Simmern

Enlarge picture
A weekday morning street scene, with the Stephanskirche in the background.


Simmern (pronounced [ˈzɪmən]) is a town in Germany with 8,000 inhabitants. It is located in the western state of Rhineland-Palatinate, 630 km from Berlin and 55 km west from Mainz.

Simmern is seat of the Rhein-Hunsrück district (German: Kreis), and also of the Verbandsgemeinde ("collective municipality") Simmern.

Since 1969, the town has officially been known as Kreisstadt Simmern-Hunsrück, as a result of the merger of Simmern and St. Goar districts to create the single Rhein-Hunsrück district. The town is located exactly on the 50th parallel.

Simmern has grown tremendously in the last twenty years as more people and new industries have relocated to the area.

Profile

Simmern is centrally located in the Hunsrück and serves as the commercial, industrial, educational, cultural, and administrative center for the district and the Verbandsgemeinde Simmern.

The town's proximity to the Frankfurt region (including the cities Mainz and Wiesbaden) as well as its well-travelled road links to Koblenz, Luxembourg, and Trier have allowed it to experience dramatic economic growth in the last twenty years whereas many areas and regions in Germany have lagged behind. Slate mining and agriculture have been the traditional industries of the district, but recent growth in the optical, pharmaceutical and bio-chemical industries has transformed the local economy.

The reopening of nearby Hahn Airport (20 km away) for commercial aviation and the widening of Bundesstrasse B-50 to four lanes have given the district and the town even greater economic potential for the future. Future plans include a possible extension of the A-60 autobahn to facilitate traffic from the Frankfurt metropolitan area to Simmern and the Benelux countries. The town is serviced by National road B 50 and is approximately 10 minutes from the A 61 motorway (''autobahn'). Passenger rail service ended in the 1980s but will be reinstated in 2005 due to increasing traffic to and from Hahn.

Points of interest

In spite of its small size, Simmern offers some attractions that rival any town or small city in Germany. The Hunsrückmuseum includes local artifacts and unique historical images of the city. The Neues Schloss or New Official Residence holds a collection of artwork from Friedrich-Karl Stroeher, arguably Simmern's most famous son. The Protestant Stephanskirche is a charming late Gothic church constructed in 1486 by Duke Johann I. The 18th century Catholic Pfarrkirche St. Josef is famous for its bright ceiling frescoes. Schinderhannesturm is a former prison, gaining fame for once holding the infamous robber Johannes Bückler. The local Freizeitbad is among the most popular and visited in Rhineland-Palatinate.

History

The town was founded in the 13th century on the banks of the Simmerbach, of which the town name is derived from. A well fortified town, Simmern did not suffer tremendous hardship in the Thirty Years' War, in spite of its switch from Catholic to Lutheran leadership during the Reformation.

In the late 17th century, the town was reportedly flooded by Huguenots from Alsace, Lorraine, and Flanders; escaping persecution by Louis XIV in France. Arguably due to overcrowding conditions from these refugees, the town suffered a terrible fire in 1689. Simmern received nationwide notoriety in the early 1800s when the famous German robber baron Johannes Bückler escaped from the inescapable Schinderhannesturm jail cell and proceeded to continue to rob wealthy land-owners in the duchy. Bückler and his bandits would eventually be caught and hung by Napoleon's armies in Mainz in 1803.

Simmern fell under Prussian administration after the annexation of the Rheinland in 1867, but retained its status of district seat. Simmern became a major transit point for soldiers on the western front during the First World War. After the war, Simmern maintained its district seat but suffered from a loss of population due to the dramatic economic and agricultural conditions after the war.

Simmern did suffer a sizable amount damage from allied advance in World War II due to its railroad connections and proximity to the Nazi airfield Hahn. First occupied by American military forces in 1945, the town fell under French administration with military support from Moroccan colonial soldiers. The United States did maintain a presence in the area, occupying Hahn airfield and creating a military base for the newly formed U.S. Air Force. French occupation ended in 1949 with the creation of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany), but American presence at Hahn continued until the middle of the 1990s.

Simmern did manage to rebuild quickly after the war and by 1960 its population exceeded its pre-war total. In 1992, Hahn was reopened for cargo traffic and was renovated and opened for civilian travel in 1994 under the authority of Fraport, the operating company of Frankfurt International Airport. Today known as Frankfurt-Hahn Airport, the airport is the tenth busiest in Germany for passenger traffic and the third busiest for cargo transport. As a result of increasing traffic at Hahn, new companies have located distribution and research centers in Simmern. In 2002, the town completed a high-capacity bypass around the southern part of the town and began construction on an industrial park to further entice clean industry to Simmern.

