University of Waterloo

University of Waterloo
Motto Concordia cum veritate(In harmony with truth)
Established 1957
Type Public
Endowment $157.3 million[1]
Chancellor Mike Lazaridis
President David Lloyd Johnston
Faculty 963
Staff 2,167
Undergraduates 23,729
Postgraduates 3,013
Alumni 130,000
Location Waterloo , ON , Canada
Campus Urban/Suburban, (1000 acres)[2]
Sports teams Warriors
Colours Gold, black, and white
Website uwaterloo.ca
Coordinates: The University of Waterloo (also referred to as UW, UWaterloo, or Waterloo) is a medium-sized research-intensive public university in the city of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. The school was founded in 1957.

Enrollment

The enrollment for 2006 was 23,729 undergraduate and 3,013 graduate students, with 963 full-time faculty members and 2,167 staff.[3] The school has approximately 130,000 alumni in 141 countries.

History

The University of Waterloo was originally conceived in 1955 as the Waterloo College Associate Faculties (WCAF), a semi-autonomous entity within Waterloo College (now Wilfrid Laurier University).

The university's first president, Gerry Hagey, gathered teachers of engineering and basic sciences, and also obtained an initial grant of $625,000 from the government. The first 74 students began classes on July 1, 1957, in makeshift temporary buildings on the Waterloo College campus. In January 1958, Hagey and colleagues purchased 184 acres of farmland a kilometer west of Waterloo College's main campus in order to meet the growing expansion needs[4]. Soon, construction began of the first academic building on the new site, known as the Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Building, later renamed Engineering 1 and now named after Douglas Wright, UW's first Dean of Engineering. [5] Through a series of delicate negotiations which turned into bitter hostilities, the "Faculty of Science and Engineering" broke free from Waterloo College, partly due to the fact that the two campuses were now disjoint. Hagey himself was opposed to the break, as his dream had been to establish a world-class university built on the strengths of Waterloo College's liberal arts strengths and the applied science education of WCAF. In early 1959, the government established three universities: Waterloo Lutheran University, University of St. Jerome's College, and the University of Waterloo. Initially, St. Jerome's and Waterloo Lutheran were both expected to federate with the new UW, but in the end Waterloo Lutheran chose to remain independent. UW then quickly created a faculty of arts in order to gain respect as a university. In the same year, arts students joined the science and engineering students in the new campus.

Three more church colleges ended up joining the university: Renison, Conrad Grebel, and St. Paul's. Waterloo created the first Faculty of Mathematics in North America, and the first co-op programs outside of engineering soon followed. The co-op system then was revised in involving four-month terms rather than the initial three-month terms. In 1967, the College of Optometry of Ontario, at the moment an independent institution in Toronto, moved to Waterloo and became affiliated with the university. In 1967 the world's first Department of Kinesiology was created, which later grew into the Faculty of Applied Health Sciences. The Faculty of Environmental Studies was created soon after.

More recently, in 2004, the School of Architecture was relocated to downtown Cambridge in an effort to enhance the school's facilities and strengthen its community ties. The School, located in a former industrial building on the Grand River, is an important part of plans to bolster the economy of Cambridge's downtown area.

In 2001, the University of Waterloo announced its intentions to develop a Research and Technology Park on the university's north campus. The park intends to house many of the high-tech industries in the area and maintain the partnership between university and private-sector innovation. Sybase/iAnywhere Solutions and Open Text Corporation were the first two tenants, and the multi-tenant Accelerator Centre building opened in April 2006.

Campus

Enlarge picture
The brutalist Math and Computer Science building, as seen from the B2 Green.
The main campus is located along University Avenue in Waterloo, Ontario on, what was until the 1960s, farmland. Since its creation, a considerable level of commercial and residential development has built up around the Waterloo campus, notably with many offices of high-tech firms.

The geographical coordinates of the main UW campus are .

The School of Architecture was relocated to a former mill in Cambridge, Ontario, in 2004.

A new campus for the health sciences program is being built in Kitchener, Ontario and will include a satellite of McMaster University’s Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine. Completion is scheduled for January 2008.



Reputation

More Canadian high-tech and knowledge-based spin-off companies trace their roots to the University of Waterloo than to any other school, and as such, the University of Waterloo and the Waterloo region is often called the "Silicon Valley of the North".[6]

This is reflected in the performance of its students in academic competitions such as the William Lowell Putnam Mathematical Competition and the ACM International Collegiate Programming Contest.In the ACM International Collegiate Programming Contest, Waterloo students have won gold medals in 2000[7], 2001[8], 2002[9] and 2005[10].

