University of Texas at Austin

The University of Texas at Austin
Motto Disciplina praesidium civitatis (Latin: Education, the Guardian of Society)
Established 1883
Type Flagship state university
Academic term Semester
Endowment US$5.54 billion [1]
President William C. Powers, Jr.
Provost Steven W. Leslie
Faculty 2,500[2]
Staff 14,000
Undergraduates 36,878
Postgraduates 12,818
Alumni 450,000[3]
Location Austin, Texas, USA
Campus Urban, 350 acres (1.4 km²)
Colors Burnt orange and white[4]           
Nickname Texas Longhorns
Mascot Bevo
Nobel laureates Total of 9: graduate (2), attendee or researcher (3), faculty before or at the time of award (2), invited faculty after award (2)
Website www.utexas.edu
Logo is a trademark of the University of Texas
The University of Texas at Austin (often referred to as The University of Texas, UT Austin, UT, or Texas) is a doctoral/research university located in Austin, Texas. It is the flagship[5][6][7][8][9] institution of The University of Texas System. The main campus is located less than a mile from the Texas State Capitol in Austin. According to The Public Ivies: America's Flagship Public Universities (2001) by Howard and Matthew Greene, The University of Texas at Austin is one of America's "Public Ivy" institutions of higher education, defined by the authors as a public institution that "provides an Ivy League collegiate experience at a public school price." Founded in 1883, the university has had the fifth largest single-campus enrollment in the nation as of fall 2006 (and had the largest enrollment in the country from 1997–2003), with nearly 50,000 undergraduate and graduate students and 16,500 faculty and staff.<ref name="EnrEss" /> It currently holds the largest enrollment of all colleges in the state of Texas.

The university also operates various auxiliary facilities aside from the main campus, most notably the J.J. Pickle Research Campus. Texas is a major center for academic research, annually exceeding $380 million in funding. In addition, the university's athletic programs were recognized by Sports Illustrated, which dubbed UT "America's Best Sports College" in 2002.

History



The first mention of a public university in Texas can be traced to the 1827 constitution for the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas. Although an article promised to establish public education in the arts and sciences, no action was ever taken by the Mexican government. After Texas obtained its independence from Mexico in 1836, the Congress of Texas adopted the Constitution of the Republic, which included a provision to establish public education in republic, including two universities or colleges. On January 26, 1839, Congress agreed to eventually set aside fifty leagues of land towards the effort; in addition, forty acres in the new capital of Austin were reserved and designated "College Hill."
Enlarge picture
The University's old Main Building in 1903.
In 1846, Texas was annexed into the United States. The state legislature passed the Act of 1858, which set aside $100,000 in United States bonds towards construction. In addition, the legislature designated land, previously reserved for the encouragement of railroad construction, toward the universities' fifty leagues. However, Texas's secession from the Union and the American Civil War prevented further action on these plans.

The passing of the Morrill Act in 1862 facilitated the creation of Texas A&M University, which was established in 1876 as the Agricultural & Mechanical College of Texas.[10] The Texas Constitution of 1876 mandated that the state establish a university "at an early day," calling for the creation of a "university of the first class," The University of Texas. It revoked the endowment of the railroad lands of the Act of 1858 but appropriated one million acres (4000 km²) in West Texas. In 1883, another two million were granted, with income from the sale of land and grazing rights going to The University of Texas and Texas A&M.
Enlarge picture
At 307 ft, the University of Texas Tower was designed by Paul Philippe Cret in 1931.[11]


In 1881, Austin was chosen as the site of the main university, and Galveston was designated the location of the medical department. On the original "College Hill," an official ceremony began construction on what is now referred to as the old Main Building in late 1882. The university opened its doors on September 15, 1883.

The old Victorian-Gothic Main Building served as the central point of the campus's forty acre site, and was used for nearly all purposes. However, by the 1930s, discussions rose about the need for new library space, and the Main Building was razed in 1934 over the objections of many students and faculty. The modern-day tower and Main Building were constructed in its place.

