Sushen

Sushen
Traditional Chinese:肅?
Yilou
Traditional Chinese:挹?


History of Manchuria
(Northeast China)
and Russian Far East
Not based on timeline
Early tribes
Gojoseon
Yan (state) | Gija Joseon
Han Dynasty | Xiongnu
Donghu | Wiman Joseon
Wuhuan | Sushen | Buyeo
Xianbei | Goguryeo
Cao Wei
Jin Dynasty (265-420)
Yuwen
Former Yan
Former Qin
Later Yan
Northern Yan
Mohe | Shiwei
Khitan | Kumo Xi
Northern Wei
Tang Dynasty
Balhae
Liao Dynasty
Jin Dynasty (1115-1234)
Yuan Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
Qing Dynasty
Far Eastern Republic (USSR)
Republic of China
Manchukuo
Northeast China (PRC)
Russian Far East (RUS)


Sushen was an ancient ethnic group or people who dwelt in northeastern part of China and Russian Maritime Province.

The name of Sushen appeared as early as the 6th century BC in Chinese documents. They are almost unknown with the exception of the fact that they lived to the north of China and used wooden bows and crossbows. Ancient Chinese believed that the Sushen paid arrows as tribute to an ideal Chinese ruler. In other words, an arrival of Sushen delegates was an auspicious sign of the virtuous ruler for the Chinese.

From the 3rd century to the 6th century, the name Sushen was used as an alias for the Yilou, who were in eastern Manchuria. However, the connection between the Yilou and ancient Sushen is unclear. Some historians think that Chinese, who heard the Yilou paid arrows as tributes, linked the two groups based on the knowledge of ancient documents. They paid tribute several times and pleased rulers of Northern China. The Yilou disappeared in documents in the 6th century. The Mohe rose into power there instead.

The name of the Sushen can also be found in Japanese documents, in which it is annotated and read as Mishihase or Ashihase. According to Nihonshoki, the Mishihase first arrived to Sado Province during the reign of Emperor Kimmei. In 660, Japanese General Abe no Hirafu defeated the Mishihase in Hokkaidō by request from the native inhabitants. Some historians consider that the Mishihase were identical with the Sushen of Chinese records, and others think that Japanese named the indigenous people in the northeast based on the knowledge of Chinese documents, just as the Chinese did during the Three Kingdoms Period.
Traditional Chinese
Child systems Simplified Chinese
Chữ Nôm
Sister systems Hanja, Kanji

ISO 15924 Hant

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This page contains Chinese text.
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Standard Mandarin, also known as Modern Standard Chinese
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Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音; Traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音
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Traditional Chinese
Child systems Simplified Chinese
Chữ Nôm
Sister systems Hanja, Kanji

ISO 15924 Hant

Note: This page may contain IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode.
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This page contains Chinese text.
Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters.


Standard Mandarin, also known as Modern Standard Chinese
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  • **
Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音; Traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音
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Manchuria ( Romanized Manchu: Manju, Simplified Chinese: 满洲; Traditional Chinese: 滿洲; Pinyin: Mǎnzhōu
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Northeast China (Simplified Chinese: 中国东北; Traditional Chinese: 中國東北; Pinyin:
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Russian Far East (Russian: Да́льний Восто́к Росси́и; IPA:
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Gojoseon is an ancient Korean kingdom. It is called the first kingdom in Korea. Modern historians generally believe it developed into a powerful federation or kingdom between 7th and 4th centuries BCE, in the basins of the Liao and Taedong Rivers, ruling over northern Korean
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Yan (Chinese: ; Pinyin: yān) was a state during the Western Zhou, Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods in China.
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Gija Joseon (? - 194 BC) describes the period after the alleged arrival of Gija in northern (or in the northwest of) Korean peninsula. It was considered by most of the Chinese and the Korean scholars as a part of the Gojoseon period (2333 BC - 108 BC) of Korean history.
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Han Dynasty (Traditional Chinese: 漢朝; Simplified Chinese: 汉朝
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The Xiongnu (Chinese: 匈奴; Pinyin: Xiōngnú; Wade-Giles: Hsiung-nu); were a nomadic people from Central Asia, generally based in present day Mongolia.
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Donghu (Chinese: 东胡; Pinyin: Dōnghú), was an ancient nomadic tribe or tribal union in Northeast China.
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History of Korea
Jeulmun Period
Mumun Period
Gojoseon, Jin
Proto-Three Kingdoms:
 Buyeo, Okjeo, Dongye
 Samhan
   Ma, Byeon, Jin
Three Kingdoms:
 Goguryeo
   Sui wars
 Baekje
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The Wuhuan (Traditional Chinese: 烏桓; Simplified Chinese: 乌桓; Pinyin: Wūhuán
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Buyeo, Puyo, or Fuyu was an ancient kingdom located in today's North Korea and southern Manchuria, from about the 2nd century BC to 494. Its remnants were absorbed by Goguryeo in 494, and both Goguryeo and Baekje, two of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, considered
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Xianbei (Simplified Chinese: 鲜卑; Traditional Chinese: 鮮卑; Pinyin: Xiānbēi; Wade-Giles: Hsien-pei
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Goguryeo or Koguryo was an ancient kingdom located in southern Manchuria, southern Russian Maritime province, and the northern and central parts of the Korean peninsula.

Along with Baekje and Silla, Goguryeo was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
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Cao Wei (Chinese: 曹魏; Pinyin: Cáo Wèi; Wade-Giles: Ts'ao Wei) was one of the regimes that competed for control of China during the Three Kingdoms period.
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16 Kingdoms
Cheng Han
Han Zhao
Later Zhao
Former Liang
Later Liang
Western Liang
Northern Liang
Southern Liang
Former Qin
Later Qin
Western Qin
Former Yan
Later Yan
Northern Yan
Southern Yan
Xia
Not included

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16 Kingdoms
Cheng Han
Han Zhao
Later Zhao
Former Liang
Later Liang
Western Liang
Northern Liang
Southern Liang
Former Qin
Later Qin
Western Qin
Former Yan
Later Yan
Northern Yan
Southern Yan
Xia
Not included

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16 Kingdoms
Cheng Han
Han Zhao
Later Zhao
Former Liang
Later Liang
Western Liang
Northern Liang
Southern Liang
Former Qin
Later Qin
Western Qin
Former Yan
Later Yan
Northern Yan
Southern Yan
Xia
Not included

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16 Kingdoms
Cheng Han
Han Zhao
Later Zhao
Former Liang
Later Liang
Western Liang
Northern Liang
Southern Liang
Former Qin
Later Qin
Western Qin
Former Yan
Later Yan
Northern Yan
Southern Yan
Xia
Not included

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16 Kingdoms
Cheng Han
Han Zhao
Later Zhao
Former Liang
Later Liang
Western Liang
Northern Liang
Southern Liang
Former Qin
Later Qin
Western Qin
Former Yan
Later Yan
Northern Yan
Southern Yan
Xia
Not included

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Mohe (or Malgal, Mogher) were a Tungusic people in ancient Manchuria. They are sometimes considered the ancestors of medieval Jurchen and modern-day Manchus. According to some records, they originally dwelt near the Liao River and later migrated southward.
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Shiwei (Chinese:) is one Ethnic groups in Chinese history, who once reside at the eastern part of Mongolia and Manchuria. It maintains close ties with Donghu. The Mongol people are believed to be originated from it.
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Southern and Northern Dynasties
(420–589)

Southern Dynasties: Northern Dynasties:
Liu Song
Southern Qi
Liang
Chen
Northern Wei
Eastern Wei
Western Wei
Northern Qi
Northern Zhou
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