Toyota Corolla

Toyota Corolla
Enlarge picture
2003 Corolla LE (US)
ManufacturerToyota, NUMMI
Production1966 - Present
PredecessorToyota Publica
SuccessorToyota Auris (hatchback, except Australia)
ClassSubcompact (1966-1987)
Compact (1988-present)
The Toyota Corolla is a compact car produced by the Japanese automaker Toyota, which has become very popular throughout the world since the nameplate was first introduced in 1966. In 1997, the Corolla became the bestselling car in the world, with over 30 million sold as of 2007.[1] Over the past 40 years, one Toyota Corolla car has been sold on average every 40 seconds.[2]

Corollas are currently manufactured in Japan, the United States (Fremont, California), the United Kingdom (Derbyshire), Canada (Cambridge, Ontario), Malaysia, China (Tianjin), Taiwan, Pakistan, South Africa, Brazil, Turkey, Philippines, Thailand, Venezuela, and India.

The Corolla's chassis designation code is "E", as described in Toyota's chassis and engine codes.

Alternative versions

Using the Corolla chassis

A slightly upmarket version called the Toyota Sprinter was sold in the Japanese home market. It was replaced in 2001 by the Toyota Allex, which was then replaced by the Toyota Blade in 2006. There have also been several models over the years, including the Corolla Ceres (and similar Sprinter Marino) hardtop, Corolla Levin and Sprinter Trueno sports coupés and hatchbacks, and the Corolla FX hatchback, which became the Corolla Runx. The Runx was replaced by the Auris in 2006.

Over the years, there have been rebadged versions of the Corolla, sold by General Motors, including the 1980s' Holden Nova of Australia, and the Sprinter-based Chevrolet Nova, Geo Prizm then Chevrolet Prizm of the United States. The Corolla liftback (TE72) of Toyota Australia was at one point badged the T-18. The five-door liftback was sold with the Corolla Seca name in Australia and the nameplate survived on successive five-door models. The Daihatsu Charmant was produced with the E30 through E70 series.

The Chevrolet Nova was based on E80 Japanese Sprinter sedan and five-door liftback. The Geo/Chevrolet Prizm was produced with the E90 through E110 series.

Using the Corolla name

The Toyota Tercel was a front wheel drive spin-off of the rear wheel drive Corolla introduced in 1980, called the Corolla Tercel which later became its own model in 1983.

The Tercel Chassis was used again for the Corolla II hatchback. There will be a redesigned Corolla soon.

First Generation — E10 series — October 1966

First generation
Enlarge picture
First generation 1969 Toyota Corolla
Production1966-1970
AssemblyToyota City, Japan
Port Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Body style(s)2-door coupe
4-door sedan
4-door station wagon
LayoutFR layout
Engine(s)1.1L I4
1.2L I4
Transmission(s)4-speed manual
2-speed automatic
Wheelbase90.0 in (2286 mm)

Japan (1966-1970)

The Corolla was launched in Japan in October 1966. Eiji Toyoda said it worked hard to create popular demand, and disputes that Toyota rode a wave of private car ownership that was taking off in the mid-1960s. Its major competitor was the Datsun 1000, released a few months before the Corolla.

The initial car, the KE1x series was small, with a 90 in (2286 mm) wheelbase.

Transmission was by a 4-speed floor shift manual transmission or a 2-speed floor or column shift automatic transmission, with rear wheel drive. At the time, floor shift transmissions were considered only for trucks and 4 speeds implied that the engine didn't have enough torque to drive through only 3 gears (more torque allows each gear to have a wider spread of engine revolutions, thus requiring less gears). This was a big risk for Toyota but the effectiveness of the new system gained in popularity.

The suspension in front was MacPherson struts supported by a transverse leaf spring beneath the engine cross-member, with leaf springs connected to a solid axle in back.

The engine was originally meant to be for the under 1000 cc tax class but was changed late in the design process to be 1077 cc in order to beat the forthcoming Datsun 1000. This put it into a higher tax class but this gave it some prestige over the Datsun 1000 - helped by its "100 cc advantage" advertising campaign. In August 1969 the engine was upgraded to 1166 cc. Special twin carburetter K-B (1077 cc) and 3K-B (1166 cc) engines were used in the SL grade models for an extra 13 hp.

Japanese engines:
  • 1K — 1.1 L (1077 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 60 hp (44 kW)
  • 1K-B — 1.1 L (1077 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, twin carb, 73 hp (54 kW)
  • 3K — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 65 hp (48 kW)
  • 3K-B — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, twin carb
JPN-market chassis:
  • E-10 — 1077 cc Sedan (2-door/4-door)
  • E-15 — 1077 cc Hardtop coupé
  • E-16 — 1077 cc Wagon, 2-door
  • E-11 — 1166 cc Sedan (2-door/4-door)
  • E-17 — 1166 cc Hardtop coupé
  • E-18 — 1166 cc Wagon, 2-door

USA (1968-1970)

Toyota has been almost steadfast in facelifting each generation after two years, and replacing it with an all-new model every four years. Exports to the United States began in March 1968 at about US$1,700.

American engines:
  • 1K — 1.1 L (1077 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 60 hp (44 kW)
  • 3K — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 65 hp (48 kW)
US-market chassis:
  • E-10 — 1077 cc Sedan (2-door/4-door)
  • E-15 — 1077 cc Hardtop coupé
  • E-16 — 1077 cc Wagon, 2-door
  • E-11 — 1166 cc Sedan (2-door/4-door)
  • E-17 — 1166 cc Hardtop coupé
  • E-18 — 1166 cc Wagon, 2-door

Australia (1966-1970)

The first export market for the Corolla was Australia in November 1966. Australia received right hand drive versions of the same models as America .

Second Generation — E20 series — 1970

Second generation
Enlarge picture
Second generation Toyota Corolla
Production1970-1978
AssemblyToyota City, Japan
Port Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Body style(s)2-door coupe
4-door sedan
3-door station wagon
5-door station wagon
5-door van
LayoutFR layout
Engine(s)1.2L I4
1.4L I4
1.6L I4
Wheelbase91.9 in (2334 mm)


The second-generation KE2# / TE2# model, launched 1970, had "coke-bottle" styling. It had a longer 91.9 in (2334 mm) wheelbase. The front suspension design was improved greatly, using a swaybar, however the rear remained relatively the same. The Corolla became the second-best selling car in the world that year. Grades for sedan were Standard, Deluxe, and Hi-Deluxe. The coupé was offered in Deluxe, SL, SR, and Levin as well as Sprinter variants. The Sprinter Trueno was equivalent to the Corolla Levin.

The TE27 Levin is featured in Auto Modellista, a racing video game by Capcom.

Minor changes were made for the 1973 model year with a new grille, turn signal lights, and tail lights, along with similar treatment to the Sprinter.

Japan (1970-1978)

Most models stopped production in July 1974 but the KE26 wagon and van were still marketed in Japan after the 30-series was introduced.

Japanese engines:
  • T — 1.4 L (1407 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 86 hp (63 kW)
  • T-D — 1.4 L (1407 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 90 hp (66 kW)
  • T-B — 1.4 L (1407 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, twin carb,
  • 2T — 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 75 hp (56 kW)
  • 2T-B — 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, twin carb
  • 2T-G — 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 8-valve DOHC, twin carb, 115 hp (86 kW)
  • 3K — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 55 hp (41 kW)
  • 3K-D — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 73 hp (54 kW)
  • 3K-B — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, twin carb, 77 hp (57 kW)
JPN-market chassis:
  • KE20 — 1166 cc Sedan, 2-door/4-door (Std, DX, Hi-DX)
  • TE20 — 1407 cc Sedan, 2-door/4-door (Std, DX, Hi-DX)
  • KE25 — 1166 cc Hardtop coupé (DX, Hi-DX, SL)
  • TE25 — 1407 cc Hardtop coupé (DX, Hi-DX, SL, SR)
  • KE26 — 1166 cc Wagon, 3-door/5-door
  • TE27 — 1588 cc Hardtop Coupé (Levin/Trueno twincam)

USA (1971-1974)

The Japan chassis models were all available in USA. A 1.6 L (1588 cc/96 in³) 102 hp (76 kW) engine came in 1971, quite impressive for the time, and a sporty hardtop coupé called the SR5 (also known as the Levin in Japan) was introduced in 1973. In 1974, the SR5 was entered by Car & Driver magazine's team in SCCA competition.

