U.S. Senate election, 1952

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The U.S. Senate election, 1952 was an election for the United States Senate which coincided with the election of Dwight D. Eisenhower to the presidency by a large margin. The Republicans managed to make a net gain of two seats, which was reduced to one when Wayne L. Morse (R-OR) became an independent after his pro-New Deal positions and support for Adlai Stevenson alienated Republican leaders.

Republicans took the open seat in Maryland and defeated five Democratic incumbents: Democrats defeated four Republican incumbents: Notable freshmen are future President John F. Kennedy (D-MA) and future presidential candidate Barry Goldwater (R-AZ).

Senate contests in 1952

StateIncumbentPartyStatusOpposing Candidates
ArizonaErnest W. McFarlandDemocratDefeated, 51.3 - 48.7Barry Goldwater (Republican)
CaliforniaWilliam F. KnowlandRepublicanRe-elected, 87.7 - 11.9Reuben W. Borough (Independent)
ConnecticutWilliam BentonDemocratDefeated, 52.5 - 44.4William A. Purtell (Republican)
Connecticut1William A. PurtellRepublicanRetired: Republican victory, 51.2 - 48.5Prescott S. Bush (Republican)
Abraham A. Ribicoff (Democrat)
DelawareJohn J. WilliamsRepublicanRe-elected, 54.5 - 45.5A. I. du Pont Bayard (Democrat)
FloridaSpessard HollandDemocratRe-elected, 99.8
IndianaWilliam E. JennerRepublicanRe-elected, 52.4 - 46.8Henry F. Schricker (Democrat)
Kentucky2Thomas R. UnderwoodDemocratDefeated, 51.5 - 48.5John S. Cooper (Republican)
MaineRalph O. BrewsterRepublicanDefeated in primary: Republican victory, 58.7 - 34.9 - 6.4Frederick G. Payne (Republican)
Roger P. Dube (Democrat)
Earl S. Grant (Independent)
MarylandHerbert R. O'ConorDemocratRetired: Republican victory, 52.5 - 47.5James Glenn Beall (Republican)
George P. Mahoney (Democrat)
MassachusettsHenry Cabot Lodge, Jr.RepublicanDefeated, 51.4 - 48.4John F. Kennedy (Democrat)
MichiganBlair MoodyDemocratDefeated, 50.6 - 49.0Charles E. Potter (Republican)
MinnesotaEdward John ThyeRepublicanRe-elected, 56.6 - 42.5William E. Carlson (Democrat)
MississippiJohn C. StennisDemocratRe-elected, unopposed
MissouriJames P. KemRepublicanDefeated, 54.0 - 45.9Stuart Symington (Democrat)
MontanaZales N. EctonRepublicanDefeated, 50.8 - 48.6Mike Mansfield (Democrat)
NebraskaHugh ButlerRepublicanRe-elected, 69.1 - 27.8Stanley D. Long (Democrat)
Nebraska3Fred Andrew SeatonRepublicanRetired: Republican victory, 63.6 - 36.4Dwight Griswold (Republican)
William Ritchie (Democrat)
NevadaGeorge W. MaloneRepublicanRe-elected, 51.7 - 48.3Thomas B. Mechling (Democrat)
New JerseyH. Alexander SmithRepublicanRe-elected, 55.5 - 43.6Archibald S. Alexander (Democrat)
New MexicoDennis ChavezDemocratRe-elected, 51.1 - 48.9Patrick J. Hurley (Republican)
New YorkIrving M. IvesRepublicanRe-elected, 55.2 - 36.1 - 7.0John Cashmore (Democrat)
George S. Counts (Liberal)
North DakotaWilliam LangerRepublicanRe-elected, 66.4 - 23.3 - 10.4Harold A. Morrison (Democrat)
Fred G. Aandahl (Independent)
OhioJohn W. BrickerRepublicanRe-elected, 54.6 - 45.4Michael V. DiSalle (Democrat)
PennsylvaniaEdward MartinRepublicanRe-elected, 51.6 - 48.0Guy K. Bard (Democrat)
Rhode IslandJohn O. PastoreDemocratRe-elected, 54.8 - 45.2Bayard Ewing (Republican)
TennesseeKenneth D. McKellarDemocratDefeated in primary: Democratic victory, 74.2 - 20.9Albert Gore, Sr. (Democrat)
Hobart F. Atkins (Republican)
TexasTom ConnallyDemocratRetired: Democratic victory, unopposedPrice Daniel (Democrat)
UtahArthur V. WatkinsRepublicanRe-elected, 54.3 - 45.7Walter K. Granger (Democrat)
VermontRalph E. FlandersRepublicanRe-elected, 72.3 - 27.7Allan R. Johnston (Democrat)
VirginiaHarry F. ByrdDemocratRe-elected, 73.4 - 12.7 - 12.4H. M. Vise, Sr. (Independent)
Clarke T. Robb (Independent)
WashingtonHarry P. CainRepublicanDefeated, 56.2 - 43.5Henry M. Jackson (Democrat)
West VirginiaHarley M. KilgoreDemocratRe-elected, 53.6 - 46.4Chapman Revercomb (Republican)
WisconsinJoseph R. McCarthyRepublicanRe-elected, 54.2 - 45.6Thomas E. Fairchild (Democrat)
WyomingJoseph C. O'MahoneyDemocratDefeated, 51.6 - 48.4Frank A. Barrett (Republican)


1 special election held due to death of Brien McMahon (D-CT). Interim Senator William A. Purtell was successfully elected to Connecticut's other Senate seat, and did not run for re-election in the special election.

