USS Chicago (CA-14)



The USS Chicago


The USS Chicago at sea
Career
Laid Down:29 December 1883
Launched:5 December 1885
Commissioned:17 April 1889
Decommissioned:30 September 1923
Fate:sold/foundered (sunk) in pacific
General Characteristics
Displacement:4,500 tons
Length:342.2 ft ( m)
Beam:48.3 ft ( m)
Draft:19 ft ( m)
Speed:14 knots
Complement:33 officers, 376 enlisted
Armament:4 x 8-inch guns, 8 x 6-inch guns, 2 x 5-inch guns


The first USS Chicago (later CA-14) was a protected cruiser of the United States Navy, the largest of the original three authorized by Congress for the "New Navy". She was launched 5 December 1885 by John Roach and Sons, Chester, Pennsylvania, sponsored by Edith Cleborne (daughter of Navy Medical Director Cuthbert J. Cleborne) and commissioned 17 April 1889, Captain H. B. Robeson in command.

On 7 December 1889, Chicago departed Boston for Lisbon, Portugal, arriving 21 December. The cruiser served in European and Mediterranean waters as the flagship of the Squadron of Evolution until 31 May 1890 when she sailed from Funchal, Madeira, to call at Brazilian and West Indian ports before returning to New York 29 July.

Chicago operated along the east coasts of North and South America and in the Caribbean as flagship of the Squadron of Evolution and, later as flagship of the North Atlantic Squadron, until 1893. After taking part in the International Naval Review in Hampton Roads in April, she left New York 18 June 1893 to cruise in European and Mediterranean waters as flagship of the European station. During this period the ship was commanded by Alfred Thayer Mahan, already famous as a naval strategist. Chicago returned to New York 20 March 1895 and was placed out of commission there 1 May.

Recommissioned 1 December 1898, Chicago made a short cruise in the Caribbean before sailing for the European Station 18 April. She returned to New York 27 September and participated in the naval parade and Dewey celebration of 2 October 1899. Chicago sailed from New York 25 November for an extended cruise, as flagship of the South Atlantic Station until early July 1901, then as flagship of the European Station. With the squadron, she cruised in northern European, Mediterranean, and Caribbean waters until 1 August 1903 when she proceeded to Oyster Bay, New York, and the Presidential Review.

Between 3 December 1903 and 15 August 1904, Chicago was out of commission at Boston undergoing repairs. After operating along the northeast coast, the cruiser departed Newport News 17 November 1904 for Valparaíso, Chile, arriving 28 December. There, on 1 January 1905, she relieved New York (ACR-2) as flagship of the Pacific Station and for 3 years operated off the west coasts of North and South America, in the Caribbean, and to Hawaii. In 1906, she played a key role in the evacuation of San Francisco during the Great Earthquake and Fire.[1] The removal of 20,000 refugees to Tiburon by this ship was unparalleled and unsurpassed until the 1940 evacuation of Dunkirk.

On 8 January 1908, Chicago departed San Diego for the east coast and in May joined the Naval Academy Practice Squadron for the summer cruise along the northeast coast until 27 August when she went into reserve. Chicago was recommissioned the next summer (14 May-28 August 1909) to operate with the Practice Squadron along the east coast, then returned to Annapolis. On 4 January 1910, she left the Academy for Boston arriving 23 January. She then served in commission in reserve with the Massachusetts Naval Militia until 12 April 1916 and with the Pennsylvania Naval Militia between 26 April 1916 and April 1917.

On 6 April 1917, Chicago was placed in full commission at Philadelphia and reported to Submarine Force, Atlantic, as flagship. On 10 July 1919, she departed New York to join Cruiser Division 2, as flagship in the Pacific. She was reclassified CA-14 in 1920 and then CL-14 in 1921. From December 1919 until September 1923, she served with Submarine Division 14 and as tender at the Submarine Base, Pearl Harbor.

Chicago was decommissioned at Pearl Harbor 30 September 1923; served as a receiving ship there until 1935; renamed Alton 16 July 1928 and reclassified IX-5; and sold 15 May 1936. Alton foundered in mid-Pacific in July 1936 while being towed from Honolulu to San Francisco.

References

1. ^ [1]]

External links

USS Chicago, after the city of Chicago, Illinois.
  • The first, Chicago (CA-14), was a protected cruiser launched in 1885 and active in World War I, later converted to a seaplane tender and then a barracks ship, finally being renamed Alton

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Protected cruisers were a type of naval cruiser of the late 19th century. They were so known because their armour protected their vital machine spaces. They were less well protected than armoured cruisers which also had a belt of armour along the sides.
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United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. The U.S. Navy currently has over 340,000 personnel on active duty and nearly 128,000 in the Navy Reserve.
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December 5 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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  • 63 BC - Cicero reads the last of his Catiline Orations.

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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
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1882 1883 1884 - 1885 - 1886 1887 1888

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City of Chester
City |

Country | United States
State | Pennsylvania

County | Delaware

Area | 6.
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April 17 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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Boston, Massachusetts

Flag
Seal
Nickname: Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe), The Cradle of Liberty, City on the Hill, Athens of America
Location in Suffolk County in Massachusetts, USA
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Lisbon

Municipal flag

Municipal coat of arms

Location  
 - Country Portugal  
 - Region Lisboa
 - Subregion Grande Lisboa
 - District or A.R.

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Anthem
"A Portuguesa"


Capital
(and largest city) Lisbon5

Official languages Portuguese1
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flagship is the ship used by the commanding officer of a group of naval ships. The term originates from the custom of the commanding officer (usually, but not always, a flag officer) to fly a distinguishing flag.
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The Squadron of Evolution " —sometimes referred to as the "White Squadron"— was a transitional unit in the United States Navy, during the late 19th century. Composed of the cruisers USS Atlanta, USS Boston, USS Chicago, and dispatch boat USS Dolphin.
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Funchal (pron. IPA [fũ'ʃaɫ]), population 100,526[1], is the capital of the Madeira Islands of Portugal.
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State Party  Portugal
Type Natural
Criteria ix, x
Reference 934
Region Europe and North America

Inscription History
Inscription 1999  (23rd Session)
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Motto
Ordem e Progresso   (Portuguese)
"Order and Progress"
Anthem
Hino Nacional Brasileiro
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South America is a continent of the Americas, situated entirely in the Western Hemisphere and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere. It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean; North America and the Caribbean Sea lie
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