Constitutional restrictions against funding building construction hampered expansion. However, the funds generated by oil discovered on university-owned grounds in 1923 were put towards its general endowment fund. This extra revenue allowed the university to pay down its debt, and pass bond in 1931 and 1947, funding the necessary expansion after the enrollment spike following World War II. The university built 19 permanent structures between 1950 and 1965, when it was given the right of eminent domain. With this power, the university purchased additional properties surrounding the original forty acres.

On August 1 1966, Charles Whitman, a former U.S. marine and architectural engineering major at the university, barricaded himself on the observation deck of the tower of the Main Building with a Remington 700 6mm rifle and various other weapons. In the ensuing 96-minute stand-off, Whitman killed 14 people and wounded an additional 31 before himself being killed by police who stormed the observation tower.[12] Later, the observation deck was closed until 1968 and closed again in 1975 following a series of suicide jumps. In 1998, after the installation of security and safety measures, the observation deck reopened to the public.[13]

Campus



Today, the university encompasses about 350 acres (1.4 km²) on its main campus adjacent to downtown Austin and about 850 acres (3.4 km²) overall, including the J.J. Pickle Research Campus in north Austin and other properties in Austin and throughout Texas.

One of the university's most visible features is the Beaux-Arts Main Building, including a 307-foot tower designed by Paul Philippe Cret.[14] Completed in 1937, the Main Building is located in the middle of campus. The tower usually appears illuminated in white light in the evening but is lit orange for various special occasions, including athletic victories and academic accomplishments, such as commencement. The tower is darkened for solemn occasions.[15] At the top of the tower is a carillon of 56 bells, the largest in Texas. Songs are played on weekdays by resident carillonneur Tom Anderson, in addition to the usual pealing of Westminster Quarters every quarter hour between 6 a.m. and 9 p.m.

The university is home to seven museums and seventeen libraries, which hold over eight million volumes.[16] The holdings of the university's Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center include one of only twenty-one remaining complete copies of the Gutenberg Bible worldwide and the world's earliest-known photograph: View from the Window at Le Gras taken by Nicéphore Niépce.[17] On April 29, 2006, the Blanton Museum of Art opened. The 155,000 square foot (14,000 m²) museum hosts approximately 17,000 works from Europe, the United States, and Latin America.

The university also contains an extensive underground tunnel system that links many of the buildings.[18] The tunnel system is closed to the public and is guarded by silent alarms. The tunnels are used for communications and utility service.
Enlarge picture
McCombs School of Business is among the top ranked schools of business in the country.
The university operates a 1.1 megawatt nuclear reactor at the J.J. Pickle Research Campus. The university's first reactor went critical, at Taylor Hall on the main campus, in August 1963 at 10 kW using fuel loaned from the U.S. Government. This reactor was upgraded to 250 kW in 1968.[19] In the late 1980s, the university began work on the reactor for the Nuclear Engineering Teaching Lab at the Pickle Campus. This reactor went critical in 1992, despite local news reports on its safety.[19][20]

The university continues to expand its facilities on campus. In February 2006, the Board of Regents voted to update and expand the football stadium. On March 2, 2006, the student body passed a referendum to build a new Student Activities Center next to Gregory Gym on the east side of campus, pending final approval by the Board of Regents. According to The Daily Texan, the project is estimated to cost $51 million and is set to open between fall 2010 and fall 2012. Funding will primarily come from students, raising tuition by a maximum of $65 per semester.[21]

The university operates a public radio station, KUT, which provides local FM broadcasts as well as live streaming audio over the Internet. The university uses Capital Metro to provide bus transportation for students around the campus and throughout Austin.

Academic profile

Enlarge picture
Alexander Phimister Proctor's 1948 Mustangs, with the Engineering Sciences buildings in the background.


The university contains sixteen colleges and academic units, each listed with its founding date:[22] More than 100 undergraduate and 170 graduate degree plans are offered. In the 2003-2004 academic year, the university awarded a total of 13,065 degrees. Bachelor's degrees comprised 68.6% of this total, master's degrees 21.7%, doctoral degrees 5.2%, and other professional degrees 4.5%.[23]

UT has numerous undergraduate honors programs, such as Dean's Scholars[1],Turing Scholars, Business Honors, Plan II, and Liberal Arts Honors [2] that attract students from around the state, the nation, and even the world.