2 special election held due to death of Virgil M. Chapman (D-KY)

3 special election held due to death of Kenneth S. Wherry (R-NE)

Senate composition before and after elections

82nd Congress Senate Composition 83rd Congress Senate Composition
                                                 
                                                 
                                                 
                                                  |colspan="49"|
Color Key:RepublicansDemocratsIndependent

See also

United States Senate

Type Upper House

President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R
since January 20, 2001
President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D
since January 4, 2007

Members 100
Political groups Democratic Party
Republican Party
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The United States presidential election of 1952 took place in an era when the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union was in one of its most tense periods. In the United States Senate, Republican Senator Joseph R.
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Dwight David Eisenhower (October 14 1890 – March 28 1969), nicknamed "Ike", was a five-star General in the United States Army and U.S. politician, who served as the thirty-fourth President of the United States (1953–1961).
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Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. It is often referred to as the Grand Old Party or the GOP. It is the younger of the two major U.S.
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In office
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Born September 20 1900(1900--)
Verona, Wisconsin
Died July 22 1974 (aged 75)
Portland, Oregon
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This article may be too long.
Please discuss this issue on the talk page and help summarize or split the content into subarticles of an article series. The New Deal was the title President Franklin D.
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Adlai Ewing Stevenson II (February 5, 1900 – July 14, 1965) was an American politician, noted for his intellectual demeanor and advocacy of liberal causes in the Democratic party.
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State of Maryland

Flag of Maryland Seal
Nickname(s): Old Line State; Free State
Motto(s): Fatti maschii, parole femine
(Manly deeds, womanly words)


Official language(s) None (English, de facto
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United States of America

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Born September 9 1894(1894--)
Earlsboro, Oklahoma
Died May 8 1984 (aged 91)
Phoenix, Arizona
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William Burnett Benton (April 1 1900 - March 18 1973) was a U.S. senator from Connecticut (1949 - 1953) and publisher of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1943 - 1973).

Benton was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
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Thomas Rust Underwood served Kentucky in the United States House of Representatives and in the United States Senate.

Underwood was born in Hopkinsville, Kentucky on March 3, 1898.
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Arthur Edson Blair Moody (February 13, 1902–July 20, 1954), known as Blair Moody, was a Democratic U.S. Senator from the state of Michigan.

Moody was born in New Haven, Connecticut and attended the public schools in Providence, Rhode Island.
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Joseph C. O'Mahoney (November 5 1884 – December 1 1962) was a United States Senator (Democrat) from Wyoming.

O'Mahoney was born in Chelsea, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, November 5 1884.
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In office
January 3, 1937–February 3, 1944
January 3, 1947–January 3,1953
Preceded by
Succeeded by



Born July 5 1902(1902--)
Nahant, Massachusetts
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James Preston Kem (April 2, 1890 – February 24, 1965) represented Missouri in the United States Senate from 1947 to 1953. Kem, a Republican, defeated incumbent Frank P. Briggs, who had been appointed to the office in 1945 when Harry S.
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Zales Nelson Ecton (April 1 1898 – March 3 1961) was a rare Republican United States senator from Montana, having served from 1947-1953.

Ecton was born in Weldon, Decatur County, Iowa.
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Harry Pulliam Cain (January 10 1906 – March 3 1979) was an American Senator from Washington who served as a Republican.

Early life

Cain was born in Nashville, Davidson County, Tennessee.
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John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917–November 22, 1963), was the thirty-fifth President of the United States, serving from 1961 until his assassination in 1963.

After Kennedy's leadership as commander of the USS PT-109
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In office
January 31953 – January 31965
January 31969 – January 31987
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Succeeded by



Born January 1 1909(1909--)
Phoenix, Arizona Territory, U.S.
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Arizona State Symbols
Living Symbols
 -Animal Ringtail Cat
 -Bird Cactus Wren
 -Butterfly Two-Tailed Swallowtail
 -Fish Apache Trout
 -Flower Saguaro Blossom
 -Furbearer Ringtail Cat
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In office
January 3, 1941-January 3, 1953
Preceded by
Succeeded by



Born September 9 1894(1894--)
Earlsboro, Oklahoma
Died May 8 1984 (aged 91)
Phoenix, Arizona
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United States of America

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
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Federal government
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In office
January 31953 – January 31965
January 31969 – January 31987
Preceded by
Succeeded by



Born January 1 1909(1909--)
Phoenix, Arizona Territory, U.S.
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Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. It is often referred to as the Grand Old Party or the GOP. It is the younger of the two major U.S.
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In office
September 6, 1945-January 3, 1959
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Born May 26 1908(1908--)
Alameda, California
Died January 23 1974 (aged 67)
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Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. It is often referred to as the Grand Old Party or the GOP. It is the younger of the two major U.S.
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independent is a politician who is not affiliated with any political party. In countries with a two-party system, independents may hold a centrist viewpoint between the two parties, or may feel that neither of the two parties adequately represents their viewpoint.
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State of Connecticut

Flag of Connecticut Seal of Connecticut
Nickname(s): The Constitution State, The Nutmeg State[]
Motto(s): Qui transtulit sustinet[0]
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