Terry Fox



Terrance Stanley "Terry" Fox, CC (July 28, 1958June 28, 1981) was a Canadian humanitarian, athlete, and cancer treatment activist. He became famous for the Marathon of Hope, a cross-Canada run to raise money for cancer research, which Fox ran with one prosthetic leg. He is considered one of Canada's greatest heroes of the 20th century and is celebrated internationally every September as people participate in the Terry Fox Run, the world's largest one-day fundraiser for cancer research.

Biography

Terry Fox was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada to Rolly and Betty Fox. He was raised in the family home on Morrill Street in Port Coquitlam, British Columbia, with his brother Fred, his younger brother Darrel, and his sister Judith.

Sports

As a child, Fox was always an active sports fan, with diving being his favourite sport. Four things were evident about him; first, he loved sports of all kinds - soccer, rugby, baseball, and basketball. Second, he was not tall, so he had to work harder than the bigger kids. Third, he was extremely competitive. Lastly, he had a huge amount of determination.

In junior high school, Fox loved basketball and wanted to play guard on the Mary Hill Cobras team. He was only 5 feet tall at the time and mediocre at the game. In order to achieve his goal, he spent every day practising his basketball skills. By Grade Ten, he was one of the best guards. In senior high school he was a starting guard for the Port Coquitlam Ravens. Thus, he achieved his goal because of his determination.

In his teenage years, he won numerous medals in diving and swimming competitions, and impressed many people with his stamina and endurance. Though many of his instructors encouraged him to stay with water sports and train professionally, Fox instead pursued the dream of becoming a physical education teacher. After graduating with honours from Port Coquitlam Senior Secondary School (which was later renamed Terry Fox Secondary School in his honor), he studied kinesiology at Simon Fraser University in Burnaby, British Columbia. Fox was an active student at SFU and participated in a variety of on-campus clubs and groups.

Crash

On November 12, 1976, Fox was driving back home along Port Coquitlam's highway in his green 1968 Ford Cortina. He was distracted by a bridge construction site, and his car slammed into a half-ton truck. Nothing happened to the driver or the truck, and Fox came out of the accident with only a sore right knee.

Osteosarcoma

In 1977, after feeling pain in his right knee, he was diagnosed with osteosarcoma. This is a form of cancer that strikes men more than women, usually around ages ten to twenty-five. Very often the cancer starts at the knee, then works its way up into the muscles and tendons. At the time, the only way to treat his condition was to amputate his right leg several inches above the knee.

Fox believed that the injury from the 1976 crash had weakened his knee and made it more susceptible to cancer, although his doctors disagreed.[1] The causes of osteosarcoma are not known.

Three years after losing his leg at age 18, the young athlete decided to run from coast to coast in order to raise money for cancer research. In creating the Marathon of Hope, his goal was to raise $1 from each Canadian citizen.

Marathon of Hope

Enlarge picture
Terry Fox
Main article: Marathon of Hope
Fox began by dipping his leg in the Atlantic Ocean at St. John's, Newfoundland on April 12, 1980. He intended to dip it in the Pacific Ocean when he arrived in Victoria, British Columbia. He also filled two large bottles with Atlantic Ocean water; his plan was to keep one as a souvenir and pour the other one into the Pacific. His plan was to run about 42 km (26.2 miles) a day, the distance of a typical marathon. No one had ever done anything similar to the task Fox was undertaking.

Fox was unable to finish his run. X-rays revealed that Terry's right lung had a lump the size of a golf ball, and his left lung had another lump the size of a lemon. The lumps were not lung cancer; rather, they were bone cancer that went into his lungs through his bloodstream. He was forced to stop the run on September 1, 1980 just north-east of Thunder Bay, Ontario, after 143 days. He had run 5,373 km (3,339 miles, or around 23.3 miles per day) through Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Quebec, and Ontario.

Soon after Fox was forced to stop, the CTV television network organized a telethon in hopes of raising additional funds for the cause. Any celebrities within range of Toronto were invited to participate, and the event raised millions of dollars. Many of the guests paid tribute to Fox; TV actor Lee Majors called him "the real Six Million Dollar Man."

Death

In June of 1981, Terry developed pneumonia, and on June 27 he went into a coma. He died on the 28th at 4:35 am which was his favourite hour of running, a year after his legendary run, exactly one month shy of his twenty-third birthday.

Terry's funeral was large and was broadcast live on national television. He is buried in the Port Coquitlam cemetery, near his favourite lookout just outside the cemetery gates.

The run

The Terry Fox Run is run around the world every year to raise money for cancer research. It is non-competitive- no winners or awards, just people joining to raise money for cancer research. Steve Fonyo, a cancer survivor inspired by Fox, completed the full length of Fox's course. Fonyo's left leg had been amputated.

In a public opinion poll, Terry Fox was voted the most famous Canadian of the 20th century. He was voted number two on The Greatest Canadian list.

Biographies

His story is dramatized in the 1983 HBO TV movie The Terry Fox Story, which the Fox family has criticized for negatively depicting Terry Fox as having a fiery temper. In that film, he was portrayed by Eric Fryer, who won the Best Actor award at the 5th Genie Awards in 1984 for his portrayal.

