U.S. presidential election, 1932



Presidential election results map. Red denotes states won by Roosevelt/Garner, Blue denotes those won by Hoover/Curtis. Numbers indicate the number of electoral votes allotted to each state.

< 1928  1936 >
United States presidential election, 1932
8 November 1932
PartyDemocratic PartyRepublican Party
Home StateNew YorkCalifornia
Running mateJohn Nance GarnerCharles Curtis
Electoral Vote47259
States Carried426
Popular Vote22,821,27715,761,254
Percentage57.4%39.7%
Before Election
Herbert Hoover
Republican Party

After Election
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic Party

The United States presidential election of 1932 took place as the effects of the 1929 Stock Market Crash and the Great Depression were being felt intensely across the country. President Hoover's popularity was falling as voters felt he was unable to reverse the economic collapse, or deal with prohibition. Roosevelt saw that Hoover's failure to deal with these problems could be used as a platform for his own election, promising reform in his policy called the New Deal. Although vague about how he would remedy the situation, Roosevelt won by a landslide, and this "critical election" marked the collapse of the Fourth Party System or Progressive Era. The voters soon were realigned into the Fifth Party System, dominated by Roosevelt's New Deal Coalition.

Nominations

Democratic Party nomination

Democratic Candidates

Candidates gallery








Senator James Reed of Missouri


Movie star Will Rogers of Oklahoma








At the Democratic Party Convention in Chicago, Franklin D. Roosevelt succeeded in getting the party's nomination on the fourth ballot, triumphing over 1928 Democratic candidate Al Smith. Roosevelt, achieved this by making a deal with media baron William Randolph Hearst in which FDR would make John Nance Garner, the Speaker of the House of Representatives and also a candidate, his Vice President.

As the fourth ballot progressed, William G. McAdoo, whose own presidential ambitions were thwarted by Smith eight years before, gleefully changed California's votes from Garner to Roosevelt, and, as seen on the chart below, everyone's supporters but Smith's followed suit.

Presidential Balloting, DNC 1932
ballot 1 2 3 4
New York Gov. Franklin Roosevelt 666.5 677 682 945
Former New York Gov. Al Smith 201 194 190 190
Speaker of the U.S. House John Nance Garner 90.25 90.25 101.3 -
Ohio Governor George White 52 50.5 52.5 -
Former Virginia Gov. Harry F. Byrd 25 24 25 -
Melvin A. Traylor 42.5 40 40 -
Missouri Sen. James A. Reed 24 18 27 -
Maryland Gov. Albert C. Ritchie 21 23 23 -
Oklahoma Gov. William "Alfalfa Bill" Murray 23 - - -
Will Rogers - 22 - -
Newton Baker 8.5 8.5 8.5 -


The Democratic Party Platform included repeal of Prohibition (devolving the decision of allowing or prohibiting alcohol to the individual states to decide for themselves).

Republican Party nomination

Republican Candates

Candidates gallery











As the year 1932 began, the Republican Party still had hopes that the worst of the Depression was over; in any case President Herbert Hoover controlled the party. Little-known former U.S. Senator Joseph I. France ran against Hoover in the primaries, often unopposed. His primary wins were tempered by two events: first, Hoover entered the Maryland primary and defeated France in his home state; second, few delegates to the national convention were chosen in the primaries.

Hoover's managers at the Republican National Convention ran a tight ship, not allowing expressions of concern for the direction of the nation. Hoover was nominated on the first ballot with 98% of the delegate vote.

The tally was:

Presidential Ballot, RNC 1932
President Herbert Hoover 1126.5
John J. Blaine 13
Former President Calvin Coolidge 4.5
Former U.S. Senator Joseph I. France 4
James W. Wadsworth 1


Both the agricultural Republicans and the extreme hard money Republicans (the latter hoping to nominate Coolidge) balked at the floor managers and voted against the renomination of Vice President Charles Curtis, who won with just 55% of the delegate votes.

General election

Campaign

After making a dangerous airplane trip from his Hyde Park Home to the Democratic convention, Roosevelt accepted the nomination in person. In this history-making speech, he committed himself to battling the Great Depression in the United States with a "New Deal" when he stated: "I pledge you, I pledge myself, to a new deal for the American people."

