli, Bihar, Biharipur, Chaja, Chala, Charanwas/Pura, Chiplata, Dabla, Dalpatpura, Dariba, Dayal, Deepawas, Dehra, Dokan, Ganeshwar, Gaonri, Ghasipura, Godawas, Govindpura, Guhala, Hasampur, Jhirana, Jilo, Khadra, Khatkar, Kishorpura, Kotra, Ladi, Mahawa, Makri, Mandholi, Maonda, Maonda, Maonda, Mokalwas, Mothuka, Narsinghpuri, Natha, Nayabas, Patan, Pithalpur, Pithampuri, Raipur, Raipur, Rajpura, Ramsinghpura, Salodara, Sanwalpura, Shyampura, Sirohi, Tatera, Thikaria, Toda villages.

Piprali Panchayat Samiti consists of Abhaypura, Bajor, Beri, Bhadwasi, Chainpura, Chandpura, Dadiya, Daulatpura, Gokulpura, Gungara, Gurathda, Harsh, Kishanpura, Kolida, Ktrathal, Kudali, Ludhana, Malkeda, Nani, Palasara, Palsana, Piprali, Purohitkabas, Radhakishanpura, Raghunathgarh, Rajpura, Ranoli, Rewasa, Sangarwa, Shishyu, Shyamgarh, Shyampura, Sihasan, Sujawas, Tarpura, Ved Ki Dhani villages.

Srimadhopur also serves as constituency of Rajasthan legislative assembly.Srimadhopur Panchayat Samiti consists of Aabhawas, Aaspura, Ajitgarh, Anantpura, Arniya, Bagariyawas, Bharani, Chomupurohitan, Dadiyarampura, Divrala, Futala, Garhtaknet, Hanspur, Hathora, Jaitusar, Jorawar, Jugrajpura, Kalyanpura, Kanchanpur, Kotdi, Kotdichhaylan, Lanpuwa, Lisadiya, Maharoli, Malakali, Mau, Mundaru, Nangal, Nathusar, Patwari, Sargoth, Sihodi, Simarla, Tapipalya villages.

References

  • Mansukh Ranwa ‘Manu’: Amar Shaheed Lotu Jat, J C Ranwa Prakashan, Sikar, 2001
  • Sikar Ka Ithias, Pt. Jhabarmal Sharma.

External links

State of Rajasthan
Capital Jaipur
Divisions Ajmer | Bharatpur | Bikaner | Jaipur | Jodhpur | Kota | Udaipur
Districts Ajmer | Alwar | Banswara | Baran | Barmer | Bhilwara | Bikaner | Bharatpur | Bundi | Chittorgarh | Churu | Dausa | Dholpur | Dungarpur | Ganganagar | Hanumangarh | Jaipur | Jaisalmer | Jalore | Jhalawar | Jhunjhunu | Jodhpur | Karauli | Kota | Nagaur | Pali | Rajsamand | Sawai Madhopur | Sikar | Sirohi | Tonk | Udaipur
Major cities AlwarBhilwaraBikanerJaipurJaisalmerJodhpurUdaipur
Coordinates: Rājasthān (Devanāgarī: राजस्थान, IPA: [raːdʒəst̪ʰaːn]
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The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. India comprises most of the Indian subcontinent situated on the Indian Plate, the northerly portion of the Indo-Australian Plate.
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elevation of a geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point, often the mean sea level. Elevation, or geometric height, is mainly used when referring to points on the Earth's surface, while altitude or geopotential height
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district is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory. Districts are further subdivided, in some cases into Sub-Divisions, and otherwise directly into tehsils or talukas.
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Sikar District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. The town of Sikar is the district headquarters.

The district has an area of 7742 km², and a population of 2,287,788 (2001 census).
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geographic coordinate system enables every location on the earth to be specified by the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system aligned with the spin axis of the Earth.
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Coordinates: Rājasthān (Devanāgarī: राजस्थान, IPA: [raːdʒəst̪ʰaːn]
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Sikar District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. The town of Sikar is the district headquarters.

The district has an area of 7742 km², and a population of 2,287,788 (2001 census).
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Coordinates:

Bikaner is a city in the northwest of the state of Rajasthan in western India. The city is the administrative headquarters of Bikaner District. It was formerly the capital of the princely state of Bikaner.
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Agra pronunciation   (Hindi: आगरा
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Shekhawati (Hindi: शेखावाटी, IAST: Śekhāwāṭī) is a semi-arid region located in the northeast part of Rajasthan, India.
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Coordinates: Rājasthān (Devanāgarī: राजस्थान, IPA: [raːdʒəst̪ʰaːn]
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1 metre =
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The metre or meter[1](symbol: m) is the fundamental unit of length in the International System of Units (SI).
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Khichar or Khichad (Hindi:खीचड़/खीचड) is gotra of Jats found in Jhunjhunu, Churu, Nagaur, Ganganagar, Hanumangarh and Sikar districts in Rajasthan state in India.
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Fatehpur (Hindi: फतेहपुर शेखावाटी) is a town of Sikar district in Rajasthan, India. It is part of the Shekhawati region.
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The Kachwaha (also spelled as Kachavāhā,Kacchavahas, Kachhawa, Kuchhwaha & Kushwaha including Kacchapghata, Kakutstha, and Kurma
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In Mughal India, a Jagir was a small territory granted by the ruler to an army chieftain (called a sardar) in fairly short terms usually of three years but not extending beyond his lifetime, in recognition of his military service.
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Shekhawat is a sub-clan of Kachwaha Rajputs found mainly in Rajasthan, India. The Shekhawat clan claims descent from the great rajput warrior Rao Shekha Ji. Shekhawats were the most prominent among all sub clans of Kachwahas of Jaipur. Shekhawats were the rulers.
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