Southgate, London

Southgate
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Southgate, London (Greater London)

OS grid referenceTQ296942
London borough Enfield
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district N14
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
UK Parliament Enfield Southgate
London Assembly Enfield and Haringey
European Parliament London
List of places: UKEngland UKLondon
Coordinates: Southgate is an area in North London, in the Borough of Enfield. About 8 miles north of Charing Cross, in the centre of London, its postcode is N14.

Local features

Within the area is the famous circular Southgate tube station (which appeared in the film The End of the Affair) and a variety of shops and restaurants. It also has several large green parks such as Grovelands Park with lakes and sports facilities. The latter park backs on to The Priory hospital[1], where celebrities often reside to recover from their personal crises and Augusto Pinochet was treated. In Waterfall Road is the Minchenden Oak, said to be the largest Oak Tree in England, and perhaps 800 years old[2].

Nearest places

Osidge is sometimes regarded as part of Southgate, though this is technically incorrect; see that article.


Other nearby places include: Southgate tube station on the Piccadilly Line is the nearest tube station to most of Southgate's residential area. The other stations are at Oakwood (to the north) or Arnos Grove (to the south west).

Famous residents

Famous people to originate from Southgate include Leigh Hunt, the English essayist and writer, who was born here in 1784, and Frederick Hitch, one of the men awarded a Victoria Cross for the defence of Rorke's Drift in 1879. Sir Thomas Lipton also lived here until his death in 1931

The author Paul Scott was born in Southgate and was educated nearby; author/actor Paul Hocker was also born in the area.

Southgate has connections with many people in the arts and showbusiness. The Turner Prize-winning artist Rachel Whiteread was a student at Southgate School. The singer Rachel Stevens from S Club 7 and award-winning jazz singer Amy Winehouse both were born in Southgate and went to Ashmole School on Cecil road.Radio presenter Simon Mayo was also born in Southgate. The singer Alberto Remedios lived in Southgate before emigrating. The actor Ron Moody lives in Southgate at the Cherry Tree. Husband and wife singing coaches David and Carrie Grant used to live in Southgate. Also born in Southgate was Turkish Cypriot Kemal Shahin from the reality programme Big Brother 6. Sporting Hero Michael Synesi also lives in the area but was born in wood green.

The MP for Southgate, David Burrowes, lives here in his constituency, where he was born. His predecessor, Stephen Twigg, was born and raised in nearby Oakwood. Norman Tebbit, former MP for Chingford and close ally of Margaret Thatcher, was also born in Southgate.

Use for TV

Southgate served as the primary location for shooting of the BBC Drama "Anand Family" from 1975 to 1990 when it went off the air.
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Chase Side is Southgate's main shopping street.

Politics

The parliamentary constituency covering the part of Southgate in the London Borough of Enfield is Enfield Southgate (UK Parliament constituency). Until his death in the Brighton bombing in 1984, the constituency was represented by Sir Anthony Berry. In 1997, Michael Portillo, who succeeded Sir Anthony, lost the seat to Stephen Twigg, who after two terms lost in his turn to David Burrowes in May 2005.

History

Southgate was originally the South Gate of Enfield Chase, the King's hunting grounds. This is reflected in the street names Chase Road (which leads due north from the station to Oakwood, and was formerly the avenue into the Chase) and Chase Side. There is a blue plaque on a building on the site of the south gate.

Becoming separate from Edmonton in 1881, Southgate had a population in 1891 of just 10,970. By 1901 the figure had moved up to 14,993, and by 1911 the figure had ballooned to 33,612, aided by the nearby railway station in Palmers Green.

Southgate was predominantly developed in the 1930s: largish semi-detached houses were built on the hilly former estates (Walker, Osidge, Monkfrith, etc.) following increased transport development. In 1933, the North Circular Road was completed through Edmonton and Southgate, and also in 1933, the London Underground Piccadilly Line was extended from Arnos Grove (where it had reached the previous year), through Southgate tube station, on to Enfield West (now known as Oakwood). This unleashed a building boom, and by 1939 the area had become almost fully developed.

By 1951, the population had grown to 73,377 - falling by about 1,000 ten years later as many moved to new towns nearby.

Status

In 1894 Southgate was created an urban district of Middlesex by the Local Government Act 1894. In 1933 the district gained further status as a municipal borough. The Municipal Borough of Southgate was abolished in 1965 by the London Government Act 1963 and its area was combined with that of the Municipal Borough of Enfield and the Municipal Borough of Edmonton to form the present-day London Borough of Enfield.

Taverns, Inns and Public Houses

Southgate contains many pubs; some are quite old. The Wagon and Horses in Chase Side is one such pub; it was rebuilt in 1900 and again in 1930. The Rising Sun in Chase Side was rebuilt in 1932.

"Ye Olde Cherry Tree" is another pub that is important and famous in Southgate.

Opposite the Southgate Club on Chase Side stood a pub called The Gate, which was closed in August 1909. The landlord, A. Butcher, took the sign with him to the Fishmonger's Arms in Winchmore Hill Road - which apparently read "This gate hangs well, and hinders none. Refresh and pay - then travel on." (The sign no longer exists; though the Fishmonger's Arms was rebuilt in the 1930s.)