Rankings

Enlarge picture
View of downtown Austin from Main Mall south of the Main Building.


U.S. News & World Report consistently ranks Texas as the best public university in the state of Texas. In its 2008 rankings, Texas places forty-fourth among all national universities and twelfth among public universities in the U.S.[24] U.S. News & World Report also lists UT Austin's School of Engineering among the top ten in six different fields, with an overall rank of eleven.[25]

A 2005 report by USA Today ranked UT Austin "the number one source of new Fortune 1000 CEOs". A Bloomberg survey also ranked UT Austin's McCombs school fifth among all business schools and first among public business schools with the most number of alumni among the S&P 500 CEOs.[26]

The "Top Research Universities" list in the 2005 Faculty Scholarly Productivity Index of The Chronicle of Higher Education lists UT Austin among the top ten in sixteen of the 104 individual disciplines that were evaluated as part of the study. [27]

In a 2005 report on the innovativeness of universities worldwide conducted by the Research Center for Innovation and Development of Zhejiang University in Hangzhou, China, The University of Texas at Austin ranked fourth among 200 institutions around the world, behind Harvard University, Stanford University and the University of California, Berkeley.[28]

In its first World University Ranking in 2004, The Times Higher Education Supplement listed Texas as the fifteenth-best university worldwide. The same study ranked the university twenty-sixth worldwide in 2005 and thirty-second in 2006.[29][30] Additionally, Texas was ranked as the thirtieth-best university in the country and 39th-best in the world by the Institute of Higher Education at Shanghai Jiao Tong University.[31]

In 2007, The Washington Monthly, using a ranking system which stresses social factors the magazine considers important (such as how well it performs as an engine of social mobility, how well it does in fostering scientific and humanistic research, and how well it promotes an ethic of service to country) ranked UT Austin nineteenth among national American universities, higher than prestigious Ivy League universities such as Princeton and Harvard, and second in the state only to first-ranked Texas A&M University.[32]

UT Austin does not have a medical school, but has associated programs with other campuses and allied health professional programs on campus. The UT Austin College of Pharmacy, for example, is ranked second in the United States.[33]

Other overall rankings include:[34]
  • Number one law school in the nation for Hispanics. (September 2004 edition of Hispanic Business magazine).
  • Number two nationally for the School of Architecture. According to DesignIntelligence, the undergraduate architecture program was ranked second in the nation for 2006 (best in the state of Texas). The graduate architecture program was ranked sixth, and the interior design program was also ranked sixth.
  • Ranked eighth among U.S. public universities and twenty-seventh overall in 2006 by Newsweek magazine's August 2006 list of the top 100 global universities.
  • McCombs School of Business ranked thirteenth in the country on BusinessWeek magazine's list of the top undergraduate business schools.
  • Rated seventh in the world in the amount of cited research by faculty members, according to The Times of London, November 5, 2004, edition.
  • In the most recent survey by the National Research Council, seven UT doctoral programs ranked in the top ten in the nation and twenty-two departments ranked in the top twenty-five. Among Texas schools, the university ranked first in thirty of the 37 fields in which it was evaluated.[35]
  • McCombs School of Business ranked eighteenth by The Wall Street Journal's annual ranking of the best business schools.
  • Designated as "one of the best overall bargains" by The Princeton Review in its "America's Best Value Colleges" 2007 edition.
  • Among top twenty "best buys" within public colleges and universities, according to the 2007 Fiske Guide to Colleges.
  • Ranked twenty-fourth in 2007 by Kiplinger's Personal Finance magazine's listing for the "100 Best Values in Public Colleges".
  • Ranked ninth worldwide in the 2007 Webometrics rankings.[36]
Enlarge picture
The 9.2m Hobby-Eberly Telescope at The McDonald Observatory is the third largest telescope in the world.