American engines:
  • 2T-C — 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 102 hp (76 kW)
  • 3K-C — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 55 hp (41 kW)
US-market chassis: TE21 — Sedan, 2-door/4-door (Std, DX, Hi-DX) TE26 — Wagon, DX TE27 — Hardtop coupé (SR5)

Third generation — E30, E40, E50 series — April 1974

Third generation
Enlarge picture
1976 Toyota Corolla, European version
Production1974-1981
AssemblyToyota City, Japan
Port Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Body style(s)2-door coupe
4-door sedan
2-door hardtop coupé
3-door station wagon
5-door station wagon
5-door van
LayoutFR layout
Engine(s)1.2L I4
1.4L I4
1.6L I4
Transmission(s)2-speed automatic
3-speed automatic
4-speed manual
5-speed manual
RelatedDaihatsu Charmant

Japan (1974-1979)

The third-generation Toyota Corolla, built from 1974 to 1979 (worldwide versions) (KE3x/KE5x), marked Toyota's greatest growth in the United States in the wake of the fuel crisis. In addition to the Sprinter, there was a redesigned-body version built by Toyota affiliate Daihatsu, called the Daihatsu Charmant. While there were certain fourth-generation models with a longer model life, this generation, when considered as a whole, was the longest-lived one, possibly due to the worldwide recession in the 1970s. A large range of cars were built using this chassis, including Corollas, Sprinters, Daihatsu, and the sporty Levin and Trueno models with the DOHC motor.

The 3K engine was used in certain markets and later the 4K, while most Japanese and American models had the bigger 2T engine. A "Toyoglide" 2/3-speed automatic transmission was added as well as a four-speed and five-speed manual transmission, driving to the rear wheels. A three-door "liftback" (E50) and sports coupé (E51) was added in 1976. The E40 and E60 series were assigned to the Sprinter variants.

Japanese engines:
  • 2T-G — 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 8-valve DOHC, carb, 124 hp (93 kW)
  • 2T-C — 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 75 hp (56 kW)
  • 3K-C — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 55 hp (41 kW)
JPN-market chassis:

USA (1975-1979)

Road & Track was critical of the 1975 Corolla, calling it "large and heavy" and "expensive" compared to the Honda Civic and Datsun B210. They also criticized the "relatively crude rear suspension", lack of interior space, and poor fuel economy when compared to the VW Rabbit. The base model cost US$ 2711 in 1975, but only the $2989 "deluxe" model had features comparable to the contemporary pack.

Emissions became a problem further into the 1970s especially with the 4K engine, which became popular because of its low fuel consumption. In later versions of the K engine with emissions equipment, only 60 hp (45 kW) was produced, despite a greater 1290 cc displacement.

The E30 series 2T-C engines outmatched rival Datsun B210's engine output.

American engines:
  • 2T-C — 1.6 L (1588 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 75 hp (56 kW)
  • 3K-C — 1.2 L (1166 cc) I4, 8-valve OHV, carb, 55 hp (41 kW)
US-market chassis:
  • E-31Sedan, 2-door/4-door (Std, DX,)
  • E-38Wagon, 5-door (Std, DX)
  • E-37 — Hardtop coupé (DX, SR5)
  • E-51Sports coupé (Std, SR5)
  • E-51Liftback, 3-door (Std, SR5)

Australia (1974-1981)

The Corolla was manufactured in Australia at AMI-Toyota's Port Melbourne production facility. It was a popular car on the Australian market and most bodystyles available elsewhere were utilized. All variants originally came with Toyota's 1166cc 3K motor, which was replaced later by a 1.3L version.

Due to the expenditure of manufacturing of the car in Australia, the production continued for several years after it was replaced by the next generation model everywhere else. A facelift was given to the range in late 1980, giving the car a new grille and rectangular headlamps, however it could not conceal the car's dated styling. Production continued until September 1981, when the already aged fourth-generation Corolla range replaced it.

Australian-market chassis:
  • E31Sedan, 2-door/4-door
  • E38Wagon, 3-door van or 5-door wagon
  • E37 — Hardtop coupé

Gallery


Toyota Corolla Deluxe 2-door (US)

Latin America Spec. 1978 Toyota Corolla "Deluxe".


Fourth generation — E70 series — 1979-1987

Fourth generation
Enlarge picture
Toyota Corolla KE70 coupé
Production1979-1983
AssemblyToyota City, Japan
Port Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Body style(s)2-door coupe
4-door sedan
2-door hardtop coupé
3-door liftback
3-door station wagon
5-door station wagon
5-door van
LayoutFR layout
Engine(s)1.3L I4
1.6L I4
1.8L I4
Wheelbase94.5 in (2400 mm)
RelatedDaihatsu Charmant
The fourth-generation model released in 1979 in Japan, was boxy and was the last generation to have the entire lineup in rear-wheel-drive. Although most of the fourth generation was replaced by 1984, the station wagon and van versions were offered into 1987.

This generation (apart from the wagon) got a new rear coil spring five-link rear end with a panhard rod, and the wheelbase was longer at 94.5 in (2400 mm). A new underwhelming 1.8 L (1770 cc/108 in³) 3T engine was optional to some markets, whilst parts of the world retained the old 4K. The most notable engine advancement came in 1983, however, as Toyota began offering the 1.6 L (1587 cc/96 in³) 4A-C. The aluminum head, SOHC engine, although bulkier in size and weight than the K and T engines it was offered alongside, was a grand step up in performance. This would be the last generation of Corollas to use any pushrod or iron cylinder head engines, as Toyota made the decision to focus exclusively on aluminium head, OHC engine design from this point forward. This was the first generation to have power steering. In the USDM market, this was introduced in the 1982 model year. The 1980-81 models had 4 lamps in the front in some markets, all 1982-83 models have 2 - a facelift involving wraparound headlights, remodeled taillights and new bumpers were introduced in the year 1982.

In 1980, during this model's life, Corolla daily production reached an all-time high, averaging 2,346 units.

American engines:
  • 3T-C — 1.8 L (1770 cc) I4, 8-valve Pushrod, carb, 75 hp (56 kW)
  • 4A-C — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 90 hp (67 kW)
Australian engines:
  • 4K-C — 1.3 L (1290 cc) I4, 8-valve Pushrod, carb, 65 hp
  • 4A-C — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 90 hp (67 kW)
Japanese engines:
  • 4K-U — 1.3 L (1290 cc) I4, 8-valve Pushrod, carb, 74 hp
  • 5K-C — 1.5 L (1495 cc) I4, 8-valve Pushrod, carb
  • 3A-U — 1.5 L (1490 cc) I4, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 80 hp
  • 2T-G — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 8-valve DOHC, EFI, 115 hp
US-market chassis:

