Simcoe County, Ontario



Simcoe is a county located in central Ontario, originally established as "Simcoe District" in 1843 by the Legislature of Upper Canada[1]. According to Statistics Canada (2006), the population is 422,204. The population grew 12.0% from 2001 to 2006, making it one of the fastest growing regions in Ontario, after York Region and Peel Region. The area of the county is 4,840.54 square kilometres. It is between Georgian Bay and Lake Simcoe. The elevated Niagara Escarpment runs through sections of the western part of the county. The county seat is Barrie, the largest city within the county.

History

Simcoe County was established by the Governor-General's Proclamation on January 11, 1843. (Source: The Orangeville Banner, March 8, 1951)

The county was initially divided into the following historical 18 townships: Adjala, Essa, Flos, West Gwillimbury, Innisfil, Mara, Matchedash, Medonte, Nottawasaga, Orillia, Oro, Rama, Sunnidale, Tay, Tecumseth, Tiny, Tosorontio and Vespra. (Tay, Tiny and Flos were named after Lady's Maitland's dogs).

Adjala township, an Indian proper name. Opened in 1822, the first settlers were largely from Irish Catholic background.

Essa Township, named after a mythical wife of Tecumseh. (Tecumseh was said to have only one wife, Mamate, who died in her youth).

Flos township, opened in 1822 and named after one of Lady's Maitland's dogs.

West Gwillimbury township, opened in 1798 and named in honour of Mrs. John Graves Simcoe (Elizabeth Posthuma Gwillim Simcoe), who's maiden name was Gwillim.

Innisfil township, opened in 1822, the name is a poetical appellation for Ireland.

Matchedash Township, opened in 1822. The name is Indian and means marshy land.

Medonte Township, opened in 1822. The name may be a corruption of an Ojibway word meaning "I carry on my back.". The township lies on an old trail from Orillia to Coldwater.

Nottawasaga township, opened in 1832 and named form Indian words meaning, in Algonquin, "the Iroquois River." That was the enemy's route to Georgian Bay. The first settlers in the area came around 1834 and were Highlanders, about Duntroon, Irish Catholics on the Fourth Concession and Germans, near Batteau.

Orillia township, opened in 1822. The name is Spanish for border, margin or shore. The town of Orillia was originally the headquarters of the Ojibway Indians.

Oro township, on the north shore of Lake Simcoe on Shanty Bay. Oro was set apart in 1820 as a colony for liberated black slaves. Since the Gold Coast of Africa was a celebrated slave-market, the Spanish name for gold was given to the Township. Only about twenty black families settled, and the colony did not prosper.

Sunnidale Township opened in 1823, however the first settlers arrived in 1833. It is said that the Township was named by one of Sir Peregrine Maitland's staff who was lost in the woods and finally happened upon an inhabited shanty in a "Sunny Dale."

Tay township, (named after Lady's MAitland's dog). Located in this township are the ruins of the Jesuit Fort of St. Marie, abandoned in 1649

Tecumseh township, opened in 1822 and named in honour of Tecumseh,

Tiny township, opened in 1822 (named after Lady's Maitland's dog). The first modern settlement followed the migration of French-Canadian voyageurs form Drummond Island in 1828.

Tosorontio township, opened in 1822. Name is said to be from the Huron, meaning "beautiful mountain."

Vespra township, opened in 1820. Probably named from the Latin vesper, evening; Greek; Hesperos, the West.

Source: Province of Ontario -- A History 1615 to 1927 by Jesse Edgar Middletwon & Fred Landon, copyright 1927, Dominion Publishing Company, Toronto; Chapter IV, History of Waterloo County by W.H. Breithaupt.

Government

The Corporation of the County of Simcoe comprises sixteen towns and townships. As an "upper tier" municipality, the County of Simcoe is responsible for municipal services which include social housing, land ambulance and emergency planning, environmental services (solid waste management), a County road system, Ontario Works, children's services, homes for the aged, a library co-operative, museum, archives, County forest management, tourism, a Geographic Information System (computer mapping) and land use policy planning.

The local, or "lower tier" municipalities are responsible for water and sewer services, local roads, public libraries, recreation services, fire and police services, land use development control and licensing and permitting services.

The cities of Barrie and Orillia, although separate politically and administratively from the County, are geographically and economically part of the County and send elected representatives to serve on County committees which provide services to the residents of the cities, including long term care facilities, social services, social housing, archives and Museum. They are counted within the census division.

The Municipalities of Simcoe County are: There are also three indian reserves: County Council is composed of the mayors and deputy mayors of each of the sixteen towns and townships which comprise the County of Simcoe. The head of County Council is called the Warden, who is elected for a one-year term by the council members at an Inaugural Meeting, held each December. The Warden for the 2007 term is Tony Guergis, mayor of Springwater Township.

Transportation

See

Education

Education services for the county are administered by the Simcoe County District School Board and the Simcoe Muskoka Catholic District School Board.

Post-secondary education is offered by Georgian College at its main campus in Barrie as well as in Orillia and Owen Sound.

The separate city of Orillia, within the county, also has a satellite campus of Lakehead University.