President Hoover was widely blamed for the depression; for over 2 years Hoover had been issuing statements that the worst was over, only to have the economy make further downturns.

The election was held on November 8, 1932. Maine held separate state elections in September.

1932 was a realigning election. Roosevelt and the Democratic ticket won a sweeping victory over Hoover and the Republicans, extending their control over the U.S. House and gaining control of the U.S. Senate. Twelve years of Republican leadership came to an end, and twenty years of Democratic control would ensue. The vote for Roosevelt was nearly 8 million higher than that for Smith in 1928, an increase of 52%. Hoover's popular vote was reduced by 26% from his result in the 1928 election. In addition, the vote for most minor parties rose dramatically: increases of 230% for the Socialist Party (Norman Thomas's highest raw vote total of his campaigns); an increase of 112% for the Communist Party; an increase of 305% for the Prohibition Party; and an increase of 57% for the Socialist Labor Party.

Results

Presidential Candidate Party Home State Popular Vote Electoral Vote Running Mate Running Mate's
Home State
Running Mate's
Electoral Vote
Count Percentage
Franklin Delano RooseveltDemocraticNew York22,821,27757.4%472John Nance GarnerTexas472
Herbert Clark HooverRepublicanCalifornia15,761,25439.7%59Charles CurtisKansas59
Norman ThomasSocialistNew York884,8852.2%0James H. MaurerPennsylvania0
William Zebulon FosterCommunistIllinois103,3070.3%0James W. FordAlabama0
William D. UpshawProhibitionGeorgia81,9050.2%0Frank S. ReganIllinois0
William Hope HarveyLibertyArkansas53,4250.1%0Frank HemenwayWashington|0
Verne L. ReynoldsSocialist LaborNew York33,2760.1%0J.W. AikenMassachusetts|0
Other12,5690.1%0Other0
Total39,751,898100.0%531Total531
Needed to win266Needed to win266


Source (Popular Vote): Leip, David. 1932 Presidential Election Results. Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections (July 31, 2005).

Source (Electoral Vote): Electoral College Box Scores 1789–1996. Official website of the National Archives. (July 31, 2005).