Fifth generation — E80 series — 1983

Fifth generation
Enlarge picture
Corolla hatchback (US)
Also calledToyota AE86 Sprinter Levin / Trueno
Chevrolet Nova
Toyota Corolla Sprinter
Production1983-1987
AssemblyToyota City, Japan
Fremont, California (FX)
Santa Rosa, Laguna, Philippines
Durban, South Africa
Body style(s)4-door sedan
3-door hatchback
2-door coupé
3-door liftback
4-door station wagon.
LayoutFront engine, front-wheel drive / rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Engine(s)1.3L I4
1.6L I4
Diesel: 1.8L I4
Transmission(s)3-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Wheelbase95.6 in (2428 mm)
FX: 95.7 in (2431 mm)
Length167.5 in (4254 mm)
FX: 160.0 in (4064 mm)
Width65.1 in (1654 mm)
FX: 65.2 in (1656 mm)
Height52.3 in (1328 mm)
FX: 53.0 in (1346 mm)
FX16: 52.8 in (1341 mm)
Curb weight1047 kg (2304 lb)
RelatedDaihatsu Charade
Toyota Celica
Toyota Tercel
Toyota Cressida
Chevrolet Nova


The fifth generation is generally regarded as the most popular Corolla when measured against its contemporaries, and some 3.3 million units were produced. This model, from 1983, moved the Corolla into front wheel drive, except for the AE85 and AE86 Corolla Levin / Sprinter Trueno models (SR-5 / GT-S in USA) which continued on the older rear wheel drive platform, along with the three-door "liftback" (E72), three-door van (E70) and five-door wagon (E70) of the previous generation, that were still being produced.

The front-wheel-drive wheelbase was now 95.6 in (2428 mm).

It was the first Corolla to top the New Zealand top-10 lists, ending Ford's dominance of that market. A "short" hatchback range, called the Corolla FX in Japan and the Corolla Compact in Germany, arrived in 1984, on the front-wheel-drive platform. The three and five-door hatchbacks resembled the Corolla sedan with a truncated rear deck and trunk. Although there was a five-door liftback model of the basic Corolla, the FX-based hatchback was sold alongside it. The Corolla FX replaced the Toyota Starlet in North America.

A DOHC 16-valve engine, designated 4A-GE, was added in 1983 on the rear-drive cars. It was a 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4 and produced an impressive 124 hp (92 kW), turning the Levin/Trueno (Japan), Corolla GT coupé (Europe) and Corolla GT-S into a popular sports car. This engine was also combined with the front-drive transaxle to power the mid-engined Toyota MR-2.

The Sprinter sports cars, in two-door coupé and three-door liftback forms, were notable for the line's first use of pop-up headlamps, which the equivalent Corolla Levin sports models did not have. These AE86 models have been immortalized in the anime series Initial D, and have been also featured in the computer and video games , Gran Turismo 1, 2, 3 & 4, the Tokyo Extreme Racer series, Auto Modellista, and most recently ''.

A new Corolla FX, built at the US NUMMI plant, appeared in 1987. It was available with either SOHC or DOHC engines, the latter marketed as the FX-16. From 1985 to 1988, NUMMI built a rebadged version of the Corolla, sold by Chevrolet as the Chevrolet Nova. Nova's successor, the Geo Prizm was another rebadged Corolla selling in the United States from 1989 to 2002.

USA (1984-1987)

American engines: US-market chassis:
  • AE82FWD sedan, 2-door/4-door, hatchback(Std, LE, LE Ltd, SR-5) 3-door (FX/FX16)
  • AE844WD 5-door wagon (Std, DX)
  • AE86RWD coupé 2-door, 3-door hatchback (SR5)
  • AE88RWD coupé 2-door, 3-door hatchback, (GT-S)

Europe (1984-1987)

European engines
  • 2A 1.3 L, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 69 hp
  • 4A 1.6 L, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 84 hp
  • 4A-GE 1.6 L I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 121 hp (86 kW)
  • 1C 1.8 L, Diesel, Mechanical Injection, 58 hp
  • 2E 1.3 L, 12-valve SOHC, carb, 75 hp
European-market chassis:

Australia (1984-1987)

Australian engines: Australian-market chassis:

Gallery


Toyota Corolla AE80 (Sweden)

Toyota Corolla AE86 GT-S, heavily modified from stock (USA)

1985 Toyota Corolla sedan (Australia)

US-spec Corolla hatchback


Sixth generation — E90 series — May 1987

Sixth generation
Enlarge picture
US-spec E90 Corolla
ManufacturerToyota
NUMMI
Also calledGeo Prizm
Holden Nova
Toyota Corolla Sprinter
Toyota Trueno (2-door coupe, 3-door hatchback)
Production1987-1992
AssemblyCambridge, Ontario, Canada
Fremont, California
Toyota City, Japan
Durban, South Africa
Santa Rosa, Laguna, Philippines
Body style(s)4-door sedan
3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
4-door coupé
3-door liftback
4-door station wagon
LayoutFront engine, front-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Engine(s)Gasoline: 1.3L I4
1.5 I4
1.6L I4
Diesel: 2.0L I4
Transmission(s)3-speed automatic
4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Wheelbase95.7 in (2431 mm)
LengthSedan: 170.3 in (4326 mm)
Liftback & Coupe: 172.2 in (4374 mm)
Wagon: 172.0 in (4369 mm)/171.5 in (4356 mm)
Width65.2 in (1656 mm)
1988 Liftback, Wagon & Coupe: 65.6 in (1666 mm)
Height1988 Sedan: 52.2 in (1326 mm)
Liftback & Coupe: 49.6 in (1260 mm)
1989-1992 Sedan: 52.4 in (1331 mm)
AWD Sedan: 53.0 in (1346 mm)
FWD Wagon: 54.5 in (1384 mm)
AWD Wagon: 55.7 in (1415 mm)
Curb weight1086 kg (2390 lb)
RelatedToyota Corolla Sprinter
Toyota Celica
Toyota Tercel
Daihatsu Charade
Toyota Cressida
Holden Nova
Geo Prizm


All Corollas were front-drive for 1987, with production beginning in May 1987. For general export, the trim levels are Base, XL, GL, SE, and SE Limited. The GT-i was sold in limited numbers in certain countries. The all wheel drive Sprinter Carib wagon used a solid axle rear suspension with coil springs, while the rest used struts all around. The 4WD wagon was sold from 1988 to 1994 and had different bodywork to other Corollas. It was called the All-Trac in the US and sold with the Tercel or Corolla name in some countries. in general, all models depart from the previous generation's boxy styling, for a more contemporary look and improved aerodynamics.

The Sprinter five-door liftback was called Cielo in Japan, and re-badged as the Corolla in Europe, though for a period in Ireland (and possibly elsewhere) it was badged the "Sprinter GLS", unusually in cheap-looking decals instead of the metallic-coated plastic badges found on all other Toyotas of the time.

High performance GT-i models are powered by 4A-GE, and offered as 3-door hatchback, sedan, and 5-door liftback. The North American GT-S coupé shared the same engine.

This was awarded the 1988 Semperit Irish Car of the Year.

South Africa (1996-2006)

A facelifted version of the sixth-generation five-door hatchback was made in South Africa as an entry-level model called the Toyota Tazz from 1996 until July 5, 2006. The Tazz was offered as 130, and 160i. Whilst the three-door was sold as a panel van model there, called the Toyota Carri.

Japan (1987—1991)

The 1.3 liter sedan has 4 speed manual transmission or 3 speed automatic transmission. The only model with 1.5 liter 5A-FHE was SE-Limited G. The 4WD sedan is powered by 1.6 liter 4A-FE. The Sprinter sedan has opera window on the C-Pillar.

The AE92 Levin and Trueno were also fitted with a supercharged engine. It used an SC12 roots type supercharger and a top mounted intercooler that was fed cool air via a scoop on the bonnet. They generated 206 Nm (152 ft·lbf) at 4,400 rpm as opposed to the N/a 4A-GE's 136 Nm (100 ft·lbf) at 4,800 rpm. The Corolla and Sprinter commercial van have recessed headlights.

