Surgeon General of the United States Army

This article is about the senior physician in the U.S. Army. For the head of the U.S. Public Health Service, see Surgeon General of the United States. For other uses, see Surgeon General (disambiguation).


The Surgeon General of the United States Army is the senior-most medical corps officer in the U.S. Army. In recent times, this has been a Lieutenant General who serves as Commanding General, U.S. Army Medical Command (MEDCOM) and head of the U.S. Army Medical Department (AMEDD).

Congress established the Medical Service of the Continental Army on July 27, 1775 and emplaced a "Chief physician & director general" of the Continental Army as its head at that time. The first five “surgeons general” of the U.S. Army served under this title. An Act of May 28, 1789 established a "Physician general" of the U.S. Army (only Doctors Richard Allison and James Craik served according to this nomenclature). An Act of March 13, 1813 cited the "Physician & surgeon general" of the U.S. Army. This nomenclature remained in place until the U.S. Army Medical Corps (or Medical Department) was established by the Reorganization Act of April 14, 1818. (Physicians assigned to the U.S. Army were not accorded military rank until 1847.)

List of Surgeons General of the United States Army

No. Name Dates of Tenure Military Rank
1Benjamin Church, JrJuly 27, 1775October 16, 1775None
2John MorganOctober 1775–January 1777None
3William Shippen, Jr.April 11, 1777–January 1781None
4John CochranJanuary 17, 1781–1783None
VACANT1783–1792--
5Richard Allison1792–1796None
VACANT1796–1798--
6James CraikAugust 1, 1798June 15, 1800None
VACANT1800–1813--
7James TiltonJune 11, 1813June 15, 1815None
VACANTJune 15, 1815April 18, 1818--
8Joseph LovellApril 18, 1818October 17, 1836None
9Thomas Lawson1836–May 15, 1861Brigadier General (Brevet)
10Clement Finley1861–1862Brigadier General
11William Alexander HammondApril 28, 1862August 18, 1864Brigadier General
12Joseph K. Barnes1864–1882Brigadier General
13Charles H. Crane1882–1883Brigadier General
14Robert Murray1883–1886Brigadier General
15John Moore1886–1890Brigadier General
16Jedediah Hyde Baxter1890Brigadier General
17Charles Sutherland1890–1893Brigadier General
18George Miller SternbergMay 30, 1893– 1902Brigadier General
19William H. Forwood1902
20Robert M. O'Reilly1902–1909
21George H. Torney1909–1913
22William Crawford GorgasJanuary 1914–1918Major General
23Merritte Weber Ireland1918–1931Major General
24Robert U. Patterson1931–1935Major General
25Charles R. Reynolds1935–1939Major General
26James C. Magee1939–1943Major General
27Norman T. Kirk1943–1947Major General
28Raymond W. Bliss1947–1951Major General
29George E. Armstrong1951–1955Major General
30Silas B. Hays1955–1959
31Leonard D. HeatonJune 1959–1969Lieutenant General
32Hal B. Jennings1969–October 1973
33Richard R. TaylorOctober 1973–1977Lieutenant General
34Charles C. Pixley1977–1981Lieutenant General
35Bernard T. Mittemeyer1981–1985Lieutenant General
36Quinn H. Becker1985–1988Lieutenant General
37Frank F. Ledford, Jr1988–1992Lieutenant General
38Alcide M. Lanoue1992–1996Lieutenant General
39Ronald R. BlanckOctober 1996–Lieutenant General
40James B. PeakeSeptember 22, 2000July 8, 2004Lieutenant General
41Kevin C. KileySeptember 30, 2004March 12, 2007[1]Lieutenant General
Gale Pollock (Acting)March 12, 2007Major General

References

1. ^ Army News Release. Maj. Gen. Gale Pollock became acting Surgeon General.

See also

External links

Surgeon General of the United States is the head of the United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps (PHSCC) and thus the leading spokesperson on matters of public health in the U.S. government.

The Surgeon General is nominated by the U.S.
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Surgeon General can have several different meanings.

In the United States:
  • The Surgeon General of the United States is the head of the United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps and thus the leading spokesperson on matters of public health in the U.

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Medical Corps may refer to:
  • Navy Medical Corps, a staff corps of the United States Navy consisting of doctors in a variety of specialties
  • Royal Army Medical Corps, a specialist corps of the Army Medical Services that provides medical care to British Army personnel

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The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. Like all armies, it has the primary responsibility for land-based military operations.
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Lieutenant General, General, General of the Army, and General of the Armies of the United States are high ranks in the United States military.

In the modern United States military, Lieutenant General is a three-star rank that is immediately above the
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U.S. Army Medical Command, known as MEDCOM, is a major command of the U.S. Army that provides command and control of the Army's fixed-facility medical, dental, and veterinary treatment facilities, providing preventive care, medical research, development and training
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The Army Medical Department of the U.S. Army, known as the AMEDD, comprises the six medical Special Branches of the Army. It is not a command of the U.S. Army but was established in June 1775 to coordinate the medical care required by the Continental Army.
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The Continental Army was an army formed after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the colonies that became the United States of America. Established by a resolution of the Continental Congress on June 14, 1775, the army was created to coordinate the military
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July 27 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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  • 1214 - Battle of Bouvines: In France, Philip II of France defeats John of England.

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An Act of Congress is a statute enacted by the United States Government which legally must be specifically empowered by the United States Constitution. An Act of Congress does not create power, but merely legislates how the existing power of the Constitution is to be used.
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May 28 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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  • 1138 - Cardinal Gregorio Conti is elected anti-pope as Victor IV, succeeding Anacletus II.

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The Army Medical Department of the U.S. Army, known as the AMEDD, comprises the six medical Special Branches of the Army. It is not a command of the U.S. Army but was established in June 1775 to coordinate the medical care required by the Continental Army.
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April 14 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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  • 43 BC - Battle of Forum Gallorum.

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Dr. Benjamin Church (August 24, 1734 – 1776) was effectively the first Surgeon General of the U.S. Army, serving as the "Chief Physician & Director General" of the Medical Service of the Continental Army from July 27, 1775 to October 17, 1775.
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July 27 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 1214 - Battle of Bouvines: In France, Philip II of France defeats John of England.

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Dr. John Morgan (1735-1789) was co-founder of the first medical school in Colonial America and the second "Chief physician & director general" of the Continental Army (an early name for the U.S. Army Surgeon General).

He was a graduate of University of Edinburgh, Scotland.
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Dr. William Shippen, Jr. (b. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, October 21 1736; d. July 11 1808, Germantown, Pennsylvania), was the first systematic teacher of anatomy, surgery and obstetrics in Colonial America and founded the first maternity hospital in America.
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  • 491 - Flavius Anastasius becomes Byzantine Emperor, with the name of Anastasius I.

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John Cochran (1730–1807) was the 4th Surgeon General of the Continental Army during the American Revolution.

Cochran was born in Sadsbury, Pennsylvania, the son of Irish immigrants.
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