State of Burma

State of Burma
Client state of Imperial Japan

1942 – 1945

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Flag of Burma

Flag

CapitalRangoon
Language(s)Japanese (official), Burmese
Political structureRepublicFederal RepublicFederal republic=Republic Principality=Principality Emirate=Emirate Socialist stateSocialist republicSocialist StateSocialist Republic=Socialist republic DictatorshipMilitary Dictatorship=Dictatorship Theocracy = Theocracy Various =#default = |Client state }}
PresidentBa Maw
Historical eraWorld War II
 - EstablishedAugust 1, 1942
 - DisestablishedMarch 27, 1945


When the Japanese invaded Burma in 1942 they released Ba Maw from prison and convinced him to head a puppet government, the "Burmese Executive Administration" being set up in Rangoon on August 1, 1942. Earlier in July, Aung San had re-organised the Burma Independence Army BIA as the Burma Defence Army (BDA). He remained its commander in chief - this time as Colonel Aung San.

Exactly one year later, on August 1, 1943 a Japanese-drafted Burmese "Declaration of Independence" was issued. Ba Maw was made head-of-state of Burma in a Japanese-backed government that declared war upon Great Britain and the United States, and concluded a Treaty of Alliance with Japan. Aung San became Minister of Defence in the new regime, and also Commander-in-Chief of the renamed Burma National Army, with the rank of Major General.

Although Burma was nominally self-governing, it remained under Japanese military occupation. The Ba Maw regime is most bitterly remembered for its use of forced Burmese labour to help the Japanese (the so-called Sweat Army). The resulting hardships and Japanese militaristic attitudes turned the majority Burman population against the Japanese. The insensitive attitude of the Japanese Army extended to the BNA. Even its officers were obliged to salute Japanese private soldiers as their superiors.

During 1943 and 1944, the BNA made contacts with other political groups inside Burma such as the communists who had taken to the hills in 1942. Eventually, a popular front organization called the Anti-Fascist Organisation (AFO) was formed with Thakin Soe as leader. Through the communists and a Japanese-sponsored force known as the Arakan Defence Army, the Burmese were eventually able to make contact with the British Force 136 in India. The initial contacts were always indirect. Force 136 was also able to make contacts with members of the BNA's Karen unit in Rangoon.

In December 1944, the AFO contacted the Allies indicating their readiness to launch a national uprising which would include the BNA. The situation was not immediately considered favourable for a revolt by the BNA by the British and there were internal disputes about supporting the BNA among the British. The first BNA uprising occurred early in 1945 in central Burma. In late March 1945, the remainder of the BNA paraded in Rangoon and marched out ostensibly to take part in the battles then raging in Central Burma. Instead, on March 27 they openly declared war on the Japanese. The Burma government fell in early 1945, and Ba Maw fled via Thailand to Japan, where he was captured later that year and was held in Sugamo prison, in Tokyo until 1946.

Flag of the State of Burma, 1942.
The Empire of Japan (Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國; Shinjitai: 大日本帝国; pronounced Dai Nippon Teikoku; officially Empire of Greater Japan
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British rule in Burma lasted from 1824 to 1948, from the Anglo-Burmese Wars through the creation of Burma Province as a colony of British India to the establishment of the Crown Colony of Burma and finally independence.
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1910s  1920s  1930s  - 1940s -  1950s  1960s  1970s
1939 1940 1941 - 1942 - 1943 1944 1945

Year 1942 (MCMXLII
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1910s  1920s  1930s  - 1940s -  1950s  1960s  1970s
1940 1941 1942 - 1943 - 1944 1945 1946

Year 1945 (MCMXLV
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British rule in Burma lasted from 1824 to 1948, from the Anglo-Burmese Wars through the creation of Burma Province as a colony of British India to the establishment of the Crown Colony of Burma and finally independence.
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The flag of Burma (also called Myanmar) was adopted on January 3, 1974 upon the declaration of a socialist republic in Burma by Ne Win.

The new flag design was not radically different from the previous flag of Burma in that both featured a red field with a blue
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Throughout the world there are many cities that were once national capitals but no longer have that status because the country ceased to exist, the capital was moved, or the capital city was renamed. This is a list of such cities, sorted by country and then by date.
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Yangon
Downtown Yangon, facing Sule Pagoda and Hlaing River

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This article contains Japanese text.
Without proper ,
you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of kanji or kana.

Japanese
日本語
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An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. It is typically the language used in a nation's legislative bodies, though the law in many nations requires that government documents be produced in other
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Burmese}}} 
Writing system: Burmese abugida 
Official status
Official language of: Myanmar
Regulated by: Myanmar Language Commission
Language codes
ISO 639-1: my
ISO 639-2: bur (B)  mya (T)
ISO 639-3:
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government is a body that has the power to make and the authority to enforce rules and laws within a civil, corporate, religious, academic, or other organization or group.[1]
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republic, for all other uses see: republic (disambiguation)

List of forms of government
  • Anarchism
  • Aristocracy
  • Authoritarianism
  • Autocracy
  • Communist state
  • Democracy
Direct democracy

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principality (or princedom) is a monarchical feudatory or sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a monarch with the title of prince or princess, or (in the widest sense) a monarch with another title within the generic use of the term prince.
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Etymologically an emirate or amirate (Arabic: إمارة, Imaarah
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Socialism

Currents
Communism
Democratic socialism
Eco-socialism
Guild socialism
Libertarian socialism
Market socialism
Revolutionary socialism
Social democracy
Utopian socialism


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dictatorship is an autocratic form of government in which the government is ruled by a dictator. It has three possible meanings:
  • Roman dictator was a political office of the Roman Republic. Roman dictators were allocated absolute power during times of emergency.

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Theocracy is a form of government. Theocracies are either oligarchies or autocracies by the ruling priests. For believers, theocracy is a form of government in which divine power governs an earthly human state, either in a personal incarnation or, more often, via religious
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Client state is one of several terms used to describe the subordination of one state to a more powerful state in international affairs. It is the least specific of these terms and may be treated as a broad category which includes satellite state, puppet state, neo-colony,
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Name Took Office Left Office Party
1 Sao Shwe Thaik 4 January 1948 16 March 1952 Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League (AFPFL)
2 Ba U 16 March1952 13 March1957 AFPFL
3 Win Maung 13 March1957 2 March1962 AFPFL
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Dr. Ba Maw (8 February 1893 – 29 May 1977) was a Burmese political leader.

Ba Maw was born in Maubin, Burma (now Myanmar). Ba Maw came from a distinguished family of scholars and lawyers.
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Allied powers:
 Soviet Union
 United States
 United Kingdom
 China
 France
...et al. Axis powers:
 Germany
 Japan
 Italy
...et al.
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August 1 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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March 27 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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The Empire of Japan (Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國; Shinjitai: 大日本帝国; pronounced Dai Nippon Teikoku; officially Empire of Greater Japan
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Anthem
Kaba Ma Kyei


Capital Naypyidaw

Largest city Yangon (Rangoon)
Official languages Burmese
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1910s  1920s  1930s  - 1940s -  1950s  1960s  1970s
1939 1940 1941 - 1942 - 1943 1944 1945

Year 1942 (MCMXLII
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Dr. Ba Maw (8 February 1893 – 29 May 1977) was a Burmese political leader.

Ba Maw was born in Maubin, Burma (now Myanmar). Ba Maw came from a distinguished family of scholars and lawyers.
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A puppet state is a country that is nominally independent, but in reality, under the control of another power.[1]

The term has two distinct but related meanings.
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Yangon
Downtown Yangon, facing Sule Pagoda and Hlaing River

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