JPN-market chassis:
  • AE82 — Hatchback FX, FX16, FX16 GTS 1.6 liter
  • EE90 — Sedan 4-door (DX Custom, TX) 1.3 liter
  • AE91 — Sedan 4-door (DX, SE, SE Limited G), wagon 5-door 1.5 liter
  • AE92 — 2 door coupé (Levin), Sedan 4-door (SE Limited, GT) 1.6 liter
  • AE944WD sedan 4-door (DX, SE Limited) 1.6 liter
  • AE95 — FWD/4WD wagon 5-door (Carib)
  • EE97 — FWD wagon 5-door (Std, XL) 1.3 liter
Japanese engines:
  • 2E — 1.3 liter
  • 5A-F — 1.5 liter
  • 5A-FHE — 1.5 liter
  • 4A-FE — 1.6 liter
  • 4A-GE — 1.6 liter
  • 4A-GZE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, wide valve angle, supercharger, 165 hp (121 kW) GT-Z

USA (1988-1992)

North American production of the sedan took place at NUMMI and Cambridge, Ontario, Canada. These two plants made 279,000 units, making a total of 4.5 million of this generation (AE92) made. The North American models depart from the previous generation's boxy styling, for a more contemporary look and improved aerodynamics. They feature longer bumpers and small red indicator lights on the quarter panels.

Minor changes for 1991 model years were Toyota (T) ellipse emblem on the grille, all-red tail lights, door-mounted and manual lap front seat belts, and new wheelcovers for DX. Rear garnish was deleted for the Base model. The LE was only available with automatic transmission.

The North American Corolla coupé with retractable headlights was basically a Sprinter Trueno with different front corner lights and longer bumpers. Trim levels are SR5 and GT-S. The GT-S is powered by 4A-GE engine, and comes with full body kits.

The four-wheel drive All-trac wagon in Base and SR5 trim levels were sold from 1988 to 1992 and had different bodywork to other Corollas. The Corolla All-trac sedan was sold in very small numbers.

The Geo Prizm shared a slightly different body with the Japan-market Sprinter, and built as sedan and liftback. These models were slightly more basic than their Europe/Japan versions.

American engines:
  • 4A-F — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, carb, 95 hp (71 kW)
  • 4A-FE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, narrow valve angle, 102 hp (76 kW)
  • 4A-GE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, wide valve angle, 115 hp (86 kW) GT-S
US-market chassis & VIN code: The Japanese built has JT2 VIN prefix, the NUMMI made has 1NX VIN prefix and the Cambridge built units have the 2T1 prefix.
  • AE92 — Sedan 4-door Std (AE91), DX (AE94), LE (AE97)
  • AE92 — Coupé 2-door SR5 (AE96), GT-S (AE98)
  • AE9? — FWD wagon 5-door DX (AE94)
  • AE954WD sedan 4-door All-Trac (AE94)
  • AE95 — FWD/4WD wagon 5-door Std, DX, All-Trac (AE95)

Europe (1988-1992)

European engines:
  • 2E — 1.3 L (1295 cc), 12-valve SOHC, carb, 74 hp (55 kW)
  • 4A-F — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, carb, 95 hp (71 kW)
  • 4A-FE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, narrow valve angle, 102 hp (76 kW)
  • 4A-GE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, wide valve angle, 115 hp (86 kW) GT-S
  • 1C-III — 1.8 L (1839 cc) I4 diesel, OHC, 67 hp (50 kW)
European-market chassis:
  • EE90 — 1.3 Sedan 4-door (XL,GL)
  • AE92 - 1.6 Sedan 4-door (GL, GLi, XLi)
  • AE92 — 1.6 Hatchback 3-door (GT-i)
  • Liftback 5-door based on Sprinter sedan (XL, GL, GT)
The European model Corolla 4-door sedan, 3 and 5-door hatchback, and the wagon basically has the front end of the Japan-spec Corolla FX, except for the all white clearance lights and the "TOYOTA" or the ellipse emblem instead of the "FX" or "GT" of the Japanese model. It has the standard side marker lights and the taillight with the integrated rear foglamp (except for the wagon, which has the rear foglamp on the tailgate.) It also has headlight washers on the XL and the XLi models.

Australia (1988-1994)

Australian engines:
  • 4A-F — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, carb, 95 hp (71 kW) CS, CSX & Spirit
  • 4A-FE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, narrow valve angle, 102 hp (76 kW) XL, SR5, CSi, CSi Limited, Olympic Spirit
  • 4A-GE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, wide valve angle, 135 hp (100 kW) SX & GTi
  • 6A-FC — 1.4 L (1397 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, carb, narrow valve angle, 81 hp (60 kW) SE
  • 7A-FE — 1.8 L (1762 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, narrow valve angle, 115 hp (85 kW) Seca RV & Seca Ultima
Australian-market chassis:
  • E-90 — Sedan, Hatchback (SE)
  • E-92 — Sedan, Hatchback, Seca (CS, CSX, Spirit, SE, SX)
  • E-93 — Hatchback, Seca (SX, GTi)
  • E-94 — Sedan, Hatchback, Seca (CSi, CSi Limited, Ultima)
  • E-95 — Wagon (XL, SR5, CSi, Olympic Spirit)
  • E-96 — Seca (RV, Ultima)
Note:
  • Liftbacks were referred to as Secas on the Australian market
  • All 6th generation Corollas were 4 door on the Australian market
  • The Sprinter Carib Wagon was released in mid 1988, Hatchback, Seca & Sedan released mid 1989
  • SX is generally AE93 although on rare occasions they are found to be AE92R
  • The facelift series 2 models were released in October 1992
  • 6AFC was only found in SE hatchbacks and early SE Sedans
  • 7AFE corollas were AE94 Ultimas in early 1992 and AE96 Ultimas & RV's in late 92 onwards

Gallery


1987 Toyota Sprinter

Toyota Corolla AE92(North American Model)

Toyota Corolla wagon


Seventh generation — E100 series — June 1991

Seventh generation
Enlarge picture
1993-1995 Toyota Corolla sedan (US)
ManufacturerToyota
NUMMI
Production1991-1997
AssemblyCambridge, Ontario, Canada
Fremont, California
Toyota City, Japan
Durban, South Africa
Santa Rosa, Laguna, Philippines
Body style(s)4-door sedan
3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
2-door coupé
3-door liftback
4-door station wagon
LayoutFF layout
Engine(s)Gasoline: 1.3L I4
1.5L I4
1.6L I4
1.8L I4
Diesel: 2.0L I4
Transmission(s)3-speed automatic
4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
6-speed manual
Wheelbase97.0 in (2464 mm)
Length172.0 in (4369 mm)
Width66.3 in (1684 mm)
HeightSedan: 53.5 in (1359 mm)
Wagon: 55.3 in (1405 mm)
Curb weight1052 kg (2315 lb)
RelatedGeo Prizm
Toyota RAV4
Toyota Sprinter
Toyota Celica
Toyota Paseo
Toyota Starlet


The next Corolla (AE10x/EE10x) was larger, heavier, and visually more aerodynamic than the model it replaced, with development chief Dr. Akihiko Saito wanting to develop a 'mini-Lexus', after success with that range's flagship. With its 2465 mm (97 in) wheelbase, the Corolla had moved into the compact size class once occupied by the Toyota Corona and Toyota Camry. The coupé was dropped for North America, replaced by the Paseo.

The Corolla sedan is nicknamed "Great Corolla" in Indonesia. Initially the trim levels were 1.3 SE and 1.6 SE-G. The smaller engine model was replaced by 1.6 SE in 1994.

The 1.3 XLi, 1.5 GLi sedan, wagon, and Levin 1.5 SJ coupé were sold in Hong Kong.

