Superintendent (police)

Superintendent (Supt), often shortened to "Super", is a rank in British police services and in most English-speaking Commonwealth nations. In many Commonwealth countries the full version is Superintendent of Police (SP). The rank is also still used in the former British Colony of Hong Kong.

United Kingdom

The rank of Superintendent is senior to Chief Inspector and junior to Chief Superintendent. The rank badge is a crown worn on the epaulettes, the same as a Major in the British Army.

A Superintendent usually serves as deputy to a Basic Command Unit commander (usually a Chief Superintendent).

Metropolitan Police

The rank of Superintendent was introduced at the foundation of the Metropolitan Police in 1829. Each division was commanded by a Superintendent. The rank below Superintendent was originally Inspector until the introduction of Chief Inspector in 1868. Originally, only the Commissioners held a higher rank than Superintendent (and they were not sworn police officers). In 1839, Captain William Hay was appointed to the new rank of Inspecting Superintendent, replaced by Assistant Commissioner in 1856. The rank of Chief Constable was introduced between Superintendent and Assistant Commissioner in 1886.

The rank of Superintendent was also adopted in the Detective Branch (later the Criminal Investigation Department) from 1868, when Adolphus Williamson, the first head of the branch, was promoted to the rank.

In 1949, Metropolitan Police Superintendents were regraded to the new rank of Chief Superintendent, Chief Inspectors were regraded to Superintendent, and Sub-Divisional Inspectors and Divisional Detective Inspectors were regraded to Chief Inspector (with those ranks being abolished).

In 1953, there was another change, when the rank was split into Superintendent Grade I (current Superintendents, Chief Inspectors commanding sub-divisions and Detective Chief Inspectors commanding divisional CIDs) and Superintendent Grade II (other current Chief Inspectors), with a new rank of Chief Inspector being created for senior Inspectors. Superintendents Grade II wore the crown (the rank badge formerly worn by Chief Inspectors), with Superintendents Grade I wearing a crown over a pip (the rank badge formerly worn by Superintendents). This lasted until 1974, when Superintendent once more became a single rank, wearing a crown on the epaulettes.

Other British forces

In most other forces, Superintendent lay between Inspector and Assistant Chief Constable until well into the 20th century. In many smaller forces, the senior Superintendent was also the ACC. Some forces had Chief Inspectors, and some later acquired Chief Superintendents, but this was by no means universal. Today, however, every force in the country has all three ranks.

India

In India, a District Superintendent of Police (DSP) heads the police force of a district. Superintendents of Police are officers of the Indian Police Service. Their rank badge is the State Emblem above one star, although those selected for higher rank or with fifteen or more years' service wear the State Emblem above two stars[1]. The rank below is Assistant Superintendent, while the various grades of Inspector-General are above.

United States

In the United States, Superintendent is sometimes the title used for the head of the department, such as Superintendent of Chicago or Superintendent of New Orleans.

Ireland

In the Republic of Ireland the rank of Superintendent is between Inspector and Chief Superintendent. There are usually two or three assigned to each division. Detectives use the "Detective" prefix. There were 178 Superintendents in An Garda Siochana at the beginning of 2006.

References

1. ^ Indian Police Service Uniform Rules, Indian Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.
Law enforcement in the United Kingdom is not the responsibility of one single police service serving the general public; with the exception of various special police forces and of Northern Ireland (which has one unified force, the Police Service of Northern Ireland), police forces
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Official languages English
Membership 53 sovereign states
Leaders
 -  Head of the Commonwealth Queen Elizabeth II
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March of the Volunteers[1]



Capital None[2]
Largest district (population) Sha Tin District
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Chief Inspector (Ch Insp) is a rank used in police forces which follow the British model.
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Chief Superintendent is a senior rank in police forces organised on the British model.

