Territory of Utah

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Utah Territory in 1851
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Utah Territory in 1861, after the organization of the Nevada Territory
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Utah Territory in 1868


Utah Territory was an organized territory of the United States that existed between 1850 and 1896.

The place was organized by Act of Congress on September 9, 1850, on the same day that the State of California was admitted to the Union. The creation of the territory was part of the Compromise of 1850 that sought to preserve the balance of power between slave and free states. With the exception of small area around the headwaters of the Colorado River in present-day Colorado, all the land of territory had been acquired in 1848 in the Mexican Cession.

The creation of the Utah Territory was partially the result of the petition sent by the Mormon pioneers who had settled in the valley of the Great Salt Lake starting in 1847. The Mormons, under the leadership of Brigham Young, had petitioned Congress for entry into the Union as the State of Deseret, with its capital as Salt Lake City and with proposed borders that encompassed the entire Great Basin and the watershed of the Colorado River, including all or part of nine current U.S. states. The Mormon settlers had drafted a state constitution in 1849 and Deseret had become the de facto government in the Great Basin by the time of the creation of the Utah Territory.

Following the organization of the territory, Young was inaugurated as its first governor on February 9, 1851. In the first session of the territorial legislature in October, the legislature adopted all the laws and ordinances previously enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Deseret.

Mormon governance in the territory was regarded as controversial by much of the rest of the nation, partly fed by continuing lurid newspaper depictions of the polygamy practiced by the settlers, which itself had been part of the cause of their flight across the country to the Great Salt Lake basin after early attempts to found settlements farther east.

Although the Mormons were the majority in the Great Salt Lake basin, the western area of the territory began to attract many non-Mormon settlers. In 1861, partly as a result of this, the Nevada Territory was created out of the western part of the territory. In the same year, a large portion the eastern area of the territory was reorganized as part of the newly created Colorado Territory.

The arrival of the railroad, simultaneously from California and the east in 1869, was not regarded as especially beneficial by the Mormons who governed the territory. The ceremony of the driving of the golden spike at Promontory Summit to complete the transcontinental railroad was boycotted by the territory officials, who were wary of the encroachment of the outside world into the basin of the Great Salt Lake.

The controversies stirred by the Mormon religion's dominance of the territory is regarded as the primary reason behind the long delay of 46 years between the organization of the territory and its admission to the Union in 1896 as the State of Utah, long after the admission of territories created after it. In contrast, the Nevada Territory, although more sparsely populated, was admitted to the Union in 1864, only three years after its formation, largely as a consequence of the Union's desire to consolidate its hold on the silver mines in the territory. Colorado was admitted in 1876.

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Territories of the United States are one type of political division of the United States, administered by the U.S. government but not any part of a U.S. state. These territories were created to govern newly acquired land while the borders of the United States were still evolving.
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Motto
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"E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
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United States Congress

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Houses Senate
House of Representatives
President of the Senate
President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R)
since January 20, 2001
Robert C.
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Compromise of 1850 was a series of laws that attempted to resolve the territorial and slavery controversies arising from the Mexican-American War (1846–48). The five laws balanced the interests of the slave states of the South and the free states.
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Mouth Gulf of California
Basin countries United States, Mexico
Length 2,330 km (1,450 mi)
Source elevation ~2700 m (~9000 ft)

Avg. discharge 620 m³/s (22,000 ft³/s)[1]
Basin area 629,100 km² (242,900 mi²)
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State of Colorado

Flag of Colorado Seal
Nickname(s): The Centennial State
Motto(s): Nil sine numine

Official language(s) English

Capital Denver
Largest city Denver

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Mexican Cession is a historical name for the region of the present day southwestern United States that was ceded to the U.S. by Mexico in 1848 under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo following the Mexican-American War.
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Mormon pioneers were members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, also known as Latter-day Saints, who migrated across the United States from the midwest to the Salt Lake Valley in what is today the U.S. state of Utah.
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Salt Lake Valley is a 500 square mile valley in Salt Lake County in the north-central portion of the U.S. state of Utah. It contains Salt Lake City and many of its suburbs, notably West Valley City, Sandy, and West Jordan; its total population is 948,172 as of 2005.
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LDS Church President

Ordained December 27, 1847
Predecessor Joseph Smith
Successor John Taylor
See also: Brigham Young University
Brigham Young
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State of Deseret (�������������� or �������������� in the Deseret Alphabet) was a
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Salt Lake City, Utah
Downtown Salt Lake City
Nickname: Crossroads of the West, SLC
Location of Salt Lake City in Salt Lake County, Utah
Coordinates:
Country United States
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The Great Basin is a large, arid region of the western United States. Its boundaries depend on how it is defined. Its most common definition is the contiguous watershed, roughly between the Wasatch Mountains, in Utah and the Sierra Nevada, that has no natural outlet to the sea.
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Mouth Gulf of California
Basin countries United States, Mexico
Length 2,330 km (1,450 mi)
Source elevation ~2700 m (~9000 ft)

Avg. discharge 620 m³/s (22,000 ft³/s)[1]
Basin area 629,100 km² (242,900 mi²)
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Polygamy has been a feature of human culture since earliest history. The term polygamy (many marriages in late Greek) is used in related ways in social anthropology, sociobiology, and sociology.
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Location Utah
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Lake type endorheic, hypersaline

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Nevada Territory was a historic, organized territory of the United States from March 2, 1861 until October 31, 1864, when it became Nevada, the 36th state. Prior to its designation as a territory, the area was part of western Utah Territory and was known as Washoe
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Territory of Colorado was a historic, organized territory of the United States that existed between 1861 and 1876. Its boundaries were identical to the current State of Colorado. The territory ceased to exist when Colorado was admitted to the Union as a state on August 1, 1876.
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