In the Philippines, three variants were sold, XL and XE with 1.3-liter carbureted (2E) engines, and the GLi, with a 1.6-liter fuel-injected motor (4A-FE). The top model was offered in both manual and automatic transmissions. The Corolla was also the first 1.6-liter car to introduce 14-inch alloy wheels to the country in 1992. Other pioneer features that followed were rear seatbelts (late 1994) and a driver's airbag (late 1995).

Japan (1991-1996)

This model was not as successful compared to previous series due to a rising yen and home-market recession, blunting demand. The standard Corolla model range included the 5 door hatch back and lift back models, 2 door hatch back and the 4 door sedan and station wagon models. Also returning in this model line were the two-door coupés, the Trueno and the Levin. A 4WD variant of the sedan and station wagon were also available with a 1.6 liter gasoline or 2.0 liter diesel engine. Minor face lift changes were introduced in May of 1993 these included a new grille, a reconfiguration of the rear lamps and various bits of trim and garnish. Various submodels including the 4-door hardtop Corolla Ceres and Sprinter Marino were also available. They bore no real exterior resemblance but feature the chassis and most of the engine range of the standard Corollas.

Japanese engines:
  • 4E-FE — 1.3 L (1331 cc) I4 cylinder 16v DOHC 97 ps
  • 5E-FE — 1.5 L (1497 cc) I4 cylinder 16v DOHC 105 ps
  • 5A-FE — 1.5 L (1498 cc) I4 cylinder 16v DOHC 105 ps
  • 4A-FE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4 cylinder 16v DOHC 115 ps
  • 4A-GE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4 cylinder 20v DOHC VVT 160 ps
  • 2C — 2.0 L Diesel (1974 cc) I4 cylinder SOHC 73 ps
Japanese manual transaxles:
  • C40 4M/T
  • C51 5M/T
  • C52 5M/T
  • C50 5M/T
  • C56 5M/T
  • C160 6M/T
  • S50 5M/T
  • E59F 5M/T
  • E55F 5M/T (4WD)
Japanese automatic transaxles:
  • A240L 4A/T
  • A254E 4A/T
  • A246E 4A/T
  • A241L 4A/T
  • A132L 3A/T
  • A241H 4A/T (4WD)
JPN-market chassis: The following list is not complete or inclusive.
  • EE100 — 1.3 liter sedan (DX, LX, XE).
  • EE104 - 1.3 liter wagon.
  • AE100 — 1.5 liter sedan (DX, LX, XE, SE-Limited), and coupé (Levin / Trueno S).
  • AE101 — 1.6 liter sedan (SE-G, GT), FX hatchback (SJ, GT), Wagon (BZ-Touring), hardtop Ceres, and coupé (Levin / Trueno SJ, GT, GT APEX, GT-Z).
  • CE100 - 2L diesel sedan
  • AE104 — 1.6 liter sedan 4WD (LX Limited, XE, SE Limited).
  • CE104 - diesel sedan 4WD
  • CE106 — Wagon, 5-door, Diesel.
  • CE109 - Highroof Van, 5 door, Diesel.

USA and Canada (1993-1997)

In North America, the Corolla was new for the 1993 model year. It had a different grille and longer bumpers than models for other regions. The base model came with the 1.6 liter 4A-FE engine. The DX, LE and wagon came with the 1.8 liter 7A-FE. The 1993 and 1994 versions of the 7A-FE engine were rated at 86 kW (115 hp), later versions rated at 78 kW (105 hp). The LE has sporty front seats and was available in the US with A/T only or available in Canada with either A/T or M/T. Minor changes occurred for the 1996 model year. Among these changes, the DX received bright red/clear tail lights and rear garnish, and new wheel covers. The LE was discontinued for 1996, and the Base model was also offered with CE Package. Sporty Corollas and 4WD Corollas were no longer imported during this generation. Some 1993 Corollas sold in Canada were produced in Japan.

USA and Canada Engines:
  • 4A-FE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, narrow valve angle, 100 hp (75 kW)
  • 4A-FE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, narrow valve angle, 105 hp (78 kW)
  • 7A-FE — 1.8 L (1762 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, narrow valve angle, 115 hp (86 kW) DX LE Wagon
  • 7A-FE — 1.8 L (1762 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, narrow valve angle, 105 hp (78 kW) DX LE Wagon
US and Canada chassis codes:
  • E-101 — Sedan 4-door with 1.6 4A-FE (Base, CE)
  • E-102 — Sedan 4-door with 1.8 7A-FE (DX, LE)
  • E-102 — Wagon 5-door with 1.8 7A-FE (DX, LE)

Europe (1992-1997)

The five-door Sprinter was sold as the Corolla Sprinter in some markets in Europe. The three and five-door Corolla FX was also sold in Europe simply as the Corolla, and was available mostly in normal (non-sports) specs unlike the FX range available in Japan. In Europe, the hatchback sold better than sedan and wagon. Although basically the trim levels are Base, XLi and GLi, also there was the GS. The GS featured a fully colour coded exterior and with full electrics and a tilt/slide steel sunroof. It also had an upgraded interior with white dials and a rev counter. In UK the Corolla was marketed as S, CD, and CDX. The sedan has rear license plate mounted on the trunk as opposed to other region models on the bumper.

Additional Engines available in Europe:
  • 2E — 1.3 L (1296 cc) I4, 12-valve SOHC, Carburetor 71 hp (53 kW)
  • 4E-FE — 1.3 L (1332 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 88 hp (65 kW) (1992-1995)
  • 4E-FE — 1.4 L I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, "Ecotronic", 75 hp (55 kW) (1996-1997)
  • 4A-FE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 115 hp (84 kW) Si
  • 2C-III — 2.0 L (1975 cc) diesel (53 kW)

Gallery


1993-1995 Corolla DX (US)

1993-1995 Corolla LE (US)

1996-1997 Corolla CE (US)

1996-1997 Corolla DX (US)

1993-1995 Corolla DX wagon (US)

7th generation Euro Corolla 5-door Liftback

Toyota Corolla AE100 hatchback (Euro)

1996-1997 Philippine Corolla's front: GLi "TRD" model

1994-1995 Toyota Corolla 1.6 Gli (Philippine Edition w/ foglamp accessory)


Eighth Generation — E110 series — May 1995

Eighth generation
Enlarge picture
1998-2000 Toyota Corolla sedan (US)
ManufacturerNUMMI
Toyota Motor Corporation
Also calledChevrolet Prizm
Toyota Corolla AE100
Production1995-2002
AssemblyCambridge, Ontario, Canada
Fremont, California
Toyota City, Japan
Durban, South Africa
Indaiatuba, Brazil
Santa Rosa, Laguna, Philippines
Body style(s)4-door sedan
2-door coupé
3-door hatchback
5-door liftback
5-door station wagon
LayoutFF layout
Engine(s)1.6L I4
1.8L I4
Transmission(s)3-speed automatic
4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
6-speed manual
Wheelbase97.0 in (2464 mm)
Length174.0 in (4420 mm)
Width66.7 in (1694 mm)
Height54.5 in (1384 mm)
Curb weight1095 kg (2414 lb)
RelatedToyota RAV4
Toyota Tercel
Chevrolet Prizm
Toyota Celica
Toyota Paseo
Toyota MR2
The eighth generation, which shared its platform (and doors, on some models) with its predecessor, was introduced in May 1995. Due to a recession, Toyota ordered that Corolla development chief Takayasu Honda cut costs, hence the carryover engineering.

For the general market, the Corolla was offered in Base, XLi, GLi, and SE-G trim levels.

Japan (1995-2000)

This marked the beginning of the end of the Sprinter. The Sprinter Trueno coupé range was carried over with a facelift, while the wagon was identical to the Corolla.

Japanese models received minor changes in April 1997 with new nose, tail, and interior. The rear panel is totally different, therefore the trunk and tail lights are not interchangeable between the old and facelift models. The new Japanese rear panel is the same as the European model.