Great emphasis is placed on furthering the growth of research by quick and steady expansion of resources. The Institute for Quantum Computing, established in 2002, is one of a number of institutes and centres for research established, and has already begun to attract international scientists and a nobel laureate to the university.

The university became a leader in environmental education and research by creating the first Faculty of Environmental Studies in Canada. The Green with Innovation website highlights the many environmental programs, student groups, and research at UW.

Maclean's rankings

Waterloo prides itself on its high performance in Maclean's magazine's Canadian university rankings - the Canadian counterpart to America's US News annual ranking of universities. The university routinely places in the top three in the numerical Comprehensive ranking,[11] and in the reputation survey it placed first as best overall 13 out of 15 times that the ranking was published.[12] Maclean's describes the university as "strong in math, engineering and computer science," as well as being "internationally recognized for the unparalleled success of its more than 100 undergraduate and graduate co-op programs."[13]

Co-operative education

Waterloo is famous for being a groundbreaking proponent of co-operative education in Canada and currently maintains the largest co-op program in the world. In the official annual national university report by Maclean's, the University of Waterloo has placed best overall out of 47 universities in Canada for the past 13 of 15 years since the survey began.<ref name="macleans" />

Controversies

Beavers killed on campus

In November 2006, four beavers were trapped and killed on the university campus after they gnawed down several trees. The beavers were considered a safety risk, and a licensed trapping company was contracted to install traps on campus which killed the beavers by drowning. The university community reacted with anger at the decision to kill the beavers. [14]

The local and national press coverage of the university's actions resulted in a storm of public condemnation. Over 300 letters of complaint were sent to the city newspaper, and numerous alumni contacted the university in protest and cancelled their donations. [15]

Professor Elmasry's remarks on Michael Coren Show

During a television show in 2004, Professor Mohamed ElMasry stated that anyone in Israel over the age of 18 was a justifiable target of Palestinian attacks, since all adult Israelis are "part of the Israeli army, even if they have civilian clothes. The same, if they are women in the army . . . . Everybody above 18 is a combatant." [16] The university's investigation concluded that the remarks made by Professor Elmasry were "entirely unacceptable and inconsistent with the values of inclusiveness and tolerance for which the University of Waterloo stands." [17] However, no disciplinary action was taken. Professor Elmasry has now retired from teaching. [18]

Agreement with Microsoft

The university announced a controversial agreement with Microsoft in 2002. [19] As part of this agreement, the University of Waterloo was to receive $2.3 million in funding from the Microsoft Canada Academic Innovation Alliance in exchange for introducing Microsoft's C# programming language in some programs at UW. UW's School of Computer Science declined to participate, and currently teaches Java and Scheme in its introductory courses. The university administration asserted that this agreement would not jeopardize academic integrity at the institution, though the University president acknowledged making mistakes in announcing the Microsoft deal. [20]

Ties with industry

Through its large co-op program (the largest in the world) and many spin-off companies, the University of Waterloo maintains close ties with the high-tech industry.

UW has a long-standing intellectual property policy[21] that leaves ownership rights with the inventor, rather than the university, which has helped create many spin-off companies that maintain a good relationship with UW. In particular, it has a strong connection with Research In Motion that goes beyond its close physical proximity. Co-founder and CEO Mike Lazaridis was a UW student before he started RIM, and is currently the chancellor of the university. RIM hires hundreds of UW co-op students each term and a large proportion of its employees are UW alumni.

During his visit to Waterloo in October 2005, Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates stated, "Most years, we hire more students out of Waterloo than any university in the world, typically 50 or even more."[22]

Some students and faculty have been critical of the level of corporate involvement in UW's academics. The university came under harsh criticism in August 2002 when the Faculty of Engineering accepted funding from Microsoft to develop courses using Microsoft's .NET Framework.[23]

Spin-offs

Several companies have roots in, or have been spun off from the university. Some of the most notable include:

Notable companies founded by alumni

Future plans

Enlarge picture
With a lake and a conservation area on campus, Waterloo is home to a variety of vegetation and wildlife.
Enlarge picture
The fields just north of the University of Waterloo, pre-development of the technology park.


The Faculty of Engineering, citing a shortage of space compared to the undergraduate and graduate enrollment and number of faculty members, is planning a $150M expansion between 2008 and 2012 in the form of three new buildings. Two are to be located outside Ring Road and linked back to the main campus by a walkway, while one will be built inside Ring Road in proximity to the current Engineering side of campus. The Iron Warrior reports that the Faculty has secured funding and received approval for the first of these three buildings, to be called Engineering 5, which will house a Student Design Centre showcasing the Waterloo Engineering student teams, along with space for the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, and the Department of Systems Design Engineering. The latter's original hopes for an exclusive building just for Systems are now dead according to Dean of Engineering Adel Sedra, as they were not able to locate the sufficient funds.[5]

The university and the City of Kitchener are constructing a health sciences campus, including a School of Pharmacy, in the central Kitchener warehouse district. The project will cost $34 million for the first phase. The Honours co-operative Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy program begins in January 2008.Preliminary operations, including staffed medical and optometry clinics, are based out of the former Victoria Public School in Kitchener's downtown.

