U.S. Department of Energy

United States
Department of Energy
Enlarge picture
Seal of the Department of Energy

Seal of the Department of Energy
Agency overview
FormedAugust 4, 1977
Employees16,100 federal
100,000 contract (2004)
Annual Budget$23.4 billion (2006)
Agency ExecutivesSamuel W. Bodman, Secretary
 
Clay Sell, Deputy Secretary
Website
www.energy.gov


The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government responsible for energy policy and nuclear safety. Its purview includes the nation's nuclear weapons program, nuclear reactor production for the United States Navy, energy conservation, energy-related research, radioactive waste disposal, and domestic energy production. DOE also sponsors more basic and applied scientific research than any other US federal agency, most this is funded through its system of United States Department of Energy National Laboratories.

In the United States, all nuclear weapons deployed by the United States Department of Defense (DOD) are actually on loan to DOD from the DOE, which has federal responsibility for the design, testing and production of all nuclear weapons. DOE in turn uses contractors to carry out its responsibilities; design of the nuclear components of the weapon - Los Alamos National Laboratory and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, engineering of the weapon systems - Sandia National Laboratory, manufacturing of key components - Los Alamos National Laboratory, testing - Nevada Test Site, and final weapon/warhead assembling/dismantling - Pantex.

Many federal agencies have been established to handle various aspects of U.S. energy policy, dating back to the creation of the Manhattan Project and the subsequent Atomic Energy Commission. The impetus for putting them all under the auspices of a single department was the 1973 energy crisis, in response to which President Jimmy Carter proposed creation of the department. The enabling legislation was passed by the United States Congress and signed into law by President Carter on August 4, 1977. The department began operations on October 1, 1977. The agency is administered by the United States Secretary of Energy, and its headquarters are located in Germantown, Maryland as well as southwest Washington, D.C., on Independence Avenue in the Forrestal Building, named for James Forrestal.

Operating units

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DoE headquarters
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United States Department of Energy logo as seen at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) is part of the United States Department of Energy. It works to improve national security through the military application of nuclear energy. The NNSA also maintains and improves the safety, reliability, and performance of the United States nuclear weapons stockpile, including the ability to design, produce, and test, in order to meet national security requirements.

The Department's Office of Secure Transportation (OST) provides safe and secure transportation of nuclear weapons and components and special nuclear materials, and conducts other missions supporting the national security of the United States of America. Since 1974, OST has been assigned responsibility to develop, operate, and manage a system for the safe and secure transportation of all government-owned, DOE or NNSA controlled special nuclear materials in "strategic" or "significant" quantities. Shipments are transported in specially designed equipment and are escorted by armed Federal Agents (Nuclear Material Couriers).

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission is an independent regulatory agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. The Department also manages the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

The Office of Cyber Security maintains the Computer Incident Advisory Capability service (CIAC), which provides computer-security related bulletins going back to 1989. Also provides resources about protecting yourself from viruses, hoaxes and other malicious entities on the Internet.

National laboratories funded by the Department include: There are four Power Marketing Administrations within the Department:

Related legislation

See also

External links

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August 4 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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Samuel Wright Bodman III, Sc.D. (born 1938) is the United States Secretary of Energy and was previously Deputy Secretary of the U.S. Treasury Department.

Early life, career, and family


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United States Secretary of Energy is the head of the United States Department of Energy and is a member of the President's Cabinet. The post was created with the formation of the Department of Energy on October 1 1977, after the signing of the Department of Energy Organization Act
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Clay Sell (born 1967) is the current Deputy Secretary of Energy of the United States after he was sworn in March 21, 2005.

His main role as Deputy Secretary is to play a role in maintaining and strengthening the economic and national security of the Nation while
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energy (from the Greek ενεργός, energos, "active, working")[1] is a scalar physical quantity that is a property of objects and systems of objects which is conserved by nature.
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Nuclear safety covers the actions taken to prevent nuclear and radiation accidents or to limit their consequences. This covers nuclear power plants as well as all other nuclear facilities, the transportation of nuclear materials, the use and storage of nuclear materials for
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UO2 pellets in zircaloy cladding.]]

The key components common to most types of nuclear power plants
  • Neutron moderator
  • Coolant
  • Control rods
  • Pressure vessel
  • Emergency Core Cooling Systems (ECCS)
  • Reactor Protective System (RPS)

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United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. The U.S. Navy currently has over 340,000 personnel on active duty and nearly 128,000 in the Navy Reserve.
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Radioactive wastes are waste types containing radioactive chemical elements that do not have a practical purpose. They are sometimes the products of a nuclear processes, such as nuclear fission.
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Department of Defense redirects here. For the defense departments in governments of other countries, see defence ministry.

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Los Alamos National Laboratory

Established 1943
Research Type National security and basic science
Budget $2.2 billion

Director Michael R. Anastasio

Staff 12500
Students 700

Location Los Alamos, NM

Campus 36 square miles
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Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory


Motto "Science in the national interest"
Established 1952 by the University of California
Research Type National security and basic science
Budget $1.6 billion/year

Director George H.
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Sandia National Laboratories, which is managed and operated by the Sandia Corporation (a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation), is a major United States Department of Energy research and development national laboratory with two locations, one in Albuquerque, New
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Los Alamos National Laboratory

Established 1943
Research Type National security and basic science
Budget $2.2 billion

Director Michael R. Anastasio

Staff 12500
Students 700

Location Los Alamos, NM

Campus 36 square miles
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The Pantex plant is America's only nuclear weapons assembly and disassembly facility and is charged with maintaining the safety, security and reliability of the nation’s nuclear weapons stockpile.
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Manhattan Project was the project to develop the first nuclear weapon (atomic bomb) during World War II by the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada. Formally designated as the Manhattan Engineer District (MED
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United States Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) to foster and control the peace time development of atomic science and technology. President Harry S. Truman signed the Atomic Energy Act (also known as the McMahon Act) on August 1, 1946, transferring the control of atomic energy from
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The 1973 oil crisis began in earnest on October 17, 1973, when the members of Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC, consisting of the Arab members of OPEC plus Egypt and Syria) announced, as a result of the ongoing Yom Kippur War, that they would no longer ship
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James Earl "Jimmy" Carter, Jr. (born October 1, 1924) was the thirty-ninth President of the United States from 1977 to 1981, and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002. Prior to becoming president, Carter served two terms in the Georgia Senate, and was the 76th Governor of Georgia
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August 4 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 70 - The destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem by the Romans.

..... Click the link for more information.
19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1940s  1950s  1960s  - 1970s -  1980s  1990s  2000s
1974 1975 1976 - 1977 - 1978 1979 1980

Also: 1977 (album) by Ash.

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Eastern (Byzantine) Catholic Church - Patronage/Protection of the Theotokos (Virgin Mary, Mother of God) dating to 10th Century Constantinople, when she appeared holding her mantle over the faithful who were praying in a church during a military attack on the city.
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United States Secretary of Energy is the head of the United States Department of Energy and is a member of the President's Cabinet. The post was created with the formation of the Department of Energy on October 1 1977, after the signing of the Department of Energy Organization Act
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