Japanese Engines:
  • 4A-GE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 20-valve DOHC, FI, 165 hp (123 kW)
  • 4A-FE — 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 115 hp (86 kW)
  • 5A-FE — 1.5 L (1498 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 100 hp (75 kW)
  • 4E-FE — 1.3 L (1331 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 88 hp (66 kW)
  • 3C-E — 2.2 L (2184 cc) I4, diesel, Electronic Fuel Injection, 79 hp (59 kW)
  • 2C-III — 2.0 L (1974 cc) I4, diesel, FI, 73 hp (54 kW)
JPN-market chassis:

USA (1998-2002)

All North American Corollas were now built in California (by NUMMI) or Canada (by TMMC). A new all-aluminum engine powered all Corollas, making this generation lighter than its predecessor. In the US market only sedans were offered. Grades are VE, CE, and LE. The Touring Package with side skirts, a whiteface instrument cluster, and aluminum wheels are reserved for CE and LE. VVT-i variable valve timing was added to the engine for 2000. For 2001 model year, the VE was deleted, the CE became the base model and the sporty S was added as the replacement of the Touring Package.

The Chevrolet Prizm (replacing the Geo Prizm) had two main differences from the Toyota Corolla, though they were made in the same plant: it used the Japanese intake manifold and tuning, and put in a Delco stereo, which provided better sound quality but required a replumbing of the center stack as the Delco unit is taller than the Denso. The 1999 Prizm has a Delco HVAC system which is different from the Corolla.

The US-market 2001 Toyota Corolla has a maximum legal carrying capacity of 390 kg (850 lb).

American engines: (ZZE-112)
  • 1998-1999 — 1ZZ-FE — 1.8 L (1794 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 125 hp (93 kW) @ 6200 rpm, 169 Nm (125 ft·lbf.) @ 1500 rpm
  • 2000-2002 — 1ZZ-FE — 1.8 L (1794 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, VVT-i, 130 hp (97 kW)

Europe and Oceania (1996-2001)

This range had different front and rear ends to the Japanese models, though the sides and interior remained mostly the same. It can be distinguished by the round headlights and mesh grille. As a result, a sporting model with a six-speed gearbox was offered. The European three door hatchback is the base for the Corolla World Rally Car (WRC). In Australia the Corolla liftback is called Seca. Grades for sedan and Seca are Ascent, Conquest, and Ultima. The Seca Sportivo with turbocharged 7A-FE engine was added in 2001. In 1997, the Corolla Spacio, with its body panels stamped at long-time Toyota supplier Kanto Autoworks, was introduced as a two-box minivan version and sold as the Toyota Corolla Verso, which was technically similar to the Toyota Avensis in Europe and the Toyota Spacio in New Zealand.

This generation received a facelift in 1999, featuring a different nose (the previous round headlights proved unpopular, so it was replaced with twin smaller headlights under a single cover on either side ), and the new ZZ series engines with VVT-i replacing the old A series engines.

Gallery


Toyota Corolla WRC, with European model-style front

2001-2002 Toyota Corolla (USDM)

2001-2002 Toyota Corolla S (USDM)

1996-2001 Corolla (Europe)

Rear of 1996-2001 Corolla (Europe)

2000-2001 Corolla (Europe)

1996-1998 Corolla 1.6 SE-G (Indonesia)

1995-1997 Corolla (Japan)

1999 Corolla CE Interior (5 spd)


Ninth generation — E120 series — August 2000

Ninth generation
Enlarge picture
2005-2008 Toyota Corolla S
ManufacturerToyota Motor Corporation
NUMMI
Also calledCorolla Altis (ASEAN Region)
Production2000-2008
AssemblyFremont, California
Toyota City, Japan
Durban, South Africa
Adapazarı, Turkey
Tianjin, China
Taipei, Taiwan
Bangalore, India
Shah Alam, Malaysia
Karachi, Pakistan
Santa Rosa, Laguna, Philippines
Chachoengsao, Thailand
Vĩnh Phúc, Vietnam
Indaiatuba, Brazil
Cumana, Venezuela
Cambridge, Ontario, Canada
Body style(s)4-door sedan
3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
5-door station wagon
5-door van
LayoutFF layout
Engine(s)1.4L I4, 1.5L I4, 1.6L I4, 1.8L I4
Diesel: 2.2L I4
Transmission(s)4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
6-speed manual
Wheelbase102.4 in (2601 mm)
Verso: 2750 mm (0 in)
Length178.3 in (4529 mm)
Verso: 4370 mm (0 in)
Width66.9 in (1699 mm)
Verso: 1770 mm (0 in)
Height2003-04 Base: 57.5 in (1460 mm)
2003-04: 57.7 in (1466 mm)
2005-08 CE: 58.3 in (1481 mm)
2005-08 S & LE: 58.5 in (1486 mm)
XRS: 58.1 in (1476 mm)
Verso: 1620 mm (0 in)
Verso Clean Power: 1625 mm (0 in)
RelatedToyota Matrix
Toyota Voltz
Toyota RAV4
Pontiac Vibe
Toyota Celica
Toyota Vanguard
Toyota Lattice
Toyota MR2


The ninth-generation Corolla (NZE120/ZZE120) appeared in August 2000 with edgier styling and a longer 2600 mm (102.4 in) wheelbase. It is built on a shortened Toyota Vista platform—the Vista being a mid-sized, rather than compact car.

The Corolla has also spawned another multi-purpose vehicle, the Matrix, sold in Canada and the United States, and forms the basis of the Pontiac Vibe. The Vibe, in turn, was sold with a different grille in Japan and is called the Toyota Voltz.

Japan (2000-2006)

Like the Vista, the Corolla's width is limited to 1700 mm (67 in), to avoid being in a higher tax bracket in Japan.

The station wagon model is called the Toyota Corolla Fielder in Japan, and the five-door the Toyota Corolla Runx launching in 2001. The Allex was also launched to replace the Sprinter.

The Toyota Corolla Spacio (Verso in Europe) moved on to the new platform, with later models adding a third row of fold-down seating in the back.

Europe (2002-2007)

Most European models are wider than the Japanese counterparts.

European engines:
  • 2002–present — 4ZZ-FE — 1.4 L (1398 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, VVT-i, 95 hp (71 kW)
  • 2002–present — 3ZZ-FE — 1.6 L (1598 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, VVT-i, 109 hp (81 kW)
  • 2002–2005 — 2ZZ-GE — 1.8 L (1796 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, VVTL-i, 189 hp (141 kW)
  • 2006–present — 2ZZ-GE — 1.8 L (1796 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, supercharged, FI, VVTL-i, 215 hp (162 kW) — Compressor
  • 2004–present — 1ND-TV — 1.4 L (1364 cc) I4 diesel, 16-valve DOHC, turbocharged, D-4D, 89 hp (66 kW)
  • 2003–present — 1CD-FTV — 2.0 L (1995 cc) I4 diesel, 16-valve DOHC, turbocharged, D-4D, 114 hp (85 kW)

Southeast Asia (2002-present)

Corolla Altis

An upmarket version of the Corolla model, called the Corolla Altis is also sold there. It debuted in late 2001 as model year 2002. the Southeast Asian variant of the ninth-generation Corolla is bigger and more luxurious compared to the Japanese Corolla. The Corolla Altis is targeted at consumers who prefer more comfort than the current Corolla but do not wish to buy the more luxurious Camry. The Corolla Altis is manufactured in Thailand. Two versions of engine are available, the 87 kW (116 bhp) 1.6 3ZZ-FE engine and the 100 kW (134 bhp) 1.8 1ZZ-FE engine, both featuring VVTi. The Altis range of the Corolla is sold in Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, India and Thailand. For 2004 model year, the Altis received a new grille design, LED tail lights, and different alloy wheels. In 2006, the Corolla Altis receive another facelift. Exterior changes include a new luxurious chrome grille design, redesigned chrome rear license plate ornament, and a new third LED brake light. A new aerokit and new wing mirrors with signal indicators (similar to the 2007 Camry) is available as an optional package in Malaysia. In Singapore, Toyota's exclusive authorised dealer Borneo Motors originally sold the Japanese version Corolla, but later replaced it with the Corolla Altis. The low end variant of the Corolla Altis is also branded as the Toyota Limo, featuring lower spec and intended for taxi business in Thailand. It is not to be confused with the low end taxi version of the Toyota Vios which is also called Toyota Limo in Indonesia. The Corolla Altis is currently one of the most popular compact sedans in Southeast Asia.