In 2005, a new movie, titled Terry, was produced by the CTV television network. In that film, Fox was portrayed by Shawn Ashmore. Unlike Fryer, however, Ashmore is not himself an amputee; digital editing was used to superimpose a prosthesis over Ashmore's real leg.

Author Douglas Coupland also chronicled Fox in his 2005 book Terry - The Life of Canadian Terry Fox.

Popular culture

  • While Terry Fox was on his Marathon of Hope, a pop song was composed. "Run Terry Run" was performed by the Nancy Ryan's Singers.
  • British singer/songwriter Rod Stewart's 1981 album Tonight I'm Yours includes the song "Never Give Up On A Dream" (co-written with Bernie Taupin), a tribute to Terry's Marathon of Hope. Proceeds from the song went towards cancer research.
  • Eric Walters’s fictional book Run is about a troubled teenager who is inspired by a meeting with Terry Fox.

Awards and honours

Enlarge picture
Terry Fox statue in Ottawa
Enlarge picture
The Terry Fox dollar, issued in 2005. The first Canadian to be featured on circulation coins.

Memorials

Further honours are listed at Terryfoxrun.org

Schools and buildings

  • Port Coquitlam Senior Secondary School was renamed Terry Fox Secondary School in 1986. This school was replaced with a new building in 1999 which retains the Terry Fox name, and also houses the Terry Fox Theatre. Across Canada, there are now numerous schools named in his honour.
  • The Terry Fox Library in Port Coquitlam, a branch of the Fraser Valley Regional Library, was opened in honour of Fox in 1983. The library houses memorabilia of Fox and his run, including the artificial leg that Fox used during his marathon.
  • The track at Simon Fraser University is named 'Terry Fox Field' in his honour. A statue of Fox can be found within the Quadrangle.
  • A Pathway in St. Catharines, Ontario named 'The Terry Fox Trail' in his honour.
  • Terry Fox Elementary School, Barrie, Ontario is named in his honour.
  • The track at Saskatoon's SaskTel Sports Centre is named 'Terry Fox Track' in his honour.
  • The Track & Field stadium in Brampton, Ontario was named 'The Terry Fox Track & Field Stadium' in his honour.
  • The main gymnasium at East Northumberland Secondary School in Brighton, Ontario was dedicated to Terry Fox

Streets and highways

Other

Enlarge picture
The Terry Fox memorial statue, Simon Fraser University.

References

External links

Biography

Awards
Preceded by
Sandra Post
Lou Marsh Trophy winner
1980
Succeeded by
Susan Nattrass
Terrence Edward Fox (Born: July 31, 1935 in Chicago, Illinois) is a former righthanded Major League Baseball relief pitcher/closer who played seven seasons from 1960 to 1966. He played for the Milwaukee Braves, Detroit Tigers and Philadelphia Phillies.
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Order of Canada is Canada's highest civilian honour within the Canadian system of honours, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Order's Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means "(those) desiring a better country" (Hebrews 11:16).
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Humanitarianism is an informal ideology of practice, whereby people practice humane treatment and provide assistance to others; it is ''the doctrine that people's duty is to promote human welfare.<ref name=""> "humanitarianism." WordNet® 3.0. Princeton University.
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A sportsperson (British and American English) or athlete (principally American English) is any person who participates regularly in a sport.

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The Marathon of Hope is a name given to the cross-Canada run undertaken by cancer patient Terry Fox in 1980. It is commemorated each year with the Terry Fox Run which is an international event that raises money for cancer research.
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Cancer research is research into cancer in order to identify causes and develop strategies for prevention, diagnosis, treatments and cure.

Cancer research ranges from epidemiology, molecular bioscience (bench research) to the performance of clinical trials to evaluate and
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prosthesis is an artificial extension that replaces a missing body part. It is part of the field of biomechatronics, the science of fusing mechanical devices with human muscle, skeleton, and nervous systems to assist or enhance motor control lost by trauma, disease, or defect.
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twentieth century of the Common Era began on January 1, 1901 and ended on December 31, 2000, according to the Gregorian calendar. Some historians consider the era from about 1914 to 1991 to be the Short Twentieth Century.
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The Terry Fox Run is an annual non-competitive charity event held in numerous regions across the globe in commemoration of cancer activist Terry Fox, and his Marathon of Hope, and to raise money for cancer research.
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Diving refers to the sport of performing acrobatics whilst jumping or falling into water from a platform or springboard of a certain height. Diving is an internationally-recognized sport that is part of the Olympic Games.
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In most educational systems, physical education class, also called physical training (PT) or gym, though each with a very different connotation, is a course in the curriculum which utilizes learning in the cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains your name
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Terry Fox Secondary School

Address
1260 Riverwood Gate
Port Coquitlam, British Columbia, Canada
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Terry Fox Secondary School

Address
1260 Riverwood Gate
Port Coquitlam, British Columbia, Canada
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Kinesiology is the scientific study of the anatomy, physiology, and mechanics of body movement, especially in humans. [1] The word kinesiology is derived the Greek "kinesis" (motion) + the suffix -ology or -logy from the greek "logos" or "logia"(meaning a field of study).
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