Simmern and other parts of the Hunsrück are vividly portrayed in Heimat, a German movie and mini-series portraying a family and a fictional village in the Hunsrück over the course of 20th Century German history.

Coordinates:
Simmern is a municipality in Westerwaldkreis district, Rhineland-Palatinate, in western Germany.


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Anthem
"Das Lied der Deutschen" (third stanza)
also called "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit"
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Rheinland-Pfalz
Rhineland-Palatinate

Flag Coat of arms

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Location

Coordinates
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Administration
Country
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Berlin

Flag Coat of arms

Details
Location of Berlin within Germany / EU

Coordinates
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Administration
Country
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Mainz
Mainz Old Town View from the citadel (2003)
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Rhein-Hunsrück

''Map of Rhineland-Palatinate highlighting the district of Rhein-Hunsrück
State| Rhineland-Palatinate

Simmern
963.10 km
105,173 (2000)
Pop.
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German language (Deutsch, ] ) is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages.
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Kreis, (plural Kreise, pronounced [kʁaɪs, ˈkʁaɪzə/span>]]) , is the German word for circle.
  • In Germany, a Kreis is a district.
  • In Prussia, a Kreis was a district.

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A Verbandsgemeinde (plural Verbandsgemeinden) is an administrative unit unique to the German Bundesland (federal state) of Rhineland-Palatinate. There are 163 Verbandsgemeinden, which are grouped into the 24 districts and subdivided into nearly 2200 Ortsgemeinden.
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Simmern is a Verbandsgemeinde ("collective municipality") in the Rhein-Hunsrück district, in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Its seat is in Simmern.

The Verbandsgemeinde Simmern consists of the following Ortsgemeinden ("local municipalities"):
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1930s  1940s  1950s  - 1960s -  1970s  1980s  1990s
1966 1967 1968 - 1969 - 1970 1971 1972

Also:
*:1969 (number)
*:

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Rhein-Hunsrück

''Map of Rhineland-Palatinate highlighting the district of Rhein-Hunsrück
State| Rhineland-Palatinate

Simmern
963.10 km
105,173 (2000)
Pop.
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Hunsrück is a low mountain range in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is bounded by the river valleys of the Moselle (north), the Nahe (south), and the Rhine (east). The Hunsrück is continued by the Taunus mountains on the eastern side of the Rhine.
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Frankfurt am Main
The skyline of Frankfurt
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Mainz
Mainz Old Town View from the citadel (2003)
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Wiesbaden
Luisenplatz in Wiesbaden with the Bonifatiuskirche in the background
Coat of arms Location

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Koblenz

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Motto
"Mir wëlle bleiwe wat mir sinn"   (Luxembourgish)
"We want to remain what we are"
Anthem
Ons Hémécht
"Our Homeland"
Royal anthem
De Wilhelmus  1
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Trier

Coat of arms Location

Administration
Country Germany
State Rhineland-Palatinate

District Urban district

Basic statistics

Population
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Frankfurt-Hahn Airport (German: Flughafen Frankfurt-Hahn) (IATA: HHN, ICAO: EDFH) is a commercial airport located 10 km (6.25 miles) from the town of Kirchberg and 20 km (12.
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Autobahn   (IPA: [ˈaʊtoːbaːn]
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Membership
 Belgium
 Netherlands
 Luxembourg

Website
[1]

The Benelux is an economic union in Western Europe comprising three neighbouring monarchies, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Lux
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Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. The word Protestant is derived from the Latin protestatio meaning declaration
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Gothic architecture is a style of architecture which flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period. It was preceded by Romanesque architecture and was succeeded by Renaissance architecture.
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14th century - 15th century - 16th century
1450s  1460s  1470s  - 1480s -  1490s  1500s  1510s
1483 1484 1485 - 1486 - 1487 1488 1489

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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The 18th Century lasted from 1701 through 1800 in the Gregorian calendar.

Historians sometimes specifically define the 18th Century otherwise for the purposes of their work.
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Catholic is an adjective derived from the Greek adjective καθολικός, meaning "general; universal" (cf. Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon) .
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Johannes Bückler (c.1778-1803), nicknamed Schinderhannes, was a German outlaw who orchestrated one of the most fascinating crime sprees in German history. He was born at Miehlen im Taunus, the son of Johann and Anna Maria Bueckler.
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As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages, and after its conquests in Asia the Mongol Empire stretched from Korea to
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Thirty Years' War was fought between 1618 and 1648, principally on the territory of today's Germany, and involved most of the major European continental powers. Although it was ostensibly a religious conflict between Protestants and Catholics, the rivalry between the Habsburg
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