Summer Palace (Russia)

Enlarge picture
The Summer House


The Summer Palace (Russian: Ле́тний дворе́ц) is the name of three Russian royal residences in Saint Petersburg, of which only one survives to the present.

Summer House

The diminutive Summer House (1710-14) was designed by Domenico Trezzini in the Baroque style for Tsar Peter the Great. One of the oldest extant structures in the city, this masonry palace is surprisingly modest by Russian Imperial standards and contains just 14 main rooms.

The mansion was designed as an entertainment center and was intended for warm weather use only. Peter moved into the partially completed palace in 1712 and spent summers here until his death in 1725. He occupied the lower level while his wife Catherine preferred the upper rooms. An innovative feature of this palace is the still extant central heating system which featured solid fuel burning boilers and elaborate porcelain ductwork, with extensive ornamental painting. The palace is now a museum and both the house and the adjacent Summer Garden are open to the public.

Summer palaces

Enlarge picture
The Summer Palace of Elizaveta Petrovna in 1756.
There used to be two wooden Summer Palaces in front of the Summer Garden. Both were designed by Bartolomeo Rastrelli for the Russian Empresses. The first one (1730) was a one-storied baroque structure, with 28 rooms, a spacious central hall, and a system of interior waterways. The second one (1741-44) was a large and imposing mauve-walled edifice with 160 gilded rooms, adjacent church and a fountain cascade.

The second palace was the chief residence of Empress Elizabeth in the Russian capital. During the 1750s Rastrelli added to the Venetian complex a Hermitage pavilion and an opera house. Catherine the Great effectively sealed its fate by moving her court to the newly-built Winter Palace. A year after her death, Emperor Paul (who had been born there in 1754) ordered the dilapidated palace to be demolished and replaced it with a new residence, St. Michael's Castle.

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Russian}}} 
Writing system: Cyrillic (Russian variant)  
Official status
Official language of:  Abkhazia (Georgia)
 Belarus
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Anthem
Hymn of the Russian Federation


Capital
(and largest city) Moscow

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Санкт-Петербург
Saint Petersburg

The English Embankment with Saint Isaac's Cathedral

Flag Coat of arms
Nickname
"Piter"
Location
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Domenico Trezzini (ca. 1670-1734) was a Swiss-Italian architect who elaborated the Petrine Baroque style of Russian architecture.

Domenico was born in Astano, near Lugano, in the Italian speaking Ticino (at that time administered by the German speaking cantons).
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Baroque was a Western cultural epoch, commencing roughly at the turn of the 17th century in Rome, that was exemplified by drama, tension, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture, painting, literature, dance, and music..
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Tsar (Bulgarian, Serbian: цар, Russian  , in scientific transliteration respectively car and car' ), occasionally spelled Czar or Tzar
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Tsar Peter I
Peter the Great

Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias

Reign 7 May, 1682 - 8 February, 1725
Coronation 25 June, 1682 (as Czar)
Full name Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov
Titles Czar of Russia
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Russian Empire (Pre-reform Russian: Pоссiйская Имперiя, Modern Russian: Российская империя,
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8th century - 9th century - 10th century
850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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8th century - 9th century - 10th century
850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Empress Catherine I
Empress and Autocrat of All the Russias

Reign February 8, 1725 - May 17, 1727
Full name Martha Skavronskaya
Born March 15 1684(1684--)
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Central Heating may mean:
  • Central Heating (Grand Central album)
  • Central Heating (Heatwave album)
See also: central heating

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This article has been tagged since January 2007.
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Summer Garden (Russian: Ле́тний сад, Letniy Sad) occupies an island between the Fontanka, Moika, and the Swan Canal in Saint Petersburg and shares its name with the adjacent
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Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli (Russian: Франческо Бартоломео Растрелли) (1700-1771) was a Russian architect of
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Empress Elizabeth
Empress and Autocrat of All the Russias

Painted by Charles van Loo. H.I.M. Yelizaveta Petrovna, Empress and Autocrat of all the Russias
Reign December 6, 1741–January 5, 1762
Full name Yelizaveta Petrovna

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Hermitage may refer to
  • Hermitage, a Hermit's dwelling place, a place of religious retreat
In places in Great Britain:
  • Hermitage, Berkshire, a village in England near Newbury
  • Hermitage, Dorset, a hamlet in England, near Sherborne

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pavilion (from French, "pavillon") has two main significations.

Free-standing structure

Pavilion may refer to a free-standing structure sited a short distance from a main residence, whose architecture makes it an object of pleasure.
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Opera is a form of musical and dramatic work in which singers convey the drama.[1] Opera is part of the Western classical music tradition.[2] An opera performance incorporates many of the elements of spoken theatre, such as acting, scenery and costumes and
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Catherine the Great
Empress and Autocrat of All the Russias
Catherine II of Russia
Reign June 28, 1762 – 15 November, 1796
Full name Sophie Friederike Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst
Born May 2 1729
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Located between the Palace Embankment and the Palace Square, the Winter Palace (Russian: Зимний дворец) in Saint Petersburg, Russia was built between 1754 and 1762 as the winter residence of the Russian tsars.
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Emperor Paul I
Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias

Paul I of Russia
Reign November 6, 1796 – March 23, 1801
Full name Pavel Petrovich
Titles Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp
Count of Oldenburg
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17th century - 18th century - 19th century
1720s  1730s  1740s  - 1750s -  1760s  1770s  1780s
1751 1752 1753 - 1754 - 1755 1756 1757

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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St. Michael's Castle (Russian: Михайловский замок, Mikhailovsky zamok), also called the Mikhailovsky Castle or the
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Catherine Palace (Russian: Екатерининский дворец) is the Rococo summer residence of the Russian tsars, located in the town of Tsarskoye Selo (Pushkin), 25 km
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Catherine the Great
Empress and Autocrat of All the Russias
Catherine II of Russia
Reign June 28, 1762 – 15 November, 1796
Full name Sophie Friederike Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst
Born May 2 1729
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The State Hermitage Museum (Russian: Государственный Эрмитаж, Gosudarstvennyj Èrmitaž
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Located between the Palace Embankment and the Palace Square, the Winter Palace (Russian: Зимний дворец) in Saint Petersburg, Russia was built between 1754 and 1762 as the winter residence of the Russian tsars.
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Peterhof (Russian: Петерго́ф, Petergof, originally named Peterhof
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Tsar Peter I
Peter the Great

Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias

Reign 7 May, 1682 - 8 February, 1725
Coronation 25 June, 1682 (as Czar)
Full name Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov
Titles Czar of Russia
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