Faculty and research

As of 2004, the university employed 2,271 faculty members. Approximately 51.1% were tenured, while an additional 17.8% were tenure track. The university's faculty includes winners of the Nobel Prize, the Pulitzer Prize, the National Medal of Science, the National Medal of Technology, and numerous other awards. Over 1,000 faculty positions are endowed by private funds. Since 1984, more than forty $1 million-endowed chairs have been created at The University of Texas to recruit distinguished faculty and facilitate research in the sciences and engineering.

The university exceeds $446 million in annual research funding[37], and its facilities house more than 90 research units. UT has earned more than 400 patents since its founding. In 2005, Texas secured $417 million in awards and grants, a new university record. In addition, Texas earned $5 million in licensing revenue and capped a six-year funding increase of 48%. The university has also reached out to establish partnerships with other facilities, including The University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston, The University of Texas Health Science Center, the Johnson Space Center of NASA, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, and the International Center for Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials.[38]

In addition to research in traditional fields, scientists are pushing forward in several new, interdisciplinary areas, including nanotechnology and materials engineering for next-generation semiconductors. In addition, Texas is advancing high performance computing through the Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC), which supports over 600 projects in the natural sciences, engineering, and business.
Enlarge picture
Personification of Astrology by Giovanni Francesco Barbieri, 1655, located at UT Austin's Blanton Museum of Art, the largest university art museum in the country.[39]
The university's library system ranks sixth among academic libraries in the nation with 7.5 million volumes.[40] The main campus library is the Perry-Castañeda Library.

Endowment



The university receives income from an endowment known as the Permanent University Fund (PUF), with $11.6 billion (fourth-largest in the United States) in assets as of November 2005,[41] of which 30 percent is dedicated to the university.[42] Proceeds from lands appropriated in 1839 and 1876, as well as oil monies, comprise the majority of this fund. At one time, the PUF was the chief source of income for Texas's two university systems, The University of Texas System and the Texas A&M University System; today, however, its revenues account for less than 10 percent of the universities' annual budgets. This has challenged the universities to increase sponsored research and private donations. Privately funded endowments contribute over $2 billion to the University's total endowment value.

Student life

The university enrolls 37,377 undergraduate, 11,533 graduate and 1,467 law students. The student population includes students from all 50 states and more than 100 foreign countries, most notably, South Korea, followed by India, the People's Republic of China, Mexico and the Republic of China, are represented.[43] The average SAT score for entering Fall 2004 freshmen was a 1230 out of 1600.

Housing

The campus is currently home to fourteen residence halls, the last of which opened for residence in Spring 2007. On-campus housing can hold more than 7,100 students.[44] Jester Center is the largest residence hall with its capacity of 2,945.[45] Academic enrollment exceeds the capacity of on-campus housing; as a result, most students must live in private residence halls, housing cooperatives, apartments, or with Greek organizations and other off-campus residences. The Division of Housing and Food Service, which already has the largest market share of 7,000 of the estimated 27,000 beds in the campus area, plans to expand to 9,000 beds in the near future.[46]

Student organizations

The university recognizes more than 1,000 student organizations.[47] In addition, it supports three official student governance organizations that represent student interests to faculty, administrators, and the Texas Legislature. Student Government represents student interests in general, the Senate of College Councils represents students in academic affairs and coordinates the college councils, and the Graduate Student Assembly represents graduate student interests. The Texas Union Student Events Center serves as the hub for student activities on campus.

Greek organizations

The Office of the Dean of Students' Greek Life and Education section administers more than 50 Greek organizations, and about 9% of men and 12% of women in the undergraduate class choose to join one of these groups.[48] Other registered student organizations also name themselves with Greek letters.
Enlarge picture
A student giving the Hook 'em Horns hand gesture at a Longhorn football game.

School spirit

  • School colors: The school's official colors are orange and white, with burnt orange — also known as Texas Orange — being the specific shade of orange used.[49]<ref name="burntorange" />
  • Alma mater: "The Eyes of Texas"; original words sung to the tune of "I've been working on the railroad."[50]
  • Fight song and "Hook 'em, Horns!" At football games, students frequently sing "Texas Fight," the university's fight song, while displaying the Hook 'em Horns hand gesture. The University of Texas Longhorn Band is also known as the Showband of the Southwest.
  • Mascot: The school mascot is a Texas longhorn named Bevo.