In the middle of the 18th century, The Crown on Chase Side was a centre of 'much sport'. A caption in a framed picture of a dog discovered by author Herbert W. Newby reads:
Mr. Earl of the 'Crown Inn', Southgate, Nr London, will produce a retriever puppy not over six months old for £10 or £20 that will perform more tricks than any other dog of nine months old in England. He is a beautiful dog, and very large for his age.
The building was originally a wooden two-storey building with a brick gable-end facing the highway. It was rebuilt in 1895 but has since been demolished. The JD Wetherspoon pub The New Crown occupies a site nearly opposite.

Education

College

Schools

Primary
Secondary

Southgate Symphony Orchestra

Formed in 1961 by a group of enthusiasts in New Barnet under the conductorship of Terry Hawes, Southgate College Symphony Orchestra continued as an evening class within Southgate College until July 2005, having become semi-autonomous in 1997. In the summer of 2005, the Orchestra became independent of Southgate College and renamed itself Southgate Symphony Orchestra. An amateur orchestra, it takes players of Grade 6 standard and above, playing concerts around Enfield. Previous performances have included music by Beethoven, Dvořák, and Weber.

Cricket

Southgate is home to many cricket teams and grounds, but the best and most well known is that of Southgate CC, who play at the Walker ground on Waterfall Road. Their ground, named after the famous Walker brothers who set it up and played cricket for Middlesex, is overlooked by a church and many trees.

Football

Grovelands Park, Southgate is the training ground of the football team, Romans AFC.

Religious Facility

Synagogues

There are five synagogues with Southgate in their name, but only one is actually in Southgate: Cockfosters and North Southgate, which is often referred to just as "Southgate Synagogue". Palmers Green and Southgate Synagogue is in Palmers Green. These two are part of the United Synagogue, also included, but independent, is the Southgate Adeni Synagogue.

Southgate and District Reform Synagogue has now moved to Whetstone while retaining its name. Southgate Progressive Synagogue is in Oakwood.

Churches

Christ Church stands near Southgate Green. This was built on the site of Weld Chapel, which was demolished in 1861. The clock on the church was placed there to celebrate Queen Victoria's diamond jubilee.

External links

Bibliography

Herbert W. Newby, Old Southgate. T. Grove, 1949.

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The Ordnance Survey (OS) devised the national grid reference system, and it is heavily used in their survey data,
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London Borough of Enfield

Shown within Greater London
Geography
Status London borough
Area
— Total Ranked 261st
82.20 km
ONS code 00AK
Admin HQ Civic Centre, Enfield Town
Demographics
Population
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region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government sub-national entity of England in the United Kingdom.

History


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Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. The administrative area was created in 1965 and covers the City of London and 32 London boroughs. Its area also forms the London region of England and the London European Parliament constituency.
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Motto
Dieu et mon droit   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
No official anthem specific to England — the anthem of the United Kingdom is "God Save the Queen".
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country, state, and nation can have various meanings. Therefore, diverse lists of these entities are possible. Wikipedia offers the following lists:

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Motto
"Dieu et mon droit" [2]   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
"God Save the Queen" [3]
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A post town is a required part of all postal addresses in the United Kingdom, and a basic unit of the postal delivery system.[1] Including the correct post town in the address increases the chances of a letter or parcel being delivered on time.
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The London postal district is the area in England, currently of 241 square miles,[1] to which mail addressed to the LONDON post town is delivered. The area was initially devised in 1856[2]
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UK postal codes are known as postcodes.

UK postcodes are alphanumeric. These codes were introduced by the Royal Mail over a 15-year period from 1959 to 1974 — the full list is now available electronically from the Royal Mail as the Postcode Address File.
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London N postcode area


Postcode area N
Postcode area name London N
Post towns 1
Postcode districts 23
Postcode sectors 89
Postcodes (live) 17,827
Postcodes (total) 25,456
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On 1 April 2004, following a review of the Royal Parks Constabulary by Anthony Speed, the Metropolitan Police took on the responsibility of policing the Royal Parks in Greater London and the RPC was

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Metropolitan Police Service

Metropolitan Police Service area
Coverage
Area Greater London
(except City of London)
Size 1,578 km² (609 sq mi)
Population 7.
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fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational procedures in the light of terrorism attacks and
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London Fire Brigade

London Fire Brigade area
Coverage
Area Greater London
Size 609 square miles (1577 km)
Population 7,517,700.
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England]]
1.1 East Midlands Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire
1.2 East of England Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Essex, Hertfordshire, Norfolk, Suffolk
1.3 Greater London North East, North West, South East, South West
1.
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Enfield, Southgate is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.
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Greater London is divided into fourteen territorial constituencies for London Assembly elections, each returning one member. The electoral system used is Additional Member System without an overhang
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Enfield and Haringey
London Assembly constituency

Enfield and Haringey shown within London
Created: 2000
Member: Joanne McCartney
Party: Labour
Region: London
Assembly: London Assembly Enfield and Haringey
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This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name.

See European Parliament Election, 2004 (UK) for a list ordered by constituency.
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London is a constituency of the European Parliament. It currently elects 9 MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Boundaries

The constituency corresponds to Greater London, in the south east of the United Kingdom.
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