Tom Mboya

Tom Joseph Odhiambo Mboya (August 15, 1930 - July 5, 1969) was a Kenyan politician during Jomo Kenyatta's government. He was born near Thika town in what was called the White Highlands of Kenya. Mboya was assassinated on July 5, 1969 in Nairobi. A street in Nairobi is named after him.

Education

Mboya was educated at various Catholic mission schools. In 1942 he joined a Catholic Secondary School in Yala, in Nyanza province, St. Mary's School Yala. In 1946 he went to the Holy Ghost College (later Mang'u High School), where he passed well enough to proceed to do his Cambridge School Certificate. In 1948, Mboya joined the Royal Sanitary Institute's Medical Training School for Sanitary Inspectors at Nairobi, qualifying as an inspector in 1950. In 1955 he received a scholarship from the British Trades Union Congress to attend Ruskin College, Oxford, where he studied industrial management. Upon his graduation in 1956, he returned to Kenya and joined politics at a time when the British government was gaining control over the Mau Mau uprising.

Politics

Mboya's political life started immediately after he was employed at Nairobi City Council as a sanitary inspector in 1950. A year after joining African Staff Association, he was elected its president and immediately embarked at molding the association into a trade union named Kenya Labour Workers Union. This made his employer suspicious, and in 1953 he was dismissed. He however was able to continue working for Kenya Labour Workers Union as a secretary-general, before his studies in Britain. Upon returning from Britain, he contested and won a seat against incumbent C.M.G.Argwings-Kodhek to become the first African to join the colonial Legislative Council. In 1957, he became dissatisfied with the low number of African leaders (only eight out of fifty at the time) in Legislative council and decided to form his own party, the People's Congress Party.

At that time, Mboya developed a close relationship with Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, who like Mboya was a Pan-Africanist. In 1958, during the All-Africa Peoples Conference in Ghana, convened by Kwame Nkurumah, Mboya was elected the Conference Chairman at the tender age of 28.

In 1960, Mboya's People's Congress Party joined with Kenya African Union and Kenya Independent Movement to form Kenya African National Union (KANU) in an attempt to form a party that would transcend tribal politics, and as a preparation for the Lancaster House Conference held at Lancaster House in London where Kenya's constitutional framework and independence were to be negotiated. As secretary general of KANU, Mboya headed the Kenyan delegates. After Kenya's independence in 1963, Mboya was elected an MP for Nairobi Central Constituency (today: Kamukunji Constituency)[1] and became Minister of Justice and Constitutional Affairs, and later Minister for Economic Planning and Development. In this role, he wrote the important Sessional Paper 10 on Harambee and the Principles of African Socialism (adopted by Parliament in 1964), giving a model of government based on African values.

Death

He retained the portfolio as Minister for Economic Planning and Development until his death when he was gunned down by Nahashon Isaac Njenga Njoroge, who was convicted for the murder and later hanged. After his arrest, Njoroge asked: "Why don't you go after the big man?"[1]. Who he meant by "the big man" was never divulged, which has led to much speculation, as Mboya was seen as a possible contender for the presidency. During Mboya's burial, a mass demonstration against the attendance of President Jomo Kenyatta led to a big skirmish, with two people shot dead. The demonstrators believed that Kenyatta was involved in the death of Mboya, to eliminate him as a threat to his political career, though this is still a disputed matter.

Mboya left behind a wife and five children. Tom Mboya has a mausoleum located in Rusinga Island. It was built in 1970 [2].

References

1. ^ Center for Multiparty Democracy: Politics and Paliamenterians in Kenya 1944-2007
2. ^ Daily Nation, Weekend Magazine, September 05, 2003: Tombs where great men lie

External links

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Motto
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"Let us all pull together"
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Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu
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Jomo Kenyatta (October 20, 1889 – August 22, 1978) served as the first Prime Minister (1963–1964) and President (1964–1978) of Kenya. He is considered the founding father of the Kenyan nation.
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Thika is a market town in Central Province, Kenya, lying on the A2 road 40 km north east of Nairobi, and on the Thika River. Thika has a population of 88,265 (1999 census)[1] and is growing rapidly, like the entire greater Nairobi area.
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The term White Highlands describes an area in the central uplands of Kenya, so-called because, during the period of British Colonialism, white immigrants settled there in considerable numbers particularly to take advantage of the good soils and growing conditions, as well as the
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Mang'u High School is a famous national high school in Kenya started in 1925 by the Holy Ghost Fathers at Kabaa. In 1939, the school was moved to a new site at Mang'u Village on twenty-two acres of land and because of accessibility it became known as Mang'u
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Ruskin College is an independent educational institution in Oxford, England, but is not part of the University of Oxford. However strong relations with the University allow special privileges such as attending lectures and the use of most facilities.
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Mau Mau redirects here. For other possible meanings, see Mau Mau (disambiguation).


Mau Mau Uprising

Date 1952 - 1960
Location Kenya

Result British military victory and eventual Kenyan democracy.
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Africa is the world's second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. At about 30,221,532 km² (11,668,545 sq mi) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of the Earth's total surface area, and 20.4% of the total land area.
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Kwame Nkrumah (September 21, 1909 - April 27, 1972)[1], one of the most influential Pan-Africanists of the 20th century, served as the founder, and first President of Ghana.
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Kenya African Union (KAU) (originally called Kenya African Study Union) was a political organization formed in 1944 to articulate Kenyan grievances against the British colonial administration of the time.
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The Kenya African National Union, better known as KANU, ruled Kenya for nearly 40 years after its independence from British colonial rule in 1963, until its electoral loss at the end of 2002. It was known as Kenya African Union before it was renamed in 1960.
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Lancaster House conferences were three meetings (1960, 1962, 1963) in which Kenya's constitutional framework and independence were negotiated.
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Kamukunji Constituency is an electoral constituency in Kenya. It is one of eight constituencies of Nairobi Province. It consists of central to eastern areas of Nairobi. Kamukunji constituency has common boundaries with Pumwani Division of Nairobi.
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mausoleum (plural: mausolea) is an external free-standing building constructed as a monument enclosing the interment space or burial chamber of a deceased person or persons.
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Rusinga Island, with an elongated shape approx. 10 miles (16 km) from end to end and 3 miles (5 km) at its widest point, lies in the eastern part of Lake Victoria at the mouth of the Winam Gulf. Part of Kenya, it is linked to Mbita Point on the mainland by a causeway.
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