The Kitchener site will also host a satellite campus of McMaster University's medical school, bringing 15 first-year medical students to Waterloo Region each year to study. They will remain until the end of the three-year McMaster program, and have the option of continuing as a resident in the area.

On October 16, 2006, President Johnston announced that the university has entered discussions with the City of Stratford and the Stratford Festival of Canada exploring the possibility of establishing a satellite campus in Stratford. On the same day, Stratford City Council unanimously endorsed a memorandum of understanding to continue exploration of the issue. The nature of the academic program offered at a satellite campus is yet to be discussed, though it is expected to be a liberal arts program.

With donations by alumni and matching contributions from government, the university announced in April 2004 the founding of the Institute for Quantum Computing.[25][26]

Construction will begin in October for the Quantum-Nano Centre, a massive building which will house the Institute for Quantum Computing as well as the new Nanotechnology Engineering undergraduate program. The building will be located in the centre of campus and its cost will exceed $100M. It is planned to be opened in September 2010.[27]

The university is also planning a new building to house the School of Accountancy, expected to be ready for occupancy by March 2008. The School of Accountancy's expanded space will be constructed between the Arts Lecture Hall, Tatham Centre, and Hagey Hall.

The university is currently planning for its sixth decade (2007 - 2017) with an "ambitious plan".[28] According to the plan's documentation, some objectives are benchmarked by the following targets:
  • By 2017, at least 12 UW academic programs will be the best in North America
  • By 2017, at least 12 out of 44 departments/schools will be ranked top 12 in North America
  • By 2017, at least 20 UW departments/schools will be ranked top three in Canada
  • Each department/school will participate in a doctoral program
  • All departments/schools will be ranked top 25% in Canada

Facts and figures

About GLOW. Gays and Lesbians of Waterloo. Retrieved on 2007-04-23.
33. ^ Pixels in the big picture. Retrieved on 2006-04-10.
34. ^ Virtual Tour. University of Waterloo. Retrieved on 2007-09-19.

External links



Coat of arms elements
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A public university is a university that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government, as opposed to private universities.

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A Chancellor is the head of a university. Other titles are sometimes used, such as President or Rector.
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Mihal "Mike" Lazaridis (born 1961, Istanbul, Turkey) is the founder and co-CEO of Research In Motion (RIM), which created and manufactures the BlackBerry wireless handheld device. He is also the chancellor of the University of Waterloo, and an Officer of the Order of Canada.
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University president is the title of the highest ranking officer within a university, within university systems that prefer that appellation over other variations such as chancellor or rector.

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David Lloyd Johnston CC, AB, LL.B born June 28,1941) is a Canadian academic and author. He is the former Principal of McGill University and the current President of the University of Waterloo.

Born in Sudbury, Ontario, he received an A.B.
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alumnus (pl. alumni) according to the American Heritage Dictionary is "a male graduate or former student of a school, college, or university." [1] In addition, an alumna (pl.
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City of Waterloo, Ontario
Motto: Stability

Coordinates:
Established May 27, 1857
Government
 - City Mayor Brenda Halloran
 - Governing Body Waterloo City Council
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Ontario


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Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains)

Capital Toronto
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university is an institution of higher education and research, which grants academic degrees at all levels (bachelor, master, and doctorate) in a variety of subjects. A university provides both tertiary and quaternary education.
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City of Waterloo, Ontario
Motto: Stability

Coordinates:
Established May 27, 1857
Government
 - City Mayor Brenda Halloran
 - Governing Body Waterloo City Council
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Ontario


Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains)

Capital Toronto
Largest city Toronto
Official languages English (de facto)
Government
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Wilfrid Laurier University is a public university located in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. It also has wing in Brantford, Ontario, Canada. It is named in honour of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, the seventh Prime Minister of Canada.
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Joseph Gerald "Gerry" Hagey (1904 – October 26 1988) was an advertising and public relations executive with B. F. Goodrich Canada before becoming president of Waterloo College in Waterloo, Ontario in 1953.
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Saint Jerome's University is a public Roman Catholic university in Waterloo, Ontario. It is federated with the University of Waterloo.

St. Jerome's, within the University of Waterloo, combines academics and a residence. Students may both reside at and take classes through St.
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liberal arts refers to a particular type of educational curriculum broadly defined as a classical education.

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