Utraquist

See "Utraquist school" for a kind of bilingual schools
Utraquism (from the Latin sub utraque specie, meaning "in both kinds") was a dogma first proposed by Jacob of Mies in 1414. It maintained that the Eucharist should be administered "in both kinds" — as both bread and wine — to all the congregation, including the laity. (The practice at the time was for only the priests to partake of the wine).

The Utraquists were a moderate faction of the Hussites (in contrast to the more radical Taborites and Orebites-Orphans). They were also known as the Prague Party or the Calixtines — from calix, Latin for their emblem, the chalice.

The Utraquists eventually reunited with the Catholic Church and defeated the more radical Taborites and Orphans at the Battle of Lipany in 1434. After that battle, nearly all forms of Hussite revival were Utraquist, as seen with George of Podebrady, who even managed to bring the city of Tábor, the famous Taborite stronghold, to convert to Utraquism.

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This article incorporates text from the public domain 1907 edition of The Nuttall Encyclopdia.
An utraquist school or utraquist gymnasium is a term for bilingual schools in some countires, in which the subjects were taught both in a state language and in the language of some ethnic minority.
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multilingualism can refer to an occurrence regarding an individual speaker who uses two or more languages, a community of speakers where two or more languages are used, or between speakers of different languages.
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Latin}}} 
Official status
Official language of: Vatican City
Used for official purposes, but not spoken in everyday speech
Regulated by: Opus Fundatum Latinitas
Roman Catholic Church
Language codes
ISO 639-1: la
ISO 639-2: lat
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Jacob of Mies (Czech: Jakoubek ze Stříbra) was a Bohemian reformer, and colleague of Jan Hus; b. at Mies (Czech: Stříbro) (15 m. w. of Pilsen), Bohemia, after 1350; d. at Prague August 9, 1429.
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Eucharist (also known as Holy Communion, the Lord's Supper, among other names) is a rite or act of worship that most Christians[1] perform in order to fulfill the instruction that they believe Jesus gave his disciples, at his last meal with them before
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fougasse or as fouace in the rest of southern France. It is usually seasoned with olive oil and herbs, and often either topped with cheese or stuffed with meat or vegetables. Focaccia doughs are similar in style and texture to pizza doughs.
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Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from the fermentation of grape juice.[1] The natural chemical balance of grapes is such that they can ferment without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes or other nutrients.
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The Hussites comprised a Christian movement following the teachings of the reformer Jan Hus (circa 1369–1415), who was influenced by John Wyclif and became one of the forerunners of the Protestant Reformation.
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Taborites (Czech Táborité, singular Táborita) were members of a religious community considered herertical by the Catholic Church. The Taborites were centered on the Bohemian city of Tábor during the Hussite Wars in the 15th century.
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chalice (from Latin calix, cup, borrowed from Greek kalyx, shell, husk) is a goblet intended to hold drink. In general religious terms, it is intended for quaffing during a ceremony.
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Battle of Lipany, also called the Battle of Cesky Brod, was fought 40 km east of Prague on May 30, 1434 and virtually ended the Hussite Wars. An army of Utraquist nobility and Catholics, called the Bohemian League, defeated the radical Taborites and Orphans led by Prokop the
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14th century - 15th century - 16th century
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1431 1432 1433 - 1434 - 1435 1436 1437

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George of Kunštát and Podebrady (April 23, 1420 - March 22, 1471), also known as Podebrad or Podiebrad (Czech: Jiří z Poděbrad), King of Bohemia (1458-1471), was the first King of a Catholic country to attempt to reform the Catholic faith when
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Tábor (IPA: [ˈtaːbor]) is a city of the Czech Republic, in the South Bohemian Region. It is named after Mount Tabor, which is believed by many to be the place of the Transfiguration of Christ; however, the name became
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The Catholic Encyclopedia, also referred to today as the Old Catholic Encyclopedia, is an English-language encyclopedia published by The Encyclopedia Press.
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Public domain comprises the body of knowledge and innovation (especially creative works such as writing, art, music, and inventions) in relation to which no person or other legal entity can establish or maintain proprietary interests within a particular legal jurisdiction.
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