Student media

Main article: Texas Student Media
  • The Daily Texan, the most award-winning college newspaper in the United States[51]
  • Texas Travesty, the college humor publication with the largest circulation in the United States.
  • K09VR, the only FCC-licensed student-managed television station in the country.
  • The Cactus Yearbook, the school's yearbook.
  • KVRX, one of the few completely student-run college radio stations in the United States.
Other student-run publications include:

Athletics

Main article: Texas Longhorns
Enlarge picture
The Tower in orange after the Longhorns won the 2005 National Championship in football at the Rose Bowl. Littlefield Fountain is in the foreground.


The University of Texas offers a wide variety of varsity and intramural sports programs. Due to the breadth of sports offered and the quality of the programs, Texas was selected as "America's Best Sports College" in a 2002 analysis performed by Sports Illustrated.[52] Texas was also listed as the number one Collegiate Licensing Company client for the second consecutive year in regards to the amount of annual trademark royalties received from the sales of its fan merchandise. However this ranking is based only on clients of the Collegiate Licensing Company which does not handle licensing for approximately three dozen large schools such as Ohio State, Southern California, UCLA, Michigan State and Texas A&M.[53][54]

Varsity sports

The university's men's and women's athletics teams are nicknamed the Longhorns. A charter member of the Southwest Conference until its dissolution in 1996, Texas now competes in the Big 12 Conference (South Division) of the NCAA's Division I-FBS. Texas has won 47 total national championships[55], 39 of which are NCAA national championships.[56]

The University of Texas has traditionally been considered a college football powerhouse. The team experienced its greatest success under coach Darrell Royal, winning three national championships in 1963, 1969, 1970, and winning a fourth title under head coach Mack Brown in 2005 after the 41-38 victory over previously undefeated Southern California in the 2006 Rose Bowl.

In recent years, the men's basketball team has gained prominence, advancing to the NCAA Tournament Sweet Sixteen in 2002, the Final Four in 2003, the Sweet Sixteen in 2004, and the Elite Eight in 2006.

The university's baseball team is considered one of the best in the nation with more trips to the College World Series than any other school, with wins in 1949, 1950, 1970, 1983, 2002 and 2005.

Additionally, the university's highly successful men's and women's swimming and diving teams lay claim to sixteen NCAA Division I titles. In particular, the men's team is under the leadership of Eddie Reese, who served as the head men's coach at the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona, and the 2004 Games in Athens.
Enlarge picture
2006 football Lone Star Showdown.

Rivalries

The university's major rival in almost every sport is generally considered to be Texas A&M University.[57] The two schools have acknowledged the importance of this rivalry by creating the State Farm Lone Star Showdown series, which encompasses all sports where both schools field a varsity team. The football game played between the two schools is the third longest-running rivalry in the nation and is the longest-running rivalry for both schools. The game used to be played on Thanksgiving day but in recent years has been played on the day following Thanksgiving. Both schools traditionally hold a rally each year before the football game — Texas hosts the Hex Rally, and students at Texas A&M host the Aggie Bonfire (although it is no longer an officially sanctioned Texas A&M event).

Many fans and observers, however, argue that the Longhorns' biggest rival in football is the University of Oklahoma.[58] The football game between Texas and Oklahoma is known as the Red River Rivalry and is held annually in Dallas, Texas at the Cotton Bowl. In recent years, this rivalry has been particularly spirited, in part due to the fact that at least one school had been ranked in the top five nationally at the time of the game (from 2000-05).

Many other schools, such as Arkansas and Texas Tech, also consider Texas among their biggest rivals.[59][60][61]

Facilities

Major sporting facilities and their main use include: In addition, the university has numerous practice, training, and intramural facilities.

Notable people

The university has a base of more than 450,000 living alumni. With strong academic programs in the sciences, arts, media, business, law, engineering, and public policy, as well as a successful athletics program, The University of Texas has seen many now notable persons pass through its halls.