Results by state


Franklin Roosevelt

Democratic
Herbert Hoover

Republican
Norman Thomas

Socialist
Other State Total
State electoral
votes
# % electoral
votes
# % electoral
votes
# % electoral
votes
# % electoral
votes
#
Alabama11207,91084.71134,67514.1-2,0300.8-7390.3-245,354AL
Arizona379,26467.0336,10430.5-2,6182.2-2650.2-118,251AZ
Arkansas9189,60286.0928,46712.9-1,2690.6-1,2240.6-220,562AR
California221,324,15758.422847,90237.4-63,2992.8-32,6081.4-2,267,966CA
Colorado6250,87754.86189,61741.4-13,5913.0-3,6110.8-457,696CO
Connecticut8281,63247.4-288,42048.5820,8403.5-3,6510.6-594,183CT
Delaware354,31948.1-57,07350.631,3761.2-1330.1-112,901DE
Florida7206,30774.7769,17025.0-7750.3-not on ballot276,252FL
Georgia12234,11891.61219,8637.8-4610.2-1,1480.5-255,590GA
Idaho4109,47958.7471,41738.3-5260.3-5,2032.8-186,625ID
Illinois291,882,30455.2291,432,75642.0-67,2582.0-25,6080.8-3,407,926IL
Indiana14862,05454.714677,18442.9-21,3881.4-16,3011.0-1,576,927IN
Iowa11598,01957.711414,43340.0-20,4672.00-3,7680.4-1,036,687IA
Kansas9424,20453.69349,49844.1-18,2762.3-not on ballot791,978KS
Kentucky11580,57459.111394,71640.2-3,8530.4-3,9200.4-983,063KY
Louisiana10249,41892.81018,8537.0-not on ballot5330.2-268,804LA
Maine5128,90743.2-166,63155.852,4890.8-4170.1-298,444ME
Maryland8314,31461.58184,18436.0-10,4892.1-2,0670.4-511,054MD
Massachusetts17800,14850.617736,95946.6-34,3052.2-8,7020.6-1,580,114MA
Michigan19871,70052.419739,89444.4-39,2052.4-13,9660.8-1,664,765MI
Minnesota11600,80659.911363,95936.3-25,4762.5-12,6021.3-1,002,843MN
Mississippi9140,16896.095,1803.4-6860.5-not on ballot146,034MS
Missouri151,025,40663.715564,71335.1-16,3741.0-3,4010.2-1,609,894MO
Montana4127,28658.8478,07836.1-7,8913.7-3,2241.5-216,479MT
Nebraska7359,08263.07201,17735.3-9,8761.7-20.0-570,137NE
Nevada328,75669.4312,67430.6-not on ballot41,430NV
New Hampshire4100,68049.0-103,62950.449470.5-2640.1-205,520NH
New Jersey16806,39449.516775,40647.6-42,9882.6-4,7190.3-1,629,507NJ
New Mexico395,08962.7354,21735.8-1,7761.2-5240.4-151,606NM
New York472,534,95954.1471,937,96341.3-177,3973.8-38,2950.8-4,688,614NY
North Carolina13497,56669.913208,34429.3-5,5910.8-not on ballot711,501NC
North Dakota4178,35069.6471,77228.0-3,5211.4-2,6471.0-256,290ND
Ohio261,301,69549.9261,227,31947.0-64,0942.5-16,6200.6-2,609,728OH
Oklahoma11516,46873.311188,16526.7-not on ballot704,633OK
Oregon5213,87158.05136,01936.7-15,4504.2-3,4680.9-368,808OR
Pennsylvania361,295,94845.3-1,453,54050.83691,2233.2-18,4660.7-2,859,177PA
Rhode Island4146,60455.14115,26643.3-3,1381.2-1,1620.4-266,170RI
South Carolina8102,34798.081,9781.9-820.1-not on ballot104,407SC
South Dakota4183,51563.6499,21234.4-1,5510.5-4,1601.4-288,438SD
Tennessee11259,47366.511126,75232.5-1,7960.5-2,2350.6-390,256TN
Texas23760,34888.12397,95911.4-4,4500.5-6690.1-836,426TX
Utah4116,75056.5484,79541.1-4,0872.0-9460.5-206,578UT
Vermont356,26641.1-78,98457.731,5331.1-1970.1-136,980VT
Virginia11203,97968.51189,63730.1-2,3820.8-1,9440.7-297,942VA
Washington8353,26057.58208,64533.9-17,0802.8-35,8295.8-614,814WA
West Virginia8405,12454.58330,73144.5-5,1330.7-2,7860.4-743,774WV
Wisconsin12707,41063.512347,74131.2-53,3794.8-6,2780.6-1,114,808WI
Wyoming354,37056.1339,58340.8-2,8292.9-1800.2-96,962WY
TOTALS:53122,821,27757.447215,761,25439.759884,8852.2-284,4820.7-39,751,898 !TO WIN:!!266 !colspan=15 bgcolor=#ffffee|

Bibliography

  • Kristi Andersen, The Creation of a Democratic Majority: 1928-1936 (1979), statistical
  • James McGregor Burns, Roosevelt: The Lion and the Fox (1956)
  • Frank Freidel, Franklin D. Roosevelt: The Triumph (1956)
  • Frank Freidel, "Election of 1932", in Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., ed., The Coming to Power: Critical Presidential Elections in American History (1981),
  • Harold F. Gosnell, Champion Campaigner: Franklin D. Roosevelt (1952)
  • Hoover, Herbert, The Memoirs of Herbert Hoover: The Great Depression, 1929-1941 (1952)
  • Peel, Roy V. and Thomas C. Donnelly, The 1932 Campaign: An Analysis (1935)
  • Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. The Crisis of the Old Order (1957),

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The United States presidential election of 1928 pitted Republican Herbert Hoover against Democrat Alfred E. Smith. The Republicans were identified with the booming economy of the 1920s, whereas Smith, a Roman Catholic, suffered politically from anti-Catholic prejudice, his
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The United States presidential election of 1936 took place as the Great Depression entered its eighth year. Incumbent President Franklin D. Roosevelt was still working to push the provisions of his New Deal economic policy through Congress and the courts.
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Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was the thirty-second President of the United States. Elected to four terms in office, he served from 1933 to 1945, and is the only U.S.
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Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was the thirty-second President of the United States. Elected to four terms in office, he served from 1933 to 1945, and is the only U.S.
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