USA and Canada (2003-2008)

The North American model is longer and is similar to the Corolla Altis distributed in Southeast Asia. It came to the United States in Spring 2002 as model year 2003. Trim levels are CE, S, and LE. 2008 is the last model year for the ninth generation Corolla.

The torsion bar suspension and drum brakes in the rear are anachronisms, however. The sporty XRS model, introduced for 2005 & 2006 only, features the high-revving 127 kW (170 hp) 172 Nm (127 ft·lbf) 2ZZ-GE engine and 6-speed manual from the Toyota Celica GT-S and Lotus Elise.

American engines: (ZZE-122)
  • 2002-present — 1ZZ-FE — 1.8 L (1794 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, VVT-i, 130 hp (97 kW) — CE, LE, S (TRD 1.8L Supercharger is available for this engine)
  • 2005 — 2ZZ-GE — 1.8 L (1796 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, VVTL-i, 170 hp (127 kW) — XRS
Safety information: ABS is an option and may be difficult to find. Side impact airbags (seat mounted in 2003, with curtain airbags available in 2005) are an option, and may be difficult to find. The ninth generation Corolla was rated Good in the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) frontal offset crash test.

Audio electronics information: Stereo radios may be AM/FM single disc player, or AM/FM six CD disc in-dash player. Typically the six disc radio comes with six speakers as opposed to the four speakers. The two additional speakers are on the door inside by the mirrors. The factory installed radio in the Corolla typically does NOT have an XM or Sirius satellite radio button or connection. Toyota had no plans to offer an XM or Sirius adapter kit for factory Corolla radios as of January 2007. However, there are aftermarket SAT button emulators that may work. Factory radios are reportedly manufactured by Panasonic (Matsushita A51813 and A51814 on radio face) and Eclipse (Fujitsu Ten) or JBL(A51815 on the radio face) depending on procurement of parts by the factory. No iPod adapter kits are available for Corolla from Toyota for the factory radios. Some upgrades for equipment may be in the works, however this is backstage to new model development.

20th Anniversary Edition (2008)

To commemorate 20 years of building Toyota Corolla in Canada, Toyota Canada offered 20th Anniversary Edition Corolla CE for the 2008 model year, which includes air conditioning, power door locks with keyless entry, cruise control, power windows with driver's side auto down, special edition badging, aluminium alloy wheels, power moon roof on top of Corolla CE. The 20th Anniversary Edition costs $18,855CDN.[3]

Rest of the world

In Brazil, the Corolla sedan and the Corolla Fielder are built locally. It is available with the 1.6 3ZZ-FE engine (sedan only) and the 1ZZ-FE. The sedan is externally identical to the US model, but the Fielder has a different styling from the Japanese version. Starting from the 2008 model (released May 2007), the 1.8L engine has flexible fuel technology. Unlike most other flexible fuel vehicles in Brazilian market, the Corolla Flex has the same power ratings either with ethanol or gasoline.

The Corolla sedan, wagon and 5-door hatchback (Seca) sold in Australia are sourced from Japan, while a few years ago, some hatchbacks were sourced from South Africa. Trim levels are Ascent, Ascent Sport, Conquest, and Ultima (Auto sedan only). The sporty Levin (hatchback and wagon) and high performance Sportivo was available in hatchback only and was built in South Africa. The Sportivo is powered by 2ZZ-GE engine and a six-speed manual gearbox (also used in the Celica) , while the other models have 1ZZ-FE. The Sportivo was discontinued in Australia from 2006 due to the prohibitive costs involved in modifying the engine to comply with Euro IV emissions. All the other models all had their engine power and torque reduced to 93 kW and 161 N•m from 100 kW and 171 N•m respectively from October 2005 production to comply with Euro IV. From May 2006 production, the Ascent and Ascent Sport models were upgraded with standard front power windows and passenger airbag, while the Conquest models had ABS brakes as standard fitment. The equipment upgrades only apply to the sedan and hatch models as the Corolla wagon ceased production in August 2006.

In China, when Toyota introduced its locally-made Corolla, it is named as Toyota Huaguan, Huaguan being the translation of the word corolla.

Gallery


Toyota Corolla Altis G 2006-2008 (ASEAN)

Toyota Corolla Altis G 2006-2008 (ASEAN)

2003-2004 Toyota Corolla CE (US)

2005-2007 Corolla LE (US)

2005 Toyota Corolla S ZZE122 (North American model)

2005 Toyota Corolla S ZZE122 (North American model)

2005 Toyota Corolla S ZZE122 (North American model)

2005 Toyota Corolla Verso 1.8 T3 with roofbox fitted (UK model)

Toyota Corolla Verso 2.0L D-4D

Pre-facelift Corolla (Japanese model)

Facelifted Corolla (Japanese model)

Facelifted Corolla Runx

Facelifted Corolla Spacio

Toyota Corolla (E12U - European Version), 2006, Manufactured in Derbyshire England, Colour Collection

Toyota Corolla (2nd Photo) Same as Above

Toyota Corolla 2003 LE (US)


Tenth Generation — E140 series — October 2006

Tenth generation
Enlarge picture
Toyota Corolla Axio
Also calledCorolla Axio (Japan)
Corolla Fielder (Station Wagon, Japan)
Production2006-present
AssemblyFremont, California
Toyota City, Japan
Durban, South Africa
Adapazarı, Turkey
Tianjin, China
Taipei, Taiwan
Bangalore, India
Shah Alam, Malaysia
Karachi, Pakistan
Santa Rosa, Laguna, Philippines
Chachoengsao, Thailand
Vĩnh Phúc, Vietnam
Indaiatuba, Brazil
Cumana, Venezuela
Cambridge, Ontario, Canada
Body style(s)4-door sedan
4-door station wagon
5-door hatchback (Australia)
LayoutFF layout
Engine(s)1.8L I4
Transmission(s)6-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Wheelbase2600 mm (0 in)
LengthSedan: 4540 mm (0 in)
Hatchback: 4220 mm (0 in)
Width1760 mm (0 in)
HeightSedan: 1475 mm (0 in)
Hatchback: 1515 mm (0 in)
RelatedToyota Auris
Toyota RAV4
Toyota Matrix
Toyota Vanguard
Pontiac Vibe
Enlarge picture
Toyota Corolla Fielder


The tenth generation Corolla was released in Japan on October 10, 2006.

Japan

The sedan is now known as the Corolla Axio.[4] The Axio name was created from the Greek word "axia", meaning "things with value". The station wagon retains the Corolla Fielder name. To save neck-twisting, the Corolla gets Toyota's latest intelligent parking-assist system. The option costs ¥105,000, or $879 at current exchange rates. A backup camera monitor is standard. All hatchback models were replaced by the Toyota Auris.

Equipment

A rearview monitor displays an image of the area to the rear of the vehicle while backing up to reduce the burden on the driver when parking (standard on all Corolla Axio models).