See also

References

1. ^ As of 31 August 2005, according to a calculation by the UT Austin Budget Office
2. ^ Enrollment & Essentials. The University of Texas at Austin Office of Public Affairs (2006-07-27). Retrieved on 2007-03-31.
3. ^ Campus Profile The University of Texas. Accessed 1 December 2005.
4. ^ The University of Texas Style Guidelines - signed by UT president Larry Faulkner. Accessed 27 February 2006.
5. ^ "Texas flagship universities celebrate milestone of Giant Magellan Telescope partnership", University of Texas, 2005-07-21. Retrieved on 2006-09-28. 
6. ^ "A Capital Achievement", University of Texas. Retrieved on 2006-09-28. 
7. ^ Cunningham, William. "Logical to make UH our next flagship university", University of Houston, 2000-06-01. Retrieved on 2006-09-28. 
8. ^ University of Texas. NNDB. Retrieved on 2006-09-28.
9. ^ Austin, Liz. "Flagship university of Texas seeks to boost diversity", 2005-10-03. Retrieved on 2006-09-28. 
10. ^ Texas A&M University Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed 29 July 2006.
11. ^ UT Austin Tower information guide
12. ^ Rossi, Victoria (August 1, 2006). After decades of silence, UT acknowledged shootings. Daily Texan. Retrieved on 2006-08-01.
13. ^ Tower Tours Schedule Fall 2005 The Texas Union. Accessed 1 December 2005.
14. ^ The Main Building The University of Texas. Accessed 1 December 2005.
15. ^ University approves new policy for lighting UT Tower On Campus. Accessed 1 December 2005.
16. ^ Statistical Overview of the Library Collections The University of Texas Libraries. Accessed 1 December 2005.
17. ^ The Gutenberg Bible at the Ransom Center Harry Ransom Center. Accessed 1 December 2005.
18. ^ The Secret Tunnels Under UT Better Than Your Boyfriend.
19. ^ >Nuclear Engineering Teaching Lab Nuclear and Radiation Engineering Program. Accessed 10 February 2006.
20. ^ Collier, Bill. UT reactor draws safety questions. Austin American-Statesman. December 15, 1989.
21. ^ Terrell, Abby. Student Activities Center referendum approved The Daily Texan March 2, 2006. Accessed March 2, 2006.
22. ^ Colleges and Academic Units The University of Texas. Accessed 1 December 2005.
23. ^ Statistical Handbook 2003-2004, General Analysis - Students The University of Texas Office of Institutional Research. Accessed 1 December 2005.
24. ^ America's Best Colleges 2008 US News and World Report. Accessed August 19, 2007.
25. ^ America's Best Graduate Schools 2008: Top Engineering Schools US News and World Report. Accessed August 20 2007.
26. ^ [3]
27. ^ [4]
28. ^ [5]
29. ^ Britain wins eight places in world list of 50 best universities Accessed January 22, 2007
30. ^ UT Austin wins 15th place in world list of 200 best universities Accessed May 8, 2007
31. ^ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2006, retrieved January 5, 2007
32. ^ The Washington Monthly College National Rankings (PDF). The Washington Monthly (August 2007). Retrieved on 2007-08-21.
33. ^ "[ [6] America's Best Graduate Schools 2007: Health: Pharmacy]" (HTML), U.S. News & World Report, 2006-09-15. Retrieved on 2007-01-06. (English) 
34. ^ [7]
35. ^ "Rankings", The University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved on 2007-08-17. 
36. ^ [8]
37. ^ [9]
38. ^ Report on Research 2005 The University of Texas Office of the VP for Research. Accessed December 2, 2005.
39. ^ [10]
40. ^ Nation's Largest Libraries by Volumes Held LibrarySpot. Accessed December 23, 2005.
41. ^ 2005 NACUBO Endowment Study. National Association of College and University Business Officers (2006). Retrieved on 2006-05-25.
42. ^ As required by the Texas Constitution[11], the UT System gets two-thirds of the Available University Fund, the annual distribution of PUF income. A regental policy[12] requires that at least 45 percent of this money go to UT Austin for "program enrichment." By taking two-thirds and multiplying it by 45 percent, we get 30 percent which is the minimum amount of AUF income that can be distributed to UT Austin under current policies. The Regents, however, can and do decide to allocate additional amounts to UT Austin. Also, the majority of the UT System share of the AUF is used for debt service of UT System bonds, some of which were issued for the benefit of UT Austin[13]. One should note that the Regents are free to change the 45 percent minimum of the UT System share going to UT Austin at any time, although doing so might be difficult politically.
43. ^ 2004-2005 Statistical Handbook, Degrees Conferred The University of Texas Office of Institutional Research. Accessed 1 December 2005.
44. ^ Residence Hall Master Plan The University of Texas Division of Housing and Food. Accessed February 5, 2007.
45. ^ Residence Halls at a Glance The University of Texas Division of Housing and Food. Accessed December 2, 2005.
46. ^ "UT residences to expand", The Daily Texan, 3 August 2006. Retrieved on 2006-08-03.2006"> 
47. ^ About Student Activities and Leadership Development The University of Texas Office of the Dean of Students. Accessed December 2, 2005.
48. ^ The University of Texas Office of the Dean of Students. Greek communities. Retrieved on 2005-12-02.
49. ^ Board of Regents Meeting Minutes - July 31, 1970 The University of Texas System. Accessed 27 February 2006.
50. ^ Berry, Margaret C. The University of Texas at Austin from the Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed 1 December 2005.
51. ^ Student Publications. University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved on 2007-08-05.
52. ^ America's Best Sports Colleges Sports Illustrated. October 7, 2002.
53. ^ Maher, John. "Texas repeats as national champion in merchandising", The Austin American-Statesman, 2007-08-16. Retrieved on 2007-08-17. 
54. ^ The Collegiate Licensing Company Rankings. Retrieved on 2007-08-17.
55. ^ Texas Longhorns Championships History: National Champions TexasSports.com. March 20, 2007
56. ^ Schools with the Most National Championships NCAA.org. Fall 2006
57. ^ Sports Illustrated's 50th Anniversary: Texas Sports Illustrated poll (conducted by Harris Interactive) shows 56% of respondents picked Texas vs Texas A&M as the biggest rivalry, followed by Texas vs Oklahoma at 15%, and the Cowboys vs Texans at 7%.
58. ^ The Season Total Jibbly. November 22, 2005.
59. ^ Texas Longhorns/Texas Tech Raiders Preview Saturday, October 28, 2006 Yahoo! Sports. October 28, 2006.
60. ^ Halliburton, Suzanne. "Red River Rivalry - Texas 45, Oklahoma 12." Austin American-Statesman. October 9, 2005.
61. ^ Berlin, Stephanie. Razorback country still has disdain for a Texas team focused on others The Daily Texan. September 10, 2004.