External links

A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. Originally, in continental Europe, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count.
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Ontario


Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains)

Capital Toronto
Largest city Toronto
Official languages English (de facto)
Government
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Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture.
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population is the collection of people or organisms of a particular species living in a given geographic area or mortality, and migration, though the field encompasses many dimensions of population change including the family (marriage and divorce), public health, work and the
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The Regional Municipality of York, also called York Region, is a regional municipality in south-central Ontario, Canada, between Lake Simcoe and Toronto. It replaced the former York County in 1971.
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Peel Region may refer to:
  • Regional Municipality of Peel, Ontario
  • Peel (Western Australia), a region south of Perth, Western Australia.

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Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. The term Surface area is the summation of the areas of the exposed sides of an object.

Units

Units for measuring surface area include:
square metre = SI derived unit

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Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of surface area, the square metre, one of the SI derived units. 1 km² is equal to:
  • 1,000,000 m²
  • 100 ha (hectare)
Conversely:
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Georgian Bay (French: baie Georgienne) is a large bay of Lake Huron, located in Ontario, Canada. The main body of the bay lies east of the Bruce Peninsula and south of Manitoulin Island.
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Location Ontario
Coordinates

Catchment area 2,840 km²
Basin countries Canada
Max length 30 km
Max width
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Niagara Escarpment is a long escarpment or cuesta in the United States and Canada that runs westward from New York State, through Ontario, Michigan, Wisconsin and Illinois.
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City of Barrie
Fireworks over Kempenfelt Bay during Barrie's Canada Day celebrations.

Flag
Coat of arms
Motto: The People are the City

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Tecumseh (c.1768? - October 5, 1813), whose given name might be more accurately rendered as Tecumtha or Tekamthi, was a famous Shawnee leader. He spent much of his life attempting to rally disparate Native American tribes in a mutual defense of their lands, which
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John Graves Simcoe (February 25, 1752 – October 26, 1806) was the first lieutenant governor of Upper Canada (modern-day southern Ontario plus the watersheds of Georgian Bay and Lake Superior) from 1791-1796.
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Ojibwa, Anishinaabe, or Chippewa (also Ojibwe, Ojibway, Chippeway, Aanishanabe, or Anishinabek) is the largest group of Native Americans-First Nations north of Mexico, including Métis.
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Orillia, Ontario
Nickname: The Sunshine City
Map of Ontario with the location of Orillia as a red dot.
Country Canada
Province Ontario
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Coldwater
Coordinates:
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County Simcoe
Township Severn
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
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Algonquins (or Algonkins) are an aboriginal North American people speaking Algonquin, an Algonquian language. Culturally and linguistically, they are closely related to the Odawa and Ojibwe, with whom they form the larger Anicinàpe grouping.
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Sir Peregrine Maitland, KCB, GCB (July 6, 1777 – May 30, 1854) was a British soldier and colonial administrator.

Born at Long Parish House, Hurstbourne, Hampshire, the eldest of five sons of Thomas Maitland of Lyndhurst, Hampshire, (d.
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Tecumseh (c.1768? - October 5, 1813), whose given name might be more accurately rendered as Tecumtha or Tekamthi, was a famous Shawnee leader. He spent much of his life attempting to rally disparate Native American tribes in a mutual defense of their lands, which
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Wyandot is the Iroquoian language traditionally spoken by the people known variously as Wyandot, Wendat, or Huron. It was last spoken primarily in Oklahoma and Quebec. Wyandot no longer has any native speakers, but is being studied and promoted as a second language.
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City of Barrie
Fireworks over Kempenfelt Bay during Barrie's Canada Day celebrations.

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Coat of arms
Motto: The People are the City

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Orillia, Ontario
Nickname: The Sunshine City
Map of Ontario with the location of Orillia as a red dot.
Country Canada
Province Ontario
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Bradford West Gwillimbury, a town in south-central Ontario, in the County of Simcoe in the Greater Toronto Area on the Holland River. West Gwillimbury takes its name from the family of Elizabeth Simcoe, nee Gwillim.
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Collingwood is located on the southern point of Georgian Bay, known as Nottawasaga Bay.

Demographics

  • 2006 Population: 17,290 (in 2001: 16,039, in 1996: 15,596)
  • Population growth 2001 to 2006: 7.

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Innisfil is a town in Ontario, Canada located on the western shore of Lake Simcoe, immediately south of Barrie and 80 kilometers north of Toronto. It has historically been a rural area, but growth in the Barrie area and the Greater Toronto Area has meant greater residential
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Midland (population 16,300, 2006 Canada Census) is a town located on Georgian Bay in Simcoe County, Ontario, Canada.

Situated at the southern end of Georgian Bay's 30,000 Islands, Midland is the economic centre of the region, with a 125-bed hospital and a local
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New Tecumseth is a town in south-central Ontario, in the County of Simcoe. While it is not officially a part of the Greater Toronto Area, it is counted, in terms of the Census, as being a part of the Toronto Census Metropolitan Area.
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Penetanguishene (pronounced: [penəˈtæŋgwəˌʃi:n] listen  
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