Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton

Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton (1505July 30, 1550) was a politician of the Tudor period, and was created Earl of Southampton in 1547.

Entering the service of Henry VIII at an early age, Wriothesley soon made himself very useful to his royal master, and he was richly rewarded when the monasteries were dissolved, obtaining extensive lands between Southampton and Winchester.

Having been on errands abroad, he was made one of the king's principal secretaries in 1540, and was knighted in the same year; in spite of the fall of his patron, Thomas Cromwell, he rose higher and higher in the royal favour, and in 1542 it was said that he governed almost everything in England. He sought to bring about an alliance between England and Spain in 1543, and was created Baron Wriothesley of Titchfield in 1544.

Having been Lord Privy Seal for a few months, he became Lord Chancellor in 1544, in which capacity he became notorious for his persecution of Anne Askew; some say that he actually operated himself the rack on which Askew was tortured. Certainly he was one of the executors of Henry's will, and in accordance with the dead king's wishes he was created Earl of Southampton in February 1547. However, he had been incautious enough to appoint four persons to relieve him of his duties as Lord Chancellor, and advantage was taken of this to deprive him of his office in March, when he also ceased to be a member of the Privy Council.

Later he was readmitted to the Council, and he took a leading part in bringing about the fall of Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset, but he had not regained his former position when he died. His successor in the earldom was his son, Henry.

Preceded by
The Lord Audley of Walden
Lord Chancellor
1544–1547
Succeeded by
The Lord St John
(Keeper of the Great Seal)'''
Preceded by
New Creation
Earl of SouthamptonSucceeded by
Henry Wriothesley

15th century - 16th century - 17th century
1470s  1480s  1490s  - 1500s -  1510s  1520s  1530s
1502 1503 1504 - 1505 - 1506 1507 1508

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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July 30 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 1419 - First Defenestration of Prague.

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15th century - 16th century - 17th century
1520s  1530s  1540s  - 1550s -  1560s  1570s  1580s
1547 1548 1549 - 1550 - 1551 1552 1553

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics.
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The Tudor dynasty or House of Tudor (Welsh: Tudur) was an English royal dynasty that lasted 118 years, beginning in 1485.
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Henry VIII
King of England, King of Ireland, Prince of Wales

Reign 22 April1509 – 28 January1547
Coronation 24 June 1509
Born 28 May 1491(1491--)
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Dissolution of the Monasteries, referred to by Roman Catholic writers as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the formal process during the English Reformation by which Henry VIII confiscated the property of the monastic institutions in England, Wales and Ireland between
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City of Southampton
The Bargate, Southampton

Sovereign state  United Kingdom
Constituent country  England
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Winchester

Winchester ()
|240px|Winchester (

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Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex (c. 1485 – 28 July 1540) was an English statesman, king Henry VIII of England's chief minister 1532–1540.

Early life

Cromwell was born about 1485 in Putney, the son of Walter Cromwell (c.
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Motto
"Plus Ultra"   (Latin)
"Further Beyond"
Anthem
"Marcha Real" 1
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Titchfield is a village in southern Hampshire, by the River Meon. Close by lie the ruins of Titchfield Abbey, a place with strong associations with Shakespeare, through his patron, the Earl of Southampton.
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Lord Privy Seal or Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal is the fifth of the Great Officers of State in the United Kingdom, ranking beneath the Lord President of the Council and above the Lord Great Chamberlain. The office is one of the traditional sinecure offices of state.
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The Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, or Lord Chancellor is a senior and important functionary in the government of the United Kingdom. He is the second highest ranking of the Great Officers of State and is appointed by the Sovereign on the advice of the Prime Minister.
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Anne Askew (Ayscough) (1521 - 16 July 1546) was an English poet and member of the Reformed Church who was persecuted as a heretic. She is the only woman on record to have been tortured in the Tower of London, before being burned at the stake.
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A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, typically in a monarchy.

The word "privy" means "private" or "secret" thus a privy council was originally a committee of the monarch's closest advisors to give confidential advice on affairs of state.
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Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset (c. 1506 – January 22, 1552) was Lord Protector of England in the period between the death of King Henry VIII in 1547 and his own indictment in 1549. He was born in about 1506 to Sir John Seymour and Margaret Wentworth.
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Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden, KG, PC, KS (c. 1488 – 30 April 1544), Lord Chancellor of England, born in Earls Colne, Essex, the son of Geoffrey Audley, is believed to have studied at Buckingham College, Cambridge.
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The Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, or Lord Chancellor is a senior and important functionary in the government of the United Kingdom. He is the second highest ranking of the Great Officers of State and is appointed by the Sovereign on the advice of the Prime Minister.
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Sir William Paulet (c. 1483 – 10 March 1572) was an English statesman who attained several peerages throughout his lifetime: Baron St John (9 March 1539), Earl of Wiltshire (19 January 1550), and Marquess of Winchester (11 October 1551).
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The title of Earl of Southampton was created three times in the Peerage of England (in 1537, 1544, and 1670). The second creation was associated with a subsidiary title, Baron Wriothesley (created three years earlier). See also Duke of Southampton, Baron Southampton.
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Henry Wriothesley, 2nd Earl of Southampton (24 April 1545 – 4 October 1581) was a British noble.

Henry was the only surviving son of the 1st Earl. His godparents were Henry VIII, Princess Mary, Charles Brandon, and Henry Fitzalan.
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