External links

University of Texas System comprises fifteen educational institutions in Texas, of which nine are general academic universities and six are health institutions. The UT System also offers online courses and degrees from UT institutions via the UT TeleCampus.
..... Click the link for more information.
Coat of arms elements
A motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization.
..... Click the link for more information.
Latin}}} 
Official status
Official language of: Vatican City
Used for official purposes, but not spoken in everyday speech
Regulated by: Opus Fundatum Latinitas
Roman Catholic Church
Language codes
ISO 639-1: la
ISO 639-2: lat
..... Click the link for more information.
The date of establishment or date of founding of an institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point. Often the criteria that define a date of establishment or founding are ill-defined—or more specifically, are ill-defined in
..... Click the link for more information.
18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1850s  1860s  1870s  - 1880s -  1890s  1900s  1910s
1880 1881 1882 - 1883 - 1884 1885 1886

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
..... Click the link for more information.
state university system in the United States is a group of universities supported by an individual state or a similar entity such as the District of Columbia. As there are no federally run colleges or universities in the United States other than the United States military academies
..... Click the link for more information.
An academic term is a division of an academic year, the time during which a school, college or university holds classes. These divisions may be called 'terms', 'semesters', 'quarters', or 'trimesters', depending on the institution and the country.
..... Click the link for more information.
A financial endowment is a transfer of money or property donated to an institution, with the stipulation that it be invested, and the remain intact. This allows for the donation to have a much greater impact over a long period of time than if it were spent all at once.
..... Click the link for more information.
United States dollar
dólar estadounidense (Spanish)
dólar amerikanu (Tetum)
dólar americano

..... Click the link for more information.
1,000,000,000 (alternately known as one thousand million and one billion, see below) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001.

