Tulagi

Tulagi, less commonly Tulaghi, is a small island (5.5 km by 1 km) in the Solomon Islands, just off the south coast of Florida Island. The town of the same name on the island (pop. 1,750) was the capital of the Solomon Islands Protectorate from 1896 to 1942, and is today the capital of the Central Province.

The island was originally chosen by the British as a comparatively isolated and healthier alternative to the disease-ridden larger islands of the Solomons.

World War II

The Japanese occupied Tulagi on May 3 1942, with the intention of setting up a seaplane base nearby (see Japanese Tulagi landing (1942)). The ships in Tulagi harbor were raided by planes from USS Yorktown the following day in a prelude to the Battle of the Coral Sea.

U.S. forces, primarily the 1st Marine Raiders, landed on August 7 and captured Tulagi after a day of hard fighting.

After its capture by Naval and Marine forces, the island hosted a fleet of PT boats for a year, including John F. Kennedy's PT-109 as well as other ancillary facilities.

A small 20-bed dispensary was operated on Tulagi until its closure in 1946. The island also formed part of Purvis Bay, which hosted many U.S. Navy ships during 1942 and 1943.

Postwar

The present-day Tulagi has a fishing fleet.

Scuba diving

Tulagi offers some excellent scuba diving. The wrecks of USS Aaron Ward, USS Kanawha, and HMNZS Moa are close by, and the wrecks of Ironbottom Sound are not much further off.

While the USS Aaron Ward is considered to be one of the world's great wreck dives; the hull lies on a sandy bottom at 70 metres, which is about 20 metres deeper than one can safely dive on compressed air. (Special mixes are required for depths beyond that.) The Ward lies upright and intact, the deck replete with artifacts.

Tulagi is developing a tourism industry based on scuba; however, due to ongoing civil unrest, the industry in the Solomons is in a perilous state.



Coordinates:
island (IPA: /aɪ.lɪnd/) or isle (IPA: /aɪ.ʌl
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Motto
"To Lead is to Serve"
Anthem
God Save Our Solomon Islands
Royal anthem
God Save the Queen
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The Florida Islands (or Nggela Islands) are a small island group in the Central Province of the Solomon Islands, a nation in the western Pacific Ocean. Among the more important islands of the Florida grouping are Nggela Sule, Tulagi, Gavutu and Tanambog.
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Motto
"To Lead is to Serve"
Anthem
God Save Our Solomon Islands
Royal anthem
God Save the Queen
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Central Province is one of the provinces of the Solomon Islands, covering the Russell Islands and Nggella (Florida Islands). Its area comprises 615 km² and it had the population of 21,577 as of 1999. The capital is Tulagi.
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May 3 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1910s  1920s  1930s  - 1940s -  1950s  1960s  1970s
1939 1940 1941 - 1942 - 1943 1944 1945

Year 1942 (MCMXLII
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seaplane is a fixed-wing aircraft designed to take off and land (or "alight") upon water. Seaplanes can be divided into separate categories such as float planes, flying boats, and amphibious aircraft ("amphibians").
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invasion of Tulagi, on May 3 and May 4, 1942, was part of Operation Mo, the Empire of Japan's strategy in the South Pacific and South West Pacific Area in 1942. The plan called for Imperial Japanese Navy troops to capture Tulagi and nearby islands in the Solomon Islands
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USS Yorktown (CV-5) was lead ship of the Yorktown class aircraft carrier of World War II, sunk at the Battle of Midway.

Early career

Yorktown was laid down on 21 May 1934 at Newport News, Virginia, by the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Co.
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Battle of the Coral Sea, fought from May 4-May 8, 1942, with most of the action occurring on May 7 and May 8, was a major naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II between the Imperial Japanese Navy and the United States and Australia.
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Motto
"In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
"E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
Anthem
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The Marine Raiders were elite units established by the United States Marine Corps during World War II to conduct amphibious light infantry warfare, particularly in landing in rubber boats and operating behind the lines.
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August 7 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

The Northern Hemisphere is considered to be halfway through its summer on this day.
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United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. The U.S. Navy currently has over 340,000 personnel on active duty and nearly 128,000 in the Navy Reserve.
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The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces.
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PT boat was a motor torpedo boat (hull classification symbol "PT", for "Patrol Torpedo"), a small, fast vessel used by the United States Navy in World War II to attack larger surface ships. The PT boat squadrons were nicknamed "the mosquito fleet".
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John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917–November 22, 1963), was the thirty-fifth President of the United States, serving from 1961 until his assassination in 1963.

After Kennedy's leadership as commander of the USS PT-109
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Purvis Bay is located in the Florida Islands, which are part of the Solomon Islands. The bay was used by the US Navy during World War Two.

Coordinates:
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A fishing fleet is an aggregate of commercial fishing vessels. The term may be used of all vessels operating out of a particular port, all vessels engaged in a particular type of fishing (as in the "tuna fishing fleet"), or all fishing vessels of a country or region.
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Scuba diving is the act of swimming underwater while using self-contained breathing apparatus. By carrying a source of compressed air, the scuba diver is able to stay underwater longer than with the simple breath-holding techniques used in Snorkeling and Free-diving, and is not
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The second ship named USS Aaron Ward (DD-483) in honor of Rear Admiral Aaron Ward was a Gleaves-class destroyer in the service of the United States Navy.
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USS Kanawha (AO-1) was a replenishment oiler of the US Navy. It was laid down 8 December 1913 by the Mare Island Navy Yard, San Francisco, Calif.; launched 11 July 1914; sponsored by Miss Dorothy Bennett; and commissioned 5 June 1915, Lt. Comdr.
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The name HMNZS Moa may apply to
  • HMNZS Moa (T233), a corvette commissioned in 1941
  • HMNZS Moa (P3553), a patrol boat commissioned in 1983

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Ironbottom Sound" is the name given by Allied sailors to the stretch of water between Guadalcanal, Savo Island, and Florida Island of the Solomon Islands. Dozens of ships and planes were sunk there during the Battle of Guadalcanal in 1942 and 1943.
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Three destroyers of the United States Navy have carried the name USS Aaron Ward, in honor of Rear Admiral Aaron Ward.
  • The first Aaron Ward (DD-132) served between 1919 and 1940 and then became HMS Castleton.

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Air is the most common and only natural breathing gas. Other artificial gases, either pure gases or mixtures of gases, are used in breathing equipment and enclosed habitats such as SCUBA equipment, surface supplied diving equipment, recompression chambers, submarines, space suits,
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Solomon Islands

This article is part of the series:
Politics of the Solomon Islands


  • Queen
  • Elizabeth II
  • Governor-General
  • Nathaniel Waena

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John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917–November 22, 1963), was the thirty-fifth President of the United States, serving from 1961 until his assassination in 1963.

After Kennedy's leadership as commander of the USS PT-109
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