The optional advanced Intelligent Parking Assist system supports steering operations when parallel parking and backing into a parking space. Ultrasonic sensors installed on the front of the vehicle detect other parked vehicles and based on the results estimate the physical dimensions of a vacant parking space and set the target parking position. The Corolla Axio features a new Pre-crash Safety System that uses millimeter-wave radar. When the millimeter-wave radar detects a high risk of collision, the Pre-crash Seatbelts provide better initial restraint capabilities for passengers while the Pre-Crash Brake Assist system decelerates the vehicle to reduce the collision speed and contribute to less collision-caused damage. The new Radar Cruise Control system detects and monitors the preceding vehicle and the lane, maintaining a fixed distance according to the preceding vehicle's speed within a preset range of speed.

North America

The North American market will not get the redesigned Corolla until the early spring of 2008 as a 2009 model. That will stretch the goal of Toyota President Katsuaki Watanabe to release the Corolla in overseas markets within "a year and a few months" of the Japan debut. Insiders say the plain-vanilla styling offered in Japan can't compete against the Honda Civic in North America.

Toyota will unveil the US-market version of the new Corolla at the 2007 SEMA show. In addition to the sedan, a coupe will also be offered[5]. A V6 option is also speculated for the new model.

Australia

The new Corolla was introduced to the Australian market on 18th May 2007. It is available in both sedan and hatchback models, with more safety features and higher levels of luxury. The new 1.8-litre 2ZR-FE Dual VVT-i - with variable valve timing for both intake and exhaust camshafts - will be the only engine available for the Australian model, promising better fuel economy than before, it also regains its 100kw power output. This figure decreased when the old model’s 1.8-litre four-cylinder engine dropped to 93kW of power and 161Nm of torque (from 171Nm) in late 2005 to meet the 2006 Euro IV emissions requirements. A new 6-speed manual is the standard gearbox, but, disappointingly, the automatic is still a 4-speed despite speculation of a 5-speed like the new Honda Civic, a robotized 5-speed optional in the European Auris, or a CVT available in the Japanese model. The new Corolla is available in 4 trim levels for the hatch (Ascent, Conquest, Levin SX and Levin ZR) and 3 for the sedan (Ascent, Conquest and Ultima - auto only), with the Corolla wagon discontinued in Australia. The Levin ZR and Ultima grade features HID xenon headlamps, rain sensing wipers, smart entry and start system and automatic climate control. Safety equipment levels has also been improved with ABS brakes and dual airbags standard across the range, whilst side, curtain and a driver's knee airbag is optional on Ascent and Levin SX models and standard on Conquest, Levin ZR and Ultima models. Although the new hatch is badged Auris name in most world markets, the Corolla name was retained for the Australian market.

Other than the outdated 4-speed auto, another downside to this car is the performance. Tested at 9.7 seconds to 100 km/h for the manual model, it's 0.7 second slower than its predecessor. This is likely on account of its weight, a hefty 1300 kg, which is curiously more than the Civic unlike before wherein it was usually lighter. However, a 5-star crash-test rating (when fitted with side, curtain and driver's knee airbag) has been attained, a remarkable feat for its class.

Europe and China

The global debut of the third variant of the new Corolla was staged at the Beijing Auto Show. This variant, which uses a wider and longer version of the Axio's platform, has styling similar to that of the Camry's while keeping the Axio's interior. The European and Chinese market are receiving this variant, which is likely to also be sold in Asian and Taiwan markets as the new Altis. The Chinese market Corolla's name was also changed to match the English name in pronunciation.

In Ireland, the Corolla was launched in December 2006 but was not available until January 2007. That made it one of the first countries in the world to receive this model. Only the saloon version was at first made available with a I.4 litre engine in Terra, Strata and Luna trim levels (the estate version of the new Corolla was not available in Ireland at the time of writing).

Such saloon versions are more popular than the recently launched Auris. Many commentators have likened the styling of the new Corolla to a similiarily styled Camry launched in 1996.

However, British buyers are currently only offered the Auris, and there are no known plans for the current Corolla to be sold in Britain.

Safety

In Australia, Toyota Corolla models built between 1982-2004 were assessed in the Used Car Safety Ratings 2006:[6]
  • (1982-1984) — significantly worse than average level of occupant protection
  • (1986-1988) — worse than average
  • (1989-1993) — worse than average
  • (1994-1997) — average
  • (1998-2001) — significantly better than average
  • (2002-2004) — average
In North America, the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety rates the 1998-2002 models as Acceptable in their 40-mph Frontal Offset crash test. Initial 2003 models had an overall Good rating, but received a Marginal on left foot injury protection. A rebuild beginning December 2002, which continues through to the 2007 model, gives the Corolla a Good rating in all aspects of the test. Corolla models from model year 2005 to present with optional side curtain air bags received an Acceptable rating in the Side Impact crash test, largely due to a Marginal rating in Structure/Safety Cage design. Otherwise, injury protection ratings for Driver and Rear Passenger were all good except for Driver pelvis/leg injury protection, which was Acceptable. [1]

See also

Sources

Toyota Motor Corporation
    [ e]

Marques
ToyotaLexusScionDaihatsuHino MotorsSubaru (FHI shareholder)Isuzu (shareholder) Current Vehicles
4RunnerAllionAlphardAurionAurisAvalonAvanzaAvensisAygobBBeltaBladeBrevisCaldinaCamryCamry HybridCamry SolaraCenturyCoasterComfort • Corolla • CrownDynaEstimaFJ CruiserFortunerHarrierHarrier HybridHiaceHighlander • Highlander Hybrid • HiluxHilux SurfHilux SW4InnovaIpsumIsisIstKijangKlugerLand CruiserLand Cruiser PradoLiteaceMatrix • Mark II Blit • Mark XNoahPassoPorte • Premio • PreviaPriusProboxProgrsQualis • QuickDelivery • RactisRaumRAV4 • RegiusAce • ReizRevoRushSequoiaSiennaSientaSucceedTacomaTaragoTownAce • ToyoAce • TundraVanguardViosVitz • Voxy • WISHYaris Past Vehicles
2000 GT AAAllexAltezzaAristoCamiCarina • Cavalier • CelicaCelsiorChaserClassicCorolla Levin (AE86)CoronaCressidaCynos • DA90 • DA115 • Duet • EchoFJ40FJ70Fun CargoGranviaLexcenMark IIMega CruiserMR2MR-S • Opa • OriginPaseoPicnicPlatzPronardPublica • S800 • SASeraSoarerSprinter Trueno (AE86)StarletStoutSupraT100 • Tamaraw • TercelVanVerossaVistaVoltzWiLLWindom Concept Vehicles
Alessandro Volta • CS&S • Camry TS-01eComF3R • FINE-N • FINE-S • FT-HSFT-SXFTX • i-swing • i-unitMotor Triathlon Race Car • NLSV • PM • PodRSC • Sportivo Coupe Miscellaneous:
EnginesTransmissionsHybrid Synergy DriveToyota Racing Development Keiretsu Affiliates:
DENSOAisin Seiki Co. • Koito

     [ e] Toyota road car timeline, North American market, 1980s-present
Type1980s1990s2000s
01234567890123456789012345678
SubcompactTercelTercelTercelTercelTercelEchoYaris
StarletFX
CorollaCorolla
CompactCorollaCorollaCorollaCorolla
Matrix
CoronaCamryCamryPrius
Mid-sizePrius
CamryCamryCamryCamry
Camry SolaraCamry Solara
Full-sizeCressidaCressidaCressidaCressidaAvalonAvalonAvalon
Sport compactCorolla CoupePaseo
Celica
SportsSupra
RoadsterMR2MR2 Spyder




Toyota Corolla Verso:

This is a 7 seat car from Toyota , registered 2006. Now also named Verso, from the deleting of the avensis verso and the yaris verso.
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Toyota Auris

Manufacturer Toyota
Also called Toyota Blade
Toyota Corolla (Australia and New Zealand)
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Location of Fremont within Alameda County, California.
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"God and my right"
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