Surujin

The Surujin or Suruchin is one of the tradional weapons of Okinawan Kobudo. It comprises a 2-3 meter long rope with a weight tied to each end. Historically used by fishermen to allow them to pull their boats in where they might not be able to paddle, the word suru refers to the hemp rope originally used, as this material is rot- and mold-resistant in marine environments, and jin (or chin) refers to a weight as used to hold down rice paper while writing. Based on its fishing origins, the first suruchin were most likely made from flat rocks with holes drilled in them.

In more recent times, specifically the early part of the 20th Century and end of the 19th Century, the Surujin appeared as a weighted lightweight chain varying in length between 6 and 9 feet in length. At one end was a weight and the other a metal spike. The weight was used to throw at an opponent or to ensnare a weapon and the length of chain was then either pulled to unbalance the enemy or used to entwine them using techniques similar to that of hojojutsu. The spike was then employed to disable or administer a coup de grâce. It belongs to the broad class of chain weapons.

These are quite similar to the ninjutsu manriki.

See also

Okinawa Prefecture (沖縄県 Okinawa-ken)

Capital Naha
Region Ryūkyū Archipelago
Island Okinawa
Governor Hirokazu Nakaima
Area 2,271.
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rope (IPA: /rəʊp/) is a length of fibers, twisted or braided together to improve strength for pulling and connecting. It has tensile strength but is too flexible to provide compressive strength (i.e.
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Hemp (from Old English hænep, see cannabis (etymology)) is the common name for plants of the genus Cannabis, although the term is often used to refer only to Cannabis strains cultivated for industrial (non-drug) use.
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Rice paper usually refers to paper made from parts of the rice plant, like rice straw or rice flour. However, the term is also loosely used for paper made from or containing other plants, like hemp, bamboo or mulberry.
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A coup de grâce is a finishing blow.

Coup de Grâce may also refer to:
  • Coup de Grâce (film), a 1976 Volker Schlöndorff film
  • Coup de Grâce (music), an electronic music group
  • Coup de Grace (album), an album by The Stranglers

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A chain weapon is a weapon made of one or more heavy object attached to a chain, sometimes with a handle. The flail was one of the more common types of chain-based weapons in medieval Europe, although some flails used hinges instead of chains.
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Manriki is a traditional Japanese throwing chain, generally about 11 inches long. It belongs to the broad class of chain weapons. When used with a whipping motion of the wrist, it can injure or knock out opponents at a considerable distance.
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Manriki is a traditional Japanese throwing chain, generally about 11 inches long. It belongs to the broad class of chain weapons. When used with a whipping motion of the wrist, it can injure or knock out opponents at a considerable distance.
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The Manrikigusari (万力鎖) or Kusarifundo is a traditional Japanese chain weapon with two steel-weights on the ends designed to strike, ensnare or trap an opponent.
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Kusari-fundo is a weighted short chain weapon that is closely-related to the kusari-gama in application. It is a close range weapon, ranging between approximately eighteen and thirty inches (45 to 76 Centimetres) in length.
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The meteor hammer, often referred to simply as 'meteor', is an ancient Chinese weapon, consisting at its most basic level of two weights connected by a rope or chain. One of the flexible or 'soft' weapons, it is referred to by many different names worldwide, dependent upon region,
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EKU may stand for:
  • Eastern Kentucky University
  • In philately Earliest known use is usually the first day of issue of a postage stamp or postmark
  • European Karate Union, now European Karate Federation (EKF)
  • extended key usage

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nunchaku (Chinese: 雙節棍, shuāng jié gùn; 兩節棍, liǎng jié gùn "Dual Section Staff"; 二節棍, èr jié gùn "Two Section Staff"; Japanese: ヌンチャク
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Sai (釵) is the Ryukyu name for a traditional Okinawan[1] weapon also used in India, China, Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand. Its basic form is that of a pointed, rod-shaped baton, with two long, unsharpened projections (tsuba) attached to the handle.
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The tambo (短棒, also romanized as tanbo) is a martial arts weapon. A tambo's length is determined by measuring from the hip socket to the top of the ankle. Its length is much longer than the traditional rattan sticks used in Eskrima.
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The Tekkō (鉄 tetsu "iron", 甲 kō "back of hand") is a weapon that originated in Okinawa, Japan. It is primarily a form of knuckleduster (brass knuckles). Though it is possible that they may be made of brass, other materials can be used.
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The Tinbe-Rochin weapon combination is one of the least popularly known Okinawan weapon systems, however its use is at first glance more visually reminiscent of a combination of Zulu fighting and European sword and small shield fighting, and weapons of this nature can be found in
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tonfa, also known as tong fa or tuifa, is a traditional Okinawan weapon from which the modern side-handled police baton is derived.

History

The tonfa's origin is found outside of Okinawa.
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Matayoshi Kobudo is a branch of Okinawan Kobudo founded by Shinko Matayoshi. Matayoshi Kobudo is one of the few widely spread systems of Kobudo that exists as a separate style, with its own grading system from a Karate system.
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Ryukyu Kobudo is the branch of Okinawan Kobudo developed and systemized by Taira Shinken under the Ryukyu Kobudo Hozon Shinko Kai association.

Ryukyu Kobudo uses the following weapons: Bo, Sai, Eku, Kama, Tinbe-Rochin, Tekko, Nunchaku and Tonfa.
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Yamanni Ryu (山根流) (also Yamanni-Chinen Ryu) is a form of Okinawan kobudo whose main weapon is the bo, a non-tapered, cylindrical staff. The smaller buki, such as sai, tunfa (or tonfa), nunchaku, and kama are studied as secondary weapons.
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See also:


This table compares styles of kobudo. The weapons practiced by each style are listed. The styles listed below may practice strictly weapons, or may practice another martial arts (usually karate)
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