United Kingdom

In the British police, a Chief Superintendent (Ch Supt; or colloquially "Chief Super") is senior to a Superintendent and junior to an Assistant Chief Constable (or a
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Epaulette (pronunciation: /ˈɛpǝlɛt/ ) is a French word meaning "little shoulder" (from épaule, meaning "shoulder"). Epaulettes are a type of ornamental shoulder piece or decoration used as insignia or rank by the military and other organizations.
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Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. Moreover, Major frequently denotes a mid-level command status officer (immediately superior to the rank of Captain and immediately subordinate to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel), however in some armies
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The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. It came into being with unification of the governments and armed forces of England and Scotland into the United Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707.
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A Basic Command Unit (BCU) is the largest unit into which territorial British Police forces are divided. This may actually be called a BCU or may have another designation, such as Division or Area.

Most forces are divided into at least three BCUs and some have many more.
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Metropolitan police is a generic title for the municipal police force for a major metropolitan area, and it may be part of the official title of the force. They provide all general police services and tend to be headed by a chief called a Commissioner or Sheriff.
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A division was until recently the usual term for the largest territorial subdivision of most British police forces, similar to a precinct in American city police departments, and is still used in some forces.
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Inspector is both a police rank and an administrative position, both used in a number of contexts.

Police

Inspector is a rank in many police forces. However, it is not the same (equivalent) rank in each.
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The Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis, usually just referred to as the Metropolitan Police Commissioner or, more colloquially, as the Met Commissioner, is the head of the Metropolitan Police Service in London.
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Captain William Hay CB (1794–1855) was the second and last junior Joint Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis, one of two heads of the London Metropolitan Police.

Hay served in a light dragoon regiment in the Peninsular War and at the Battle of Waterloo.
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Assistant Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis, usually just called Assistant Commissioner (AC), is today the third highest rank in the London Metropolitan Police, ranking below Deputy Commissioner and above Deputy Assistant Commissioner.
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Chief Constable is the title given to the commanding officer of every territorial police force in the United Kingdom except the two responsible for Greater London. The population of areas for which chief constables are responsible varies from a few hundred thousand to two or three
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The Criminal Investigation Department (CID) is the branch of all British Police and many other Commonwealth police forces to which plain clothes detectives
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Sub-Divisional Inspector was a rank used in the London Metropolitan Police from the 1870s or 1880s until 1949. A Sub-Divisional Inspector ranked above an Inspector and below a Chief Inspector.
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Divisional Detective Inspector (DDI), also known as First Class Detective Inspector, was a rank in the London Metropolitan Police Criminal Investigation Department, equivalent to Sub-Divisional Inspector in the uniformed branch.
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Inspector is both a police rank and an administrative position, both used in a number of contexts.

Police

Inspector is a rank in many police forces. However, it is not the same (equivalent) rank in each.
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Assistant Chief Constable (ACC) is the third highest rank in all British territorial police forces (except the Metropolitan Police and City of London Police, in which the equivalent rank is Commander), as well as the British Transport Police and Ministry of Defence Police.
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district is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory. Districts are further subdivided, in some cases into Sub-Divisions, and otherwise directly into tehsils or talukas.
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Indian Police Service (IPS), simply known as Indian police, is one of the three All India Services [1] of the Government of India; other two Indian Administrative Service being the (IAS) and the Indian Forest Service (IFS).
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Assistant Superintendent, or Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP), was a rank used by police forces in the British Empire. It was usually the lowest rank that could be held by a European officer, most of whom joined the police at this rank.
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Inspector General is a high ranking official charged with the mission to inspect and report on some bodies in his field of competency.

France

In the French Civil Service, an inspector general (inspecteur général
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Motto
"In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
"E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
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Chief of Police is the title typically given to the head of a police department, particularly in the United States and Canada. Similar alternate titles include Police Commissioner, Police Superintendent. and Chief Constable.
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Anthem
Amhrán na bhFiann  
The Soldier's Song


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Inspector is both a police rank and an administrative position, both used in a number of contexts.

Police

Inspector is a rank in many police forces. However, it is not the same (equivalent) rank in each.
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