Swan of Tuonela

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Akseli Gallen-Kallela's image "Tuonelan joutsen", with the Swan of Tuonela
The Swan of Tuonela (Tuonelan joutsen) is an 1895 tone poem by the Finnish composer Jean Sibelius. The story behind it is an excerpted legend from the Kalevala epic of Finnish mythology.

The tone poem is scored for a small orchestra of oboe, cor anglais, bass clarinet, bassoon, 4 horns, 3 trombones, timpani, bass drum, harp, and divisi strings. The cor anglais part is a notable solo, one of the most famous in the orchestral literature. The music paints a gossamer, transcendental image of a mystical swan swimming around Tuonela, the island of the dead. Lemminkäinen, the hero of the epic, has been tasked with killing the sacred swan, but on the way he is shot with a poisoned arrow, and dies himself. In the next part of the epic he is restored to life.

The Swan of Tuonela was originally composed in 1893 as the prelude to a projected Wagnerian opera called The Building of the Boat; Sibelius revised it two years later as the second of the four sections of the Lemminkäinen Suite (Lemminkäis-sarja) , also known as the Four Legends from the Kalevala, Op. 22, which was premiered in 1896. Sibelius revised the tone poem twice: once in 1897, and again in 1900.

The piece was also originally planned to be a segment of Disney's Fantasia. It was planned out in storyboards, but was never animated and was not included in the film.
18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1860s  1870s  1880s  - 1890s -  1900s  1910s  1920s
1892 1893 1894 - 1895 - 1896 1897 1898

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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A symphonic poem or tone poem is a piece of orchestral music in one movement in which some extra-musical program provides a narrative or illustrative element. This program may come from a poem, a story or novel, a painting or another source.
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Anthem
Maamme   (Finnish)
VÃ¥rt land   (Swedish)
Our Land
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Johan Julius Christian "Jean" / "Janne" Sibelius ( ; December 8, 1865 – September 20, 1957) was a Finnish composer of classical music and one of the most
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For other meanings of Kalevala, see: Kalevala (disambiguation)


The Kalevala is an epic poem which the Finn Elias Lönnrot compiled from Finnish and Karelian folklore in the 19th century.
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Finnish mythology, that of the Finnish people, has many features shared with fellow Finnic Estonian mythology and its non-Finnic neighbours, the Balts and the Scandinavians. Their myths are also shared with other Finno-Ugric speakers like the Lapps.
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For different meanings of oboe see Oboe (disambiguation).


The oboe is a double reed musical instrument of the woodwind family. The English word "oboe" was adopted ca.
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The cor anglais, or English horn, is a double reed woodwind musical instrument in the woodwind family.

It is a transposing instrument pitched in F, a fifth lower than the oboe (a C instrument), and is consequently approximately one-third longer.
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The bass clarinet is a musical instrument of the clarinet family. Like the more common soprano B♭ clarinet, it is usually pitched in B♭ (meaning it is a transposing instrument on which a written C sounds as B♭), but it plays notes an octave below the B♭
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The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor registers and occasionally even higher. It is called das Fagott in German, il fagotto in Italian, and le basson in French.
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The horn (also known as the French horn) is a brass instrument descended from the natural horn that consists of tubing wrapped into a coiled form. Modern horns have three, four, or five finger-operated keys to help control the pitch.
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The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. Like all brass instruments, it is a lip-reed aerophone; sound is produced when the player’s buzzing lips (embouchure) cause the air column inside the instrument to vibrate.
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Timpani (also known colloquially as kettle drums) are musical instruments in the percussion family. A type of drum, they consist of a skin called a head stretched over a large bowl commonly made of copper.
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The Drum kit

1 Bass drum | 2 Floor tom | 3 Snare | 4 Toms | 5 Hi-hat | 6 Crash cymbal and Ride cymbal
Other components
China cymbal | Cowbell | Sizzle cymbal |
Splash cymbal | Swish cymbal |
Tambourine | Wood block | Rototom
A bass drum
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The harp is a stringed instrument which has the plane of its strings positioned perpendicular to the soundboard. All harps have a neck, resonator and strings. Some, known as frame harps, also have a forepillar; those lacking the forepillar are referred to as
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The string section is the largest body of the standard orchestra and consists of bowed string instruments of the violin family. It is normally comprised of five sections: the first and second violins, the violas, the cellos, and the double basses.
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Cygnus
Bechstein, 1803

Species

6-7 living, see text.
Synonyms

Cygnanser Kretzoi, 1957

Swans are large water birds of the family Anatidae, which also includes geese and ducks.
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For the album by the band Amorphis, see Tuonela (album).


Tuonela is the realm of the dead or the Underworld in Finnish mythology, similar to Hades in Greek mythology.
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1860s  1870s  1880s  - 1890s -  1900s  1910s  1920s
1890 1891 1892 - 1893 - 1894 1895 1896

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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The Lemminkäinen Suite (also called the Four Legends, or Four Legends from the Kalevala) is a work written by the Finnish composer Jean Sibelius in the early 1890s which forms his opus 22.
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1860s  1870s  1880s  - 1890s -  1900s  1910s  1920s
1893 1894 1895 - 1896 - 1897 1898 1899

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1860s  1870s  1880s  - 1890s -  1900s  1910s  1920s
1894 1895 1896 - 1897 - 1898 1899 1900

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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19th century - 20th century
1870s  1880s  1890s  - 1900s -  1910s  1920s  1930s
1897 1898 1899 - 1900 - 1901 1902 1903

Year 1900 (MCM
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The Walt Disney Company

Public (NYSE: DIS )
Founded Burbank, California, USA (1923)
Founder Walt and Roy Disney
Headquarters Burbank, California,
 United States

Key people Robert Iger, President/CEO
Industry Media and Entertainment
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Fantasia is a 1940 motion picture, produced by Walt Disney and first released on November 13, 1940 in the United States.
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