In scientific notation, it is written as 109.
..... Click the link for more information.
University president is the title of the highest ranking officer within a university, within university systems that prefer that appellation over other variations such as chancellor or rector.

The relative seniority varies between institutions.
..... Click the link for more information.
William Charles Powers Jr. is the 28th president of The University of Texas at Austin, a position he has held since February 1, 2006.

Powers was selected in November 2005 as the sole finalist for the position of president of the University of Texas at Austin.
..... Click the link for more information.
Provost is the title of a senior academic administrator at many institutions of higher education in the United States and Canada, the equivalent of Vice-Chancellor at certain institutions in the British Isles such as UCL and Trinity College Dublin, and the head of certain smaller
..... Click the link for more information.
In some educational systems, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a bachelor's degree. In the United States, students of higher degrees are known as graduates.
..... Click the link for more information.
Postgraduate education (often known in North America as graduate education, and sometimes described as quaternary education) involves studying for degrees or other qualifications for which a first or Bachelor's degree is required, and is normally considered to be part
..... Click the link for more information.
alumnus (pl. alumni) according to the American Heritage Dictionary is "a male graduate or former student of a school, college, or university." [1] In addition, an alumna (pl.
..... Click the link for more information.
City of Austin

Nickname: Live Music Capital of the World[1]
Location in the state of Texas
Coordinates:
Country United States
State
..... Click the link for more information.
State of Texas

Flag of Texas Seal
Nickname(s): Lone Star State
Motto(s): Friendship.
Before Statehood Known as
The Republic of Texas

Official language(s) No official language

..... Click the link for more information.
Motto
"In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
"E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
Anthem
..... Click the link for more information.
An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. This term is at one end of the spectrum of suburban and rural areas. An urban area is more frequently called a city or town.
..... Click the link for more information.
School colors are the colors chosen by a school to represent it on uniforms and other items of identification. Most schools have two colors, which are usually chosen to avoid conflicts with other schools with which the school competes in sports and other activities.
..... Click the link for more information.
White is the combination of all the colors of the visible light spectrum.[1]. It is sometimes described as an achromatic color, like black.

White is technically achromatic, and not a color, since it has no hue.
..... Click the link for more information.
The athletic nickname, or equivalently athletic moniker, of a university or college within the United States is the name officially adopted by that institution for at least the members of its athletic teams.
..... Click the link for more information.
Texas Longhorns

University University of Texas at Austin
Conference Big 12
NCAA Division I
Athletics Director DeLoss Dodds
Location Austin, TX
Varsity Teams 18
Football Stadium Darrell K.
..... Click the link for more information.
mascot – originally a term for any person, animal, or object thought to bring luck – now includes anything used to represent a group with a common public identity, such as a school, professional sports team, society, military unit, or brand name.
..... Click the link for more information.
Bevo is the name of the mascot of the sports teams at the University of Texas at Austin, a Texas longhorn steer with burnt orange coloring. Bevo is one of the most recognized college mascots[1]
..... Click the link for more information.
Winners of the Nobel Prize are scientists, writers and peacemakers who have been awarded in their field of endeavour, and who are known collectively as either Nobel laureates or Nobel Prize winners.
..... Click the link for more information.
The following list provides information on nobel laureates and their affiliation to academic institutions.

There has been controversy surrounding the question of which institution was key to the contribution for which each respective nobel laureate was honored.
..... Click the link for more information.
A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN.
..... Click the link for more information.
City of Austin

Nickname: Live Music Capital of the World[1]
Location in the state of Texas
Coordinates:
Country United States
State
..... Click the link for more information.


This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia.org - the free encyclopedia created and edited by online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.